371 Works

Associations of self-compassion with shame, guilt, and training motivation after sport-specific daily stress – a smartphone study

Philipp Röthlin, Stephan Horvath, Tania Messerli, Tobias Krieger, Thomas Berger & Daniel Birrer
By applying a diary study design, we investigated the role of selfcompassion during sport-specific daily stress (SSDS) with regard to the negative self-conscious emotions of shame and guilt and training motivation. We hypothesised that self-compassion would protect athletes from certain self-conscious emotions, namely shame, after SSDS. We also predicted that self-compassion would either increase or decrease the relationship between stress and motivation. Ninety-six athletes (Mage = 22.14, SD = 5.92) reported their level of self-compassion...

Bocage landscape restricts the gene flow of pest vole populations

Aitor Somoano, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Jacint Ventura, Marcos Miñarro & Gerald Heckel
The population dynamics of most animal species inhabiting agroecosystems may be determined by landscape characteristics, with agricultural intensification and reduction of natural habitats influencing dispersal patterns. Increasing landscape complexity would thus benefit endangered species by providing different ecological niches, but it could also lead to undesired effects in species that can act as crop pests and disease reservoirs. We tested the hypothesis that a highly variegated landscape influences the dispersal, and hence patterns of genetic...

Additional file 4 of Monitoring autochthonous lung tumors induced by somatic CRISPR gene editing in mice using a secreted luciferase

Nastasja Merle, Sabrina Elmshäuser, Florian Strassheimer, Michael Wanzel, Alexander M. König, Julianne Funk, Michelle Neumann, Katharina Kochhan, Frederik Helmprobst, Axel Pagenstecher, Andrea Nist, Marco Mernberger, André Schneider, Thomas Braun, Tilman Borggrefe, Rajkumar Savai, Oleg Timofeev & Thorsten Stiewe
Additional file 4: Primers used for sgRNA off-target analysis.

Additional file 8 of Multiomics surface receptor profiling of the NCI-60 tumor cell panel uncovers novel theranostics for cancer immunotherapy

Simon Heumos, Sandra Dehn, Konstantin Bräutigam, Marius C. Codrea, Christian M. Schürch, Ulrich M. Lauer, Sven Nahnsen & Michael Schindler
Additional file 8: Dataset S2. Dataset including all mean fluorescence intensity values (MFIs] from all FACS screens done with the NCI-60 panel.

Additional file 1 of Daytime fluctuations of endurance performance in young soccer players: a randomized cross-over trial

Janis Fiedler, Stefan Altmann, Hamdi Chtourou, Florian A. Engel, Rainer Neumann & Alexander Woll
Additional file 1. Exercise data of soccer players.

Experimental extensification of mountain grasslands restores plant species richness but not species composition in the mid-term

Ségolène Humann-Guilleminot, Steffen Boch, Gerard Martinez-De León, Malie Lessard-Therrien, Aline Andrey, Alberto Serres-Hänni & Jean-Yves Humbert
The traditional grasslands that characterize the cultural landscapes of the palaeartic mountain massifs represent biodiversity hotspots. Yet, they are currently threatened by the intensification of farming practices, notably excesses in fertilization and irrigation. We experimentally investigated the passive restoration of montane and subalpine hay meadows after six years of management intensification, with different levels of fertilization and irrigation, followed by five years of release of intensive management, i.e. extensification. More specifically, relying on a full...

LUMIERE dataset - Demographics and pathology information

Yannick Suter, Urspeter Knecht, Waldo Valuenzuela, Michelle Notter, Ekkehard Hewer, Philippe Schucht, Roland Wiest & Mauricio Reyes
This CSV file gives information on MGMT status, IDH1, overall survival, age, and sex of the patients included in this dataset.

LUMIERE dataset - MRI data and automated segmentations

Yannick Suter, Urspeter Knecht, Waldo Valenzuela, Michelle Notter, Ekkehard Hewer, Philippe Schucht, Roland Wiest & Mauricio Reyes
This zip files contains the anonymized MRI data for 91 Glioblastoma patients. 599 of a total of 638 studies include the complete set of four MRI sequences (pre- and post-contrast T1-weighted, T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery). The remaining studies consist of three of fewer MRI images. The dataset contains a total of 2487 MRI images. For the time points with all four MRI sequences, we additionally provide automated tumor segmentation by DeepBraTumIA and HD-GLIO-AUTO.

LUMIERE dataset - CoLIAGe radiomic features

Yannick Suter, Urspeter Knecht, Waldo Valenzuela, Michelle Notter, Ekkehard Hewer, Philippe Schucht, Roland Wiest & Mauricio Reyes
This zip file contains the CoLIAGe radiomic features for the LUMIERE GBM MRI dataset. The features are extracted for each study with the full set of four MRI sequences and for both automated segmentation tools (DeepBraTumIA and HD-GLIO-AUTO). Please note that the feature extraction was only possible for studies where tumor/edema area was detected, and it was of sufficient size. The features are provided per MRI sequence, segmentation label, and segmentation tool. The files are...

Additional file 1 of Daytime fluctuations of endurance performance in young soccer players: a randomized cross-over trial

Janis Fiedler, Stefan Altmann, Hamdi Chtourou, Florian A. Engel, Rainer Neumann & Alexander Woll
Additional file 1. Exercise data of soccer players.

The younger sibling of PTSD: similarities and differences between complicated grief and posttraumatic stress disorder

Andreas Maercker & Hansjörg Znoj
Just as traumatic experiences may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in some individuals, grief may also be a serious health concern for individuals who have experienced bereavement. At present, neither the DSM-IV nor the ICD-10 recognizes any form of grief as a mental disorder. The aim of this review is to summarize recent advances in definition, assessment, prevention, and treatment of complicated grief disorder (CGD) and to compare CGD with PTSD. Four areas are...

The younger sibling of PTSD: similarities and differences between complicated grief and posttraumatic stress disorder

Andreas Maercker & Hansjörg Znoj
Just as traumatic experiences may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in some individuals, grief may also be a serious health concern for individuals who have experienced bereavement. At present, neither the DSM-IV nor the ICD-10 recognizes any form of grief as a mental disorder. The aim of this review is to summarize recent advances in definition, assessment, prevention, and treatment of complicated grief disorder (CGD) and to compare CGD with PTSD. Four areas are...

Data from: Population genomic tests of models of adaptive radiation in Lake Victoria region cichlid fish.

Etienne Bezault, Salome Mwaiko & Ole Seehausen
Adaptive radiation is usually thought to be associated with speciation, but the evolution of intraspecific polymorphisms without speciation is also possible. The radiation of cichlid fish in Lake Victoria is perhaps the most impressive example of a recent rapid adaptive radiation, with 600+ very young species. Key questions about its origin remain poorly characterized, such as the importance of speciation versus polymorphism, whether species persist on evolutionary time scales, and if speciation happens more commonly...

Data from: Transcriptomic signatures of social experience during early development in a highly social cichlid fish

Cecilia Nyman, Francois Olivier Hebert, Mathilde Bessert-Nettelbeck, Nadia Aubin-Horth & Barbara Taborsky
The social environment encountered early during development can temporarily or permanently influence life history decisions and behaviour of individuals and correspondingly shape molecular pathways. In the highly social cichlid fish Neolamprologus pulcher, deprivation of brood care permanently affects social behaviour, and alters the expression of stress axis genes in juveniles and adults. It is unclear when gene expression patterns change during early life depending on social experience, and which genes are involved. We compared brain...

Data from: Phylogeographic past and invasive presence of Arion pest slugs in Europe

Miriam A. Zemanova, Eva Knop & Gerald Heckel
Arion vulgaris (syn. A. lusitanicus) is the most destructive pest slug in Europe. The species has been regarded a classic case of an ongoing biological invasion with negative economic and ecological impact in many European countries, but this status has recently been contested. In this study, we assessed mitochondrial and autosomal genetic diversity in populations of A. vulgaris across the entire distribution range in order to characterize its evolutionary history. Mitochondrial diversity in A. vulgaris...

Data from: Decoupled diversity dynamics in green and brown webs during primary succession in a salt marsh

Maarten Schrama, Fons Van Der Plas, Matty P. Berg & Han Olff
Terrestrial ecosystems are characterized by a strong functional connection between the green (plant–herbivore-based) and brown (detritus–detritivore-based) parts of the food web, which both develop over successional time. However, the interlinked changes in green and brown food web diversity patterns in relation to key ecosystem processes are rarely studied. Here, we demonstrate changes in species richness, diversity and evenness over a wide range of invertebrate green and brown trophic groups during 100 years of primary succession...

Pathogen defence is a potential driver of social evolution in ambrosia beetles

Jon Andreja Nuotclà, Peter Biedermann & Michael Taborsky
Social immunity – the collective behavioural defences against pathogens - is considered a crucial evolutionary force for the maintenance of insect societies. It has been described and investigated primarily in eusocial insects, but its role in the evolutionary trajectory from parental care to eusociality is little understood. Here, we report on the existence, plasticity, effectiveness and consequences of social pathogen defence in experimental nests of cooperatively breeding ambrosia beetles. After an Aspergillus-spore-buffer solution or a...

Data from: Neighborhood effects determine plant-herbivore interactions below ground

Wei Huang, Elias Zwimpfer, Maxime R. Hervé, Zoe Bont & Matthias Erb
1. Plant neighbors can strongly influence the interactions between herbivores and focal plants, for instance by providing food of different quality (consumptive effects) or by changing the behavior and metabolism of the herbivore and the focal plant without being consumed (non-consumptive effects). Determining the species-specific contributions of consumptive and non-consumptive effects is important to understand the ecophysiological mechanisms which underlie neighborhood effects. 2. We quantified the impact of nine different grassland plant species on the...

Data from: Benefits of coloniality: communal defence saves anti-predator effort in cooperative breeders

Arne Jungwirth, Dario Josi, Jonas Walker & Michael Taborsky
1. Many anti-predator benefits of group living are predicted to scale with prey density. Nevertheless, evidence for a general density-dependent increase of prey survival is scarce. A possible reason for this discrepancy is the reduction of costly anti-predator behaviour of prey with increasing density, which may offset density-dependent survival gains. Benefits of group living might hence accrue by saved investment into anti-predator behaviours rather than by increased survival rates. 2. Here, we experimentally presented predators...

Data from: Citizen science reveals unexpected continental-scale evolutionary change in a model organism

Jonathan Silvertown, Laurence Cook, Robert Cameron, Mike Dodd, Kevin McConway, Jenny Worthington, Peter Skelton, Christian Anton, Oliver Bossdorf, Bruno Baur, Menno Schilthuizen, Benoît Fontaine, Helmut Sattmann, Giorgio Bertorelle, Maria Correia, Cristina Oliveira, Beata Pokryszko, Małgorzata Ożgo, Arturs Stalažs, Eoin Gill, Üllar Rammul, Péter Sólymos, Zoltan Féher & Xavier Juan
Organisms provide some of the most sensitive indicators of climate change and evolutionary responses are becoming apparent in species with short generation times. Large datasets on genetic polymorphism that can provide an historical benchmark against which to test for recent evolutionary responses are very rare, but an exception is found in the brown-lipped banded snail (Cepaea nemoralis). This species is sensitive to its thermal environment and exhibits several polymorphisms of shell colour and banding pattern...

Data from: Early bursts of body size and shape evolution are rare in comparative data

Luke J. Harmon, Jonathan B. Losos, T. Jonathan Davies, Rosemary G. Gillespie, John L. Gittleman, W. Bryan Jennings, Kenneth H. Kozak, Mark A. McPeek, Franck Moreno-Roark, Thomas J. Near, Andy Purvis, Robert E. Ricklefs, Dolph Schluter, , Ole Seehausen, Brian L. Sidlauskas, Omar Torres-Carvajal, Jason T. Weir & Arne Ø. Mooers
George Gaylord Simpson famously postulated that much of life's diversity originated as adaptive radiations—more or less simultaneous divergences of numerous lines from a single ancestral adaptive type. However, identifying adaptive radiations has proven difficult due to a lack of broad-scale comparative datasets. Here, we use phylogenetic comparative data on body size and shape in a diversity of animal clades to test a key model of adaptive radiation, in which initially rapid morphological evolution is followed...

Data from: Group-size dependent punishment of idle subordinates in a cooperative breeder where helpers pay to stay

Stefan Fischer, Markus Zöttl, Frank Groenewoud, Barbara Taborsky & M. Zottl
In cooperative breeding systems, dominant breeders sometimes tolerate unrelated individuals even if they inflict costs on the dominants. According to the ‘pay-to-stay’ hypothesis, (i) subordinates can outweigh these costs by providing help and (ii) dominants should be able to enforce help by punishing subordinates that provide insufficient help. This requires that dominants can monitor helping and can recognize group members individually. In a field experiment, we tested whether cooperatively breeding cichlid Neolamprologus pulcher subordinates increase...

Data from: The evolution of scarab beetles tracks the consecutive rise of angiosperms and mammals

Dirk Ahrens, Julia Schwarzer & Alfried P. Vogler
Extant terrestrial biodiversity arguably is driven by the evolutionary success of angiosperm plants, but the evolutionary mechanisms and timescales of angiosperm-dependent radiations remain poorly understood. The Scarabaeoidea is a diverse lineage of predominantly plant- and dung-feeding beetles. Here, we present a phylogenetic analysis of Scarabaeoidea based on four DNA markers for a taxonomically comprehensive set of specimens and link it to recently described fossil evidence. The phylogeny strongly supports multiple origins of coprophagy, phytophagy and...

Data from: Quick divergence but slow convergence during ecotype formation in lake and stream stickleback pairs of variable age

Kay Lucek, Arjun Sivasundar, Bjarni K. Kristjánsson, Skúli Skúlason & Ole Seehausen
When genetic constraints restrict phenotypic evolution, diversification can be predicted to evolve along so-called lines of least resistance. To address the importance of such constraints and their resolution, studies of parallel phenotypic divergence that differ in their age are valuable. Here, we investigate the parapatric evolution of six lake and stream threespine stickleback systems from Iceland and Switzerland, ranging in age from a few decades to several millennia. Using phenotypic data, we test for parallelism...

Data from: Offspring social network structure predicts fitness in families

Nick J. Royle, Thomas W. Pike, Phillip Heeb, Heinz Richner, Mathias Kölliker & M. Kolliker
Social structures such as families emerge as outcomes of behavioural interactions among individuals, and can evolve over time if families with particular types of social structures tend to leave more individuals in subsequent generations. The social behaviour of interacting individuals is typically analysed as a series of multiple dyadic (pair-wise) interactions, rather than a network of interactions among multiple individuals. However, in species where parents feed dependent young, interactions within families nearly always involve more...

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