6 Works

Data from: Social transmission in the wild reduces predation pressure on novel prey signals

Liisa Hämäläinen, William Hoppitt, Hannah Rowland, Johanna Mappes, Anthony Fulford, Sebastian Sosa & Rose Thorogood
Social transmission of information is taxonomically widespread and could have profound effects on the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of animal communities. Demonstrating this in the wild, however, has been challenging. Here we show by field experiment that social transmission among predators can shape how selection acts on prey defences. Using artificial prey and a novel approach in statistical analyses of social networks, we find that blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) and great tit (Parus major) predators...

Immune challenges increase network centrality in a queenless ant

Giacomo Alciatore, Line V. Ugelvig, Erik Frank, Jérémie Bidaux, Asaf Gal, Thomas Schmitt, Daniel J.C. Kronauer & Yuko Ulrich
Social animals display a wide range of behavioural defences against infectious diseases, some of which inherently increase social contacts with infectious individuals (e.g., mutual grooming), while others decrease them (e.g., social exclusion). These defences often rely on the detection of infectious individuals, but this can be achieved in several ways that are difficult to differentiate. Here, we combine non-pathogenic immune challenges with automated tracking in colonies of the clonal raider ant to ask whether ants...

Data from: Evidence for morph-specific substrate choice in a green-brown polymorphic grasshopper

Pauline Heinze, Petra Dieker, Hannah Rowland & Holger Schielzeth
Orthopteran insects are characterized by high variability in body coloration, in particular featuring a widespread green-brown color polymorphism. The mechanisms that contribute to the maintenance of this apparently balanced polymorphism are not yet understood. To investigate whether morph-dependent microhabitat choice might contribute to the continued coexistence of multiple morphs, we studied substrate choice in the meadow grasshopper Pseudochorthippus parallelus. The meadow grasshopper occurs in multiple discrete, genetically determined color morphs that range from uniform brown...

Data from: Ecological factors influence balancing selection on leaf chemical profiles of a wildflower

Lauren Carley, Julius Mojica, Baosheng Wang, Chia-Yu Chen, Ya-Ping Lin, Kasavajhala Prasad, Emily Chan, Che-Wei Hsu, Rose Keith, Chase Nuñez, Carrie Olson-Manning, Catherine Rushworth, Maggie Wagner, Jing Wang, Pei-Min Yeh, Michael Reichelt, Kathryn Ghattas, Jonathan Gershenzon, Cheng-Ruei Lee & Thomas Mitchell-Olds
Balancing selection is frequently invoked as a mechanism to maintain variation within and across populations. However, rigorous tests demonstrating balancing selection operating in nature are scarce, particularly on complex traits, which frequently display high levels of variation. Leveraging a focal polymorphism, leaf chemical profile in a perennial wildflower (Boechera stricta, Brassicaceae), we investigated the ecological and genetic mechanisms that may influence the maintenance of variation in this trait. A suite of common garden and greenhouse...

Cinchona pubescens Transcriptome

Sarah O'Connor, Francesco Trenti, Dagny Grzech, Kotaro Yamamoto, Christian Paetz & Yoko Nakamura
The enzymatic basis for quinine 1 biosynthesis was investigated. Transcriptomic data from the producing plant Cinchona pubescens led to the discovery of three enzymes involved in early and late steps of the pathway. A medium-chain alcohol dehydrogenase (CpDCS) and an esterase (CpDCE) yielded the biosynthetic intermediate dihydrocorynantheal 2 from strictosidine aglycone 3. Additionally, the discovery of an O-methyltransferase specific for 6´-hydroxycinchoninone 4 suggested the final steps order to be cinchoninone 16/17 hydroxylation, methylation and keto-reduction.

A reversal in sensory processing accompanies ongoing ecological divergence and speciation in Rhagoletis pomonella

Cheyenne Tait, Hinal Kharva, Marco Schubert, Daniel Kritsch, Andy Sombke, Jürgen Rybak, Jeffrey Feder & Shannon Olsson
Changes in behavior often drive rapid adaptive evolution and speciation. However, the mechanistic basis for behavioral shifts is largely unknown. The tephritid fruit fly Rhagoletis pomonella is an example of ecological specialization and speciation in action via a recent host plant shift from hawthorn to apple. These flies primarily utilize specific odors to locate fruit, and because they mate only on or near host fruit, changes in odor preference for apples versus hawthorns translate directly...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    6

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    6

Affiliations

  • Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology
    6
  • University of Kansas
    1
  • University of Massachusetts Amherst
    1
  • University of Würzburg
    1
  • University of Notre Dame
    1
  • University of Strasbourg
    1
  • Duke University
    1
  • University of Cambridge
    1
  • University of Minnesota
    1
  • University of Lausanne
    1