Many genes increase coding capacity by alternate exon usage. The gene encoding the insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) α6 subunit, target of the bio-insecticide spinosad, is one example of this and expands protein diversity via alternative splicing of mutually exclusive exons. Here, we show that spinosad resistance in the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta is associated with aberrant regulation of splicing of Taα6 resulting in a novel form of insecticide resistance mediated by exon skipping....
Habitat destruction is the single greatest anthropogenic threat to biodiversity. Decades of research on this issue have led to the accumulation of hundreds of data sets comparing species assemblages in larger, intact, habitats to smaller, more fragmented, habitats. Despite this, little synthesis or consensus has been achieved, primarily because of non‐standardized sampling methodology and analyses of notoriously scale‐dependent response variables (i.e., species richness). To be able to compare and contrast the results of habitat fragmentation...
Data from: Plant functional types broadly describe water use strategies in the Caatinga, a seasonally dry tropical forest in northeast BrazilCynthia Wright, André Lima, Eduardo Souza, Jason West & Bradford Wilcox
In seasonally dry tropical forests, plant functional type can be classified as deciduous low wood density, deciduous high wood density, or evergreen high wood density species. While deciduousness is often associated with drought-avoidance and low wood density is often associated with tissue water storage, the degree to which these functional types may correspond to diverging and unique water use strategies has not been extensively tested. We examined (1) tolerance to water stress, measured by pre-dawn...
Data from: A multilayer network in an herbaceous tropical community reveals multiple roles of floral visitorsGeiza Lima, Ana Virgínia Leite, Camila Souza, Cibele Castro & Elisangela Bezerra
Flower visitation does not necessarily mean pollination. In this sense, floral visitors can either act as mutualists (pollinators) or antagonists (floral robbers/thieves), indicating that these interactions are part of a continuum and that a visitor species can present multiple behaviours. We included both mutualistic and antagonistic interactions between plants and floral visitors in a multilayer network to explore the consequences (at the community level) of the dual roles played by flower visitors. The multilayer network...
Within-group competition over food resources can be a major cost of social living. In the wild, foragers are confronted with social (e.g. hierarchical rank) and ecological (e.g. food availability and distribution) challenges that affect their foraging decisions and feeding success. Exhibiting prosocial behaviors, such as tolerance at feeding sites, can benefit group members by developing affiliative social relationships, enhancing access to resources and maximizing fitness. We examined social tolerance at feeding sites in Callithrix jacchus,...
Data from: Adaptations and responses of the common dandelion to low atmospheric pressure in high altitude environmentsCarla Arce, Zoe Bont, Ricardo Machado, Paulo Cristaldo & Matthias Erb
Atmospheric pressure is an important, yet understudied factor that may shape plant ecology and evolution. By growing plants under controlled conditions at different experimental stations in the Swiss alps, we evaluated the impact of ecologically realistic atmospheric pressures between 660 and 950 hPa on the growth and defence of different dandelion populations. Low atmospheric pressure was associated with reduced root growth and defensive sesquiterpene lactone production. Defence suppression only occurred in populations originating from lower...
Host diversity outperforms climate as a global driver of symbiont diversity in the bird-feather mite systemReginaldo Gusmão, Fabio Hernandes, Mauricio Vancine, Luciano Naka, Jorge Doña & Thiago Gonçalves-Souza
Aim: The simultaneous influence of abiotic and biotic factors as main drivers of global species distributions remains poorly understood, especially in host-dependent groups. In this study, we diverge from traditional macroecological approaches by considering both biotic (avian species diversity) and abiotic (climatic) factors in determining the global distribution pattern of feather mite species richness, one of the most abundant and diverse bird ectosymbionts. Location: Global. Methods: We used a global dataset of feather mite-bird interactions...
Advances in high-throughput sequencing techniques now allow relatively easy and affordable sequencing of large portions of the genome, even for non-model organisms. Many phylogenetic studies reduce costs by focusing their sequencing efforts on a selected set of targeted loci, commonly enriched using sequence capture. The advantage of this approach is that it recovers a consistent set of loci, each with high sequencing depth, which leads to more confidence in the assembly of target sequences. High...
Aim: Climate and host richness are essential drivers of global gradients in parasite diversity, and the few existing studies on parasites have mostly investigated their effects separately. The advantages of combining these factors into a single analytical framework include unravelling the relative roles of abiotic and biotic drivers of parasite diversity. We compiled a dataset of helminths of amphibians to investigate the direct and indirect effects of temperature seasonality, annual precipitation, precipitation seasonality and host...
Nonaggressive behavior: A strategy employed by an obligate nest invader to avoid conflict with its host speciesHelder Hugo, Paulo F. Cristaldo & Og DeSouza
In addition to its builders, termite nests are known to house a variety of secondary opportunistic termite species so‐called inquilines, but little is known about the mechanisms governing the maintenance of these symbioses. In a single nest, host and inquiline colonies are likely to engage in conflict due to nestmate discrimination, and an intriguing question is how both species cope with each other in the long term. Evasive behaviour has been suggested as one of...
Daustinia montana (Convolvulaceae) is the only species of the genus, and is notable for its wide leaf variability. To understand whether this plasticity is correlated with the distribution of the species, linear morphometric and leaf contour analyses were performed. Specimens from herbaria were photographed, and pre-established linear measurements were made. A multivariate analysis was then performed to test the strength of associations among morphological characteristics, climatic variables, and distribution of the species. Elliptic Fourier analysis...
Data from: Phenology and wood density of plants growing in the semi-arid region of northeastern BrazilFernanda Galvão, André Lima, Clemir Oliveira, Valdemir Silva & Maria Rodal
The current knowledge about the influence of plant traits and climatic seasonality on the phenology of tropical rain forest plants is insufficient to understand how functional traits can explain mechanisms associated with phenological responses. We hypothesized that the density of the wood and the water stored in stem and root determine presence of phenological groups of trees. Leaf shedding, flushing, and flowering of high wood density species are related to rainfall, due to their low...
Federal Rural University of Pernambuco12
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina2
University of Jos1
Universidade do Oeste Paulista1
Federal University of São Carlos1
University of Neuchâtel1
Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro1
University of Lisbon1
University of Nottingham1