2 Works

Data from: Reversion of antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by spiroisoxazoline SMARt-420

Nicolas Blondiaux, Martin Moune, Matthieu Desroses, Rosangela Frita, Marion Flipo, Vanessa Mathys, Karine Soetaert, Mehdi Kiass, Vincent Delorme, Kamel Djaout, Vincent Trebosc, Christian Kemmer, René Wintjens, Alexandre Wohlkönig, Rudy Antoine, Ludovic Huot, David Hot, Mireia Coscolla, Julia Feldmann, Sebastien Gagneux, Camille Locht, Priscille Brodin, Marc Gitzinger, Benoit Deprez, Nicolas Willand … & Alain R. Baulard
Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to human health globally. Alarmingly, multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis have now spread worldwide. Some key antituberculosis antibiotics are prodrugs, for which resistance mechanisms are mainly driven by mutations in the bacterial enzymatic pathway required for their bioactivation. We have developed drug-like molecules that activate a cryptic alternative bioactivation pathway of ethionamide in M. tuberculosis, circumventing the classic activation pathway in which resistance mutations have now...

Data from: The double edged sword: the demographic consequences of the evolution of self-fertilisation

Diala Abu Awad & Sylvain Billiard
Phylogenies indicate that the transition from outcrossing to selfing is frequent, with selfing populations being more prone to extinction. The rates of transition to selfing and extinction, acting on different timescales, could explain the observed distributions of extant selfing species among taxa. However, phylogenetic and theoretical studies consider these mechanisms independently, i.e. transitions do not cause extinction. Here, we theoretically explore the demographic consequences of the evolution of self-fertilization. Deleterious mutations and mutations modifying the...

Registration Year

  • 2017
    2

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    2

Affiliations

  • University of Lille
    2
  • Université Libre de Bruxelles
    1
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    1
  • Inserm
    1
  • Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute
    1
  • Flanders Institute for Biotechnology
    1
  • Institut Scientifique de Santé Publique
    1