11 Works

The interplay of wind and uplift facilitates over-water flight in facultative soaring birds

Elham Nourani, Gil Bohrer, Paolo Becciu, Richard O Bierregaard, Olivier Duriez, Jordi Figuerola, Laura Gangoso, Sinos Giokas, Hiroyoshi Higuchi, Christina Kassara, Olga Kulikova, Nicolas Lecomte, Flavio Monti, Ivan Pokrovsky, Andrea Sforzi, Jean-François Therrien, Nikos Tsiopelas, Wouter MG Vansteelant, Duarte S Viana, Noriyuki M Yamaguchi, Martin Wikelski & Kamran Safi
Flying over the open sea is energetically costly for terrestrial birds. Despite this, over-water journeys of many birds, sometimes hundreds of kilometers long, are uncovered by bio-logging technology. To understand how these birds afford their flights over the open sea, we investigated the role of atmospheric conditions, specifically wind and uplift, in subsidizing over-water flight at the global scale. We first established that ∆T, the temperature difference between sea surface and air, is a meaningful...

Atlas of the vascular flora of the Iberian Peninsula biodiversity hotspot (AFLIBER)

Ignacio Ramos-Gutiérrez, Herlander Lima, Santiago Pajarón, Carlos Romero-Zarco, Llorenç Sáez, Rafael Molina-Venegas, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez & Juan Carlos Moreno-Saiz
Motivation: We accessed published and unpublished floristic sources to compile a comprehensive species list of the Iberian-Balearic terrestrial vascular flora and generate AFLIBER, an accurate floristic database of georeferenced plant occurrence records. Main type of variable contained: Species distribution data totaling 1,824,549 plant occurrence records corresponding to 6,456 species and subspecies. Spatial location and grain: The western Mediterranean, including inland territories of Spain, Portugal and Andorra and the adjacent archipelagos of Berlengas, Columbretes, and Balearic...

MARIBNO Cruise, RV Sarmiento de Gamboa

Alfonso Muñoz &
Oceanographic data acquired during the MARIBNO Cruise (29SG20210914) on board the Research Vessel Sarmiento de Gamboa in 2021.

The role of plant-pollinator interactions in structuring nectar microbial communities

Clara De Vega, Sergio Álvarez-Pérez, Rafael G. Albaladejo, Sandy-Lynn Steenhuisen, Marc-André Lachance, Steve D. Johnson & Carlos M. Herrera
1. Floral nectar harbours a diverse microbiome of yeasts and bacteria that depend predominantly on animal visitors for their dispersal. Since pollinators visit specific sets of flowers and carry their own unique microbiota, we hypothesize that plant species visited by the same set of pollinators may support non-random nectar microbial communities linked together by the type of pollinator. 2. Here we explore the importance of plant-pollinator interactions in the assembly of nectar microbiome and study...

Data from: Ecological specialization, rather than the island effect, explains morphological diversification in an ancient radiation of geckos

Héctor Tejero-Cicuéndez, Marc Simó-Riudalbas, Iris Menéndez & Salvador Carranza
Island colonists are often assumed to experience higher levels of phenotypic diversification than continental taxa. However, empirical evidence shows that exceptions to this “island effect” do exist. Here, we tested this pattern using a thoroughly sampled continent-island system, the genus Pristurus, a group of sphaerodactylid geckos distributed across continental Arabia and Africa and the Socotra Archipelago. We used a recently published phylogeny and an extensive morphological dataset to explore whether Socotran and continental taxa differ...

Feather traits, wing morphology and abundance of southern populations of Sylvia atricapilla related to altitudinal movements

Irene Hernandez-Tellez
Moult of birds is shaped by environmental and genetic drivers whose relative contribution to the structure of feathers may differ within and between populations. In this study we compare some traits of tail feathers (growth bars, mass, rachis width and barb length) between four populations of the Eurasian blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) breeding at different elevations within the southwestern Palaearctic. We tested if these traits were related to the primary productivity of habitats (a surrogate of...

Data supplement for: Agreement of analytical and simulation-based estimates of the required land depth in climate models

Norman J. Steinert, J. Fidel González Rouco, Camilo A. Melo Aguilar, Félix García-Pereira, Elena García-Bustamante, Philipp De Vrese, Vladimir Alexeev, Johann H. Jungclaus, Stephan J. Lorenz & Stefan Hagemann
Many current-generation climate models have land components that are too shallow. Under climate change conditions, the long-term warming trend at the surface propagates deeper into the ground than the commonly used 3-10m. Shallow models alter the terrestrial heat storage and distribution of temperatures in the subsurface, influencing the simulated land-atmosphere interactions. Previous studies focusing on annual timescales suggest that deeper models are required to match subsurface-temperature observations and the classic analytical heat conduction solution. However,...

Environmental conditions but not nest composition affect reproductive success in an urban bird

Pablo Capilla-Lasheras, Blanca Bondía & Jose Ignacio Aguirre
Birds can influence the environmental conditions that eggs and offspring experience by adjusting the composition of their nests. They often use feathers to build nests, presumably due to their insulating properties. The amount of feathers in nests is often associated with increased nestling survival and body condition. However, it is unclear whether these putative beneficial effects of adding feathers to nests are relevant in a wide range of environmental conditions or, instead, depend on the...

Rare and widespread: Integrating Bayesian MCMC approaches, Sanger sequencing and Hyb-Seq phylogenomics to reconstruct the origin of the enigmatic Rand Flora genus Camptoloma

Victoria Culshaw, Tamera Villaverde, Mario Mairal, Sanna Olsson & Isabel Sanmartín
Premise Genera that are widespread but have a geographically discontinuous distribution and are represented by few species are intriguing. Did they achieve their disjunct distribution recently, or is it ancient in origin? Why are they species-poor? The Rand Flora is a continental-scale floristic pattern in which closely related species appear co-distributed in isolated regions over the edges of Africa and nearby archipelagos. Genus Camptoloma (Scrophulariaceae) is the most notable example, comprising three species isolated from...

Quantitative genetics of extreme insular dwarfing: the case of red deer (Cervus elaphus) on Jersey

José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho, Ana Santos, Elisa Barreto, Felipe Naves, Wanderson Santos, Kelly Souza, Rejane Santos-Silva, Ricardo Dobrovolski, Thannya Soares, Rosana Tidon, Zander Spigoloni, Thiago Rangel, Pasquale Raia, Joaquín Hortal & Lucas Jardim
Aim: The Island Rule – i.e. the tendency for body size to decrease in large mammals and increase in small mammals on islands has been commonly evaluated through macroecological or macroevolutionary, pattern-orientated approaches, which generally fail to model the microevolutionary processes driving either dwarfing or gigantism. Here, we seek to identify which microevolutionary process could have driven extreme insular dwarfism in the extinct dwarf red deer population on the island of Jersey. Location: Jersey, UK...

Ecological and geographical marginality in rear edge populations of Palaearctic forest birds (data)

José Luis Tellería, Ricardo Hernández-Lambraño & Roberto Carbonell
The centre–periphery hypothesis predicts that habitat suitability will decrease at the edge of a species' range, a pattern often questioned by empirical data. Here we explore if habitat suitability decreases southwards and shapes the abundance distribution of rear edge populations of forest birds within the restricted geographical setting of the south-western Palaearctic. We also test if birds endemic to the area fit more poorly to the latitudinal decrease of habitat suitability due to the putative...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Complutense University of Madrid
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
  • University of Seville
  • Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • University of Almería
  • University of the Free State
  • The Ohio State University
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Patras
  • Autonomous University of Madrid