Data from: A phylogenetic study to assess the link between biome specialisation and diversification in swallowtail butterfliesSara Gamboa, Fabien L. Condamine, Juan L. Cantalapiedra, Sara Varela, Jonathan Pelegrín, Iris Menéndez, Fernando Blanco & Manuel Hernández Fernández
The resource-use hypothesis, proposed by E.S. Vrba, states that habitat fragmentation caused by climatic oscillations would affect particularly biome specialists (species inhabiting only one biome), which might show higher speciation and extinction rates than biome generalists. If true, lineages would accumulate biome-specialist species. This effect would be particularly exacerbated for biomes located at the periphery of the global climatic conditions, namely, biomes that have high/low precipitation and high/low temperature such as rainforest (warm-humid), desert (warm-dry),...
Data from: An integrative skeletal and paleogenomic analysis of stature variation suggests relatively reduced health for early European farmersStephanie Marciniak, Christina Bergey, Ana Maria Silva, Agata Hałuszko, Mirosław Furmanek, Barbara Veselka, Petr Velemínský, Giuseppe Vercellotti, Joachim Wahl, Gunita Zarina, Cristina Longhi, Jan Kolář, Rafael Garrido-Pena, Raúl Flores-Fernández, Ana M. Herrero-Corral, Angela Simalcsik, Werner Müller, Alison Sheridan, Žydrūnė Miliauskienė, Rimantas Jankauskas, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Kitti Köhler, Ágnes Király, Beatriz Gamarra, Olivia Cheronet … & George H. Perry
Human culture, biology, and health were shaped dramatically by the onset of agriculture ~12,000 years before present (BP). This shift is hypothesized to have resulted in increased individual fitness and population growth as evidenced by archaeological and population genomic data alongside a decline in physiological health as inferred from skeletal remains. Here, we consider osteological and ancient DNA data from the same prehistoric individuals to study human stature variation as a proxy for health across...
Natural selection favours drought escape and an acquisitive resource-use strategy in semiarid Mediterranean shrubsMario Blanco-Sánchez, Marina Ramos-Muñoz, Beatriz Pías, Jose Alberto Ramirez-Valiente, Laura Díaz-Guerra, Adrián Escudero & Silvia Matesanz
1. Natural selection is the major force driving adaptive evolution in natural populations, varying in strength, direction, and form through space and time, especially in highly variable environments such as Mediterranean ecosystems. Although a conservative resource-use strategy has been hypothesized to be adaptive in Mediterranean taxa, patterns of selection at the intraspecific level, i.e., the suite of traits determining individual fitness, are largely unknown. 2. Using a phenotypic selection experiment in natural semiarid conditions, we...
The last representatives of the Superfamily Wellerelloidea (Brachiopoda, Rhynchonellida) in the westernmost Tethys (Iberian paleomargins) prior to their demise in the Early Toarcian Mass Extinction EventJosé Francisco Baeza Carratalá & Fernando García Joral
The last clade-level extinction episode affecting the Phylum Brachiopoda has been long-established in the Early Toarcian Mass Extinction Event (ETMEE) around the Pliensbachian-Toarcian transition, when several rhynchonellide groups became extinct and others underwent a notable renewal in the western Tethys. Among them, Wellerelloidea is a long-range superfamily severely affected by this environmental crisis, embodying the subfamily Cirpinae as the last wellerelloids worldwide, prior to their global extinction in the Pb-To transition. The profuse record of...
Off-target integron activity leads to rapid plasmid compensatory evolution in response to antibiotic selection pressureCélia Souque, Jose Escudero & R Craig MacLean
Integrons are mobile genetic elements that have played an important role in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance. As shown previously (Souque et al, 2021), the integron can generate under stress combinatorial variation in resistance cassette expression by cassette re-shuffling, accelerating the evolution of resistance. However, the flexibility of the integron integrase site recognition motif hints at potential off-target effects of the integrase on the rest of the genome that may have important evolutionary consequences. Here...
Complutense University of Madrid5
Institute for Anthropological Research1
Vrije Universiteit Brussel1
Universidad Santiago de Cali1
Rovira i Virgili University1
National Museums Scotland1
The Ohio State University1
University of Neuchâtel1
University of Wrocław1
Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier1