6 Works

Phylogeny and biogeography of the northern temperate genus Dracocephalum s.l. (Lamiaceae)

Ya-Ping Chen, Turginov Turdimatovich, Maxim Nuraliev, Predrag Lazarević, Bryan Drew & Chun-Lei Xiang
The northern temperate genus Dracocephalum consists of approximately 70 species mainly distributed in the steppe-desert biomes of Central and West Asia and the alpine region of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Previous work has shown that Dracocephalum is not monophyletic and might include Hyssopus and Lallemantia. This study attempts to clarify the phylogenetic relationships, diversification patterns, and the biogeographical history of the three genera (defined as Dracocephalum s.l.). Based on a sampling of 66 taxa comprising...

Next-generation phylogeography resolves post-glacial colonization patterns in a widespread carnivore, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), in Europe

Allan McDevitt, Ilaria Coscia, Samuel S Browett, Aritz Ruiz-Gonzalez, Mark Statham, Inka Ruczynska, Liam Roberts, Joanna Stojak, Alain Frantz, Karin Norén, Erik Agren, Jane Learmount, Mafalda Basto, Carlos Fernandes, Peter Stuart, David G Tosh, Magda Sindicic, Tibor Andreanszky, Marja Isomursu, Marek Panek, Andrey Korolev, Innokentiy M Okhlopkov, Alexander P Saveljev, Bostjan Pokorny, Katarina Flajsman … & Jan Wójcik
Carnivores tend to exhibit a lack of (or less pronounced) genetic structure at continental scales in both a geographic and temporal sense using various mitochondrial DNA markers on modern and/or ancient specimens. This tends to confound the identification of refugial areas and post-glacial colonization patterns in this group. In this study we used Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) to reconstruct the phylogeographic history of a widespread carnivore, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), in Europe by investigating broad-scale patterns...

Past, present and future of chamois science

Luca Corlatti, Laura Iacolina, Toni Safner, Marco Apollonio, Elena Buzan, Francesco Ferretti, Sabine Hammer, Juan Herrero, Luca Rossi, Emmanuel Serrano, Mari Cruz Arnal, Francesca Brivio, Roberta Chirichella, Antonella Cotza, Barbara Crestanello, Johan Espunyes, Daniel Fernández De Luco, Saskia Friedrich, Dragan Gačić, Laura Grassi, Stefano Grignolio, Heidi Hauffe, Kresmir Kavčić, Andreas Kinser, Francesca Lioce … & Nikica Šprem
The chamois Rupicapra spp. is the most abundant mountain ungulate of Europe and the Near East, where it occurs as two species, the Northern chamois R. rupicapra and the Southern chamois R. pyrenaica. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of research trends and the most challenging issues in chamois research and conservation, focusing on taxonomy and systematics, genetics, life history, ecology and behavior, physiology and disease, management, and conservation. Research on Rupicapra has a longstanding...

Population genetic structure of wolves in the northwestern Dinaric-Balkan region

Dragana Šnjegota, Astrid Vik Stronen, Barbara Boljte, Duško Ćirović, Mihajla Djan, Djuro Huber, Maja Jelenčič, Marjeta Konec, Josip Kusak & Tomaž Skrbinšek
The Balkan Peninsula and the Dinaric Mountains possess extraordinary biodiversity and support one of the largest and most diverse wolf (Canis lupus) populations in Europe. Results obtained with diverse genetic markers show west-east substructure, also seen in various other species, despite the absence of obvious barriers to movement. However, the spatial extent of the genetic clusters remains unresolved, and our aim was to combine fine-scale sampling with population and spatial genetic analyses to improve resolution...

Depression, anxiety and stress in chronic otitis media

Ana Jotic
Purpose: Persistent symptoms of chronic otitis media cause limitations in daily routine and social interactions, significantly influencing patients’ quality of life and mental health. The purpose of the study was to assess the intensity of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms in patients with chronic otitis media and to examine if patient demographic data, characteristics, and reported symptoms of otitis influence reported depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. Material and Methods: The study included 316 adult patients...

Can antioxidant responses be induced by habitat fragmentation process?

Luciano Bani, Valerio Orioli, Roberto Giacchini, Paolo Parenti, Olivia Dondina, Marko Prokić, Caterina Faggio & Giulia Campli
Animal populations are increasingly forced to live in small residual natural or semi-natural areas due to habitat loss and fragmentation. Here, the viability of populations is often compromised by intrinsic threat factors typical of small and isolated populations, such as inbreeding depression, genetic drift, and environmental and demographic stochasticity. Under these circumstances, organisms may have low fitness due to inadequate physiological responses needed to face environmental challenges. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between...

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