9 Works

Wind dispersal and 1-year survival of Vataireopsis iglesiasii (Fabaceae) seedlings in a Neotropical lowland rain forest

Simon Queenborough, Renato Valencia & Pablo Alvia
Populations of many tropical tree species are regulated by negative distance- and density-dependent processes (NDD), yet most studies on the effects of conspecific seedling and adult neighbours on seedling survival have focused on animal-dispersed species. Species with seeds dispersed by wind may not be moved as far on average as seeds dispersed by animals, but some seeds may be dispersed a lot further, suggesting that knowledge of dispersal mechanism may help in our understanding of...

Demographic rates and stature of tree species in 13 sub-tropical forests: annual growth, annual survival, annual recruitment >( 1 cm dbh), stature (max dbh)

Stephan Kambach, Richard Condit, Salomón Aguilar, Helge Bruelheide, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, Yu-Yun Chen, George Chuyong, Stuart J. Davies, Sisira Ediriweera, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Edwino S. Fernando, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Gunatilleke, Stephen P Hubbell, Akira Itoh, David Kenfack, Somboon Kiratiprayoon, Yi-Ching Lin, Jean-Remy Makana, Mohizah Bt. Mohamad, Nantachai Pongpattananurak, Rolando Pérez, Lillian Jennifer V. Rodriguez, I-Fang Sun … & Nadja Rüger
Organisms of all species must balance their allocation to growth, survival and recruitment. Among tree species, evolution has resulted in different life-history strategies for partitioning resources to these key demographic processes. Life-history strategies in tropical forests have often been shown to align along a trade-off between fast growth and high survival, i.e. the well-known fast-slow continuum. In addition, an orthogonal trade-off has been proposed between tall stature – resulting from fast growth and high survival...

A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates

Anna Zimin, Sean Zimin, Richard Shine, Luciano Avila, Aaron Bauer, Monika Böhm, Rafe Brown, Goni Barki, Gabriel Henrique De Oliveira Caetano, Fernando-Castro Herrera, David Chapple, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Tiffany Doan, Frank Glaw, L. Lee Grismer, Yuval Itescu, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Marcio Martins, Mariana Morado, Gopal Murali, Zoltán Nagy, Maria Novosolov, Paul Oliver … & Shai Meiri
Aim: Viviparity has evolved more times in squamates than in any other vertebrate group. Therefore, squamates offer an excellent model system to study the patterns, drivers, and implications of reproductive mode evolution. Based on current species distributions we examined three selective forces hypothesized to drive squamate viviparity evolution: (1) cold climate, (2) variable climate, and (3) hypoxic conditions, and tested whether viviparity is associated with larger body size. Location: Global. Time period: present day. Taxon:...

Dietary data of an anuran assemblage from Yasuní National Park

Pablo A. Menéndez-Guerrero, Santiago R. Ron & Sofía Carvajal-Endara
This dataset describes the diet of a highly diverse tropical anuran assemblage. We report the diet composition of 35 species collected at Yasuní National Park, based on the examination of the gastrointestinal contents of 396 frog specimens available in the Museo de Zoología (QCAZ) of Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador. Anuran species belong to six families: Aromobatidae, Bufonidae, Dendrobatidae, Hylidae, Leptodactylidae, and Strabomantidae. We were able to identify 4,085 prey items that were classified into...

Long-term fire and vegetation change in northwestern Amazonia

Britte Heijink, Q.A. Mattijs, A.L. Philip, R. Valencia, D. Piperno & C.N.H. McMichael
Amazonian forest plots are used to quantify biodiversity and carbon sequestration, and provide the foundation for much of what is known about tropical ecology. Many plots are assumed to be undisturbed, but recent work suggests that past fire, forest openings, and cultivation created vegetation changes that have persisted for decades to centuries (ecological legacies). The Yasuní Forest Dynamics plot is one of the most biodiverse places on earth, yet its human history remains unknown. Here,...

Elevational and local climate variability predicts thermal breadth of mountain tropical tadpoles

Pol Pintanel, Miguel Tejedo, Andrés Merino-Viteri, Freddy Almeida-Reinoso, Sofia Salinas-Ivanenko, Andrea C. López-Rosero, Gustavo A. Llorente & Luis M. Gutiérrez-Pesquera
The climate variability hypothesis posits that increased environmental thermal variation should promote species with broader thermal tolerance breadths, while stable environments should promote thermal specialists. This hypothesis has been tested on large spatial scales, such as latitude and elevation, but less so on smaller scales which reflect the experienced microclimate. Here, we estimated thermal tolerance limits of 75 species of amphibian tadpoles from an aseasonal tropical mountain range of the Ecuadorian Andes, distributed along a...

Amazonian epiphytic bryophytes: community matrix and tools to assess diversity across scales

Monica Bibiana Berdugo Moreno, S. Robbert Gradstein, Louise Guérot, Susana León-Yánez, Jörg Bendix & Maaike Bader
Aim: Tropical forests are highly diverse at many spatial scales. In these forests, epiphytic bryophyte communities can be species-rich already within a few cm2, and their species numbers increase when expanding the sampling along the tree and the forest. Understanding how this diversity increase depends on scale and position within the tree is critical to evaluate the processes that maintain biodiversity. We, therefore, studied vertical zonation and alpha and beta diversity of epiphytic bryophytes across...

Data from: Unwrapping broken tails: Biological and environmental correlates of predation pressure in limbless reptiles

Mario R. Moura, Henrique C. Costa, Arthur D. Abegg, Esmeralda Alaminos, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Weverton S. Azevedo, Hugo Cabral, Priscila Carvalho, Sonia Cechin, Nathalie Citeli, Ângelo C. M. Dourado, André F. V. Duarte, Frederico G. R. França, Eliza M. X Freire, Paulo C. A. Garcia, Rafael Mol, Ricardo Montero, Antônio Moraes-Da-Silva, Daniel C. Passos, Paulo Passos, Renata Perez, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Pedro Prado, Ana Lúcia C. Prudente, Raul F. D. Sales … & Jhonny J. M. Guedes
Studying species interactions in nature often requires elaborate logistics and intense fieldwork. The difficulties in such task might hinder our ability to answer questions on how biotic interactions change with the environment. Fortunately, a workaround to this problem lies within scientific collections. For some animals, the inspection of preserved specimens can reveal the scars of past antagonistic encounters, such as predation attempts. A common defensive behaviour that leaves scars on animals is autotomy, the loss...

Litter decomposition rates across tropical montane and lowland forests are controlled foremost by climate

Rebecca Ostertag, Carla Restrepo, Iveren Abeim, Roxana Aragón, Michelle Ataroff, Hazel Chapman, Belen Fadrique, Grizelle González, Achim Häger, Jürgen Homeier, Luis Daniel Llambí, Rikke Reese Næsborg, Laura Nohemy Poma López, Jorge Andrés Ramirez Correa, Klara Scharnagl, Conrado Tobón, James W. Dalling, Patrick H. Martin, Iveren Abiem, Shin‐Ichiro Aiba, Esteban Alvarez‐Dávila, Augusta Y. Cueva‐Agila, Romina D. Fernández, Sybil G. Gotsch, Carlos Iñiguez‐Armijos … & Cameron B. Williams
The “hierarchy of factors” hypothesis states that decomposition rates are controlled primarily by climatic, followed by biological and soil variables. Tropical montane forests (TMF) are globally important ecosystems, yet there have been limited efforts to provide a biome-scale characterization of litter decomposition. We designed a common litter decomposition experiment replicated in 23 tropical montane sites across the Americas, Asia, and Africa and combined these results with a previous study of 23 sites in tropical lowland...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador
  • University of Brasília
  • University of Puerto Rico System
  • National University of Tucumán
  • University of Kansas
  • Thammasat University
  • Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
  • University of Jos
  • Columbia University