Energy-water and seasonal variations in climate underlie the spatial distribution patterns of gymnosperms species richness in ChinaBikram Pandey, Janak Khatiwada, Lin Zhang, Kaiwen Pan, Mohammed Dakhil, Qinli Xiong, Ram Yadav, Mohan Siwakoti, Akash Tariq, Olusanya Olatunji, Meta Justine, Xiaogang Wu, Xiaoming Sun, Ziyan Liao & Zebene Negesse
Studying the pattern of species richness is crucial in understanding the diversity and distribution of organisms in the earth. Climate and human influences are the major driving factors that directly influence the large-scale distributions of plant species, including gymnosperms. Understanding how gymnosperms respond to climate, topography, and human-induced changes is useful in predicting the impacts of global change. Here, we attempt to evaluate how climatic and human-induced processes could affect the spatial richness patterns of...
Tree-to-tree interactions slow down Himalayan treeline shifts as inferred from tree spatial patternsShalik Ram Sigdel, Eryuan Liang, Yafeng Wang, Binod Dawadi & Jesús Julio Camarero
Aim: The spatial patterns of tree populations reflect multiple ecological processes. However, little is known whether these patterns mediate responses to climate in marginal tree populations as those forming alpine treelines. Harsh conditions at these ecotones imply the existence of positive interactions which should lead to tree clustering. In fact, densification in response to climate warming is more widely reported than upward shifts in most treelines. This suggests that more intense tree-to-tree interactions could buffer...
Data from: Comparative ecological and behavioral study of Macaca assamensis and M. mulatta in Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park, NepalSunil Khatiwada, Pavan Kumar Paudel, Mukesh K Chalise & Hideshi Ogawa
Resource partitioning reduces resource competition between different species within the same habitat, promoting their coexistence. To understand how such species, co-adapt to reduce conflicts, we examined the behaviour of two primates, the Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis) and the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), from April 2017 to March 2018 in Sivapuri Nagarjun National Park (SNNP), Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. We performed 1,580 and 1,261 scan sessions on wild, multi-male/multi-female groups of Assamese and rhesus macaques, respectively, at...
Estimating occupancy of Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in a protected and non-protected area of NepalSandhya Sharma, Hari Sharma, Chanda Chaulagain, Hem Katuwal & Jerrold Belant
Chinese pangolin is the world’s most heavily trafficked small mammal for luxury food and traditional medicine. Although their populations are declining worldwide, it is difficult to monitor their population status because of its rarity and nocturnal behavior. We used site occupancy (presence/absence) sampling of pangolin sign (i.e. active burrows) in a protected (Gaurishankar Conservation Area) and non-protected area (Ramechhap district) of central Nepal with multiple environmental covariates to understand factors that may influence occupancy of...
Examining the needle in the haystack: Evolutionary relationships in the mistletoe genus Loranthus Jacq. (Loranthaceae)Daniel Nickrent, Huei-Jiun Su, Ruo-Zhu Lin, Mohan Prasad Devkota, Jer-Ming Hu & Gerhard Glatzel
The genus Loranthus Jacq. (Loranthaceae) consists of ca. nine Old World species distributed from eastern Asia to Europe. Loranthus, the type of the family, has had a complex taxonomic history that continues today, partly because most mistletoes in the family have resided in this genus. For this reason, there are over 1800 Loranthus species names, the vast majority of which are synonyms for mistletoes in other genera. The present work sampled representatives of nine species...
Chinese Academy of Sciences2
Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography1
Fujian Normal University1
Chinese Academy of Forestry1
University of Taipei1
Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología1
Nanjing Forestry University1
University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences1
Southern Illinois University Carbondale1