180 Works

Data from: Different phylogenetic and environmental controls of first-order root morphological and nutrient traits: evidence of multidimensional root traits

Ruili Wang, Qiufeng Wang, Ning Zhao, Zhiwei Xu, Xianjin Zhu, Cui Jiao, Guirui Yu, Nianpeng He & Cuicui Jiao
1. Although fine roots are essential for the water and nutrient uptake of plants, there is limited understanding of root trait variation and the underlying mechanism. 2. Here, six first-order root morphological and chemical traits were measured for 181 species from eight subtropical and boreal forests to test the hypothesis of different phylogenetic and environmental regulations of root morphological and nutrient traits result in the multidimensions of root traits. 3. Two independent root trait dimensions...

Effects of herbivore assemblage on the spatial heterogeneity of soil nitrogen in eastern Eurasian steppe

Minna Zhang, Guangyin Li, Bai Liu, Jushan Liu, Ling Wang & Deli Wang
1. The spatial heterogeneity of soil limiting resources is one of the most important factors maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem functions. There is a general concern that herbivore grazing plays a central role in modifying soil resources heterogeneity. However, most studies have examined how large herbivores as a group affect soil heterogeneity. There is limited knowledge about how assemblages of different herbivore species may influence soil heterogeneity, and whether the herbivore assemblage effects might vary with...

Data from: Chronic traffic noise increases food intake and alters gene expression associated with metabolism and disease in bats

Shengjing Song, Chang Yang, Wang Daiping, Jiang Tinglei, Feng Jiang & Lin Aiqing
Anthropogenic noise exposure has deleterious effects on the foraging ecology of many animals. However, the effects of chronic anthropogenic noise on food intake and health condition in wildlife remain largely unknown. We tested whether traffic noise exposure over multiple days would change food intake and would have effects on the health of Asian particoloured bats. We broadcast traffic noise to the bats of two noise-exposure groups (group A, 5 bats; group C, 6 bats) and...

Data from: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with two dominant species differ in their responses to long-term nitrogen addition in temperate grasslands

Zhi Zheng, Pengfei Ma, Juan Li, Lifei Ren, Wenming Bai, Qiuying Tian, Wei Sun & Wen-Hao Zhang
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, are important components of grassland ecosystems and are sensitive to enhanced atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. Enhanced N deposition has been widely reported to reduce species richness and alter species composition across different types of grasslands worldwide. Despite extensive studies on effects of N deposition on AM fungal communities of grasslands, few studies have specifically focused on effects of N deposition on AM fungi associated with dominant species in grasslands. We investigated...

Bioinformatics analysis reveals the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) coexpression network in the tumor microenvironment and prognostic biomarkers in soft tissue sarcomas

Dandan Zou, Yang Wang, Meng Wang, Bo Zhao, Fei Hu, Yanguo Li & Bingming Zhang
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are rare, heterogeneous mesenchymal neoplasias. Understanding the tumor microenvironment (TME) and identifying potential biomarkers for prognosis associated with the TME of STS might provide effective clues for immune therapy. We evaluated the immune scores and stromal scores of STS patients by using the RNA sequencing dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the ESTIMATE algorithm. Then, the differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs), miRNAs (DEMs) and lncRNAs (DELs) were identified after...

Data from: Induced defense and its cost in two bryophyte species

Yong-Da Chen, Angela Moles, Zhao-Jun Bu, Ming-Ming Zhang, Zu-Cheng Wang & Hong-Yan Zhao
PREMISE: Current knowledge about defense strategies in plants under herbivore pressure is predominantly based on vascular plants. Bryophytes are rarely consumed by herbivores since they have ample secondary metabolites. However, it is unknown whether bryophytes have induced defenses against herbivory, and whether there is a trade-off between growth and defense in bryophytes. METHODS: We carried out an experiment with two peatland bryophytes, Sphagnum magellanicum Brid. and S. fuscum (Schimp.) H. Klinggr. Two kinds of herbivory,...

Soil engineering by ants facilitates plant compensation for large herbivore removal of aboveground biomass

Zhiwei Zhong
The interplay between top-down and bottom-up processes determines ecosystem productivity. Yet, the factors that mediate the balance between these opposing forces remain poorly understood. Furthering this challenge, complex and often cryptic factors like ecosystem engineering and trait-mediated interactions may play major roles in mediating the outcomes of top-down and bottom-up interactions. In semi-arid grasslands of northeastern China, we conducted a large-scale, three-year experiment to evaluate how soil engineering by ants and plasticity in plants independently...

Energy efficiency assessment of China wastewater treatment plants by unit energy consumption per kg COD removed

Jinze Li, Walter Z. Tang & Li Gu
Unit energy consumption per kg pollutant removed (kWh/kgCODremoved) is used for the first time in assessing and ranking the sustainability of main treatment technologies of 1215 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in China. The metric better measures the sustainability of main treatment technologies in WWTPs than unit energy consumption per cubic meter treated (kWh/m3). The energy consumption data of these WWTPs were selected from the database of 1399 WWTPs to evaluate the energy efficiency of different...

Long non-coding RNA NEAT1 promotes steatosis via enhancement of estrogen receptor alpha-mediated AQP7 expression in HepG2 cells

Xiaohua Fu, Jing Zhu, Lin Zhang & Jing Shu
Hepatic steatosis is one of the most important features of the pathogenesis for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Fat deposition in liver cells can influence hepatic lipogenesis along with other metabolic pathways and further lead to the irreversible liver cirrhosis and injury. However, the underlying mechanism of steatosis remains largely unexplored. Our previous study revealed that AQP7 played an important role in liver steatosis. In this study, we determined that the transcriptional level of AQP7 was...

Long non-coding RNA NEAT1 promotes steatosis via enhancement of estrogen receptor alpha-mediated AQP7 expression in HepG2 cells

Xiaohua Fu, Jing Zhu, Lin Zhang & Jing Shu
Hepatic steatosis is one of the most important features of the pathogenesis for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Fat deposition in liver cells can influence hepatic lipogenesis along with other metabolic pathways and further lead to the irreversible liver cirrhosis and injury. However, the underlying mechanism of steatosis remains largely unexplored. Our previous study revealed that AQP7 played an important role in liver steatosis. In this study, we determined that the transcriptional level of AQP7 was...

Do the children born after assisted reproductive technology have an increased risk of birth defects? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jing Zhao, Yi Yan, Xi Huang & Yanping Li
Background: Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have made great progress. However, whether tube baby born after ART were at an increased risk of birth defects is not clear. Objective: To assess whether the ART increases the risk of birth defects in children born after ART. Search strategy: Medline, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were searched. Selection criteria: Clinical trials that evaluate the risk of birth defect in children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm...

Herbivore grazing mitigates the negative effects of nitrogen deposition on soil organic carbon in low-diversity grassland

Guangyin Li, Jinting Cai, Xuxin Song, Xiaobin Pan, Duofeng Pan, Shicheng Jiang, Jinyan Sun, Minna Zhang & Ling Wang
1. Changes in soil carbon (C) sequestration in grassland ecosystems have important impacts on the global C cycle. As such, it is important that researchers better understand the underlying mechanisms affecting soil C. Increasing evidence has shown that atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition can cause dramatic changes in grassland soil C. It remains unclear whether herbivore grazing, a primary means to manage and utilize grassland resources, can regulate the effects of N deposition on soil C,...

Using BART to Perform Pareto Optimization and Quantify its Uncertainties

Akira Horiguchi, Thomas J. Santner, Ying Sun & Matthew T. Pratola
Techniques to reduce the energy burden of an industrial ecosystem often require solving a multiobjective optimization problem. However, collecting experimental data can often be either expensive or time-consuming. In such cases, statistical methods can be helpful. This article proposes Pareto Front (PF) and Pareto Set (PS) estimation methods using Bayesian Additive Regression Trees (BART), which is a nonparametric model whose assumptions are typically less restrictive than popular alternatives, such as Gaussian Processes (GPs). These less...

Seasonal variation of population and individual dietary niche in the avivorous bat, Ia io

Lixin Gong & Tinglei Jiang
The variation in niche breadth can affect how species respond to environmental and resource changes. However, there is still no clear understanding of how seasonal variability in food resources impacts the variation of individual dietary diversity, thereby affecting the dynamics of a population’s dietary niche breadth. Optimal foraging theory (OFT) and the niche variation hypothesis (NVH) predict that population niche breadth will expand with food resource limitation stemming from increased within-individual dietary diversity and individual...

Cleavage of E-cadherin by porcine respiratory bacterial pathogens facilitates airway epithelial barrier disruption and bacterial paracellular transmigration

Qi Cao, Wenbin Wei, Huan Wang, Zesong Wang, Yujin Lv, Menghong Dai, Chen Tan, Huanchun Chen & Xiangru Wang
Airway epithelial cells are the first line of defense against respiratory pathogens. Porcine bacterial pathogens, such as Bordetella bronchiseptica, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Glaesserella (Haemophilus) parasuis, and Pasteurella multocida, breach this barrier to lead to local or systematic infections. Here, we demonstrated that respiratory bacterial pathogen infection disrupted the airway epithelial intercellular junction protein, E-cadherin, thus contributing to impaired epithelial cell integrity. E-cadherin knocking-out in newborn pig tracheal cells via CRISPR/Cas9 editing technology confirmed that E-cadherin was...

Cleavage of E-cadherin by porcine respiratory bacterial pathogens facilitates airway epithelial barrier disruption and bacterial paracellular transmigration

Qi Cao, Wenbin Wei, Huan Wang, Zesong Wang, Yujin Lv, Menghong Dai, Chen Tan, Huanchun Chen & Xiangru Wang
Airway epithelial cells are the first line of defense against respiratory pathogens. Porcine bacterial pathogens, such as Bordetella bronchiseptica, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Glaesserella (Haemophilus) parasuis, and Pasteurella multocida, breach this barrier to lead to local or systematic infections. Here, we demonstrated that respiratory bacterial pathogen infection disrupted the airway epithelial intercellular junction protein, E-cadherin, thus contributing to impaired epithelial cell integrity. E-cadherin knocking-out in newborn pig tracheal cells via CRISPR/Cas9 editing technology confirmed that E-cadherin was...

Identification of differentially expressed miRNAs and their target genes in response to brassinolide treatment on flowering of tree peony (Paeonia ostii)

Lin Zhang, Chengwei Song, Dalong Guo, Lili Guo, Xiaogai Hou & Huafang Wang
Tree peony is a famous flower plant in China, but the short and concentrated flowering period limits its ornamental value and economic value. Brassinolide (BR) plays an important role in plant growth and development including flowering. There have been a large number of reports on the molecular aspects of the flowering process, but the genetic mechanism that was responsible for miRNA-guided regulation of tree peony is almost unclear. In this study, the leaves of tree...

Raw data from: Airport noise disturbs foraging behavior of Japanese pipistrelle bats

Weiwei Wang, Huimin Gao, Chengrong Li, Yingchun Deng, Daying Zhou, Yaqi Li, Wenyu Zhou, Bo Luo, Haiying Liang, Wenqin Liu, Pan Wu, Jing Wang & Jiang Feng
The expansion of anthropogenic noise poses an emerging threat to the survival and reproductive success of various organisms. Previous investigations have focused on the detrimental effects of anthropogenic noise on the foraging behavior in some terrestrial and aquatic animals. Nevertheless, the role of airport noise in impairing foraging activities of most wild animals has been neglected. Here, we aimed to assess whether foraging behavior in free-living Japanese pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus abramus) can be disturbed by...

Additional file 2 of Housekeeping gene gyrA, a potential molecular marker for Bacillus ecology study

Yan Liu, Polonca Štefanič, Youzhi Miao, Yansheng Xue, Weibing Xun, Nan Zhang, Qirong Shen, Ruifu Zhang, Zhihui Xu & Ines Mandic-Mulec
Additional file 2: TableS1 The information of 127 strains for colony PCR. TableS2 The genomes information for nucleotide variability analysis of gyrA gene and 16S rRNA gene in inter- and intraspecies Bacillus. TableS3 The gyrA gene database information of Bacillus for computer simulation. TableS4 The general primers converted from degenerate primer pair gyrA3. TableS5 The genomes information for SNP analysis of gyrA gene and 16S rRNA gene in four Bacillus species. TableS6 The information of...

Getting the ROC into Sync

Liu Yang, Kajal Lahiri & Adrian Pagan
Judging the conformity of binary events in macroeconomics and finance has often been done with indices that measure synchronization. In recent years, the use of Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve has become popular for this task. This article shows that the ROC and synchronization approaches are closely related, and each can be derived from a decision-making framework. Furthermore, the resulting global measures of the degree of conformity can be identified and estimated using the standard...

Additional file 10 of Transcriptomic analysis of paternal behaviors in prairie voles

Florian Duclot, Yan Liu, Samantha K. Saland, Zuoxin Wang & Mohamed Kabbaj
Additional file 10. Differential expression analysis details. For conciseness, the labels of pairwise comparisons were coded in two letters: the first one represents the phenotype (M: mothers, F: fathers, P: paternal males, A: attackers), whereas the second one represents the structure (M: MPOA, N: NAc, L: LS). For instance, PLvAL refers to the comparison between the Paternal and Attackers phenotypes in the LS. DE: differentially expressed.

Additional file 10 of Transcriptomic analysis of paternal behaviors in prairie voles

Florian Duclot, Yan Liu, Samantha K. Saland, Zuoxin Wang & Mohamed Kabbaj
Additional file 10. Differential expression analysis details. For conciseness, the labels of pairwise comparisons were coded in two letters: the first one represents the phenotype (M: mothers, F: fathers, P: paternal males, A: attackers), whereas the second one represents the structure (M: MPOA, N: NAc, L: LS). For instance, PLvAL refers to the comparison between the Paternal and Attackers phenotypes in the LS. DE: differentially expressed.

Additional file 14 of Transcriptomic analysis of paternal behaviors in prairie voles

Florian Duclot, Yan Liu, Samantha K. Saland, Zuoxin Wang & Mohamed Kabbaj
Additional file 14. Functional enrichment of genes differentially expressed in the medial preoptic area (MPOA), the nucleus accumbens (NAc), or the lateral septum (LS). For each pairwise comparison, the functional enrichments in gene ontologies of the biological processes (BP), cellular components (CC), and molecular functions (MF) categories as well as in pathways from the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were tested for the differentially expressed genes up- or down-regulated (UP, and DOWN, respectively)....

Contrast the distribution, transformation, and degradation of dissolved and particulate organic matter in the South Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and its adjacent Kuroshio Current

Chongxiao Ji, Guipeng Yang, Yang Chen, Yan Li & Lin Zhang
The detailed information of sampling stations, the carbon, nitrogen, and amino acids levels in DOM and POM, as well as other parameters including temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll-a, and biological parameters (heterotrophic bacteria, Synechococcus, and picoeukaryotes) are dispalyed in this dataset.

Gapless genome assembly of East Asian finless porpoise, Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri

Denghua Yin, Chunhai Chen, Danqing Lin, Jialun Zhang, Congping Ying, Yan Liu, Wang Liu, Zhichen Cao, Chenxi Zhao, Chenhe Wang, Liping Liang, Pao Xu, Jianbo Jian & Kai Liu
There are the genome sequence, gene set, coding sequence and protein sequence of Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri.

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Affiliations

  • Northeast Normal University
    180
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    91
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