15 Works

Facial attractiveness data

Georgios Kanavakis
Facial appearance expresses numerous cues about physical qualities as well as psychosocial and personality traits. Attractive faces are recognized clearly when seen and are often viewed advantageously in professional, social and romantic relationships. On the other hand, self-perceived attractiveness is not well understood and has been mainly attributed to psychological and cognitive factors. Here we study a large young adult population (n = 601) to assess the effect of facial appearance on self-perceived facial attractiveness.

Whole genome resequencing of males and females of three Daphnia magna genotypes

Luca Cornetti
Mechanisms of sex determination (SD) differ widely across the tree of life. In genotypic sex determination (GSD), genetic elements determine whether individuals are male or female, while in environmental sex determination (ESD), external cues control the sex of the offspring. In cyclical parthenogens, females produce mostly asexual daughters, but environmental stimuli such as crowding, temperature or photoperiod may cause them to produce sons. In aphids, sons are induced by ESD, even though GSD is present,...

Whole genome resequencing data enables a targeted SNP panel for conservation and aquaculture of Oreochromis cichlid fishes

Adam Ciezarek, Antonia Ford, Graham Etherington, Nasser Kasozi, Milan Malinsky, Tarang Mehta, Luca Penso-Dolfin, Benjamin Ngatunga, Asilatu Shechonge, Rashid Tamatamah, Wilfried Haerty, Federica Di Palma, Martin Genner & Turner George
Cichlid fish of the genus Oreochromis form the basis of the global tilapia aquaculture and fisheries industries. Broodstocks for aquaculture are often collected from wild populations, which in Africa may be from locations containing multiple Oreochromis species. However, many species are difficult to distinguish morphologically, hampering efforts to maintain good quality farmed strains. Additionally, non-native farmed tilapia populations are known to be widely distributed across Africa and to hybridize with native Oreochromis species, which themselves...

Emergence and function of cortical offset responses in sound termination detection

Magdalena Solyga & Tania R Barkat
Offset responses in auditory processing appear after a sound terminates. They arise in neuronal circuits within the peripheral auditory system, but their role in the central auditory system remains unknown. Here we ask what the behavioral relevance of cortical offset responses is and what circuit mechanisms drive them. At the perceptual level, our results reveal that experimentally minimizing auditory cortical offset responses decreases the mouse performance to detect sound termination, assigning a behavioral role to...

Chironomid assemblages and inferred summer temperature, late Rissian, Eemian and earliest Würmian, S Germany

Alex Bolland, Oliver Kern, Andreas Koutsodendris, Jörg Pross & Oliver Heiri
The data herein presents a new chironomid record and associated chironomid-based temperature reconstruction covering the mid Eemian to the end of the first Würmian stadial (ca. 125–105 ka), augmented by results for the late Rissian glaciation and the early Brörup interstadial from the Füramoos palaeolake, southern Germany. There is an unconformity in the sediment core analysed between the late Rissian sediments and the mid Eemian sediments. These data also include non-chironomid invertebrate remains, including Ceratopogonidae,...

Data from: Functional diversity and habitat preferences of native grassland plants and ground-dwelling invertebrates in private gardens along an urbanisation gradient

Brigitte Braschler
Urbanisation influences biodiversity and ecosystem functions. However, private domestic gardens provide habitats for many species. Challenging conditions in urban gardens may support species possessing certain traits, but exclude other species. Functional diversity is therefore often altered in urban gardens. We surveyed native grassland plants and ground-dwelling invertebrates (snails, slugs, spiders, millipedes, woodlice, ants, rove beetles), and compiled data on urbanisation (distance to city centre, percentage of sealed area) and garden characteristics. We furthermore derived data...

GMBA Mountain Inventory v2

Mark A. Snethlage, Jonas Geschke, Eva M. Spehn, Ajay Ranipeta, Nigel G. Yocco, Christian Körner, Walter Jetz, Markus Fischer & Davnah Urbach
A standardized delineation of the worlds’ mountains has many applications in research, education, and the science-policy interface. Here we provide a new inventory of 8616 mountain ranges developed under the auspices of the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA). Building on an earlier compilation, the presented geospatial database uses a further advanced and generalized mountain definition and a semi-automated method to enable globally standardized, transparent delineations of mountain ranges worldwide. The inventory is presented on EarthEnv...

Whole genome re-sequencing of mother and offspring D. magna genotypes

Luca Cornetti
Inbreeding refers to the fusion of related individuals' gametes, with self-fertilization (selfing) being an extreme form of inbreeding—involving gametes produced by the same individual. Selfing is expected to reduce heterozygosity by an average of 50 % in one generation; however, little is known about the empirical variation on a genome level surrounding this figure, and the factors that affect variation. We selfed genotypes of the cyclic parthenogen Daphnia magna and analyzed whole genomes of mothers...

Chironomid assemblages and inferred summer temperature from the Last Glacial Period (ca. 98–46 ka), from Füramoos, Southern Germany

Alexander Bolland, Oliver Kern, Frederik Allstädt, Dorothy Peteet3, Andreas Koutsodendris, Jörg Pross & Oliver Heiri
The data herein presents a new chironomid record and associated chironomid-based temperature reconstruction covering the time interval ca. 98–46 ka from the palaeolake Füramoos, Southern Germany. These data also include non-chironomid invertebrate remains, including Ceratopogonidae, Daphnia and Ephemeroptera as well as Characean oospores.

Effect of engaging communities in decision-making and action through traditional and religious leaders on vaccination coverage in Cross River State, Nigeria: a cluster randomised-control trial

Angela Oyo-Ita, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Amanda Ross, Afiong Oku, Ekpereonne Esu, Soter Ameh, Olabisi Oduwole, Dachi Arikpo & Martin Meremikwu
Background Vaccination coverage levels fall short of the Global Vaccine and Action Plan (GVAP) 90% target in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs). Having identified traditional and religious leaders (TRLs) as potential public health change agents, this study aimed at assessing the effect of training them to support routine immunisation for the purpose of improving uptake of childhood vaccines in Cross River State, Nigeria. Methods A cluster-randomised controlled study was conducted between 2016 and 2019....

Single versus repeated human trampling events: Responses of ground vegetation in sub-urban beech forests

Hans-Peter Rusterholz, Marion Marion Weisskopf-Kissling & Bruno Baur
Forests provide important ecosystem services and are often the only natural areas that are freely accessible to the public for outdoor recreation. Large numbers of forest visitors can cause severe damage to forest ecosystems, which in turn can affect the ecosystem functioning. We aimed to assess whether experimental short-term and long-term trampling affect the ground vegetation in deciduous forests and its recovery to a different extent. We used a standard experimental trampling procedure to simulate...

DRIAMS: Database of Resistance Information on Antimicrobials and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectra

Caroline Weis, Aline Cuénod, Bastian Rieck, Karsten Borgwardt & Adrian Egli
Early administration of effective antimicrobial treatments is critical for the outcome of infections and the prevention of treatment resistance. Antimicrobial resistance testing enables the selection of optimal antibiotic treatments, but current culture-based techniques can take up to 72 hours to generate results. We have developed a novel machine learning approach to predict antimicrobial resistance directly from MALDI-TOF mass spectra profiles of clinical samples. We trained calibrated classifiers on a newly-created publicly available database of mass...

Data from: Whole-genome phylogenetic reconstruction as a powerful tool to reveal homoplasy and ancient rapid radiation in waterflea evolution

Kay Van Damme, Luca Cornetti, Peter D. Fields & Dieter Ebert
The Supplementary Material (and text) to Van Damme et al., contains 10 Supplementary Figures (Figs S1-S10), 5 Supplementary Tables (Tables S1-S5), Supplementary Materials and Methods (ST1), Supplementary Discussion (ST2) and a complete reference list to the manuscript and supplement (Supplementary References SR1). All Supplementary material and text have been peer-reviewed as part of the manuscript. The supplementary discussion provides an additional framework including the importance of the findings of the phylogenomic study for the interpretation...

Integrating stakeholders’ perspectives and spatial modelling to develop scenarios of future land use and land cover change in northern Tanzania

Rebecca Kariuki, Linus Munishi, Colin Courtney-Mustaphi, Claudia Capitani, Anna Shoemaker, Paul Lane & Rob Marchant
Rapid rates of land use and land cover change (LULCC) in eastern Africa and limited instances of genuinely equal partnerships involving scientists, communities and decision makers challenge the development of robust pathways toward future environmental and socioeconomic sustainability. We use a participatory modelling tool, Kesho, to assess the biophysical, socioeconomic, cultural and governance factors that influenced past (1959-1999) and present (2000-2018) LULCC in northern Tanzania and to simulate four scenarios of land cover change to...

Task-induced modulations of neuronal activity along the auditory pathway

Gioia De Franceschi & Tania R. Barkat
Sensory processing varies depending on behavioral context. Here, we ask how task-engagement modulates neurons in the auditory system. We train mice in a simple tone-detection task, and compare their neuronal activity during passive hearing and active listening. Electrophysiological extracellular recordings in the inferior colliculus, medial geniculate body, primary auditory cortex and anterior auditory field reveals widespread modulations across all regions and cortical layers, and in both putative regular and fast-spiking cortical neurons. Clustering analysis unveils...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    15

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    15

Affiliations

  • University of Basel
    15
  • Heidelberg University
    2
  • Bangor University
    1
  • Ghent University
    1
  • Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute
    1
  • UiT The Arctic University of Norway
    1
  • University of Cambridge
    1
  • Earlham Institute
    1
  • Silence Therapeutics (Germany)
    1
  • Achievers University
    1