367 Works

Data from: Inconsistent reproductive isolation revealed by interactions between Catostomus fish species

Elizabeth Mandeville, Thomas Parchman, Kevin Thompson, Robert Compton, Kevin Gelwicks, Se Jin Song, C. Alex Buerkle, Thomas L. Parchman & Elizabeth G. Mandeville
Interactions between species are central to evolution and ecology, but we do not know enough about how outcomes of interactions between species vary across geographic locations, in heterogeneous environments, or over time. Ecological interactions between species are known to vary, but evolutionary interactions such as reproductive isolation are often assumed to be consistent. Hybridization among Catostomus fish species occurs over a large and heterogeneous geographic area and across taxa with distinct evolutionary histories, and allows...

Data from: Structure and function of the bacterial and fungal gut microbiota of Neotropical butterflies

Alison Ravenscraft, Michelle Berry, Tobin Hammer, Kabir Peay & Carol Boggs
The relationship between animals and their gut flora is simultaneously one of the most common and most complex symbioses on Earth. Despite its ubiquity, our understanding of this invisible but often critical relationship is still in its infancy. We employed adult Neotropical butterflies as a study system to ask three questions: First, how does gut microbial community composition vary across host individuals, species and dietary guilds? Second, how do gut microbiota compare to food microbial...

Venus Climate Orbiter Akatsuki IR2 Calibrated Data PDS3 dataset

Shin-ya Murakami, Takehiko Satoh, Kevin McGouldrick, Yukio Yamamoto & George L. Hashimoto
This dataset contains products acquired by the IR2 instrument of the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO, also known as PLANET-C and AKATSUKI) spacecraft. This dataset conforms PDS3 Standard. This dataset uses the Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC) data level numbering system. The IR2 CDRs are considered Level 3 or Composite Data (equivalent to NASA Level 1B). The CDRs are reconstructed from Level 2 or Edited Data. This dataset consists entirely of FITS files. Calibrated...

Venus Climate Orbiter Akatsuki LIR Calibrated Data PDS3 dataset

Shin-ya Murakami, Toru Kouyama, Tetsuya Fukuhara, Makoto Taguchi, Kevin McGouldrick, Yukio Yamamoto & George L. Hashimoto
This dataset contains products acquired by the LIR instrument of the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO, also known as PLANET-C and AKATSUKI) spacecraft. This dataset conforms PDS3 Standard. This dataset uses the Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC) data level numbering system. The LIR CDRs are considered Level 3 or Composite Data (equivalent to NASA Level 1B). The CDRs are reconstructed from Level 2 or Edited Data. This dataset consists entirely of FITS files. Calibrated...

Venus Climate Orbiter Akatsuki UVI Raw Data PDS3 dataset

Shin-ya Murakami, Manabu Yamada, Atsushi Yamazaki, Kevin McGouldrick, Yukio Yamamoto & George L. Hashimoto
This dataset contains products acquired by the UVI instrument of the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO, also known as PLANET-C and AKATSUKI) spacecraft. This dataset conforms PDS3 Standard. This dataset uses the Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC) data level numbering system. The UVI EDRs are considered Level 2 or Edited Data (equivalent to NASA Level 1A). The EDRs are reconstructed from Level 1 or Raw Data. This dataset consists entirely of FITS files. Uncalibrated...

Venus Climate Orbiter Akatsuki UVI Calibrated Data PDS3 dataset

Shin-ya Murakami, Manabu Yamada, Atsushi Yamazaki, Kevin McGouldrick, Yukio Yamamoto & George L. Hashimoto
This dataset contains products acquired by the UVI instrument of the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO, also known as PLANET-C and AKATSUKI) spacecraft. This dataset conforms PDS3 Standard. This dataset uses the Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC) data level numbering system. The UVI CDRs are considered Level 3 or Composite Data (equivalent to NASA Level 1B). The CDRs are reconstructed from Level 2 or Edited Data. This dataset consists entirely of FITS files. Calibrated...

Data from: Risky business: linking Toxoplasma gondii infection and entrepreneurship behaviours across individuals and countries

Stefanie K. Johnson, Fitza A. Markus, Daniel A. Lerher, Dana M. Calhoun, Marissa A. Beldon, Elsa T. Chan & Pieter T. J. Johnson
Disciplines such as business and economics often rely on the assumption of rationality when explaining complex human behaviours. However, growing evidence suggests that behaviour may concurrently be influenced by infec- tious microorganisms. The protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii, infects an estimated 2 billion people worldwide and has been linked to behavioural alterations in humans and other vertebrates. Here we integrate primary data from college students and business professionals with national-level information on cultural attitudes toward business to...

Data from: Environmental gradients determine the potential for ecosystem engineering effects

Joshua B. Grinath, Loralee Larios, Laura R. Prugh, Justin S. Brashares & Katharine N. Suding
Understanding processes that determine biodiversity is a fundamental challenge in ecology. At the landscape scale, physical alteration of ecosystems by organisms, called ecosystem engineering, enhances biodiversity worldwide by increasing heterogeneity in resource conditions and enhancing species coexistence across engineered and non-engineered habitats. Engineering-diversity relationships can vary along environmental gradients due to changes in the amount of physical structuring created by ecosystem engineering, but it is unclear how this variation is influenced by the responsiveness of...

Data from: Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit flies

Efrén Álvarez-Salvado, Angela M. Licata, Erin G. Connor, Margaret K. McHugh, Benjamin M.N. King, Nicholas Stavropoulos, Jonathan D. Victor, John P. Crimaldi, Katherine I. Nagel & Benjamin MN King
Odor attraction in walking Drosophila melanogaster is commonly used to relate neural function to behavior, but the algorithms underlying attraction are unclear. Here we develop a high-throughput assay to measure olfactory behavior in response to well-controlled sensory stimuli. We show that odor evokes two behaviors: an upwind run during odor (ON response), and a local search at odor offset (OFF response). Wind orientation requires antennal mechanoreceptors, but search is driven solely by odor. Using dynamic...

Data from \"2019 State of Open at the University of Colorado Boulder\" Report

Andrew Johnson, Ryan Caillet, Melissa Cantrell & Katie Mika
Data from the "2019 State of Open at the University of Colorado Boulder" report. ZIP file includes CSV files containing data about all articles published in full open access (OA) journals by University of Colorado Boulder (CU Boulder) authors from 2012 to 2018, all articles funded by the CU Boulder Libraries Open Access Fund from 2013 to 2018, and all published data sets reported by CU Boulder faculty members in the Faculty Report of Professional...

Data from: Marine protected areas enhance structural complexity but do not buffer the consequences of ocean warming for an overexploited precious coral

Ignasi Montero-Serra, Joaquim Garrabou, Daniel F. Doak, Jean-Baptiste Ledoux & Cristina Linares
1. Global warming and overexploitation both threaten the integrity and resilience of marine ecosystems. Many calls have been made to at least partially offset climate change impacts through local conservation management. However, a mechanistic understanding of the interactions of multiple stressors is generally lacking for habitat-forming species; preventing the development of sound conservation strategies. 2. We examined the effectiveness of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) at enhancing structural complexity and resilience to climate change on...

Toward Entrainment Thresholds in Fluvial Plucking

Aaron Hurst
The data in this repository were generated using COMSOL Multiphysics 5.5 CFD package. The files are in .dat format for u-component velocities, pressures, and location of the zero-pressure contour line. Each file includes a heading describing the run-file used and date/time and labels for each column of data. Additionally, a .csv file contains the data used for the calculations of pressure variations and Froude numbers.

CMIP5 Zonal Velocity Sections Along 93°W (3°S–3°N, 0–500 m)

Kristopher Karnauskas
This data set is part of the larger Repeat Observations by Gliders in the Equatorial Region (ROGER) data set available here: https://doi.org/10.25810/pk4z-n050. ROGER was an NSF-funded project from 2012–2016 (OCE–1233282 and OCE–1232971). This page provides access to the data analyzed in the following publication: Karnauskas, K. B., J. Jakoboski, T. M. S. Johnston, W. B. Owens, D. L. Rudnick, and R. E. Todd (2020) The Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in Three Generations of Global Climate Models...

CMIP6 Potential Temperature Sections Along 93°W (3°S–3°N, 0–500 m)

Kristopher Karnauskas
This data set is part of the larger Repeat Observations by Gliders in the Equatorial Region (ROGER) data set available here: https://doi.org/10.25810/pk4z-n050. ROGER was an NSF-funded project from 2012–2016 (OCE–1233282 and OCE–1232971). This page provides access to the data analyzed in the following publication: Karnauskas, K. B., J. Jakoboski, T. M. S. Johnston, W. B. Owens, D. L. Rudnick, and R. E. Todd (2020) The Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in Three Generations of Global Climate Models...

Wolves are back: Sociopolitical identity and opinions on management of Canis lupus

Joel Hartter & Lawrence Hamilton
In 2010 an interdisciplinary team of social and natural scientists began a project to study society–environment interactions in northeast Oregon. At first, the Communities and Forests in Oregon (CAFOR) project focused on Baker, Union and Wallowa Counties. Subsequently the project’s scope expanded to cover Crook, Grant, Umatilla and Wheeler Counties. One part of the CAFOR research involved a series of telephone surveys carried out in four stages over 2011 to 2018. The surveys employed consistent...

E. coli aminoglycoside treatment

Joel Kralj & Giancarlo Bruni
Aminoglycosides are broad-spectrum antibiotics whose mechanism of action is under debate. It is widely accepted that membrane voltage potentiates aminoglycoside activity, which is ascribed to voltage-dependent drug uptake. In this paper, we measured the response of Escherichia coli treated with aminoglycosides and discovered that the bactericidal action arises not from the downstream effects of voltage dependent drug uptake, but rather directly from dysregulated membrane potential. In the absence of voltage, aminoglycosides are taken into cells...

Data from: A trait-based approach to assessing resistance and resilience to wildfire in two iconic North American conifers

Kyle Rodman, Thomas Veblen, Robert Andrus, Neil Enright, Joseph Fontaine, Angela Gonzalez, Miranda Redmond & Andreas Wion
Ongoing changes in fire activity have the potential to drive widespread shifts in Earth’s vegetation. Plant traits and vital rates can be indicators of the ability of individuals to survive fire (resistance) and populations to persist (resilience) following fire and provide a method to assess vulnerability to fire-driven vegetation shifts. In 15 study sites spanning climatic gradients in the southern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., we quantified variation in key traits and vital rates of two co-occurring,...

Data from: A quantitative inventory of yeast P body proteins reveals principles of composition and specificity

Wenmin Xing, Denise Muhlrad, Roy Parker & Michael K. Rosen
P bodies are archetypal biomolecular condensates that concentrate proteins and RNA without a surrounding membrane. While dozens of P body proteins are known, the concentrations of components in the compartment have not been measured. We used live cell imaging to generate a quantitative inventory of the major proteins in yeast P bodies. Only 7 proteins are highly concentrated in P bodies (5.1-15 uM); the 24 others examined are appreciably lower (most ≤ 2.6 uM). P...

Who is (not) protected by Title IX? A critical review of 45 years of research [supplementary tables]

Mary Quantz & Elizabeth Jackson Meyer
Background/Context: This dataset consists of the supplementary tables from the first published systematic literature review with an exclusive focus on Title IX scholarship. The article associated with this data aims to offer a holistic view of the existing knowledge base in this field presented in peer-reviewed scholarly publications. Purpose: This review of the literature [in the paper associated with these tables] identifies key trends in this body of research and highlights strengths as well as...

Weather variation affects the dispersal of grasshoppers beyond their elevational ranges

Cesar Nufio, Andrew Prinster & Julian Resasco
Understanding how abiotic conditions influence dispersal patterns of organisms is important for understanding the degree to which species can track and persist in the face of changing climate. The goal of this study was to understand how weather conditions (temperature, precipitation and wind patterns) influence the dispersal patterns of multiple non-migratory grasshopper species from lower elevation grassland habitats in which they ­­complete their life-cycles to higher elevations that extend beyond their range limits. The study...

Dispersers and environment drive global variation in fruit color syndromes

Miranda Sinnott-Armstrong, Michael Donoghue & Walter Jetz
The colors of fleshy fruits play a critical role in plant dispersal by advertising ripe fruits to consumers. Fruit colors have long been classified into syndromes attributed to selection by animal dispersers, despite weak evidence for this hypothesis. Here, we test the relative importance of biotic (bird and mammal frugivory) and abiotic (wet season temperatures, growing season length, and UV-B radiation) factors in determining fruit color syndrome in 3,163 species of fleshy-fruited plants. We find...

A highly invasive malaria parasite has expanded its range to non-migratory birds in North America

Angela Theodosopoulos, Kathryn Grabenstein, Staffan Bensch & Scott Taylor
Parasite range expansions are a direct consequence of globalization and are an increasing threat to biodiversity. Here we report a recent range expansion of the SGS1 strain of a highly invasive parasite, Plasmodium relictum, to two non-migratory passerines in North America. Plasmodium relictum is considered one of the world’s most invasive parasites and causes the disease avian malaria: this is the first reported case of SGS1 in wild birds of Western North America and wild...

FIRED CHILE

Lise St. Denis, Estelle Lindrooth, Travis Williams, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Jennifer Balch, Joe McGlinchy, Adam Mahood & Maxwell Cook
This is event- and daily-level polygons for the Fire event delineation (FIRED) product for Chile from November 2001 to March 2021. It is derived from the MODIS MCD64A1 burned area product (see https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/products/mcd64a1v006/ for more details). The MCD64A1 is a monthly raster grid of estimated burned dates. Firedpy (www.github.com/earthlab/firedpy) is an algorithm that converts these rasters into events by stacking the entire time series into a spatial-temporal data cube, then uses an algorithm to assign...

Why do parasites exhibit reverse latitudinal diversity gradients? Testing the roles of host diversity, habitat, and climate

Pieter Johnson & Sarah Haas
Aim: The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) – in which species richness decreases from the equator toward the poles – is among the most fundamental distributional patterns in ecology. Despite the expectation that the diversity of parasites tracks that of their hosts, available evidence suggests that many parasites exhibit reverse latitudinal gradients or no pattern, yet the rarity of large-scale datasets on host-parasite interactions calls into question the robustness of such trends. Here, we collected parasitological...

Survey of Juno Observations in Jupiter's Plasma Disk: Density

E. Huscher, F. Bagenal & R.J. Wilson
The jovian plasma density data provided here was used in the following peer review publication, and contains the raw data analysed and values for some figures: Huscher, E., Bagenal, F., Wilson, R. J., Allegrini, F., Ebert, R. W., Valek, P. W., et al. (2021). Survey of Juno Observations in Jupiter's Plasma Disk: Density. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029446. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029446 This paper has the abstract: We explore the variation in plasma conditions through...

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