14 Works

Data from: Evaluating temporal and spatial transferability of a tidal inundation model for foraging waterbirds

Marisa Martinez, Leonardo Calle, Stephanie Romanach & Dale Gawlik
For ecosystem models to be applicable outside their context of development, temporal and spatial transferability must be demonstrated. This presents a challenge for modeling intertidal ecosystems where spatiotemporal variation arises at multiple scales. Models specializing in tidal dynamics are generally inhibited from having wider ecological applications by coarse spatiotemporal resolution or high user competency. The Tidal Inundation Model of Shallow-water Availability (TiMSA) uniquely simulates tides to empirically derive a time-integrated measure of availability for a...

Large contribution of woody plant expansion to recent vegetative greening of the Northern Great Plains

Bryce Currey, David McWethy, Nicholas R. Fox & E.N. Jack Brookshire
Aim: Extensive portions of high-latitude grasslands worldwide have recently experienced increased vegetative productivity (i.e., greening) and have undergone a rapid transition towards woody plant dominance via the process of woody plant expansion (WPE). This raises the underlying question: To what degree are WPE and greening spatiotemporally linked? Given that these vegetative changes are predicted to continue, we seek to understand how recent changes in vegetation extent and productivity have interacted under recent climate change and...

Chickensplash: splash trial videos

Caitlin Carmody, Rebecca Mueller, Benjamin Grodner, Ondrej Chlumsky, James Wilking & Scott McCalla
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends against washing raw chicken due to the risk of transferring dangerous food-borne pathogens through splashed drops of water. Many cooks continue to wash raw chicken despite this warning, however, and there is a lack of scientific research assessing the extent of microbial transmission in splashed droplets. Here we use large agar plates to confirm that bacteria can be transferred from the surface of raw chicken through splashing. We...

Interspecific trait variability and local soil conditions modulate grassland model community responses to climate

Franklin Alongi, Jana Rüthers, Justyna Giejsztowt, Katrina LaPaglia & Anke Jentsch
High elevation grasslands provide critical services in agriculture and ecosystem stabilization. However, these ecosystems face elevated risks of disturbance due to predicted soil and climate changes. We experimentally exposed model grassland communities, comprised of three species grown on either local or reference soil, to varied climatic environments along an elevational gradient in the European Alps, measuring the effects on species and community traits. Although species-specific biomass varied across soil and climate, species’ proportional contributions to...

Loss of an apex predator in the wild induces physiological changes in prey

Neil Hammerschlag, Chris Fallows, Michael Meyer, Simon Seakamela, Samantha Orndorff, Stephen Kirkman, Deon Kotze & Scott Creel
Predators can impact prey via predation or risk effects, which can initiate trophic cascades. Given widespread population declines of apex predators, understanding and predicting the associated ecological consequences is a priority. When predation risk is relatively unpredictable or uncontrollable by prey, the loss of predators is hypothesized to release prey from stress; however, there are few tests of this hypothesis in the wild. A well-studied predator-prey system between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur...

Wildfire severity alters drivers of interaction beta-diversity in plant-bee networks

Laura A. Burkle, R. Travis Belote & Jonathan A. Myers
Spatial variation in species interactions (interaction β-diversity) and its ecological drivers are poorly understood, despite their relevance to community assembly, conservation, and ecosystem functioning. We investigated effects of wildfire severity on patterns and four proximate ecological drivers of interaction β-diversity in plant-bee communities across three localities in the Northern Rocky Mountains (Montana, USA). Wildfires decreased interaction β-diversity but increased interaction frequency (number of visits) and richness (number of links). After controlling for interaction frequency and...

Heterogeneity in risk-sensitive allocation of somatic reserves in a long-lived mammal

Rachel Smiley, Rachel Smiley, Brittany L. Wagler, Tayler LaSharr, Kristin Denryter, Thomas Stephenson, Alyson Courtemanch, Tony Mong, Daryl Lutz, Doug McWhirter, Doug Brimeyer, Patrick Hnilicka, Blake Lowrey & Kevin Monteith
Patterns of food quality and availability, when combined with energetic demands in seasonal environments, shape resource acquisition and allocation by animals and hold consequences for life-history strategies. In long-lived species with extensive maternal care, regulation of somatic reserves of energy and protein can occur in a risk-sensitive manner, wherein resources are preferentially allocated to support survival at the cost of investment in reproduction. We investigated how Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), an alpine mammal...

Influence of beaver mimicry restoration on habitat availability for fishes, including Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus)

Lindsey Albertson
Beaver-dam-mimicry is an emergent conservation practice. We evaluated the influence of constructed riffles, a unique type of beaver mimicry aimed to store water and allow fish passage, on habitat for fishes in one control reach and one manipulated reach with mimicry structures added. The beaver mimicry reach had deeper pool habitats and deeper and wider riffle habitats compared to an unmanipulated control reach. Dissolved oxygen was similar among reaches, averaging 8.7 ± 0.2 and 8.9...

Leukocyte proportions in Pteropus alecto blood smears

Dale Hansen, Brooklin Hunt, Caylee Falvo, Manuel Ruiz-Aravena, Maureen Kessler, Jane Hall, Paul Thompson, Karrie Rose, Devin Jones, Tamika Lunn, Adrienne Dale, Alison Peel & Raina Plowright
The black flying fox (Pteropus alecto) is a natural reservoir for Hendra virus, a paramyxovirus that causes fatal infections in humans and horses in Australia. Increased excretion of Hendra virus by flying foxes has been hypothesized to be associated with physiological or energetic stress in the reservoir hosts. The objective of this study was to explore the leukocyte profiles of wild-caught P. alecto, with a focus on describing the morphology of each cell type to...

Dataset: A global synthesis of human impacts on the multifunctionality of streams and rivers

Mario Brauns, Daniel C. Allen, Iola G. Boëchat, Wyatt F. Cross, Verónica Ferreira, Daniel Graeber, Christopher J. Patrick, Marc Peipoch, Daniel Von Schiller & Björn Gücker
Human impacts, particularly nutrient pollution and land-use change, have caused significant declines in the quality and quantity of freshwater resources. Most global assessments have concentrated on species diversity and composition, but effects on the multifunctionality of streams and rivers remain unclear. Here, we analyse the most comprehensive compilation of stream ecosystem functions to date to provide an overview of the responses of nutrient uptake, leaf litter decomposition, ecosystem productivity, and food web complexity to six...

Modeling management strategies for chronic disease in wildlife: predictions for the control of respiratory disease in bighorn sheep

Kezia Manlove, Emily Almberg, E. Frances Cassirer, Jennifer Ramsey, Keri Carson, Justin Gude & Raina Plowright
1. Controlling persistent infectious disease in wildlife populations is an on-going challenge for wildlife managers and conservationists worldwide. 2. Here, we develop a dynamic pathogen transmission model capturing key features of M. ovipneumoniae infection, a major cause of population declines in North American bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis). We explore the effects of model assumptions and parameter values on disease dynamics, including density versus frequency dependent transmission, the inclusion of a carrier class versus a longer...

Conceptualizing relationships among hyporheic exchange, storage, and water age: data represented in published figures

Geoffrey Poole, S. Katie Fogg, Scott O'Daniel, Ann Marie Reinhold, Samuel Carlson, Elizabeth Mohr & Hayley Oakland
Hyporheic exchange is a key driver of ecosystem processes in streams, yet stream ecologists often fail to leverage detailed conceptual models developed by engineers and hydrologists describing the relationship between water storage, water balance, and water age (time elapsed since a conceptual parcel of water entered the hyporheic zone) in hyporheic zones. In a companion paper (G.C. Poole et al. Hyporheic Hydraulic Geometry: Conceptualizing relationships among hyporheic exchange, storage, and water age, published in PLoS...

Data from: Microstructural description of the maniraptoran egg Protoceratopsidovum

Seung Choi, Daniel Barta, Miguel Moreno-Azanza, Noe-Heon Kim, Colin Shaw & David Varricchio
Since their discovery in the 1920s, the affinity of asymmetric, elongated dinosaur eggs from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolian has been controversial, with previous hypotheses supporting either a ceratopsian or maniraptoran affinity. Recent technical advancements in palaeontology provide a novel approach to diagnose maniraptoran eggs, and the discovery of soft ceratopsian eggs makes the controversy a timely issue worth revisiting. Here, we analysed Protoceratopsidovum eggshell from southern Mongolia with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and the...

Cross-biome synthesis of source vs sink limits to tree growth

Antoine Cabon, Steven Kannenberg, Flurin Babst, Dennis Baldocchi, Soumaya Belmecheri, Nicolas Delpierre, Rossella Guerrieri, Justin Maxwell, Shawn McKenzie, Chritoforos Pappas, Adrian Rocha, Paul Szejner, Masahito Ueyama, Danielle Ulrich, Caroline Vincke, Jingshu Wei, David Woodruff, Altaf Arain, Rick Meinzer, David J. P. Moore, Steven L. Voelker & William R. L. Anderegg
Uncertainties surrounding tree carbon allocation to growth are a major limitation to projections of forest carbon sequestration and response to climate change. The prevalence and extent to which carbon assimilation (source) or cambial activity (sink) mediate wood production is fundamentally important and remains elusive. Here we quantify source-sink relations across biomes by combining eddy-covariance gross primary production with extensive on-site and regional tree-ring observations. We find widespread temporal decoupling between carbon assimilation and tree growth,...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    14

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    14

Affiliations

  • Montana State University
    14
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    1
  • University of Quebec at Montreal
    1
  • Michigan Technological University
    1
  • Utah State University
    1
  • University of Notre Dame
    1
  • University of Bologna
    1
  • University of Wyoming
    1
  • University of California, Berkeley
    1
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
    1