19 Works

Data from: Environmental drivers of population-level variation in the migratory and diving ontogeny of an Arctic top predator

James Grecian, Garry Stenson, Martin Biuw, Lars Boehme, Lars Folkow, Pierre Goulet, Ian Jonsen, Aleksander Malde, Erling S. Nordøy, Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid & Sophie Smout
The development of migratory strategies that enable juveniles to survive to recruitment is critical for species that exploit seasonal niches. For animals that forage via breath-hold diving this requires a combination of both physiological and foraging skill development. Here, we assess how migratory and dive behaviour develop over the first months of life for a migratory Arctic top predator, the harp seal, tracked using animal-borne satellite relay data loggers. We reveal similarities in migratory movements...

Pocket delipidation induced by membrane tension or modification leads to a structurally analogous mechanosensitive channel state

Bolin Wang, Benjamin Lane, Charalampos Kapsalis, James Ault, Frank Sobott, Hassane El Mkami, Antonio Calabrese, Antreas Kalli & Christos Pliotas
Experimental data: Raw data for 3pESEEM time-domain traces. Computational data: Raw molecular dynamic simulation trajectories.

Dry bulk density, loss on ignition and organic carbon content of surficial soils from English and Welsh salt marshes 2019

P. Ruranska, C.J.T. Ladd, C. Smeaton, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The data provide a quantitative measure of the dry bulk density, soil texture, organic matter content (LOI) and organic carbon present within surface soils (up to a depth of 10 cm). A total of 212 samples from 49 sites across England and Wales were collected using modified syringe samplers as part of the citizen scientist programme CarbonQuest, part of Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats across England...

Physical and biogeochemical measurements of belowground biomass and carbon content from Scottish salt marshes, 2021

L.C. Miller, C. Smeaton, A. Garbutt & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset comprises of physical and biogeochemical measurements of belowground (root) biomass from across four Scottish saltmarshes. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats types in Scotland, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The data provide a quantitative measure of belowground (root) biomass, organic carbon content and belowground (root) carbon. Samples were collected using a wide gauge gouge corer. The samples were processed to determine belowground (root) biomass, the organic carbon was...

Estimating the abundance of the critically endangered Baltic Proper harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) population using passive acoustic monitoring

Mats Amundin, Julia Carlström, Len Thomas, Ida Carlén, Jens Koblitz, Jonas Teilmann, Jakob Tougaard, Nick Tregenza, Daniel Wennerberg, Olli Loisa, Katharina Brundiers, Monika Kosecka, Line A. Kyhn, Cinthia Tiberi Ljungqvist, Signe Sveegaard, Louise Burt, Iwona Pawliczka, Ivar Jüssi, Radomil Koza, Bartłomiej Arciszewski, Anders Galatius, Martin Jabbusch, Jussi Laaksonlaita, Sami Lyytinen, Jussi Niemi … & Harald Benke
Knowing the abundance of a population is a crucial component to assess its conservation status and develop effective conservation plans. For most cetaceans, abundance estimation is difficult given their cryptic and mobile nature, especially when the population is small and has a transnational distribution. In the Baltic Sea, the number of harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) has collapsed since the mid-20th century and the Baltic Proper harbour porpoise is listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN...

Physical and geochemical properties of saltmarsh soils from wide diameter gouge cores in UK saltmarshes collected between 2018 and 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset comprises of physical and biogeochemical measurements of saltmarsh soils from across 19 UK saltmarshes. The data provides a quantitative measure of soil dry bulk density, organic carbon content, nitrogen content, CN ratio, N/C ratio, δ13Corg and δ15N across varies substrate and marsh types. Between 2018 and 2021, 33 wide diameter gouge cores (60 mm in diameter) were collected as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation...

Spatial mapping of surficial soil organic carbon storage and stocks across Great British saltmarshes

C. Smeaton, A. Burden, P. Ruranska, C.J.T. Ladd, A. Garbutt, L. Jones, L. McMahon, L.C. Miller, D.A. Norris, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The geospatial dataset maps organic carbon (OC) storage (kg OC m-2) and OC stocks (tonnes OC) of surficial soils across 438 Great British saltmarshes. The OC density for the surficial soils (top 10 cm) is mapped across 451.65 km2 of saltmarshes, identified from current saltmarsh maps of Great Britain’s three constituent countries; Scotland, England and Wales The spatial maps are built upon surficial (top 10 cm) soil bulk density and carbon data produced by the...

Vegetation composition data from UK saltmarshes, 2018 to 2021

C.J.T. Ladd, L.C. Miller, L. McMahon, G.M. Havelock, C. Smeaton, A. Garbutt, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset details vegetation composition of UK saltmarshes measured from quadrats across UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, vegetation surveys were carried out at 460 sites across 33 saltmarshes as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to develop an understanding the linkages between saltmarsh soil organic carbon and vegetation. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The dataset...

Data from: Prey encounters and spatial memory influence use of foraging patches in a marine central place forager

Virginia Iorio-Merlo, Isla M. Graham, Rebecca C. Hewitt, Geert Aarts, Enrico Pirotta, Gordon D. Hastie & Paul M. Thompson
Given the patchiness and long-term predictability of marine resources, memory of high-quality foraging grounds is expected to provide fitness advantages for central place foragers. However, it remains challenging to characterise how marine predators integrate memory with recent prey encounters to adjust fine-scale movement and use of foraging patches. Here, we used two months of movement data from harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to quantify the repeatability in foraging patches as a proxy for memory. We then...

Variation and correlation in the timing of breeding of North Atlantic seabirds across multiple scales

Katharine Keogan, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Richard Phillips, David Alvarez, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Robert Barrett, Claus Bech, Peter Becker, Per-Arvid Berglund, Sandra Bouwhuis, Zofia Burr, Olivier Chastel, Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard, Sébastien Descamps, Tony Diamond, Kyle Elliott, Kjell Einar Erikstad, Mike Harris, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Martin Heubeck, Magdalene Langset, Svein Lorentsen, Heather Major, Mark Mallory … & Stephen Kress
Timing of breeding, an important driver of fitness in many populations, is widely studied in the context of global change, yet despite considerable efforts to identify environmental drivers of seabird nesting phenology, for most populations we lack evidence of strong drivers. Here we adopt an alternative approach, examining the degree to which different populations positively covary in their annual phenology to infer whether phenological responses to environmental drivers are likely to be (i) shared across...

Abiotic niche divergence of hybrid species from their progenitors

Danying Wang, Xiaoting Xu, Haoyu Zhang, Zhenxiang Xi, Jiao Fu, Richard Abbott & Jianquan Liu
Although more frequently discussed recently than previously, the role of ecology in homoploid hybrid and allopolyploid speciation has not been subjected to comparative analysis. We examined abiotic niche divergence of 22 assumed homoploid hybrid species and 60 allopolyploid species from those of their progenitors. Ecological niche modeling (ENM) was employed in an analysis of each species’ fundamental niche, and ordination methods were used in an analysis of realized niches. Both analyses utilized 100, 000 georeferenced...

Physical and geochemical properties of saltmarsh soils from narrow diameter gouge cores in UK saltmarshes collected between 2018 and 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset comprises of physical and biogeochemical measurements of saltmarsh soils from across 22 UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, 462 narrow diameter gouge cores (30 mm in diameter) were collected as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation of saltmarsh soil organic carbon stocks. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The data provides...

Rhesus macaques compensate for reproductive delay following ecological adversity early in life

Logan Luevano, Chris Sutherland, Stephanie J Gonzalez & Raisa Hernández-Pacheco
Adversity early in life can shape the reproductive potential of individuals through negative effects on health and life span. However, long-lived populations with multiple reproductive events may present alternative life history strategies to optimize reproductive schedules and compensate for shorter life spans. Here, we quantify the effects of major hurricanes and density dependence as sources of early-life ecological adversity on Cayo Santiago rhesus macaque female reproduction and decompose their effects onto the mean age-specific fertility,...

Beaked whales and state-dependent decision-making: how does body condition affect the trade-off between foraging and predator avoidance?

Eilidh Siegal, Sascha Hooker, Saana Isojunno & Patrick Miller
Body condition is central to how animals balance foraging with predator-avoidance – a trade-off that fundamentally affects animal fitness. Animals in poor condition may accept greater predation risk to satisfy current foraging “needs”, whilst those in good condition may be more risk averse to protect future “assets”. These state-dependent behavioural predictions can help interpret responses to human activities, but are little explored in marine animals. This study investigates the influence of body condition on how...

Transient amplification enhances the persistence of tropicalising coral assemblages in marginal high latitude environments

James Cant, Katie Cook, James Reimer, Takuma Mezaki, Masako Nakamura, Cliodhna O'Flaherty, Rob Salguero-Gomez & Maria Beger
Predicting the viability of species exposed to increasing climatic stress requires an appreciation for the mechanisms underpinning the success or failure of marginal populations. Rather than traditional metrics of long-term population performance, here we illustrate that short-term (i.e., transient) demographic characteristics, including measures of resistance, recovery, and compensation, are fundamental in the poleward range expansion of hard corals, facilitating the establishment of coral populations at higher latitudes. Through the annual census of tropical and subtropical...

Spatiotemporal connectivity dynamics in spatially structured populations

Joseph Drake, Xavier Lambin & Chris Sutherland
Connectivity is a fundamental concept linking dispersal to the emergent dynamics and persistence of spatially structured populations. Functional measures of connectivity typically seek to integrate aspects of landscape structure and animal movement to describe ecologically meaningful connectedness at the landscape and population scale. Despite this focus on function, traditional measures of landscape connectivity assume it is a static property of the landscape, hence abstracting out the underlying spatiotemporal population dynamics. Connectivity is, arguably, a dynamic...

How 2 and 4 year old children coordinate joint actions with peers

Federico Rossano, Jack Terwilliger, Adrian Bangerter, Emilie Genty, Raphaela Heesen & Klaus Zuberbühler
The interaction engine hypothesis postulates a uniquely human ability and motivation for social interaction. A crucial juncture in the ontogeny of the interaction engine could be around 2-4 years of age, but observational studies of children in natural contexts are lacking. Moreover, data on the ontogenetic development of joint action coordination can provide critical human data for comparative research investigating the phylogenetic roots of the interaction engine. In this study we report on focal observations...

Global positioning system (GPS) locations and elevations of soil sampling sites across UK saltmarshes 2018 to 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, P. Ruranska, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset details global positioning system (GPS) locations and elevations recorded for 1323 sampling sites across UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, soil was sampled at 1323 locations as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation of saltmarsh soil organic carbon stocks and burial rates. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitat types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The work was...

Song complexity is maintained during inter-population cultural transmission of humpback whale songs

Jennifer Allen, Ellen Garland, Claire Garrigue, Rebecca Dunlop & Michael Noad
Among animal species, the songs of male humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) are a rare example of social learning between entire populations. Understanding fine-scale similarity in song patterns and structural features will better clarify how accurately songs are learned during inter-population transmission. Here, six distinct song types (2009–2015) transmitted from the east Australian to New Caledonian populations were quantitatively analysed using fine-scale song features. Results found that New Caledonian whales learned each song type with high...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    19

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    19

Affiliations

  • University of St Andrews
    18
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    7
  • Bangor University
    6
  • University of Glasgow
    6
  • University of Leeds
    5
  • University of York
    5
  • University of Aberdeen
    3
  • UiT The Arctic University of Norway
    2
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique
    1
  • University of Oviedo
    1