121 Works

Bee Assemblages Data [2021]

Daniel A. Potter & Bernadette M. Mach
Plant characteristics, sample sites, and non-native bee assemblages for a bee survey conducted in 2014-2017 by Bernadette Mach in the Daniel A. Potter lab at the University of Kentucky.

Diversity-stability cascade in pond plankton experiments

Chase Rakowski, Caroline Farrior, Schonna Manning & Mathew Leibold
This collection of files consists of freshwater plankton biomass data from a laboratory microcosm experiment and an accompanying field mesocosm experiment in which we manipulated the presence of two heteropteran predators. In the laboratory experiment, we incubated 20 large microcosms with phytoplankton and zooplankton, fully crossing a 1x vs. 2x zooplankton density treatment with presence or absence of a single Notonecta undulata adult. Two of these microcosms were lost, resulting in data for 18 of...

Spatial phylogenetics of butterflies in relation to environmental drivers and angiosperm diversity across North America

Chandra Earl, Michael W. Belitz, Shawn W. Laffan, Vijay Barve, Narayani Barve, Douglas E. Soltis, Julie M. Allen, Pamela S. Soltis, Brent D. Mishler, Akito Y. Kawahara & Robert Guralnick
Broad-scale quantitative assessments of biodiversity and the factors shaping it remain particularly poorly explored in insects. Here, we undertook a spatial phylogenetic analysis of North American butterflies via assembly of a time-calibrated phylogeny of the region coupled with a unique, complete range assessment for ~75% of the known species. We utilized a suite of phylodiversity metrics and associated environmental data to test whether climate stability and temperature gradients have shaped North American butterfly phylogenetic diversity...

Data for: Evaluating potential sources of invasive wild pigs in Ontario

Erin Koen, Erica Newton & E. Hance Ellington
Invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa) are considered one of the most damaging species globally, and once they become established in an area, they are notoriously difficult to eliminate. As such, identifying the potential pathways of invasion, especially in places with emerging populations, is critical for preventing new or continued invasion. Wild pigs have been reported in Ontario, Canada in recent years. We tested four non-exclusive hypotheses about the source of wild pigs in Ontario: 1)...

Data archiving and sharing survey

Connie Mulligan
Open data sharing improves the quality and reproducibility of scholarly research. Open data are defined as data that can be freely used, reused, and redistributed by anyone. Open data sharing democratizes science by making data more equitably available throughout the world regardless of funding or access to other resources necessary for generating cutting-edge data. For an interdisciplinary field like biological anthropology, data sharing is critical since one person cannot easily collect data across multiple domains....

Data from: Validating marine Devonian biogeography: a study in bioregionalization

Elizabeth Dowding, Malte Ebach & Evgeny Mavrodiev
The Devonian record presents an opportunity to test and validate an existing marine bioregionalisation. This study is the first to use comparative biogeography and phylogenetic data to test Devonian bioregionalisation. Proposed in the 1960’s the Old World, Eastern Americas, and Malvinokaffric realms have been the functional standard within marine Devonian Biogeography. Data from 32 published phylogenies of Devonian marine taxa and a database of c.800 occurrences were analysed using phylogenetic software to test for area...

Data for: Soil microbes alter competition between native and invasive plants

Catherine Fahey & Luke Flory
Invasive plants can alter soil microbial communities and generate positive plant-soil feedbacks that facilitate their performance, but the magnitude and direction of feedbacks may change with novel conditions under climate change. We assessed how potential soil legacy effects of plant invasion and simulated drought influenced plant performance and competition in the longleaf pine ecosystem. We collected soil from a four-year factorial invasion (cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica) by drought (simulated with rainout shelters) field experiment and used...

Oceanographic features and limited dispersal shape the population genetic structure of the vase sponge Ircinia campana in the Greater Caribbean

Sarah Griffiths, Mark Butler, Donald Behringer, Thierry Pérez & Richard Preziosi
Understanding population genetic structure can help us to infer dispersal patterns, predict population resilience and design effective management strategies. For sessile species with limited dispersal, this is especially pertinent because genetic diversity and connectivity are key aspects of their resilience to environmental stressors. Here, we describe the population structure of Ircinia campana, a common Caribbean sponge subject to mass mortalities and disease. Microsatellites were used to genotype 440 individuals from 19 sites throughout the Greater...

Ecological consequences of large herbivore exclusion in an African savanna: 12 years of data from the UHURU experiment

Jesse Alston, Courtney Reed, Leo Khasoha, Bianca Brown, Gilbert Busienei, Nathaniel Carlson, Tyler Coverdale, Megan Dudenhoeffer, Marissa Dyck, John Ekeno, Abdikadir Hassan, Rhianna Hohbein, Rhiannon Jakopak, Buas Kimiti, Samson Kurukura, Peter Lokeny, Allison Louthan, Simon Musila, Paul Musili, Tosca Tindall, Sarah Weiner, Tyler Kartzinel, Todd Palmer, Robert Pringle & Jacob Goheen
Diverse communities of large mammalian herbivores (LMH), once widespread, are now rare. LMH exert strong direct and indirect effects on community structure and ecosystem functions, and measuring these effects is important for testing ecological theory and for understanding past, current, and future environmental change. This in turn requires long-term experimental manipulations, owing to the slow and often nonlinear responses of populations and assemblages to LMH removal. Moreover, the effects of particular species or body-size classes...

Images of cellular ultrastructure of benthic foraminifera from Arctic seeps

Joan Bernhard, Veronique Le Roux & Jonathan Martin
Dissociation of methane hydrates due to ocean warming releases methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, to the atmosphere. Dissociation of gas hydrates may have led to rapid and dramatic environmental changes in the past. Thus, understanding the impact of those events requires information about their timing and magnitudes. While the foraminiferal fossil record provides a powerful tool to understand past environmental conditions, seep-endemic foraminifera are unknown, which limits evaluation of seep-specific information. However, geographically widespread benthic...

Ecosystem roles and conservation status of bioturbator mammals

Gabrielle Beca, Leonie E. Valentine, Mauro Galetti & Richard J. Hobbs
The action of biological reworking of soils is referred to as bioturbation, and many species of mammals globally have an important role in soil disturbance, modifying ecosystem characteristics. We examined global patterns in the distribution, conservation status, and threats to the world’s bioturbator mammals and illustrated the relevant roles these species play in ecosystem engineering related to soil processes and services. We searched the data available on 3932 non‐flying land‐dwelling mammals included in the International...

Data from: The role of taxonomic expertise in interpretation of metabarcoding studies

Paula Pappalardo, Allen G. Collins, Katrina M. Pagenkopp Lohan, Kate M. Hanson, Sarit B. Truskey, William Jaeckle, Cheryl Lewis Ames, Jessica A. Goodheart, Stephanie L. Bush, Leann M. Biancani, Ellen E. Strong, Michael Vecchione, M. G. Harasewych, Karen Reed, Chan Lin, Elise Hartil, Jessica Whelpley, Jamie Blumberg, Kenan Matterson, Niamh E. Redmond, Allison Becker, Michael J. Boyle & Karen J. Osborn
The performance of DNA metabarcoding approaches for characterizing biodiversity can be influenced by multiple factors. Here we used morphological assessment of taxa in zooplankton samples to develop a large barcode database and to assess the congruence of taxonomic identification with metabarcoding under different conditions. We analyzed taxonomic assignment of metabarcoded samples using two genetic markers (COI, 18S V1-2), two types of clustering into molecular operational taxonomic units (OTUs, ZOTUs), and three methods for taxonomic assignment...

Scaling up experimental stress responses of grass invasion to predictions of continental-level range suitability

Bo Zhang, Yingdan Yuan, Lele Shu, Edwin Grosholz, Yuxi Guo, James Cuda, Jinchi Zhang, Lu Zhai & Jiangxiao Qiu
Understanding how the biological invasion is driven by environmental factors will improve model prediction and advance early detection, especially in the context of accelerating anthropogenic ecological changes. Although a large body of studies has examined how favorable environments promote biological invasions, a more comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of invasive species response to unfavorable/stressful conditions is still developing. Grass invasion has been problematic across the globe; in particular, C4 grass invaders, with high drought tolerance, adaptations...

Data from: Sexually dimorphic dorsal coloration in a jumping spider: testing a potential case of sex-specific mimicry

Collette Cook, Erin Powell, Kevin McGraw & Lisa Taylor
To avoid predation, many animals mimic behaviors and/or coloration of dangerous prey. Here we examine potential sex-specific mimicry in the jumping spider Habronattus pyrrithrix. Previous work proposed that males’ conspicuous dorsal coloration paired with characteristic leg-waving behavior (i.e., false antennation) may imperfectly mimic hymenopteran insects, affording protection to males during mate-searching and courtship. In contrast, less active females are cryptic and display less leg-waving. Here we test the hypothesis that sexually dimorphic dorsal color patterns...

Males respond to substrate-borne, not airborne, female chemical cues in the jumping spider, Habronattus pyrrithrix

Ellen Humbel, Rebecca Kimball & Lisa Taylor
Jumping spiders are known for complex courtship displays with both visual and vibratory components, but increasing evidence shows they also use chemoreception in intraspecific communication. We conducted two experiments using Habronattus pyrrithrix (Chamberlin, 1924) to assess male response to substrate-borne or airborne chemical cues produced by virgin females. First, we tested the effect of substrate-borne cues by allowing males to inspect two pieces of filter paper that had either been exposed to a female (thus...

Recovery of a cultivation grazer: A mechanism for compensatory growth of Thalassia testudinum in a Caribbean seagrass meadow grazed by green turtles

Alexandra Gulick, Robert Johnson, Clayton Pollock, Zandy Hillis-Starr, Alan Bolten & Karen Bjorndal
Recovery of green turtles (Chelonia mydas), mega-herbivores that consume seagrasses, is resulting in dramatic ecosystem-wide changes as meadows are returned to a natural grazed state. The green turtle grazing strategy, with long-term cultivation of meadows and high foraging site fidelity, is distinct from other terrestrial and aquatic mega-herbivores and may affect seagrass compensatory growth responses. Identifying mechanisms of compensatory growth responses to grazing is essential to understanding the functioning of plant systems under natural grazing...

Identification of biomarkers related to Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) infiltration with gene co-expression network in colorectal cancer

Rong Liao, Qi-Zhi Ma, Cong-Ya Zhou, Jun-Jun Li, Ning-Na Weng, Yang Yang & Qing Zhu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common tumors, ranking second in the global cause of death from cancer. The prognosis of advanced patients is still very poor. In this study, hub modules with the highest association with tumor-infiltrating immune cells were identified by weighted gene co-expression network analysis based on CRC expression data from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Next, three hub genes (ADAM8, IL-1A, VAV3) related to infiltrating immune cells were identified...

Data from: Relative bee abundance varies by collection method and flowering richness: implications for understanding patterns in bee community data

Philip Hahn, Marirose Kuhlman, Skylar Burrows, Dan Mummey & Philip Ramsey
Pollination by wild bees is a vital ecosystem process in natural and managed systems. Recent declines in wild bee populations have led to increases in conservation actions and monitoring of bee communities. Pan traps are a commonly used sampling method for monitoring bee populations due to their efficiency and low cost. However, potential biases inherent in different sampling techniques may result in misleading characterizations of bee communities across space and time. In this paper, we...

Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of 13 ornamental herbaceous peony cultivars: a comparative study with stems and leaves

Lei Liu, Yingdan Yuan & Jun Tao
Paeonia lactiflora is an important ornamental and medicinal plant, but after the flowering period, the above-ground parts of ornamental cultivars are often discarded as waste. When considering the development of medicinal plant resources, attention should be paid to the comprehensive development and utilisation of the plant. In this study, 13 ornamental herbaceous peony cultivars were selected, and their stems and leaves were analysed for antioxidant and antibacterial activities. The results showed that total phenolic content...

Data and code for Heterogeneous selection on exploration behavior within and among West European populations of a passerine bird

Alexia Mouchet, Ella Cole, Erik Matthysen, Marion Nicolaus, John Quinn, Allison Roth, Joost Tinbergen, Kees Van Oers, Thijs Van Overveld & Niels Dingemanse
Heterogeneous selection is often proposed as a key mechanism maintaining repeatable behavioral variation (“animal personality”) in wild populations. Previous studies largely focused on temporal variation in selection within single populations. The relative importance of spatial versus temporal variation remains unexplored, despite these processes having distinct effects on local adaptation. Using data from >3500 great tits (Parus major) and 35 nest box plots situated within five West-European populations monitored over 4-18 years, we show that selection...

Sustainable use of groundwater may dramatically reduce irrigated production of maize, soybean, and wheat

Jose R. Lopez, Jonathan M. Winter, Joshua Elliott, Alex C. Ruane, Cheryl Porter, Gerrit Hoogenboom, Martha Anderson & Christopher Hain
Groundwater extraction in the United States (US) is unsustainable, making it essential to understand the impacts of limited water use on irrigated agriculture. Here, we integrate a gridded crop model with satellite observations, recharge estimates, and water survey data to assess the effects of sustainable groundwater withdrawals on US irrigated agricultural production. Our model agrees with satellite-based estimates of evapotranspiration (R2 = 0.68), as well as survey production estimates from the United States Department of...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    121

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    121

Affiliations

  • University of Florida
    121
  • Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
    18
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    13
  • West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University
    12
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    12
  • Sichuan University
    11
  • University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
    10
  • West China Hospital of Sichuan University
    9
  • Central South University
    9
  • University of Hong Kong
    9