43 Works

Effects of coloured environmental noise on life history variation and population dynamics in the Plodia-Venturia trophic interaction

M. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, E. Hall, C. Yuan, M.S. Fowler & S. M. Sait
This dataset contains information on life history variation and population dynamics in response to coloured environmental variation in the laboratory model system comprised of the moth Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). Data were collected from two complementary experiments investigating the effects of daily coloured temperature fluctuations on individual life history variation (single-generation life history experiment) and population dynamics (multi-generation microcosm experiment) in both species. In both experiments, the...

Population count data from a resource degradation and temperature variation population dynamics experiment in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid interaction

M. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, C. Yuan, M. S. Fowler & S. M Sait
This dataset constains information on population counts in experimental populations of Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a multi-generation microcosm experiment carried out to characterise the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on population responses in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The population count data include the weekly total numbers of dead adult hosts and parasitoids and the numbers of...

Accuracy of genomic selection for growth and wood quality traits in two control-pollinated progeny trials using exome capture as genotyping platform in Norway spruce

Zhi-Qiang Chen, John Baison, Jin Pan, Johan Westin, Maria Rosario Garcia Gil & Harry X. Wu
A genomic selection (GS) study of growth and wood quality traits is reported based on control-pollinated Norway spruce families established in two Northern Swedish trials at two locations using exome capture as a genotyping platform. Non-additive effects including dominance and first-order epistatic interactions (including additive-by-additive, dominance-by-dominance, and additive-by-dominance) and marker-by-environment interaction (MxE) effects were dissected in genomic and phenotypic selection models. GS models partitioned additive and non-additive genetic variances more precisely than pedigree-based models. In...

Distribution patterns of fungal taxa and inferred functional traits reflect the non-uniform vertical stratification of soil microhabitats in a coastal pine forest

Kerri Kluting, Karina Clemmensen, Stanislovas Jonaitis, Rimvydas Vasaitis, Sara Holmström, Roger Finlay & Anna Rosling
In boreal systems, soil profiles typically consist of distinct stratified horizons, with organic layers at the surface overlying deeper mineral horizons providing microhabitat variation along a depth gradient, and vertical stratification of fungal communities along such soil profiles is commonly observed. We studied fungal community structure in a coastal pine forest along a gradient of decreasing influence from the coast. In this system, the vertical stratification pattern of soil microhabitats (defined here as organic, mineral...

Data from: Mechanisms of trophic niche compression: evidence from landscape disturbance

Francis J. Burdon, Angus R. McIntosh & Jon S. Harding
1. Natural and anthropogenic disturbances commonly alter patterns of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. However, how networks of interacting species respond to these changes remains poorly understood. We described aquatic food webs using invertebrate and fish community composition, functional traits, and stable isotopes from twelve agricultural streams along a landscape disturbance gradient. 2. We predicted that excessive deposition of fine inorganic sediment (sedimentation) associated with agricultural activities would negatively influence aquatic trophic diversity (e.g., reduced vertical...

Data from: Fear of the dark? contrasting impacts of humans vs lynx on diel activity of roe deer across Europe

Nadège C. Bonnot, Ophélie Couriot, Anne Berger, Francesca Cagnacci, Simone Ciuti, Johannes De Groeve, Benedikt Gehr, Marco Heurich, Petter Kjellander, Max Kröschel, Nicolas Morellet, Leif Sönnichsen & A.J. Mark Hewison
Humans, as super predators, can have strong effects on wildlife behaviour, including profound modifications of diel activity patterns. Subsequent to the return of large carnivores to human-modified ecosystems, many prey species have adjusted their spatial behaviour to the contrasting landscapes of fear generated by both their natural predators and anthropogenic pressures. The effects of predation risk on temporal shifts in diel activity of prey, however, remain largely unexplored in human-dominated landscapes. We investigated the influence...

Genomic relatedness and diversity of Swedish native cattle breeds

Maulik Upadhyay, Susanne Eriksson, Sofia Mikko, Erling Strandberg, Hans Stålhammar, Martien AM Groenen, Richard PMA Crooijmans, Göran Andersson & Anna M Johansson
Background Native cattle breeds are important genetic resources given their adaptation to the local environment in which they are bred. However, the widespread use of commercial cattle breeds has resulted in a marked reduction in population size of several native cattle breeds worldwide. Therefore, conservation management of native cattle breeds requires urgent attention to avoid their extinction. To this end, we genotyped nine Swedish native cattle breeds with genome-wide 150K single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to...

Data from: Factors influencing plasticity in the arrival-breeding interval in a migratory species reacting to climate change

Matthew Low, Debora Arlt, Jonas Knape, Tomas Pärt & Meit Öberg
Climate change is profoundly affecting the phenology of many species. In migratory birds, there is evidence for advances in their arrival time at the breeding ground and their timing of breeding, yet empirical studies examining the interdependence between arrival and breeding time are lacking. Hence, evidence is scarce regarding how breeding time may be adjusted via the arrival-breeding interval to help local populations adapt to local conditions or climate change. We used long-term data from...

Data from: Long-term population dynamics of dreissenid mussels (Dreissena polymorpha and D. rostriformis): a cross-system analysis

David L. Strayer, Boris V. Adamovich, Rita Adrian, David C. Aldridge, Csilla Balogh, Lyubov E. Burlakova, Hannah B. Fried-Petersen, László G.‐Tóth, Amy L. Hetherington, Thomas S. Jones, Alexander Y. Karatayev, Jacqueline B. Madill, Oleg A. Makarevich, J. Ellen Marsden, Andre L. Martel, Dan Minchin, Thomas F. Nalepa, Ruurd Noordhuis, Timothy J. Robinson, Lars G. Rudstam, Astrid N. Schwalb, David R. Smith, Alan D. Steinman & Jonathan M. Jeschke
Dreissenid mussels (including the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha and the quagga mussel D. rostriformis) are among the world's most notorious invasive species, with large and widespread ecological and economic effects. However, their long‐term population dynamics are poorly known, even though these dynamics are critical to determining impacts and effective management. We gathered and analyzed 67 long‐term (>10 yr) data sets on dreissenid populations from lakes and rivers across Europe and North America. We addressed five...

Data from: Genetic dissection of complex behaviour traits in German Shepherd dogs

Juliane Friedrich, Erling Strandberg, Per Arvelius, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Ricardo Pong-Wong, John M. Hickey, Marie J. Haskell & Pamela Wiener
A favourable genetic structure and diversity of behavioural features highlights the potential of dogs for studying the genetic architecture of behaviour traits. However, behaviours are complex traits, which have been shown to be influenced by numerous genetic and non-genetic factors, complicating their analysis. In this study, the genetic contribution to behaviour variation in German Shepherd dogs (GSDs) was analysed using genomic approaches. GSDs were phenotyped for behaviour traits using the established Canine Behavioral Assessment and...

Individual life history data from a resource degradation and temperature variation life history experiment in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid interaction

M. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, C. Yuan, M. S. Fowler & S. M. Sait
This dataset contains information on life history traits of the host Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a single generation life history experiment investigating the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on individual life history in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The Plodia interpunctella data include egg viability, egg status, hatching date, adult emergence date, date of death, sex, egg...

Data from: With Ellenberg indicator values towards the north: does the indicative power decrease with distance from Central Europe?

Per-Ola Hedwall, Jörg Brunet & Martin Diekmann
Aim: Ellenberg indicator values (EIV) are frequently used in regions outside their Central European origin as proxies for environmental conditions, a practice further boosted by the increasing scientific focus on global change. The performance of EIV outside their geographic origin and over long gradients has, however, rarely been tested. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the indicative power of EIV changes over a large geographic gradient and to analyze the potential causes...

Data from: The significance of retention trees for survival of ectomycorrhizal fungi in clear‐cut Scots pine forests

Erica Sterkenburg, Karina E. Clemmensen, Björn D. Lindahl & Anders Dahlberg
1. Forestry with short stand generations and simplified forest structures has markedly af-fected forest biodiversity. One group of organisms adversely affected by clear-cutting is ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi, as they are associated with the roots of living trees. Retention forestry is a way of reducing logging impacts and enhancing biodiversity conservation. In-creasing the proportion of trees retained at harvest may improve ECM fungal diversity. 2. We investigated the potential for life-boating of ECM fungi through the...

Data from: Low-productivity boreal forests have high conservation value for lichens

Aino Hämäläinen, Joachim Strengbom & Thomas Ranius
1. Land set aside for preservation of biodiversity often has low productivity. As biodiversity generally increases with productivity, due to higher or more diverse availability of resources, this implies that some of the biodiversity may be left unprotected. Due to a lack of knowledge on the species diversity and conservation value of low-productivity habitats, the consequences of the biased allocation of low-productivity land for set-asides are unknown. 2. We examined the conservation value of boreal...

Data from: Local cod (Gadus morhua) revealed by egg surveys and population genetic analysis after longstanding depletion on the Swedish Skagerrak coast

Henrik Svedäng, Julia M. I. Barth, Anders Svenson, Patrik Jonsson, Sissel Jentoft, Halvor Knutsen & Carl André
Dramatic and persistent reductions in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) are common in many coastal areas. While offshore cod stocks still were abundant and productive, the Swedish west coast showed signs of diminishing adult cod abundance at the beginning of the 1980s, where the local cod component was considered to be extirpated. To survey the present cod spawning activity and stock composition, we initiated egg trawling over two consecutive years (203 hauls in total) in combination...

Data from: Genome-wide diversity and demographic dynamics of Cameroon goats and their divergence from east African, north African, and Asian conspecifics

Getinet M. Tarekegn, Patrick Wouobeng, Kouam S. Jaures, Raphael Mrode, Zewdu Edea, Bin Liu, Wenguang Zhang, Okeyo A. Mwai, Tadelle Dessie, Kassahun Tesfaye, Erling Strandberg, Britt Berglund, Mutai Mutai, Sarah Osama, Asaminew T. Wolde, Josephine Birungi, Appolinaire Djikeng & Félix Meutchieye
Indigenous goats make significant contributions to Cameroon’s national and local economy, but little effort has been devoted to identifying the populations. Here, we assessed the genetic diversity and demographic dynamics of Cameroon goat populations using mitochondrial DNA (two populations) and autosomal markers (four populations) generated with the Caprine 50K SNP chip. To infer genetic relationships at continental and global level, genotype data on six goat populations from Ethiopia and one population each from Egypt, Morocco,...

Reduced biodiversity in modernised villages: a conflict between sustainable development goals

Zuzanna M. Rosin, Matthew Hiron, Michał Żmihorski, Paweł Szymański, Marcin Tobolka & Tomas Pärt
1. Despite large conservation efforts to halt the loss of farmland biodiversity in Europe, negative population trends are still observed, especially for common species. Old villages and human settlements are biodiversity hotspots and important breeding habitats for farmland birds, but recent requirements for energy saving measures and improved living comfort have changed their architecture and habitats. Consequently, modernisation of villages may negatively affect bird diversity due to the loss of nesting and foraging sites. 2....

Data from: Relationships between plant traits, soil properties and carbon fluxes differ between monocultures and mixed communities in temperate grassland

Jonathan R. De Long, Benjamin G. Jackson, Anna Wilkinson, William J. Pritchard, Simon Oakley, Kelly E. Mason, Jörg G. Stephan, Nicholas J. Ostle, David Johnson, Elizabeth M. Baggs & Richard D. Bardgett
1. The use of plant traits to predict ecosystem functions has been gaining growing attention. Aboveground plant traits, such as leaf nitrogen (N) content and specific leaf area (SLA), have been shown to strongly relate to ecosystem productivity, respiration, and nutrient cycling. Further, increasing plant functional trait diversity has been suggested as a possible mechanism to increase ecosystem carbon (C) storage. However, it is uncertain whether belowground plant traits can be predicted by aboveground traits,...

Data from: Spatial variability in a plant-pollinator community across a continuous habitat: high heterogeneity in the face of apparent uniformity

Sara Reverté, Jordi Bosch, Xavier Arnan, Tomas Roslin, Constanti Stefanescu, J. A. Calleja, Roberto Molowny-Horas, Carlos Hernández-Castellano & Anselm Rodrigo
Large-scale spatial variability in plant-pollinator communities (e.g., along geographic gradients, across different landscapes) is relatively well understood. However, we know much less about how these communities vary at small scales within a uniform landscape. Plants are sessile and highly sensitive to microhabitat conditions, whereas pollinators are highly mobile and, for the most part, display generalist feeding habits. Therefore, we expect plants to show greater spatial variability than pollinators. We analysed the spatial heterogeneity of a...

Insects reared out from logging residues on clear cuts in southern Sweden

Mats Jonsell
Growing interest in harvesting logging residues for energy production will reduce the amount of fine (small-diameter) wood. This could pose a threat to saproxylic (dead-wood living) organisms. Therefore, we asked firstly if logging residues have a beetle fauna of conservation interest, and secondly which differences there are between different categories of logging residues. Samples of logging-residue wood of aspen, birch, oak and spruce, divided into three diameter classes ranging between 1 and 15 cm were...

Presence-absence sampling for estimating plant density using survey data with variable plot size

Göran Ståhl, Magnus Ekström, Jonas Dahlgren, Per-Anders Esseen, Anton Grafström & Bengt Jonsson
1. Presence-absence sampling is an important method for monitoring state and change of both individual plant species and communities. With this method only the presence or absence of the target species is recorded on plots and thus the method is straightforward to apply and less prone to surveyor judgment compared to other vegetation monitoring methods. However, in the basic setting all plots must be equally large or otherwise it is unclear how data should be...

Data from: Bryophyte community composition and diversity are indicators of hydrochemical and ecological gradients in temperate kettle hole mires in Ohio, USA

Roger Grau-Andrés, G. Matt Davies, Camilo Rey-Sanchez & Julie Slater
Peatlands are subject to increased pressure from environmental and land-use change, particularly in temperate regions such as the US Midwest. Bryophytes dominate the ground cover of peatlands and play a key role in their functioning. Effective management and restoration of degraded peatlands requires good understanding of their bryophyte communities, and how these are shaped by environmental conditions. Furthermore, bryophytes are sensitive indicators of environmental conditions. We monitored microhabitat characteristics (hydrology, hydrochemistry, abundance of vascular vegetation,...

Long-term warming affects ecosystem functioning through species turnover and intraspecific trait variation

Tiina Salo, Johanna Mattila & Johan Eklöf
Effects of climate change on natural ecosystems can be mediated by ecological processes, but also by rapid evolutionary adaptations and/or non-heritable trait changes in organisms. So far, most studies testing the importance of inter- vs. intraspecific changes for how communities and their functioning responds to climate change are either short-term laboratory experiments in highly controlled (artificial) environments, or long-term field surveys suffering from lack of experimental manipulation. Here, we quantified how community composition and functioning...

Catchment properties and the photosynthetic trait composition of freshwater plant communities

Lars Lønsmann Iversen, A. Winkel, L. Baastrup-Spohr, A. B. Hinke, J. Alahuhta, A. Baattrup-Pedersen, S. Birk, P. Brodersen, P. A. Chambers, F. Ecke, T. Feldmann, D. Gebler, J. Heino, T. S. Jespersen, S. J. Moe, T. Riis, L. Sass, O. Vestergaard, S. C. Maberly, K. Sand-Jensen & O. Pedersen
Unlike in land plants, photosynthesis in many aquatic plants relies on bicarbonate in addition to carbon dioxide (CO2) to compensate for the low diffusivity and potential depletion of CO2 in water. Concentrations of bicarbonate and CO2 vary greatly with catchment geology. In this study, we investigate whether there is a link between these concentrations and the frequency of freshwater plants possessing the bicarbonate use trait. We show, globally, that the frequency of plant species with...

Data from: Linking plant genes to insect communities: identifying the genetic bases of plant traits and community composition

Hilary L. Barker, Jennifer F. Riehl, Carolina Bernhardsson, Kennedy Rubert-Nason, Liza Holeski, Pär K. Ingvarsson & Richard L. Lindroth
Community genetics aims to understand the effects of intraspecific genetic variation on community composition and diversity, thereby connecting community ecology with evolutionary biology. Thus far, research has shown that plant genetics can underlie variation in the composition of associated communities (e.g., insects, lichen, endophytes), and those communities can therefore be considered as extended phenotypes. This work, however, has been conducted primarily at the plant genotype level and has not identified the key underlying genes. To...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    43

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    43

Affiliations

  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    43
  • Stockholm University
    7
  • Lund University
    3
  • University of Freiburg
    3
  • University of Leeds
    3
  • Swansea University
    3
  • Ghent University
    2
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    2
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
    2
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    2