15 Works

Termite abundance and ecosystem processes in Maliau Basin, 2015-2016

L.A. Ashton, H.M. Griffiths, C.L. Parr, T.A. Evans & P. Eggleton
This dataset consists of invertebrate abundance data and associated ecosystem measurements (Including leaf litter depth and mass, seedlings, soil moisture and nutrients, and rainfall) measured within an area of lowland, old growth dipterocarp rainforest in the Maliau Basin Conservation Area, Sabah, Malaysia between 2015 and 2016. Data were collected during a collaborative project which was included in the NERC Human-modified tropical forest (HMTF) programme.

Wood decomposition data from an experiment in Malaysian Borneo, 2015-2018

S.J. Law, L. Ashton, H. Griffiths, P. Eggleton & C. Parr
This dataset measures the decomposition of experimental wood blocks, Pinus radiata, over a period of one year in lowland, old growth, tropical rainforest. Wood blocks are placed on the ground or suspended above the ground in mesh bags that either allow or prevent entry of macro-invertebrates. The decomposition of ground placed wood blocks is measured during a period of drought and non-drought. Dry weight of wood blocks is measured at the start and end of...

Data from: Risky business: linking Toxoplasma gondii infection and entrepreneurship behaviours across individuals and countries

Stefanie K. Johnson, Fitza A. Markus, Daniel A. Lerher, Dana M. Calhoun, Marissa A. Beldon, Elsa T. Chan & Pieter T. J. Johnson
Disciplines such as business and economics often rely on the assumption of rationality when explaining complex human behaviours. However, growing evidence suggests that behaviour may concurrently be influenced by infec- tious microorganisms. The protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii, infects an estimated 2 billion people worldwide and has been linked to behavioural alterations in humans and other vertebrates. Here we integrate primary data from college students and business professionals with national-level information on cultural attitudes toward business to...

Data from: Influenza hemagglutination-inhibition antibody titer as a mediator of vaccine-induced protection for influenza B

Benjamin J. Cowling, Wey Wen Lim, Ranawaka A.P.M. Perera, Vicky J. Fang, Gabriel M. Leung, J.S. Malik Peiris, Eric J. Tchetgen Tchetgen, Ranawaka A P M Perera & J S Malik Peiris
Background: The hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assay is an established correlate of protection for the inactivated influenza vaccine, but the proportion of vaccine-induced protection that is mediated by the post-vaccination HAI titer has not been assessed. Methods: We used data from a randomized placebo-controlled trial of a split-virion inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6-17 years of age. Sera were collected before and 30 days after receipt of vaccination or placebo, and tested by the HAI assay...

Data from: Inbreeding tolerance as a pre-adapted trait for invasion success in the invasive ant Brachyponera chinensis

Pierre-André Eyer, Kenji Matsuura, Edward Vargo, Kazuya Kobayashi, Toshihisa Yashiro, Wataru Suehiro, Chihiro Himuro, Tomoyuki Yokoi, Benoit Guénard, Robert R. Dunn, Kazuki Tsuji, Pierre‐André Eyer & Edward L. Vargo
Identifying traits that facilitate species introductions and successful invasions of ecosystems represents a key issue in ecology. Following their establishment into new environments, many non-native species exhibit phenotypic plasticity with post-introduction changes in behavior, morphology or life history traits that allow them to overcome the presumed loss of genetic diversity resulting in inbreeding and reduced adaptive potential. Here we present a unique strategy in the invasive ant Brachyponera chinensis (Emery), in which inbreeding tolerance is...

Data from: Indirect protection from vaccinating children against influenza in households

Tim K. Tsang, Vicky J. Fang, Dennis K. M. Ip, Ranawaka A. P. M. Perera, Hau Chi So, Gabriel M. Leung, J. S. Malik Peiris, Benjamin J. Cowling & Simon Cauchemez
Vaccination is an important intervention to prevent influenza virus infection, but indirect protection of household members of vaccinees is not fully known. Here, we analyze a cluster household randomized control trial, with one child in each household randomized to receive vaccine or placebo, for an influenza B epidemic in Hong Kong. We apply statistical models to estimate household transmission dynamics and quantify the direct and indirect protection of vaccination. Direct vaccine efficacy is 71%. The...

Data from: Evolution of the latitudinal gradient in the hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole

Evan P. Economo, Jen-Pan Huang, Georg Fischer, Eli M. Sarnat, Nitish Narula, Milan Janda, Benoit Guénard, John T. Longino & L. Lacey Knowles
Aim: The latitudinal diversity gradient is the dominant pattern of life on Earth, but a consensus understanding of its origins has remained elusive. The analysis of recently diverged, hyper-rich invertebrate groups provides an opportunity to investigate latitudinal patterns with the statistical power of large trees while minimizing potentially confounding variation in ecology and history. Here, we synthesize global phylogenetic and macroecological data on a hyperdiverse (>1100 species) ant radiation, Pheidole, and test predictions of three...

Data from: Divergent melanism strategies in Andean butterfly communities structure diversity patterns and climate responses

Pauline C. Dufour, Keith R. Willmott, Pablo S. Padrón, Shuang Xing, Timothy C. Bonebrake & Brett R. Scheffers
Aim: Geographic distributions are driven by a combination of species sensitivity and exposure to climate. We quantified colour lightness, a trait that mediates the interaction between sensitivity and exposure, of diverse butterfly communities to test whether colour lightness is associated with community assembly across climate-elevation gradients. Location: Ecuadorian Andes Methods: We used a long-term dataset of museum specimens for two of the most speciose genera of Pieridae butterflies in Ecuador, Catasticta and Leptophobia. Within a...

Data from: Deep-sea ostracod faunal dynamics in a marginal sea: Biotic response to oxygen variability and mid-Pleistocene global changes

Huai-Hsuan May Huang, Moriaki Yasuhara, Hokuto Iwatani, Tatsuhiko Yamaguchi, Katsura Yamada & Briony Mamo
Deep-sea benthic ostracod assemblages covering the last two million years were investigated in IODP Site U1426 (at 903 m water depth) in the southern Sea of Japan. Results show that (1) orbital-scale faunal variability have been influenced by eustatic sea level fluctuations and oxygen variability, and (2) secular-scale faunal transitions are likely associated with the Mid-Brunhes Event (MBE, ~0.43 Ma) and the onset of the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC, ~1.7 Ma). Krithe, Robertsonites, and Acanthocythereis...

Data from: Incidence of influenza A(H3N2) virus infections in Hong Kong in a longitudinal sero-epidemiological study, 2009-2015

Vivian W. I. Wei, Jessica Y. T. Wong, Ranawaka A. P. M. Perera, Kin On Kwok, Vicky J. Fang, Ian G. Barr, J. S. Malik Peiris, Steven Riley & Benjamin J. Cowling
Background: Many serologic studies were done during and after the 2009 influenza pandemic, to estimate the cumulative incidence of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infections, but there are few comparative estimates of the incidence of influenza A(H3N2) virus infections during epidemics. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal serologic study in Hong Kong. We collected sera annually and tested samples from 2009-13 by HAI against the A/Perth/16/2009(H3N2) virus, and samples from 2013-15 against the A/Victoria/361/2011(H3N2) virus using the hemagglutination...

Data from: Morphological datasets fit a common mechanism much more poorly than DNA sequences and call into question the Mkv model

Pablo A. Goloboff, Michael Pittman, Diego Pol & Xing Xu
The Mkv evolutionary model, based on minor modifications to models of molecular evolution, is being increasingly used to infer phylogenies from discrete morphological data, often producing different results from parsimony. The critical difference between Mkv and parsimony is the assumption of a “common mechanism” in the Mkv model, with branch lengths determining that probability of change for all characters increases or decreases at the same tree branches by the same exponential factor. We evaluate whether...

Data from: Structural traits dictate abiotic stress amelioration by intertidal oysters

Dominic McAfee, Melanie J. Bishop, Tai-Nga Yu & Gray A. Williams
1.Autogenic ecosystem engineers often provide cool microhabitats which are used by associated organisms to reduce thermal extremes. The value of such habitats is, however, dependant on key structural traits of the ecosystem engineer, and the intensity and duration of thermal exposure. 2.Using an experimental mesocosm that mimicked the rocky intertidal environment, we assessed how the spatial configuration of the habitat formed by an autogenic ecosystem engineer, the oyster, influences its capacity to mitigate heat stress...

Data from: Ecology can inform genetics: disassortative mating contributes to MHC polymorphism in Leach’s storm-petrels (Oceanodroma leucorhoa)

Brian Hoover, Miguel Alcaide, Sarah Jennings, Simon Yung Wa Sin, Scott V. Edwards & Gabrielle A. Nevitt
Studies of MHC-based mate choice in wild populations generally test hypotheses by assuming female choice and male-male competition, whether or not mate choice dynamics have been previously determined for the species under study. Here we examined mate choice patterns in a small burrow-nesting seabird, the Leach’s storm-petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa), using the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). The life history and ecology of this species is extreme: both partners work together to fledge a single chick during...

Data from: Land-use change interacts with climate to determine elevational species redistribution

Fengyi Guo, Jonathan Lenoir & Timothy C. Bonebrake
Climate change is driving global species redistribution with profound social and economic impacts. However, species movement is largely constrained by habitat availability and connectivity, of which the interaction effects with climate change remain largely unknown. Here we examine published data on 2798 elevational range shifts from 43 study sites to assess the confounding effect of land-use change on climate-driven species redistribution. We show that baseline forest cover and recent forest cover change are critical predictors...

Data from: Ocean acidification increases the sensitivity of and variability in physiological responses of an intertidal limpet to thermal stress

Jie Wang, Bayden D. Russell, Meng-Wen Ding & Yun-Wei Dong
Understanding physiological responses of organisms to warming and ocean acidification is the first step towards predicting the potential population- and community-level ecological impacts of these stressors. Increasingly, physiological plasticity is being recognized as important for organisms to adapt to the changing microclimates. Here, we evaluate the importance of physiological plasticity for coping with ocean acidification and elevated temperature, and its variability among individuals, of the intertidal limpet Cellana toreuma from the same population in Xiamen....

Registration Year

  • 2018
    15

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    15

Affiliations

  • University of Hong Kong
    14
  • University of Liverpool
    2
  • Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology
    1
  • University of Adelaide
    1
  • University of Pennsylvania
    1
  • University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
    1
  • Xiamen University
    1
  • Chinese University of Hong Kong
    1
  • University of Melbourne
    1
  • Texas A&M University
    1