12 Works

Data for: A new GTSeq resource to facilitate multijurisdictional research and management of walleye Sander vitreus

Peter Euclide, Wesley Lason, Matthew Bootsma, Loren Miller, Kim Scribner, Wendylee Stott, Chris Wilson & Emily Latch
Conservation and management professionals often work across jurisdictional boundaries to identify broad ecological patterns. These collaborations help to protect populations whose distributions span political borders. One common limitation to multijurisdictional collaboration is consistency in data recording and reporting. This limitation can impact genetic research which relies on data about specific markers in an organism’s genome. Incomplete overlap of markers between separate studies can prevent direct comparisons of results. Standardized marker panels can reduce the impact...

Temporal and spectral description of an additional signal type of male treehoppers

Ignacio Escalante, Jerald Kellner, Rafael L Rodriguez & Camille Desjonqueres
Animals vary in the complexity and size of the signal repertoire used in communication. Often, these behavioral repertoires include multiple signal types for the same process, for instance, courtship. While courting, males of plant-feeding treehoppers (Hemiptera: Membracidae) perform plant-borne vibrational signals with a frequency-modulated whine and a series of pulses. Here we describe an additional signal type in the repertoire of male Enchenopa treehoppers and compared it with other male and female signals to explore...

Nuclear phylogeography reveals strong impacts of gene flow in big brown bats

Xueling Yi & Emily Latch
Aim: Understanding speciation mechanisms requires disentangling processes that promote and erode population-level divergence. Three hypotheses are raised that contemporary population structure is mainly shaped by refugial divergence, post-glacial gene flow, or combined effects of both. Testing these hypotheses requires range-wide phylogeography and integrative analyses across scales. Here we aim to 1) re-estimate the previously unresolved nuclear phylogeography of a widespread bat; 2) test the above three phylogeographic hypotheses; and 3) inform conservation management under climate...

Further evidence from common garden rearing experiments of heritable traits separating lean and siscowet lake charr (Salvelinus namaycusch) ecotypes

Peter Euclide, Andy Jasonowicz, Shawn Sitar, Greg Fischer & Rick Goetz
Genetic evidence of selection for complex and polygenically regulated phenotypes can easily become masked by neutral population genetic structure and phenotypic plasticity. Without direct evidence of genotype-phenotype associations it can be difficult to conclude to what degree a phenotype is heritable or a product of environment. Common garden laboratory studies control for environmental stochasticity and help to determine the mechanism that regulate traits. Here we assess lipid content, growth, weight, and length variation in full...

Savanna monkey (Chlorocebus spp.) population genetics/genomics pipeline

Christopher Schmitt, Christian Gagnon, Hannes Svardal, Anna Jasinska, Jennifer Danzy Cramer, Nelson Freimer, Paul Grobler & Trudy Turner
In the last 300 thousand years, the genus Chlorocebus expanded from equatorial Africa into the southernmost latitudes of the continent, where colder climate was a likely driver of natural selection. We investigated population-level genetic variation in the mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) gene region—implicated in non-shivering thermogenesis (NST)— in 73 wild savanna monkeys from three taxa representing this southern expansion (Chlorocebus pygerythrus hilgerti, Chlorocebus cynosuros and Chlorocebus pygerythrus pygerythrus) ranging from Kenya to South Africa....

Additional file 1 of A multilevel examination of the association between COVID-19 restrictions and residence-to-crime distance

Theodore S. Lentz, Rebecca Headley Konkel, Hailey Gallagher & Dominick Ratkowski
Additional file 1: Appendix. Additional model results.

Additional file 1 of A multilevel examination of the association between COVID-19 restrictions and residence-to-crime distance

Theodore S. Lentz, Rebecca Headley Konkel, Hailey Gallagher & Dominick Ratkowski
Additional file 1: Appendix. Additional model results.

Systematics of the New World bats Eptesicus and Histiotus suggest trans-marine dispersal followed by Neotropical cryptic diversification

Xueling Yi & Emily Latch
Biodiversity can be boosted by colonization of new habitats, such as different continents and remote islands. Molecular studies have suggested that recently evolved organisms probably colonized already separated continents by dispersal, either via land bridge connections or crossing the ocean. Here we test the on-land and trans-marine dispersal hypotheses by evaluating possibilities of colonization routes over Bering land bridge and across the Atlantic Ocean in the cosmopolitan bat genus Eptesicus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae). Previous molecular studies...

Independence of mate choice components (choosiness and preference functions) in Hyla versicolor

Olivia Feagles & Gerlinde Hoebel
Mate choice is an important cause of natural and sexual selection, driving the evolution of ornaments and promoting diversification and speciation. Mate choice decisions arise from the interaction of several components, and knowledge of whether they interact, and how, is crucial for understanding their contributions to selection. Here we focus on the relationship between preference functions (attractiveness ranking of prospective mates) and choosiness (effort invested in obtaining the preferred mate) and test the hypothesis that...

Comparing genome-based estimates of relatedness for use in pedigree-based conservation management

Samantha Hauser, Stephanie Galla, Andrea Putnam, Tammy Steeves & Emily Latch
Researchers have long debated which estimator of relatedness best captures the degree of relationship between two individuals. In the genomics era, this debate continues, with relatedness estimates being sensitive to the methods used to generate markers, marker quality, and levels of diversity in sampled individuals. Here, we compare six commonly used genome-based relatedness estimators (kinship genetic distance (KGD), Wang Maximum Likelihood (TrioML), Queller and Goodnight (Rxy), Kinship INference for Genome-wide association studies (KING-robust), and Pairwise...

Larval yellow perch locations during locomotion assays after exposure to MeHg and PCB126

Janice Albers, Rebekah Klingler, Michael Carvan & Cheryl Murphy
Fish swimming behavior is a commonly measured response in aquatic ecotoxicology because behavior is considered a whole organism-level effect that integrates many sensory systems. Recent advancements in animal behavior models, such as hidden Markov chain models (HMM), suggest an improved analytical approach for toxicology. Using both new and traditional approaches, we examined the sublethal effects of PCB126 and methylmercury on yellow perch (YP) larvae (Perca flavescens) using three doses. Both approaches indicate larvae increase activity...

High MHC diversity confers no advantage for phenotypic quality and reproductive performance in a wild bird

Ewa Pikus, Peter Dunn & Piotr Minias
Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encode antigen binding molecules and are an integral part of the acquired immune response of vertebrates. In general, high individual MHC diversity is expected to increase fitness by broadening the spectrum of pathogens recognized by the immune system, in accordance with the heterozygote advantage mechanism. On the other hand, the optimality hypothesis assumes that individuals with optimal (intermediate), rather than maximum diversity of the MHC will achieve the...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12

Affiliations

  • University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
    9
  • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
    3
  • Michigan State University
    2
  • University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point
    2
  • University of the Free State
    1
  • Michigan Department of Natural Resources
    1
  • University of Pittsburgh
    1
  • Purdue University
    1
  • Purdue University West Lafayette
    1
  • Boise State University
    1