61 Works

Data from: Idiosyncratic species effects confound size-based predictions of responses to climate change

Marion Twomey, Eva Brodte, Ute Jacob, Ulrich Brose, Tasman P. Crowe & Mark C. Emmerson
Understanding and predicting the consequences of warming for complex ecosystems and indeed individual species remains a major ecological challenge. Here, we investigated the effect of increased seawater temperatures on the metabolic and consumption rates of five distinct marine species. The experimental species reflected different trophic positions within a typical benthic East Atlantic food web, and included a herbivorous gastropod, a scavenging decapod, a predatory echinoderm, a decapod and a benthic-feeding fish. We examined the metabolism–body...

Data from: Effects of warming rate, acclimation temperature and ontogeny on the critical thermal maximum of temperate marine fish larvae

Marta Moyano, Caroline Candebat, Yannick Ruhbaum, Santiago Álvarez-Fernández, Guy Claireaux, José-Luis Zambonino-Infante & Myron A. Peck
Most of the thermal tolerance studies on fish have been performed on juveniles and adults, whereas limited information is available for larvae, a stage which may have a particularly narrow range in tolerable temperatures. Moreover, previous studies on thermal limits for marine and freshwater fish larvae (53 studies reviewed here) applied a wide range of methodologies (e.g. the static or dynamic method, different exposure times), making it challenging to compare across taxa. We measured the...

Data from: Phylogenetic diversity and environment form assembly rules for Arctic diatom genera—a study on recent and ancient sedimentary DNA

Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Luidmila A. Pestryakova, Laura S. Epp & Ulrike Herzschuh
Aim This study investigates taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity in diatom genera to evaluate assembly rules for eukaryotic microbes across the Siberian treeline. We first analysed how phylogenetic distance relates to taxonomic richness and turnover. Second, we used relatedness indices to evaluate if environmental filtering or competition influences the assemblies in space and through time. Third, we used distance-based ordination to test which environmental variables shape diatom turnover. Location Yakutia and Taymyria, Russia: we sampled 78...

Plant DNA metabarcoding records from three cores of lacustrine lakes along a open larch forest-forest tundra-tundra transect at the Omoloy region, north-eastern Siberia

Sisi Liu, Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Stefan Kruse, Luidmila A. Pestryakova & Ulrike Herzschuh
Here, we provide the raw plant DNA metabarcoding data archived in three Siberian lake sediment cores spanning the mid-Holocene to the present (7.6-0 cal ka BP), from northern typical tundra to southern open larch forest in the Omoloy region. There are three cores: 14-OM-20B, Lat. / °: 70.53, Lon. / °: 132.91, Ele. / m a.s.l.: 52, Modern vegetation: open larch forest, Lake area / km2: 0.26, Maximal depth / m: 3.4 14-OM-02B, Lat. /...

Macrozoobenthos biomass in surface sediments of R/V Alkor cruise AL519/1

Finn Mielck & Werner Armonies

Repositories for taxonomic data: Where we are and what is missing

Aurélien Miralles, Teddy Bruy, Katherine Wolcott, Mark Scherz, Dominik Begerow, Bank Beszteri, Michael Bonkowski, Janine Felden, Birgit Gemeinholzer, Frank Glaw, Frank Oliver Glöckner, Oliver Hawlitschek, Ivaylo Kostadinov, Tim Nattkemper, Christian Printzen, Jasmin Renz, Nataliya Rybalka, Marc Stadler, Tanja Weibulat, Thomas Wilke, Susanne Renner & Miguel Vences
Natural history collections are leading successful large-scale projects of specimen digitization (images, metadata, DNA barcodes), transforming taxonomy into a big data science. Yet, little effort has been directed towards safeguarding and subsequently mobilizing the considerable amount of original data generated during the process of naming 15–20,000 species every year. From the perspective of alpha-taxonomists, we provide a review of the properties and diversity of taxonomic data, assess their volume and use, and establish criteria for...

Evolution and phylogeny of the deep-sea isopod families Desmosomatidae Sars, 1897 and Nannoniscidae Hansen, 1916 (Isopoda: Asellota)

Robert Jennings, Saskia Brix, Christoph Held, Stefanie Kaiser, Amy Driskell & Angelika Brandt
In the deep sea, the phylogeny and biogeography of only a few taxa have been well studied. Although more than 200 species in 32 genera have been described for the asellote isopod families Desmosomatidae Sars, 1897 and Nannoniscidae Hansen, 1916 from all ocean basins, their phylogenetic relationships are not completely understood. There is little doubt about the close relationship of these families, but the taxonomic position of a number of genera is so far unknown....

Water temperature at time series station Liliguapi, Paso Comau, Patagonia, Chile in 2017/2018

Jürgen Laudien, Verena Häussermann & Günter Försterra
Comau Fjord, Northern Patagonia, Chile is a core monitoring area to reveal the impact of climate change on benthic cold-water communities. In order to record the water temperature at shallow cold-water coral banks, several long-term stations have been established in 2009. This data set provides the water temperature logged at an interval of 15 min at the station Liliguapi in a depth of 18 m between 2017-01-21 and 2018-04-18.

Circum-Arctic distribution of chemical anti-herbivore compounds arctic shrubs

Elin Lindén, Mariska Te Beest, Ilka Abreu, Thomas Moritz, Maja Sundqvist, Isabel C Barrio, Julia Boike, John Bryant, Kari Anne Bråthen, Agata Buchwal, Guillermo Bueno, Alain Cuerrier, Dagmar Egelkraut, Bruce Forbes, Martin Hallinger, Monique Heijmans, Luise Hermanutz, David S Hik, Annika Hofgaard, Milena Holmgren, Diane C Huebner, Toke Hoye, Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir, Elina Kaarlejärvi, Emilie Kissler … & Johan Olofsson
Spatial variation in plant chemical defence towards herbivores can help us understand variation in herbivore top-down control of shrubs in the Arctic and possibly also shrub responses to global warming. Less defended, non-resinous shrubs could be more influenced by herbivores than more defended, resinous shrubs. However, sparse field measurements limit our current understanding of how much of the circum-Arctic variation in defence compounds is explained by taxa or defence functional groups (resinous/non-resinous). We measured circum-Arctic...

BEDMAP2 - Ice thickness, bed and surface elevation for Antarctica - standardised data points

Peter Fretwell, Alice Fremand, Julien Bodart, Hamish Pritchard, David Vaughan, Jonathan Bamber, N. Barrand, R.E. Bell, C Bianchi, Robert Bingham, Donald Blankenship, G. Casassa, Ginny Catania, D. Callens, H Conway, Alison Cook, Hugh Corr, D Damaske, V. Damn, Fausto Ferraccioli, Rene Forsberg, S. Fujita, Y. Gim, P. Gogineni, J. Griggs … & A. Zirizzotti
We present here the Bedmap2 ice thickness, bed and surface elevation standardised CSV data points that were used to create the Bedmap2 gridding products. The data consists of 25 million points coming from 68 individual surveys acquired in Antarctica. The associated datasets consist of: - Bedmap1 standardised CSV data points: https://doi.org/10.5285/f64815ec-4077-4432-9f55-0ce230f46029 - Bedmap3 standardised CSV data points: https://doi.org/10.5285/91523ff9-d621-46b3-87f7-ffb6efcd1847 - Bedmap2 statistically-summarised data points (shapefiles): https://doi.org/10.5285/0f90d926-99ce-43c9-b536-0c7791d1728b - Bedmap2 gridding products: https://doi.org/10.5285/fa5d606c-dc95-47ee-9016-7a82e446f2f2 This work is supported by...

Data from: The influence of sea ice, wind speed and marine mammals on Southern Ocean ambient sound

Sebastian Menze, Daniel P. Zitterbart, Ilse Van Opzeeland & Olaf Boebel
This paper describes the natural variability of ambient sound in the Southern Ocean, an acoustically pristine marine mammal habitat. Over a 3-year period, two autonomous recorders were moored along the Greenwich meridian to collect underwater passive acoustic data. Ambient sound levels were strongly affected by the annual variation of the sea-ice cover, which decouples local wind speed and sound levels during austral winter. With increasing sea-ice concentration, area and thickness, sound levels decreased while the...

Data from: Late spring nitrate distributions beneath the ice-covered northeastern Chukchi Shelf

Kevin R. Arrigo, Matthew M. Mills, Gert L. Van Dijken, Kate E. Lowry, Robert S. Pickart & Reiner Schlitzer
Measurements of late springtime nutrient concentrations in Arctic waters are relatively rare due to the extensive sea ice cover that makes sampling difficult. During the SUBICE cruise in May-June 2014, an extensive survey of hydrography and pre-bloom concentrations of inorganic macronutrients, oxygen, particulate organic carbon and nitrogen, and chlorophyll a was conducted in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Cold (< -1.5°C) winter water was prevalent throughout the study area, and the water column was weakly stratified....

Data from: The history of tree and shrub taxa on Bol'shoy Lyakhovsky Island (New Siberian Archipelago) since the last interglacial uncovered by sedimentary ancient DNA and pollen data

Heike H. Zimmermann, Elena Raschke, Laura S. Epp, Kathleen R. Stoof-Leichsenring, Lutz Schirrmeister, Georg Schwamborn & Ulrike Herzschuh
Ecosystem boundaries, such as the Arctic-Boreal treeline, are strongly coupled with climate and were spatially highly dynamic during past glacial-interglacial cycles. Only a few studies cover vegetation changes since the last interglacial, as most of the former landscapes are inundated and difficult to access. Using pollen analysis and sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) metabarcoding, we reveal vegetation changes on Bol’shoy Lyakhovsky Island since the last interglacial from permafrost sediments. Last interglacial samples depict high levels of...

Heat stress responses of the kelp Laminaria digitata (Phaeophyceae) across Northeast Atlantic populations: growth, biochemistry, chlorophyll fluorescence, pigments

Daniel Liesner, Louise Fouqueau, Myriam Valero, Michael Y. Roleda, Gareth A. Pearson, Kai Bischof, Klaus Valentin & Inka Bartsch
To understand the thermal plasticity of a coastal foundation species across its latitudinal distribution, we assess physiological responses to high temperature stress in the kelp Laminaria digitata in combination with population genetic characteristics and relate heat resilience to genetic features and phylogeography. We hypothesize that populations from Arctic and cold-temperate locations are less heat resilient than populations from warm distributional edges. Using meristems of natural L. digitata populations from six locations ranging between Kongsfjorden, Spitsbergen...

Humpback whale acoustic presence in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean

Elena Schall, Karolin Thomisch, Olaf Boebel, Gabriele Gerlach, Ilse Van Opzeeland, Stefanie Spiesecke & Sari Mangia Woods
In the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean (ASSO), the investigation of baleen whale distribution by sighting surveys is temporally restricted to the austral summer. The implementation of autonomous passive acoustic monitoring, in turn, allows studying vocal baleen whales year-round. This study describes the results of analyzing passive acoustic data spanning 12 recording positions throughout the ASSO applying a combination of automatic and manual analysis methods to register humpback whale acoustic activity. Humpback whales were...

Cross-continental analysis of coastal biodiversity change

Helmut Hillebrand, Gavin M. Rishworth, Janine B. Adams, Matthew S. Bird, Nicola K. Carrasco, Andreas Dänhardt, Jennifer Dannheim, Daniel A. Lemley, Pierre A. Pistorius & Gregor Scheiffarth
Whereas the anthropogenic impact on marine biodiversity is undebated, the quantification and prediction of this change is not trivial. Simple traditional measures of biodiversity (e.g., richness, diversity indices) do not capture the magnitude and direction of changes in species or functional composition. In this paper, we apply recently developed methods for measuring biodiversity turnover to time-series data of four broad taxonomic groups from two coastal regions: the southern North Sea (Germany) and the South African...

Humpback whale song presence in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean

Elena Schall, Karolin Thomisch, Olaf Boebel, Gabriele Gerlach, Sari Mangia Woods, Irene Roca & Ilse Van Opzeeland
Humpback whale song most likely fulfills a multi-purpose role in the humpback whale mating system including both inter- and intrasexual interactions. Humpback whale males produce most of their songs on the low-latitude breeding grounds, but evidences increase, showing that songs are also produced ‘off-season’ on the feeding grounds or during migration. This opens exciting opportunities to investigate migratory aggregations, study humpback whale behavioral plasticity and potentially even assign individual singers to specific breeding grounds. In...

Ku- and Ka-band polarimetric radar backscatter of Arctic sea ice between October 2019 and September 2020 - VERSION 2.0

Julienne Stroeve, Vishnu Nandan, Rasmus Tonboe, Stefan Hendricks, Robert Ricker & Gunnar Spreen
This data set provides processed Ku- and Ka-band fully-polarimetric backscatter and derived polarimetric parameters from hourly scans, acquired using the KuKa radar, during Legs 1, 2, 4 and 5 of the 2019-2020 MOSAiC International Arctic Drift Expedition. Scans were acquired during winter (Legs 1 and 2), advanced melt (Leg 4) and freeze-up (Leg 5) seasons, from various Remote Sensing (RS) sites, located in the MOSAiC ice floe. The first deployment of the KuKa radar was...

Data from: Data-driven bioregionalization: A seascape-scale study of macrobenthic communities in the Eurasian Arctic

Dmitrii Pantiukhin, Dieter Piepenburg, Miriam L. S. Hansen & Casper Kraan
Aim: We conduct the first model-based assessment of the biogeographical subdivision of Eurasian Arctic seas to (1) delineate spatial distribution and boundaries of macrobenthic communities on a seascape level; (2) assess the significance of environmental drivers of macrobenthic community structures; (3) compare our modelling results to historical biogeographical classifications; and (4) couple the model to climate-change scenarios of environmental changes to project potential shifts in the distribution and composition of macrobenthic communities by 2100. Location:...

Data for: Transformation of dissolved organic matter by two Indo-Pacific sponges

Tabea Hildebrand, Helena Osterholz, Carina Bunse, Hendrik Grotheer, Thorsten Dittmar & Peter J. Schupp
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is the largest organic carbon reservoir in the ocean and an integral component of biogeochemical cycles. The role of free-living microbes in DOM transformation has been studied thoroughly, whereas little attention has been directed towards the influence of benthic organisms. Sponges are efficient filter feeders and common inhabitants of many benthic communities circumglobally. In our study, we investigated how two tropical coral reef sponges shape marine DOM. We compared bacterial abundance,...

Data for: Interspecific competition and facilitation coexist in mixed-species bird flocks of montane coniferous forests in Taiwan

Chao-Chieh Chen, Chun-Chieh Liao & Bruno Andreas Walther
Besides competition, positive interactions also play an important role in shaping the social structure of mixed-species bird flocks. This study aimed to illuminate the interspecific interactions of competition and facilitation in mixed-species bird flocks. We recorded the foraging behavior and microhabitat use of flocking species in montane coniferous forests of Taiwan under different social contexts. Foraging niche breadth and niche-overlap with other flocking species were compared between individuals inside and outside of mixed flocks. For...

High-resolution bathymetry model for the Lena Delta region

Matthias Fuchs, Juri Palmtag, Bennet Juhls, Pier Paul Overduin, Guido Grosse, Ahmed Abdelwahab, Michael Bedington, Tina Sanders, Olga Ogneva, Irina V Fedorova, Nikita S Zimov, Paul James Mann & Jens Strauss
This data set includes the 50 m and 200 m bathymetry model for the Lena Delta region covering 232,700 km2 stretching from Cape Mamontov Klyk in the western Laptev Sea to Kotelny Island in the New Siberian Islands. The models were calculated with the topo to raster tool in ArcGIS TM version 10.6 based on depth points and isobaths lines derived from large-scale current and historical nautical maps.The final bathymetry models are available in GeoTiff...

BEDMAP2 - Ice thickness, bed and surface elevation for Antarctica - standardised shapefiles and geopackages

Peter Fretwell, Hamish Pritchard, David Vaughan, Jonathan Bamber, N. Barrand, R.E. Bell, C Bianchi, Robert Bingham, Donald Blankenship, G. Casassa, Ginny Catania, D. Callens, H Conway, Alison Cook, Hugh Corr, D Damaske, V. Damn, Fausto Ferraccioli, Rene Forsberg, S. Fujita, Y. Gim, P. Gogineni, J. Griggs, Richard Hindmarsh, P. Holmlund … & Julien Bodart
We present here the Bedmap2 ice thickness, bed and surface elevation aggregated points and survey lines. The aggregated points consist of statistically-summarised shapefile points (centred on a continent-wide 500 m x 500 m grid) that reports the average values of ice thickness, bed and surface elevation from the full-resolution survey data and information on their distribution. The points presented here correspond to the additional points to Bedmap1 used for the gridding of Bedmap2. The data...

Data from: Patterns and controlling factors of species diversity in the Arctic Ocean

Moriaki Yasuhara, Gene Hunt, Gert Van Dijken, Kevin R. Arrigo, Thomas M. Cronin & Jutta E. Wollenburg
AIM: The Arctic Ocean is one of the last near-pristine regions on Earth and although human activities are expected to impact on Arctic ecosystems, we know very little about baseline patterns of Arctic Ocean biodiversity. This paper aims to describe Arctic Ocean-wide patterns of benthic biodiversity and to explore factors related to the large-scale species diversity patterns. LOCATION: Arctic Ocean. METHODS: We used large ostracode and foraminiferal datasets to describe the biodiversity patterns and apply...

Data from: Parasites affect food web structure primarily through increased diversity and complexity

Jennifer A. Dunne, Kevin D. Lafferty, Andrew P. Dobson, Ryan F. Hechinger, Armand M. Kuris, Neo D. Martinez, John P. McLaughlin, Kim N. Mouritsen, Robert Poulin, Karsten Reise, Daniel B. Stouffer, David W. Thieltges, Richard J. Williams & Claus Dieter Zander
Comparative research on food web structure has revealed generalities in trophic organization, produced simple models, and allowed assessment of robustness to species loss. These studies have mostly focused on free-living species. Recent research has suggested that inclusion of parasites alters structure. We assess whether such changes in network structure result from unique roles and traits of parasites or from changes to diversity and complexity. We analyzed seven highly resolved food webs that include metazoan parasite...

Registration Year

  • 2022
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  • 2011

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington
  • Institute for Geophysics, Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia
  • NASA Wallops Flight Facility
  • Centro de Estudios Cientificos
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Institute for Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean
  • Stanford University