18 Works

Chitosan combined with technical cashew nut shell liquid improves in vitro ruminal parameters and gas production kinetics

Elis Regina de Queiroz Vieira, Rafael Henrique de Tonissi e Buschinelli de Goes, Tatiana Garcia Diaz, Milene Puntel Osmari, Leonardo de Oliveira Seno, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Jefferson Rodrigues Gandra, Douglas Gabriel Anschau, Raquel Tenório de Oliveira, Nayara Gonçalves da Silva & Amanna Gonzaga Jacaúna
ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the inclusion of chitosan (CHI) and technical cashew nut shell liquid (CNSLt) as natural feed additives in cattle diets on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, and in vitro gas production kinetics. We conducted a completely randomized design with 5×4 factorial arrangement, with 20, 35, 50, 65, and 100% Tifton 85 hay and four additives, monensin (200 mg/kg DM), CNSLt (500 mg/kg DM), CHI (500 mg/kg DM), and CNSLt+CHI (500 mg/kg...

Tuberculosis in prison inmates in Southern Brazil: investigating the epidemiological and operational indicators

Caroline Busatto, Julia Mespaque, Pauline Schwarzbold, Camilo Darsie de Souza, Carla Adriane Jarczewski, Rodrigo Dalke Meucci, Jason Andrews, Julio Croda, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da Silva, Ivy Bastos Ramis & Lia Gonçalves Possuelo
ABSTRACT Background: Tuberculosis is a worldwide public health problem and is more prevalent in specific populations, such as prisoners. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological and operational indicators of tuberculosis in prisoners in a southern region of Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive, observational study, utilizing secondary data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System on tuberculosis cases diagnosed in prisoners in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, from...

Strategic diagnosis of a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí

Rosemeire Pereira da Silva, Artur Henrique Sousa Fernandes, Priscila Teixeira de Souza Carneiro, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel & Viviany Lúcia Fernandes dos Santos
ABSTRACT. This study aimed to perform a strategic diagnosis on a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí. It was conducted at Agropecuária Alvorada, located in the countryside, municipality of Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil. The farm develops the full cycle of beef cattle production, which is divided into breeding, rearing and finishing. A SWOT analysis (which stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) was carried out, consisting...

A scoping study of pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis: severity classification based on radiographic and tomographic evaluation

Sergio Marrone Ribeiro, Thiago Franchi Nunes, Ricardo de Souza Cavalcante, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago, Beatriz Aparecida Soares Pereira & Rinaldo Poncio Mendes
Abstract The lungs have great importance in patients with paracoccidioidomycosis since they are the portal of entry for the infecting fungi, the site of quiescent foci, and one of the most frequently affected organs. Although they have been the subject of many studies with different approaches, the severity classification of the pulmonary involvement, using imaging procedures, has not been carried out yet. This study aimed to classify the active and the residual pulmonary damage using...

Data from: Unwrapping broken tails: Biological and environmental correlates of predation pressure in limbless reptiles

Mario R. Moura, Henrique C. Costa, Arthur D. Abegg, Esmeralda Alaminos, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Weverton S. Azevedo, Hugo Cabral, Priscila Carvalho, Sonia Cechin, Nathalie Citeli, Ângelo C. M. Dourado, André F. V. Duarte, Frederico G. R. França, Eliza M. X Freire, Paulo C. A. Garcia, Rafael Mol, Ricardo Montero, Antônio Moraes-Da-Silva, Daniel C. Passos, Paulo Passos, Renata Perez, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Pedro Prado, Ana Lúcia C. Prudente, Raul F. D. Sales … & Jhonny J. M. Guedes
Studying species interactions in nature often requires elaborate logistics and intense fieldwork. The difficulties in such task might hinder our ability to answer questions on how biotic interactions change with the environment. Fortunately, a workaround to this problem lies within scientific collections. For some animals, the inspection of preserved specimens can reveal the scars of past antagonistic encounters, such as predation attempts. A common defensive behaviour that leaves scars on animals is autotomy, the loss...

Tuberculosis in prison inmates in Southern Brazil: investigating the epidemiological and operational indicators

Caroline Busatto, Julia Mespaque, Pauline Schwarzbold, Camilo Darsie de Souza, Carla Adriane Jarczewski, Rodrigo Dalke Meucci, Jason Andrews, Julio Croda, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da Silva, Ivy Bastos Ramis & Lia Gonçalves Possuelo
ABSTRACT Background: Tuberculosis is a worldwide public health problem and is more prevalent in specific populations, such as prisoners. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological and operational indicators of tuberculosis in prisoners in a southern region of Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive, observational study, utilizing secondary data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System on tuberculosis cases diagnosed in prisoners in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, from...

Late peripheral facial paralysis after COVID-19: a rapid systematic review and two case reports

Thalitta Mendes Cavalcante, Vanessa Terezinha Gubert, Carolina de Deus Lima, Larissa Anjos Luciano, Mariana Garcia Croda, James Venturini, Antonio Luiz Dal Bello Gasparoto, Wellyngton Matheus Souza Santiago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Fernanda Paes Reis, Ana Paula da Costa Marques, Aline Pedroso Lorenz, Wellington Santos Fava, Marina Castilhos Souza Umaki Zardin, Cláudia Elizabeth Volpe Chaves, Gabriel Pereira Braga, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago & Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira
Abstract Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) has been shown to be a neurological manifestation of COVID-19. The current study presents two cases of PFP after COVID-19, along with a rapid review of known cases in the literature. Both case reports were conducted following CARE guidelines. We also performed a systematic review of PFP cases temporally related to COVID-19 using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases on August 30, 2021, using a rapid review methodology. The two...

A scoping study of pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis: severity classification based on radiographic and tomographic evaluation

Sergio Marrone Ribeiro, Thiago Franchi Nunes, Ricardo de Souza Cavalcante, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago, Beatriz Aparecida Soares Pereira & Rinaldo Poncio Mendes
Abstract The lungs have great importance in patients with paracoccidioidomycosis since they are the portal of entry for the infecting fungi, the site of quiescent foci, and one of the most frequently affected organs. Although they have been the subject of many studies with different approaches, the severity classification of the pulmonary involvement, using imaging procedures, has not been carried out yet. This study aimed to classify the active and the residual pulmonary damage using...

Abundance data of anuran species in forest fragments

M Almeida-Gomes, NJ Gotelli, CFD Rocha, MV Vieira & JA Prevedello
Understanding the effects of random versus niche-based processes on biodiversity patterns is a central theme in ecology, and an important tool for predicting effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on biodiversity. We investigated the predictive power of random processes to explain species richness and species dissimilarity of amphibian assemblages in a fragmented tropical landscape of the Atlantic Forest of South America. We analyzed a large database of amphibian abundance and occupancy, sampled in 21 forest...

Effect of supplementation of ewes in the final third of gestation on the development of their lambs

Nathália Rafaela Fidelis Campos, Gelson dos Santos Difante, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel, Carolina Marques Costa, Denise Baptaglin Montagner, João Virgínio Emerenciano Neto, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Roldão Teixeira de Carvalho Netto, Emmanuel Lievio de Lima Véras & Ana Beatriz Graciano da Costa
ABSTRACT This study examined the effect of different supplementation strategies for ewes in the last third of gestation, kept on a deferred Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu pasture, on their performance and the growth curve of their lambs. A total of 54 ewes, of no defined breed, with an average weight of 41.10±3.10 kg, were used in a completely randomized design, divided into three groups (18 ewes per treatment). In total, 61 lambs were born, 28...

Giant Reed (Arundo donax L.) Fiber Extraction and Characterization for Its Use in Polymer Composites

Luis Suárez, Mateusz Barczewski, Paulina Kosmela, María D. Marrero & Zaida Ortega
This work describes an extraction method for giant reed fibers from stems and leaves based on chemical soaking and crushing through a rolling mill. Obtained fibers, together with the shredded plant (stems + leaves), are characterized in terms of chemical composition, thermal stability, morphology, and crystallinity. Mechanical properties of fibers have also been assessed (single fiber tensile tests). The results show that the proposed method allows obtaining fibers with higher cellulose content (near 70%), good...

Nuanced qualitative trait approaches reveal environmental filtering and phylogenetic constraints on lichen communities

Natalia Koch, Daniel Stanton, Sandra Müller, Leandro Duarte, Adriano Spielmann & Robert Lücking
We propose that a qualitative trait approach based on more detailed nuanced traits may reveal previously overlooked patterns, especially when combined with phylogenetic perspectives. By sampling epiphytic lichens and using a functional approach based on nuanced qualitative traits, such as a much greater resolution over photobiont identity, type of cortex and chemical compounds, we evaluated the effects of environmental filtering and phylogenetic constraints on community assembly along natural succession of Atlantic rainforest. We found changes...

Evolutionary history and precipitation seasonality shape niche overlap in Neotropical bat-plant pollination networks

Luisa Fernanda Lievano-Latorre, Isabela Varassin & Thais Zanata
Species interactions are one dimension of the niche, and niche overlap arises when two species share an interaction partner. In pollination systems, environmental and biotic factors impact the niche overlap. Here we explored the effects of climate seasonality, plant and bat richness, morphological traits, and phylogenetic distance in shaping the niche overlap of Neotropical bat-plant pollination networks. For that, we used a dataset of 22 bat-plant pollination networks in the Neotropical region. We measured niche...

Strategic diagnosis of a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí

Rosemeire Pereira da Silva, Artur Henrique Sousa Fernandes, Priscila Teixeira de Souza Carneiro, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel & Viviany Lúcia Fernandes dos Santos
ABSTRACT. This study aimed to perform a strategic diagnosis on a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí. It was conducted at Agropecuária Alvorada, located in the countryside, municipality of Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil. The farm develops the full cycle of beef cattle production, which is divided into breeding, rearing and finishing. A SWOT analysis (which stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) was carried out, consisting...

Giant Reed (Arundo donax L.) Fiber Extraction and Characterization for Its Use in Polymer Composites

Luis Suárez, Mateusz Barczewski, Paulina Kosmela, María D. Marrero & Zaida Ortega
This work describes an extraction method for giant reed fibers from stems and leaves based on chemical soaking and crushing through a rolling mill. Obtained fibers, together with the shredded plant (stems + leaves), are characterized in terms of chemical composition, thermal stability, morphology, and crystallinity. Mechanical properties of fibers have also been assessed (single fiber tensile tests). The results show that the proposed method allows obtaining fibers with higher cellulose content (near 70%), good...

Effect of supplementation of ewes in the final third of gestation on the development of their lambs

Nathália Rafaela Fidelis Campos, Gelson dos Santos Difante, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel, Carolina Marques Costa, Denise Baptaglin Montagner, João Virgínio Emerenciano Neto, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Roldão Teixeira de Carvalho Netto, Emmanuel Lievio de Lima Véras & Ana Beatriz Graciano da Costa
ABSTRACT This study examined the effect of different supplementation strategies for ewes in the last third of gestation, kept on a deferred Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu pasture, on their performance and the growth curve of their lambs. A total of 54 ewes, of no defined breed, with an average weight of 41.10±3.10 kg, were used in a completely randomized design, divided into three groups (18 ewes per treatment). In total, 61 lambs were born, 28...

Chitosan combined with technical cashew nut shell liquid improves in vitro ruminal parameters and gas production kinetics

Elis Regina de Queiroz Vieira, Rafael Henrique de Tonissi e Buschinelli de Goes, Tatiana Garcia Diaz, Milene Puntel Osmari, Leonardo de Oliveira Seno, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Jefferson Rodrigues Gandra, Douglas Gabriel Anschau, Raquel Tenório de Oliveira, Nayara Gonçalves da Silva & Amanna Gonzaga Jacaúna
ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the inclusion of chitosan (CHI) and technical cashew nut shell liquid (CNSLt) as natural feed additives in cattle diets on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, and in vitro gas production kinetics. We conducted a completely randomized design with 5×4 factorial arrangement, with 20, 35, 50, 65, and 100% Tifton 85 hay and four additives, monensin (200 mg/kg DM), CNSLt (500 mg/kg DM), CHI (500 mg/kg DM), and CNSLt+CHI (500 mg/kg...

Late peripheral facial paralysis after COVID-19: a rapid systematic review and two case reports

Thalitta Mendes Cavalcante, Vanessa Terezinha Gubert, Carolina de Deus Lima, Larissa Anjos Luciano, Mariana Garcia Croda, James Venturini, Antonio Luiz Dal Bello Gasparoto, Wellyngton Matheus Souza Santiago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Fernanda Paes Reis, Ana Paula da Costa Marques, Aline Pedroso Lorenz, Wellington Santos Fava, Marina Castilhos Souza Umaki Zardin, Cláudia Elizabeth Volpe Chaves, Gabriel Pereira Braga, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago & Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira
Abstract Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) has been shown to be a neurological manifestation of COVID-19. The current study presents two cases of PFP after COVID-19, along with a rapid review of known cases in the literature. Both case reports were conducted following CARE guidelines. We also performed a systematic review of PFP cases temporally related to COVID-19 using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases on August 30, 2021, using a rapid review methodology. The two...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    18

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    18

Affiliations

  • Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul
    18
  • São Paulo State University
    4
  • University of Granada
    3
  • Universidade Federal de Goiás
    2
  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
    2
  • Yale University
    2
  • Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
    2
  • Oswaldo Cruz Foundation
    2
  • Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin
    1
  • Federal University of Paraíba
    1