2 Works

Description and classification of echolocation clicks of Indian Ocean humpback (Sousa plumbea) and Indo-Pacific bottlenose (Tursiops aduncus) dolphins from Menai Bay, Zanzibar, East Africa

Liangliang Yang, Matt Sharpe, Andrew Temple, Narriman Jiddawi, Xiaomei Xu & Per Berggren
Passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) is a powerful method to study the occurrence, movement and behavior of echolocating odontocetes (toothed whales) in the wild. However, in areas occupied by more than one species, echolocation clicks need to be classified into species. The present study investigated whether the echolocation clicks produced by small, at-risk, resident sympatric populations of Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea) and Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) in Menai Bay, Zanzibar, East Africa, could...

Reservoir dynamics of rabies in Southeast Tanzania and the roles of cross-species transmission and domestic dog vaccination

Kennedy Lushasi, Sarah Hayes, Elaine A Ferguson, Joel Changalucha, Sarah Cleaveland, Nicodem J Govella, Daniel T Haydon, Sambo Maganga, Geofrey J Mchau, Emmanuel A Mpolya, Zacharia Mtema, Hesron E Nonga, Rachel Steenson, Pierre Nouvellet, Christl A Donnelly & Katie Hampson
Understanding the role of different species in the transmission of multi-host pathogens, such as rabies virus, is vital for effective control strategies. Across most of sub-Saharan Africa domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are considered the reservoir for rabies, but the role of wildlife has been long debated. Here we explore the multi-host transmission dynamics of rabies across southeast Tanzania. Between January 2011 and July 2019 data on probable rabies cases were collected in the regions of...

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