277 Works

Data from: Cytogenetics, geographic distribution, conservation and new species of Macrotorus (Mollinedioideae, Monimiaceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest

Elton John De Lirio, Paulo Ricardo De Oliveira Costa, Ariane Luna Peixoto, Paulo Takeo Sano & Ana Paula Moraes
A new species of Macrotorus (Monimiaceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest is here described and illustrated: M. genuflexus. This species, restricted to the Poço das Antas Biological Reserve (situated in the central region of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil), is the second in the genus Macrotorus. The new species description is based on morphological and cytogenetic (karyotype and genome size - GS) comparative analyses. We also report a new record of Macrotorus utriculatus for the...

Data from: Geographic mosaic of plant evolution: extrafloral nectary variation mediated by ant and herbivore assemblages

Anselmo Nogueira, Pedro J. Rey, Julio M. Alcántara, Rodrigo M. Feitosa & Lúcia G. Lohmann
Herbivory is an ecological process that is known to generate different patterns of selection on defensive plant traits across populations. Studies on this topic could greatly benefit from the general framework of the Geographic Mosaic Theory of Coevolution (GMT). Here, we hypothesize that herbivory represents a strong pressure for extrafloral nectary (EFN) bearing plants, with differences in herbivore and ant visitor assemblages leading to different evolutionary pressures among localities and ultimately to differences in EFN...

Data from: Personality-matching habitat choice, rather than behavioural plasticity, is a likely driver of a phenotype–environment covariance

Benedikt Holtmann, Eduardo S.A. Santos, Carlos E. Lara, Shinichi Nakagawa & Eduardo S. A. Santos
An emerging hypothesis of animal personality posits that animals choose the habitat that best fits their personality, and that the match between habitat and personality can facilitate population differentiation, and eventually speciation. However, behavioural plasticity and the adjustment of behaviours to new environments have been a classical explanation for such matching patterns. Using a population of dunnocks (Prunella modularis), we empirically tested whether personality or behavioural plasticity is responsible for the non-random distribution of shy...

Data from: Population differentiation and behavioural association of the two ‘personality’ genes DRD4 and SERT in dunnocks (Prunella modularis)

Benedikt Holtmann, Stefanie Grosser, Malgorzata Lagisz, Sheri R. Johnson, Eduardo S. A. Santos, Carlos E. Lara, Bruce Robertson, Shinichi Nakagawa, S. L. Johnson & B. C. Robertson
Quantifying the variation in behaviour-related genes within and between populations provides insight into how evolutionary processes shape consistent behavioural traits (i.e. personality). Deliberate introductions of non-native species offer opportunities to investigate how such genes differ between native and introduced populations and how polymorphisms in the genes are related to variation in behaviour. Here, we compared the genetic variation of the two ‘personality’ genes, DRD4 and SERT, between a native (United Kingdom, UK) and an introduced...

Data from: Environmental gradients and the evolution of successional habitat specialization: a test case with 14 Neotropical forest sites

Susan G. Letcher, Jesse R. Lasky, Robin L. Chazdon, Natalia Norden, S. Joseph Wright, Jorge A. Meave, Eduardo A. Pérez-García, Rodrigo Muñoz, Eunice Romero-Pérez, Ana Andrade, José Luis Andrade, Patricia Balvanera, Justin M. Becknell, Tony V. Bentos, Radika Bhaskar, Frans Bongers, Vanessa Boukili, Pedro H. S. Brancalion, Ricardo G. César, Deborah A. Clark, David B. Clark, Dylan Craven, Alexander DeFrancesco, Juan M. Dupuy, Bryan Finegan … & G. Bruce Williamson
1. Successional gradients are ubiquitous in nature, yet few studies have systematically examined the evolutionary origins of taxa that specialize at different successional stages. Here we quantify successional habitat specialization in Neotropical forest trees and evaluate its evolutionary lability along a precipitation gradient. Theoretically, successional habitat specialization should be more evolutionarily conserved in wet forests than in dry forests due to more extreme microenvironmental differentiation between early and late successional stages in wet forest. 2....

Data from: Are there general laws for digit evolution in squamates? The loss and re-evolution of digits in a clade of fossorial lizards (Brachymeles, Scincinae)

Günter P. Wagner, Oliver W. Griffith, Philip J. Bergmann, Gaelle Bello-Hellegouarch, Tiana Kohlsdorf, Anjan Bhullar & Cameron D. Siler
Evolutionary simplification of autopodial structures is a major theme in studies of body‐form evolution. Previous studies on amniotes have supported Morse's law, that is, that the first digit reduced is Digit I, followed by Digit V. Furthermore, the question of reversibility for evolutionary digit loss and its implications for “Dollo's law” remains controversial. Here, we provide an analysis of limb and digit evolution for the skink genus Brachymeles. Employing phylogenetic, morphological, osteological, and myological data,...

Data from: Multilocus tests of Pleistocene refugia and ancient divergence in a pair of Atlantic Forest antbirds (Myrmeciza)

Fábio Raposo Do Amaral, Patrick K. Albers, Scott V. Edwards & Cristina Y. Miyaki
The Atlantic Forest (AF) harbors one of the most diverse vertebrate faunas of the world, including 199 endemic species of birds. Understanding the evolutionary processes behind such diversity has become the focus of many recent, primarily single locus, phylogeographic studies. These studies suggest that isolation in forest refugia may have been a major mechanism promoting diversification, although there is also support for a role of riverine and geotectonic barriers, two sets of hypotheses that can...

Data from: Mating system and effective population size of the overexploited Neotropical tree (Myroxylon peruiferum L.f.) and their impact on seedling production

Ellida De Aguiar Silvestre, Kaiser Dias Schwarcz, Carolina Grando, Jaqueline Bueno De Campos, Patricia Sanae Sujii, Evandro Vagner Tambarussi, Camila Menezes Trindade Macrini, José Baldin Pinheiro, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion & Maria Imaculada Zucchi
The reproductive system of a tree species has substantial impact on genetic diversity and structure within and among natural populations. Such information, should be considered when planning tree planting for forest restoration. Here, we describe the mating system and genetic diversity of an overexploited Neotropical tree, Myroxylon peruiferum L.f. (Fabaceae) sampled from a forest remnant (10 seed trees and 200 seeds) and assess whether the effective population size of nursery-grown seedlings (148 seedlings) is sufficient...

Data from: Plasmodium vivax diversity and population structure across four continents

Cristian Koepfli, Priscila T. Rodrigues, Tiago Antao, Pamela Orjuela-Sánchez, Peter Van Den Eede, Dionicia Gamboa, Nguyen Van Hong, Jorge Bendezu, Annette Erhart, Céline Barnadas, Arsène Ratsimbasoa, Didier Menard, Carlo Severini, Michela Menegon, Baki Y. M. Nour, Nadira Karunaweera, Ivo Mueller, Marcelo U. Ferreira, Ingrid Felger & Bakri Y. M. Nour
Plasmodium vivax is the geographically most widespread human malaria parasite. To analyze patterns of microsatellite diversity and population structure across countries of different transmission intensity, genotyping data from 11 microsatellite markers was either generated or compiled from 841 isolates from four continents collected in 1999–2008. Diversity was highest in South-East Asia (mean allelic richness 10.0–12.8), intermediate in the South Pacific (8.1–9.9) Madagascar and Sudan (7.9–8.4), and lowest in South America and Central Asia (5.5–7.2). A...

Data from: Evolution of a complex phenotype with biphasic ontogeny: contribution of development versus function and climatic variation to skull modularity in toads

Monique Nouailhetas Simon & Gabriel Marroig
The theory of morphological integration and modularity predicts that if functional correlations among traits are relevant to mean population fitness, the genetic basis of development will be molded by stabilizing selection to match functional patterns. Yet, how much functional interactions actually shape the fitness landscape is still an open question. We used the anuran skull as a model of a complex phenotype for which we can separate developmental and functional modularity. We hypothesized that functional...

Data from: Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Literacy Assessment in Spanish and development of a shortened form of the instrument

Fernanda Maria Rovai Bado, Flávio Rebustini, Lisa Jamieson, Karine Laura Cortellazzi & Fábio Luiz Mialhe
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Oral Health Literacy Assessment in Spanish (OHLA-S) for the Brazilian-Portuguese language using robust analysis and with the results disclose possibilities to develop a shorter and more valid instrument. Methods: OHLA-S is an oral health literacy instrument comprising a word recognition section and a comprehension section. It consists of 24 dental words. It was translated into the Brazilian-Portuguese language (OHLA-B) and its...

Data from: Prospective randomized trial comparing hepatic venous outflow and renal function after conventional versus piggyback liver transplantation

Marília D’Elboux Guimarães Brescia, Paulo Celso Bosco Massarollo, Ernesto Sasaki Imakuma & Sérgio Mies
Background: This randomized prospective clinical trial compared the hepatic venous outflow drainage and renal function after conventional with venovenous bypass (n = 15) or piggyback (n = 17) liver transplantation. Methods: Free hepatic vein pressure (FHVP) and central venous pressure (CVP) measurements were performed after graft reperfusion. Postoperative serum creatinine (Cr) was measured daily on the first week and on the 14th, 21st and 28th postoperative days (PO). The prevalence of acute renal failure (ARF)...

Data from: Reticulate evolution in nuclear Middle America causes discordance in the phylogeny of palm‐pitvipers (Viperidae: Bothriechis)

Andrew J. Mason, Felipe G. Grazziotin, Hussam Zaher, Alan R. Lemmon, Emily Moriarty Lemmon & Christopher L. Parkinson
Aim: A number of processes can lead to weak or conflicting phylogenetic signals, especially in geographically dynamic regions where unstable landscapes and climates promote complex evolutionary histories. The Middle American pitviper genus Bothriechis has a complex biogeographic distribution and previous phylogenetic analyses have recovered conflicting topologies based on the data type used. Here, we tested whether historic conflicts in the phylogeny were the result of reticulate evolution and whether the inferred biogeographic history of the...

Data from: An exceptionally preserved association of complete dinosaur skeletons reveals the oldest long-necked sauropodomorphs

Rodrigo Temp Müller, Max Cardoso Langer & Sérgio Dias-Da-Silva
The rise of sauropodomorphs is still poorly understood due to the scarcity of well-preserved fossils in early Norian rocks. Here, we present an association of complete and exceptionally well-preserved dinosaur skeletons that helps filling that gap. They represent a new species, which is recovered as member of a clade solely composed of Gondwanan Triassic taxa. The new species allows defining a set of anatomical changes that shaped sauropodomorph evolution along a period from 233–225 Ma,...

Data from: A macroecological approach to evolutionary rescue and adaptation to climate change

Jose Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho, Kelly S. Souza, Luis Mauricio Bini, Rafael Loyola, Ricardo Dobrovolski, Fabrício Rodrigues, Matheus De S. Lima-Ribeiro, Levi C. Terribile, Thiago F. Rangel, Igor Bione, Roniel Freitas, Ibere F. Machado, Tainá Rocha, Maria L. Lorini, Mariana M. Vale, Carlos A. Navas, Natan M. Maciel, Fabricio Villalobos, Miguel A. Olalla-Tárraga & Sidney Gouveia
Despite the widespread use of Ecological Niche Models (ENMs) for predicting the responses of species to climate change, these models do not explicitly incorporate any population-level mechanism. On the other hand, mechanistic models adding population processes (e.g., biotic interactions, dispersal and adaptive potential to abiotic constraints) are much more complex and difficult to parameterize, especially if the goal is to predict range shifts for many species simultaneously. In particular, the adaptive potential (based on genetic...

pcs5031-lista1

Rodrigo Carvalho
Amostra de dataset para a disciplina PCS5031

Questão 04 - Tarefa 01 - PPGEE Poli USP - Aerosois e Radiometria

Wesley Barbosa
Derivado: Médias horárias de propriedades intensivas em aerossóis de AOS, Delene e Ogren.Medição da radiação superficial Teste de controle de qualidade, incluindo limites climatologicamente configuráveis

Projeto Final - Introdução à Ciência dos Dados - Mestrado em Engenharia de Computação - Poli USP

Wesley Lourenco Barbosa
Dados gerados no desenvolvimento do trabalho final da disciplina.

Máquina de Chave

Macilio Ferreira
Descreve o comportamento de uma determinada máquina de chave durante em um determinado período.

Wheel set profile

David Oliveira
Measurements of wheel set profile from heavy hail rail cars between 01/07/2018 and 31/07/2018

Data from: Increases in sampling support the southern Gondwanan hypothesis for the origin of dinosaurs

Júlio C. A. Marsola, Gabriel S. Ferreira, Max C. Langer, David J. Button & Richard J. Butler
Dinosaurs were ubiquitous in terrestrial ecosystems through most of the Mesozoic and are still diversely represented in the modern fauna in the form of birds. Recent efforts to better understand the origins of the group have resulted in the discovery of many new species of early dinosaurs and their closest relatives (dinosauromorphs). In addition, recent re-examinations of early dinosaur phylogeny have highlighted uncertainties regarding the interrelationships of the main dinosaur lineages (Sauropodomorpha, Theropoda and Ornithischia),...

Data from: Improving accuracies of genomic predictions for drought tolerance in maize by joint modeling of additive and dominance effects in multi-environment trials

Kaio Olímpio Das Graças Dias, Salvador Alejandro Gezan, Claudia Teixeira Guimarães, Alireza Nazarian, Luciano Da Costa E Silva, Sidney Netto Parentoni, Paulo Evaristo De Oliveira Guimarães, Carina De Oliveira Anoni, José Maria Villela Pádua, Marcos De Oliveira Pinto, Roberto Willians Noda, Carlos Alexandre Gomes Ribeiro, Jurandir Vieira De Magalhães, Antonio Augusto Franco Garcia, João Cândido De Souza, Lauro José Moreira Guimarães & Maria Marta Pastina
Breeding for drought tolerance is a challenging task that requires costly, extensive and precise phenotyping. Genomic selection (GS) can be used to maximize selection efficiency and the genetic gains in maize (Zea mays L.) breeding programs for drought tolerance. Here we evaluated the accuracy of genomic selection of additive (A) against additive+dominance (AD) models to predict the performance of untested maize single-cross hybrids for drought tolerance in multi-environment trials. Phenotypic data of five drought-tolerance traits...

Data from: Land use type, forest cover, and forest edges modulate avian cross-habitat spillover

Andrea Larissa Boesing, Elizabeth Nichols & Jean-Paul Metzger
1.Natural habitats adjacent to agricultural areas are often considered sources of species that provide beneficial regulating ecosystem services through cross-habitat spillover. Both inter-habitat matrix and landscape configuration can influence spillover by controlling organismal ability to disperse through landscapes, and affecting the provision of additional or supplementary resources that impact organism survival. 2.To understand how landscape structure in terms of matrix land use type, forest cover, and edge density might facilitate avian cross-habitat spillover, we sampled...

Data from: A model of urban scaling laws based on distance dependent interactions

Fabiano L. Ribeiro, João Miranda, Fernando F. Ferreira & Camilo Rodrigues Neto
Socio-economic related properties of a city grow faster than a linear relationship with the population, in a log–log plot, the so-called superlinear scaling. Conversely, the larger a city, the more efficient it is in the use of its infrastructure, leading to a sublinear scaling on these variables. In this work, we addressed a simple explanation for those scaling laws in cities based on the interaction range between the citizens and on the fractal properties of...

Data from: Prediction of phylogeographic endemism in an environmentally complex biome.

Ana Carolina Carnaval, Eric Waltari, Miguel T. Rodrigues, Dan Rosauer, Jeremy VanDerWal, Roberta Damasceno, Ivan Prates, Maria Strangas, Zoe Spanos, Danielle Rivera, Marcio R. Pie, Carina R. Firkowski, Marcos R. Bornschein, Luiz F. Ribeiro & Craig Moritz
Phylogeographic endemism, the degree to which the history of recently evolved lineages is spatially restricted, reflects fundamental evolutionary processes such as cryptic divergence, adaptation and biological responses to environmental heterogeneity. Attempts to explain the extraordinary diversity of the tropics, which often includes deep phylogeographic structure, frequently invoke interactions of climate variability across space, time and topography. To evaluate historical versus contemporary drivers of phylogeographic endemism in a tropical system, we analyse the effects of current...

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