47 Works

Fatal and non-fatal events within 14 days after early, intensive mobilization post stroke

Julie Bernhardt, Karen Borschmann, Janice Collier, Amanda Thrift, Peter Langhorne, Sandy Middleton, Richard Lindley, Helen Dewey, Philip Bath, Catherine Said, Leonid Churilov, Fiona Ellery, Christopher Bladin, Christopher Reid, Judith Frayne, Velandai Srikanth, Stephen Read & Geoffrey Donnan
Objective: We examined fatal and non-fatal Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) at 14 days within AVERT. Method: A prospective, parallel group, assessor blinded, randomized international clinical trial comparing very early intensive mobilization training (VEM) with usual care (UC); with follow up to 3 months. Included: Patients with ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke within 24 hours of onset and physiological parameters within set limits. Treatment with thrombolytics allowed. Excluded: Patients with severe premorbid disability and/or comorbidities. Interventions continued...

Concordance to link IUCN Red List Threats to CPC economic sectors

Amanda Irwin
This concordance was used to connect IUCN Red List Threat data to economic sectors, classified according to the UN Statistics Division's Central Product Classification.

Suplementary data 3: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. COVID survey baseline form

Supplementary data 1: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. Box 1. Survey Items and Scoring Scale

Kangaroos display gazing and gaze alternations during an unsolvable problem task

Alan McElligott, Kristine O’Keeffe & Alexandra Green
Domestication is generally assumed to have resulted in enhanced communication abilities between non-primate mammals and humans, although the number of species studied is very limited (e.g. cats, Felis catus; dogs, Canis familiaris; wolves, Canis lupus; goats, Capra hircus; horses, Equus caballus). In species without hands for pointing, gazing at humans when dealing with inaccessible food during an unsolvable task, and in particular gaze alternations between a human and the unsolvable task (considered forms of showing),...

Data from: The global diversity and distribution of lizard clutch sizes

Shai Meiri, Luciano Avila, Aaron Bauer, David Chapple, Indraneil Das, Tiffany Doan, Paul Doughty, Ryan Ellis, Lee Grismer, Fred Kraus, Mariana Morando, Paul Oliver, Daniel Pincheira-Donoso, Marco-Antonio Ribeiro-Junior, Glenn Shea, Omar Torres-Carvajal, Alex Slavenko & Uri Roll
Aim. Clutch size is a key life-history trait. In lizards, it ranges over two orders of magnitude. The global drivers of spatial and phylogenetic variation in clutch have been extensively studied in birds, but such tests in other organisms are lacking. To test the generality of latitudinal gradients in clutch size, and their putative drivers, we present the first global-scale analysis of clutch sizes across of lizard taxa. Location, Global Time period. Recent Major taxa...

Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

Jason Neidleman, Xiaoyu Luo, Julie Frouard, Guorui Xie, Feng Hsiao, Tongcui Ma, Vincent Morcilla, Ashley Lee, Sushama Telwatte, Reuben Thomas, Whitney Tamaki, Benjamin Wheeler, Rebecca Hoh, Ma Somsouk, Poonam Vohra, Jeffrey Milush, Katherine Sholtis James, Nancie Archin, Peter Hunt, Steven Deeks, Steven Yukl, Sarah Palmer, Warner Greene & Nadia Roan
The latent reservoir is a main barrier for curing HIV. But because latently-infected cells cannot be phenotyped directly, the features of the in vivo reservoir have remained elusive. Here, we describe a method that leverages high-dimensional phenotyping using CyTOF to trace latently-infected cells reactivated ex vivo to their original pre-activation states. Our results suggest that contrary to common assumptions, the reservoir is not randomly distributed among cell subsets, and is remarkably conserved between individuals. However,...

Supplementary data 2: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. Table S1. Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours related to COVID-19 in full analysis sample.

Data from: Upgrades of coastal protection infrastructure affect benthic communities

Lea Mamo, Augustine Porter, Alejandro Tagliafico, Melinda Coleman, Stephen Smith, Will Figueira & Brendan Kelaher
Sea level rise, storm surges, aging and wear are forcing upgrades to breakwaters and seawalls to protect coastal areas from erosion and inundation. Such upgrades involve the introduction of new material which may consequently act as an ecological disturbance that can alter established marine communities and ecosystem function. Mitigating ecological impacts requires an understanding of how species assemblages are affected by such works. Here, we use the major upgrade of a regularly wave-overtopped breakwater as...

Data from: Cold and hungry: combined effects of low temperature and resource scarcity on an edge-of-range temperate primate, the golden snub-nose monkey

Rong Hou, Colin A. Chapman, Ollie Jay, Songtao Guo, Baoguo Li & David Raubenheimer
Both biotic and abiotic factors play important roles in influencing ecological distributions and niche limits. Where biotic and abiotic stressors co-occur in space and time, homeostatic systems face a different category of challenge in which stressors compound to impose a challenge that is greater than the sum of the separate factors. We studied the homeostatic strategies of the golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana), a species living in temperate deciduous forests at the edge of the...

Country to country extinction-risk footprint data

Amanda Irwin
This file provides detailed information on the flow of territorial extinction-risk footprint (in the rows) to consumption extinction-risk footprint (in the columns) for 189 countries globally

Firstborn sex defines early childhood growth of subsequent siblings

Anthony Liu, Samuel Schafer, Ralph Nanan, Felicia Sundling & David Raubenheimer
Animal studies have shown that maternal resource allocation can be sex-biased in order to maximize reproductive success, yet this basic concept has not been investigated in humans. In this study we explored the relationships between maternal factors, offspring sex and prenatal and postnatal weight gain. Sex-specific regression models not only indicated that maternal ethnicity impacted male (n = 2456) and female (n = 1871) childrens’ postnatal weight gain differently but also that parity and mode...

Multidisciplinary perspectives and practices of wheelchair prescription for children with neuromuscular conditions

Sarah-Grace Paguinto, Nadine A. Kasparian, Paula Bray & Michelle Farrar
Clinical practice guidelines for paediatric neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) recommend timely provision of wheelchair equipment. The aim of this qualitative study was to understand healthcare professionals’ clinical perspectives and practices when recommending wheelchair equipment for the first time, as well as perceived barriers and enablers to timely wheelchair provision. Twenty-one healthcare professionals (HCPs) from Australia and the United States participated in an interview (response rate: 88%, 16/21 women). Participants were from diverse disciplines, based in hospital...

Using genomics to optimise and evaluate the performance of underwater forest restoration

Georgina Wood, Ezequiel M. Marzinelli, Adriana Verges, Alexandra Campbell, Peter Steinberg & Melinda Coleman
1. Restoration is an emerging intervention to reverse the degradation and loss of marine habitat-formers and the ecosystem services they underpin. Current best practice seeks to restore populations by transplanting donor individuals chosen to replicate genetic diversity and structure of extant, nearby populations. However, genetic characteristics are rarely empirically examined across generations, despite their potential role in influencing restoration success. 2. We used genomics to design a restoration program for lost underwater forests of Phyllospora...

Effects of nutrient limitation on the synthesis of N-rich phytoplankton toxins: a meta-analysis

Karen Brandenburg, Laura Siebers, Joost Keuskamp, Thomas Jephcott & Dedmer Van De Waal
Eutrophication has played a major role in the worldwide increase of harmful algal blooms (HABs). Higher input of key nutrients, such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), can stimulate the growth of harmful algal species in freshwater, estuarine, and coastal marine ecosystems. Some HAB-forming taxa, particularly several cyanobacteria and dinoflagellate species, are harmful through the production of N-rich toxins that have detrimental effects on the environment and human health. Here, we test how changes in...

Data from: Field trials of chemical suppression of embryonic cane toads (Rhinella marina) by older conspecifics

Samantha McCann, Michael Crossland, Matthew Greenlees & Richard Shine
1. Laboratory experiments have shown that the viability of embryos of the invasive cane toad (Rhinella marina) can be reduced by exposure to chemical cues from older conspecific larvae. These effects (very strong in laboratory trials) may offer an exciting new approach to controlling this problematic invasive species in Australia. However, the degree to which the method works in natural environments has yet to be assessed. 2. Our experiments in the laboratory and in semi-natural...

Self-compatible blueberry cultivars require fewer floral visits to maximise fruit production than a partially self-incompatible cultivar

Liam K. Kendall, Vesna Gagic, Lisa Evans, Brian Cutting, Jessica Scalzo, Yolanda Hanusch, Jeremy Jones, Maurizio Rocchetti, Carolyn Sonter, Matthew Keir & Romina Rader
Effective pollination is a complex phenomenon determined by the outcome of the interaction between pollen transfer and a plants’ pollinator dependency, yet most studies investigate pollinator effectiveness without consideration of plant mating system differences. We investigated pollinator effectiveness in three types of blueberry that differed in their degree of pollinator dependency as measured by plant mating system: two self-compatible highbush cultivars and one partially self-incompatible rabbiteye cultivar. We quantified pollinator effectiveness as a function of...

Claims Submitted to the Multilateral Development Bank Accountability Mechanisms – 1994-2020

Susan Park
The dataset represents a summary depiction of grievance cases brought to the Accountability Mechanisms (AMs) of the six Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) from 1994 to 2018: The Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the World Bank (IBRD/IDA) and the World Bank Group (IFC and MIGA). These Accountability Mechanisms were created to enable people adversely or potentially adversely affected by a project or program...

Mixing genetically differentiated populations successfully boosts diversity of an endangered carnivore

Elspeth A. McLennan, Catherine E. Grueber, Phil Wise, Katherine Belov & Carolyn J. Hogg
Biodiversity decline and genetic erosion are among the most challenging conservation issues. Genetic admixture, the mixing of two or more genetically differentiated populations, can increase genetic diversity of admixed individuals. However, genetic admixture for conservation purposes is rare due to concerns over outbreeding depression, loss of local adaptations and scepticism regarding the benefits of mixing populations. We used an introduced population of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) descended from two genetically differentiated source populations to illustrate...

Prey-switching does not protect a generalist turtle from bioenergetic consequences when its preferred food is scarce

James Van Dyke, Kristen Petrov, Ricky-John Spencer, Natasha Malkiewicz, Jessica Lewis & Claudia Keitel
Background: Optimal foraging theory explains how animals make foraging decisions based on the availability, nutritional content, and handling times of different food types. Generalists solve this problem by consuming a variety of food types, and switch between them with relative ease. Specialists eat few food types, and may starve if those food types are not available. We integrated stable isotope analyses with previously-published stomach contents and environmental data to investigate how the foraging ecologies of...

Data from: Development and validation of a RAD-Seq target-capture based genotyping assay for routine application in advanced black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) breeding programs

Jarrod L. Guppy, David B. Jones, Shannon R. Kjeldsen, Agnes Le Port, Mehar S. Khatkar, Nicholas M. Wade, Melony J. Sellars, Eike J. Steinig, Herman W. Raadsma, Dean R. Jerry & Kyall R. Zenger
Background The development of genome-wide genotyping resources has provided terrestrial livestock and crop industries with the unique ability to accurately assess genomic relationships between individuals, uncover the genetic architecture of commercial traits, as well as identify superior individuals for selection based on their specific genetic profile. Utilising recent advancements in de-novo genome-wide genotyping technologies, it is now possible to provide aquaculture industries with these same important genotyping resources, even in the absence of existing genome...

Rural and metro free-text raw data from the DaPPHne study

Jo Longman & Megan Passey

Registration Year

  • 2020
    47

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    47

Affiliations

  • University of Sydney
    42
  • The University of Sydney
    5
  • Northwestern University
    3
  • University of Queensland
    3
  • Fudan University
    3
  • Southern Cross University
    2
  • University of Washington
    2
  • George Washington University
    2
  • Northwest University
    2
  • Macquarie University
    2