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Knowledge, skills and barriers to evidence-based practice and the impact of a flipped classroom training program for physical therapists: an observational study

Leora Harrison, David Wong, Alison R Harmer & Matthew Jennings
Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, skills and barriers to evidence-based practice and the impact of evidence-based practice training for physical therapy clinicians. Methods: Physical therapists from a health district in Sydney, Australia were invited to participate. The primary outcome was the Assessing Competency in Evidence-based Medicine scale (range 0-15; 15 is high knowledge and skill) to quantify knowledge and skills. The secondary outcomes were the four subscales of the BARRIERS scale (range 1-4; 4 is...

Secondary predation constrains DNA-based diet reconstruction in two threatened shark species

Mark De Bruyn, Matteo Barbato, Joseph D. DiBattista & Matt K. Broadhurst
Increasing fishing effort, including bycatch and discard practices, are impacting marine biodiversity, particularly among slow-to-reproduce taxa such as elasmobranchs, and specifically sharks. While some fisheries involving sharks are sustainably managed, collateral mortalities continue, contributing towards > 35% of species being threatened with extinction. To effectively manage shark stocks, life-history information, including resource use and feeding ecologies is pivotal, especially among those species with wide-ranging distributions. Two cosmopolitan sharks bycaught off eastern Australia are the common...

Spatially exlicit capture histories for small mammals and predators in a Tasmanian forest system

Billie Lazenby, Nicholas Mooney & Christopher Dickman
The following data represents three years of capture-recapure records from individually marked co-occurring small mammals and predators from four spatially independent sites situated in cool temperate forests in southern Tasmania, Australia. Data for small mammals was collected for the swamp rat, Rattus lutreolus, and long-tailed mouse, Pseudomys higginsi, using Elliott small mammal live capture and release traps. Data for predators was collected for the Tasmanian devil, Sarcophilus harrisii, and feral cat, Felis catus, using remote...

Exercise training has morph-specific effects on telomere, body condition and growth dynamics in a color-polymorphic lizard

Christopher Friesen, Wilson Wilson, Nicky Rollings, Joanna Sudyka, Mathieu Giraudeau, Camilla Whittington & Mats Olsson
Alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) are correlated suites of sexually selected traits that are likely to impose differential physiological costs on different individuals. While moderate activity might be beneficial, animals living in the wild often work at the margins of their resources and performance limits. Individuals using ARTs may have divergent capacities for activity. When pushed beyond their respective capacities, they may experience condition loss, oxidative stress, and molecular damage that must be repaired with limited...

2020 NRAUS Australia New Zealand Food Category Cost Dataset

Michelle Blumfield, Carlene Starck, Tim Keighley, Peter Petocz, Anna Roesler, Elif Inan-Eroglu, Tim Cassettari, Skye Marshall & Flavia Fayet-Moore
This Australian and New Zealand food category cost dataset was created to inform diet and economic modelling for low and medium socioeconomic households in Australia and New Zealand. The dataset was created according to the INFORMAS protocol, which details the methods to systematically and consistently collect and analyse information on the price of foods, meals and affordability of diets in different countries globally. Food categories were informed by the Food Standards Australian New Zealand (FSANZ)...

Re-allocation of nitrogen and phosphorus from roots drives regrowth of grasses and sedges after defoliation under deficit irrigation and nitrogen enrichment

Ruzhen Wang, Tom Cresswell, Mathew Johansen, Jennifer Harrison, Yong Jiang, Claudia Keitel, Timothy Cavagnaro & Feike Dijkstra
1. Re-allocation of nutrients from roots to shoots is essential for plant regrowth in grasslands, particularly in nutrient-poor conditions. However, the response of root nutrient re-allocation to changes in nitrogen (N) and water availability remains largely unknown. 2. Using a novel 15N and 32P labelling technique, we quantified the contribution of N and phosphorus (P) to shoot regrowth from either root re-allocation or direct soil uptake for perennial grasses exposed to high-frequency deficit irrigation (HFDI)...

Supplementary material for: Phylogenomic analysis of ultraconserved elements reveals the recent evolutionary radiation of the fairy wrasses (Teleostei: Labridae: Cirrhilabrus)

Yi-Kai Tea, Xin Xu, Joseph DiBattista, Nathan Lo, Peter Cowman & Simon Ho
The fairy wrasses (genus Cirrhilabrus) are among the most captivating and successful of the extant wrasse lineages (Teleostei: Labridae), with their 61 species accounting for nearly 10% of the family. Although species complexes within the genus have been diagnosed on the basis of coloration patterns and synapomorphies, attempts to resolve the evolutionary relationships using molecular and morphological data have largely been unsuccessful. Here we use a phylogenomic analysis of 991 ultraconserved elements (UCEs) and mitochondrial...

Nitrogen enrichment buffers phosphorus limitation by mobilizing mineral-bound soil phosphorus in grasslands

Ruzhen Wang, Junjie Yang, Heyong Liu, Jordi Sardans, Yunhai Zhang, Xiaobo Wang, Cunzheng Wei, Xiaotao Lü, Feike Dijkstra, Yong Jiang, Xingguo Han & Josep Peñuelas
Phosphorus (P) limitation is expected to increase due to nitrogen (N)-induced terrestrial eutrophication, although most soils contain large P pools immobilized in minerals (Pi) and organic matter (Po). Here we assessed whether transformations of these P pools can increase plant available pools alleviating P limitation under enhanced N availability. The mechanisms underlying these possible transformations were explored by combining results from a 10-year field N-addition experiment and a 3700-km transect covering wide ranges in soil...

Single molecule tracking videos: SOX18 and its dominant-negative mutant SOX18RaOp

Alex McCann, Jieqiong Lou, Mehdi Moustaqil, Matthew Graus, Ailisa Blum, Frank Fontaine, Hui Liu, Winnie Luu, Peter Koopman, Emma Sierecki, Yann Gambin, Frédéric Meunier, Zhe Liu, Elizabeth Hinde & Mathias Francois
Few genetically dominant mutations involved in human disease have been fully explained at the molecular level. In cases where the mutant gene encodes a transcription factor, the dominant-negative mode of action of the mutant protein is particularly poorly understood. Here, we studied the genome-wide mechanism underlying a dominant-negative form of the SOX18 transcription factor (SOX18RaOp) responsible for both the classical mouse mutant Ragged Opossum and the human genetic disorder Hypotrichosis-Lymphedema-Telangiectasia-Renal Syndrome. Combining three single-molecule imaging...

Data from: Dingoes dining with death

Thomas Newsome & Emma Spencer
Dingoes (Canis dingo) are known for hunting and killing animals to meet their energetic requirements, but like almost all predators they also scavenge animal remains. To improve our understanding of dingo scavenging ecology, we investigated the role of abiotic and biotic factors in shaping carcass utilisation by dingoes and further determined whether dingo scavenging influenced carcass persistence in the landscape. To do so, we monitored visitation and scavenging by dingoes using remote cameras positioned on...

Dataset for 'Urban children's connections to nature and environmental behaviours differ with age and gender'

Ryan Keith, Lisa Given, John Martin & Dieter Hochuli

Llara subsoil constraint prediction dataset

Patrick Filippi & Brett Whelan
This dataset holds covariate data that was used for predicting subsoil constraints across the University of Sydney farm "Llara", Narrabri, NSW Australia. It includes terrain attributes, gamma radiometrics from an aerial survey and the 5th and 50th centile Landsat NDVI calculated from a 20 year assessment.

Antipredator responses towards cat fur in wild brown rats tested in a semi-natural environment

Miguel Bedoya-Perez, Anna Le, Iain McGregor & Mathew Crowther
Sensitivity to predator-related cues and performance of antipredator behaviors are universal among prey species. Rodents exhibit a diverse suite of antipredator behaviors that have been examined in both field and laboratory studies. However, the results from the laboratory have not always translated to the field. While laboratory studies consistently indicate strong fear-inducing effects of cat fur/skin odors, it is unclear whether this occurs in the field with wild rats. To address this issue, we tested...

Bisulfite sequencing (RRBS-seq): CpG methylation reports for Australian invasive cane toads

Roshmi Rekha Sarma, Michael R Crossland, Harrison J.F Eyck, Jayna L DeVore, Richard J Edwards, Michael Cocomazzo, Jia Zhou, Gregory P Brown, Richard Shine & Lee Ann Rollins
In response to novel environments, invasive populations often evolve rapidly. Standing genetic variation is an important predictor of evolutionary response but epigenetic variation may also play a role. Here we use an iconic invader, the cane toad (Rhinella marina), to investigate how manipulating epigenetic status affects phenotypic traits. We collected wild toads from across Australia, bred them, and experimentally manipulated DNA methylation of the subsequent two generations (G1, G2) through exposure to the DNA methylation...

SNP genotyping of North Head and northern Sydney Long-nosed bandicoots (Perameles nasuta)

Holly Nelson, Greta Frankham, Viyanna Leo, Jennifer Anson, Mark Eldridge & Mark De Bruyn
Wildlife species impacted by habitat loss and fragmentation often require conservation efforts to maintain populations. Long-nosed bandicoots (Perameles nasuta) still persist within the highly urbanised matrix of northern Sydney (Australia). These data are from a conservation genetics project investigating population structure and genetic diversity of the North Head Long-nosed bandicoot (Perameles nasuta) population and individuals from surrounding suburbs throughout northern Sydney. The population at North Head, Sydney, is currently listed as an Endangered population due...

Data for: A novel function of banded stripes to prevent cannibalism in snake-eating snakes

Nicholas Wu, Juan Lei & Zhengwang Zhang
Colour pattern are widespread in the animal kingdom and have various functions that play key roles in many ecological interactions. We present a novel function for the evolution of banded stripes in preventing cannibalism in snakes that feed on other snakes—ophiophagy. We first examined the phylogenetic relationship between ophiophagy and banded stripes by categorising pattern types and known diet of 3,568 snake species. We then conducted a series of behavioural predation experiments with California kingsnake...

Self-organization and information transfer in Antarctic krill swarms

Ashley Ward, Alicia Burns, Timothy Schaerf, Joseph Lizier, So Kawaguchi, Martin Cox, Rob King & Jens Krause
Antarctic krill swarms are one of the largest known animal aggregations, and yet, despite being the keystone species of the Southern Ocean, little is known about how swarms are formed and maintained. Understanding the local interactions between individuals that provide the basis for these swarms is fundamental to knowing how swarms arise in nature, and what potential factors might lead to their breakdown. Here we analyzed the trajectories of captive, wild-caught krill in 3D to...

Non-adaptive molecular evolution of seminal fluid proteins in drosophila

Alberto Civetta, Bahar Patlar, Vivek Jayaswal & Jose Ranz
Seminal fluid proteins (SFPs) are a group of reproductive proteins that are amongst the most evolutionarily divergent known. As SFPs can impact male and female fitness, these proteins have been proposed to evolve under post-copulatory sexual selection (PCSS). However, the fast change of the SFPs can also result from non-adaptive evolution, and the extent to which selective constraints prevent SFPs rapid evolution remains unknown. Using intra- and interspecific sequence information, along with genomics and functional...

Erosion of bed materials in lab-scale flume experiments of dry glass beads

Eranga Dulanjalee, François Guillard, James Baker, Itai Einav & Benjy Marks
A set of dynamic radiographs of the flow of glass beads over an erodible bed. The data has been recorded from one or two directions, and for eight separate experiments, each with different combinations of grain size in the flowing and erodible material.

Claims Submitted to the Multilateral Development Bank Accountability Mechanisms – 1994-2021

Susan Park
Version 3.0 – data compiled between April 2016 and December 10 2021 The dataset represents a summary depiction of grievance cases brought to the Accountability Mechanisms (AMs) of the six Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) from 1994 to 2018: The Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the World Bank (IBRD/IDA) and the World Bank Group (IFC and MIGA). These Accountability Mechanisms were created to...

Dataset for \"The Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) has better free full-text access than PubMed: an observational study\"

Anne Moseley
This is the dataset for the article: Moseley AM, Fernández Hernando D, Saragiotto BT, Sharma S, Maharjan E, Elkins MR The Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) has better free full-text access than PubMed: an observational study Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy; accepted for publication on 27 December 2021

A fossil-calibrated time-tree of all Australian freshwater fishes

Amy Tims, Simon Ho & Peter Unmack
Australian freshwater fishes are a relatively species-poor assemblage, comprising a small number of Gondwanan lineages and a number of groups derived from repeated freshwater invasions by marine ancestors. In addition to being a comparatively small assemblage, they are both highly endemic and highly threatened. However, a comprehensive phylogeny for these taxa is lacking, which has hampered efforts to study their phylogenetic diversity, distribution of extinction risk, speciation rate, and rates of trait evolution. Here, we...

Data from: First evidence of deviation from Mendelian proportions in a conservation program

Catherine Grueber, Katherine Farquharson, Belinda Wright, Graham Wallis, Carolyn J. Hogg & Katherine Belov
Classic Mendelian inheritance is the bedrock of population genetics and underpins pedigree-based management of animal populations. However, assumptions of Mendelian inheritance might not be upheld in conservation breeding programs if early viability selection occurs, even when efforts are made to equalise genetic contributions of breeders. To test this possibility, we investigated deviations from Mendelian proportions in a captive meta-population of the endangered Tasmanian devil. This marsupial population is ideal for addressing evolutionary questions in conservation...

AMS dates and Neolithic cereal measurements from the Kashmir Prehistory Project

Michael Spate, Mumtaz Yatoo & Alison Betts
The Kashmir Valley is understood to be an important centre of early agriculture in the Western Himalayas. Direct dates of prehistoric cereal remains indicate the valley as a likely route of transmission of agricultural systems between South, Central and East Asia. The movement of these crops into novel mountain environments may have exerted environmental stresses influencing the morphology of cereal crops. This dataset presents AMS dates and measurements of carbonised cereal remains from prehistoric sites...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    55

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    55

Affiliations

  • University of Sydney
    55
  • Macquarie University
    6
  • UNSW Sydney
    6
  • University of Queensland
    3
  • University of Melbourne
    3
  • University of Wollongong
    2
  • Janelia Farm Research Campus
    2
  • Australian Museum
    2
  • University of Technology Sydney
    2
  • New South Wales Department of Primary Industries
    2