46 Works

Genetic admixture despite ecological segregation in a North African sparrow hybrid zone (Aves, Passeriformes, Passer domesticus x Passer hispaniolensis)

Martin Päckert, Abdelkrim Belkacem, Hannes Wolfgramm, Oliver Gast, David Canal, Gabriele Giacalone, Mario Lo Valvo, Melita Vamberger, Michael Wink, Jochen Martens & Heiko Stuckas
Under different environmental conditions hybridization between the same species might result in different patterns of genetic admixture. Particularly, species pairs with large distribution ranges and long evolutionary history may have experienced several independent hybridization events over time in different zones of overlap. In birds, the diverse hybrid populations of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) and the Spanish sparrow (P. hispaniolensis) provide a striking example. Throughout their range of sympatry, these two species do not regularly...

A little damping goes a long way: code and data

Steve Heim, Matthew Millard, Charlotte Le Mouel & Alexander Badri-Spröwitz
It is currently unclear if damping plays a functional role in legged locomotion, and simple models often do not include damping terms. We present a new model with a damping term that is isolated from other parameters: that is, the damping term can be adjusted without retuning other model parameters for nominal motion. We systematically compare how increased damping affects stability in the face of unexpected ground-height perturbations. Unlike most studies, we focus on task-level...

European soil seed bank communities across a climate and land-cover gradient

Jan Plue, Hans Van Calster, Inger Auestad, Sofia Basto, Reneé M. Bekker, Hans Henrik Bruun, Richard Chevalier, Guillaume Decocq, Ulf Grandin, Martin Hermy, Hans Jacquemyn, Anna Jakobsson, Rein Kalamees, Rob H. Marrs, Bryndis Marteinsdóttir, Per Milberg, Robin J. Pakeman, Gareth Phoenix, Ken Thompson, Vigdis Vandvik, Markus Wagner, Sara A.O. Cousins, Ove Eriksson, Jamshid Ghorbani, Małgorzata Jankowska-Błaszczuk … & Alistair G. Auffret
This is the data set used for the publication Buffering effects of soil seed banks on plant community composition in response to land use and climate, published in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography. Aim. Climate and land use are key determinants of biodiversity, with past and ongoing changes posing serious threats to global ecosystems. Unlike most other organism groups, plant species can possess dormant life-history stages such as soil seed banks, which may help...

Chironomid assemblages and inferred summer temperature, late Rissian, Eemian and earliest Würmian, S Germany

Alex Bolland, Oliver Kern, Andreas Koutsodendris, Jörg Pross & Oliver Heiri
The data herein presents a new chironomid record and associated chironomid-based temperature reconstruction covering the mid Eemian to the end of the first Würmian stadial (ca. 125–105 ka), augmented by results for the late Rissian glaciation and the early Brörup interstadial from the Füramoos palaeolake, southern Germany. There is an unconformity in the sediment core analysed between the late Rissian sediments and the mid Eemian sediments. These data also include non-chironomid invertebrate remains, including Ceratopogonidae,...

Data from: Single-molecule imaging and quantification of the immune-variant adhesin VAR2CSA on knobs of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes

Cecilia P. Sanchez, Christos Karathanasis, Rodrigo Sanchez, Marek Cyrklaff, Julia Jäger, Bernd Buchholz, Ulrich S. Schwarz, Mike Heilemann & Michael Lanzer
PfEMP1 (erythrocyte membrane protein 1) adhesins play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of falciparum malaria, by mediating sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes in the microvasculature. PfEMP1 variants are expressed by var genes and are presented on membrane elevations, termed knobs. However, the organization of PfEMP1 on knobs is largely unclear. Here, we use super-resolution microscopy and genetically altered parasites expressing a modified var2csa gene in which the coding sequence of the photoactivatable mEOS2 was...

Data from: Frequency and characteristics of MODY 1 (HNF4A mutation) and MODY 5 (HNF1B mutation) - Analysis from the DPV database

Katharina Warncke, Sebastian Kummer, Klemens Raile, Jürgen Grulich-Henn, Joachim Woelfle, Elisabeth Steichen, Nicole Prinz & Reinhard W. Holl
Objective. To characterize initial presentation and clinical course of patients with hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 4A- and HNF1B-MODY in a multinational registry. Design, setting and participants. Within the Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) registry, 44 patients with HNF4A- and 35 patients with HNF1B-MODY were characterized and compared with patients < 20years old with type 1 diabetes (T1D)/type 2 diabetes (T2D). Main outcome measure. Clinical and laboratory parameters, therapy, metabolic control, and extrapancreatic symptoms in patients with...

Data from: Out of the Mediterranean? post-glacial colonisation pathways varied among cold-water coral species

Joana Boavida, Ronan Becheler, Marvin Choquet, Norbert Frank, Marco Taviani, Jean-Francois Bourillet, Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Anthony Grehan, Alessandra Savini & Sophie Arnaud-Haond
Aim. To infer cold-water corals' post-glacial phylogeography and assess the role of Mediterranean Sea glacial refugia as origins for the recolonisation of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Location. Northeastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Taxon. Lophelia pertusa, Madrepora oculata. Methods. We sampled cold-water corals using remotely operated vehicles and one sediment core for coral and sediment dating. We characterized spatial genetic patterns (microsatellites and a nuclear gene fragment) using networks, clustering and measures of genetic differentiation....

Data from: Are the radiations of temperate lineages in tropical alpine ecosystems pre-adapted?

Nicolai M. Nürk, Florian Michling & Hans Peter Linder
Aim: Tropical mountains around the world harbour an extraordinarily rich pool of plant species and are hotspots of biodiversity. Climatically, they can be zoned into montane climates at mid-altitudes and tropical alpine climates above the tree line. Around half of the tropical alpine species belong to plant lineages with a temperate ancestry, although these regions are often geographically distant. We test the hypothesis that these temperate lineages are pre-adapted to the tropical alpine climate. Location:...

Data from: Mining microsatellite markers from public expressed sequence tags databases for the study of threatened plants

Lua Lopez, Rodolfo Barreiro, Markus Fischer & Marcus A. Koch
Background: Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) are widely used in population genetic studies but their classical development is costly and time-consuming. The ever-increasing available DNA datasets generated by high-throughput techniques offer an inexpensive alternative for SSRs discovery. Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) have been widely used as SSR source for plants of economic relevance but their application to non-model species is still modest. Methods: Here, we explored the use of publicly available ESTs (GenBank at the National...

Data from: Taming the wild: resolving the gene pools of non-model Arabidopsis lineages

Nora Hohmann, Roswitha Schmickl, Tzen-Yuh Chiang, Magdalena Lučanová, Filip Kolář, Karol Marhold & Marcus A. Koch
Background: Wild relatives in the genus Arabidopsis are recognized as useful model systems to study traits and evolutionary processes in outcrossing species, which are often difficult or even impossible to investigate in the selfing and annual Arabidopsis thaliana. However, Arabidopsis as a genus is littered with sub-species and ecotypes which make realizing the potential of these non-model Arabidopsis lineages problematic. There are relatively few evolutionary studies which comprehensively characterize the gene pools across all of...

Data from: Resting-state gamma-band power alterations in schizophrenia reveal E/I-balance abnormalities across illness-stages

Tineke Grent-'T-Jong, Joachim Gross, Jozien Goense, Michael Wibral, Ruchika Gajwani, Andrew I. Gumley, Stephen M. Lawrie, Matthias Schwannauer, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Tobias Navarro Schröder, Dagmar Koethe, F. Markus Leweke, Wolf Singer & Peter J. Uhlhaas
We examined alterations in E/I-balance in schizophrenia (ScZ) through measurements of resting-state gamma-band activity in participants meeting clinical high-risk (CHR) criteria (n = 88), 21 first episode (FEP) patients and 34 chronic ScZ-patients. Furthermore, MRS-data were obtained in CHR-participants and matched controls. Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) resting-state activity was examined at source level and MEG-data were correlated with neuropsychological scores and clinical symptoms. CHR-participants were characterized by increased 64–90 Hz power. In contrast, FEP- and ScZ-patients showed...

Data from: How weather instead of urbanity measures affects song trait variability in three European passerine bird species

Julia E. Schäfer, Marcel M. Janocha, Sebastian Klaus & Dieter Thomas Tietze
Previous studies detected an influence of urban characteristics on song traits in passerine birds, that is, song adjustments to ambient noise in urban areas. Several studies already described the effect of weather conditions on the behavior of birds, but not the effect on song traits. We investigate, if song trait variability changes along a continuous urbanity gradient in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. We examined, for the first time on a larger scale, the influence of...

Knowledge and attitude of infection prevention and control practices among health care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19

Eman H. Elsebaie, Amany A. Salem, Amal S. Sedrak, Ahmed Ayad, Bassante A. El Razik, Sahar A. Ahmed & Noha M Abu Bakr Elsaid
Background: COVID-19 pandemic is growing rapidly, accounting for an increasing proportion of cases worldwide. Infection in healthcare facilities enhances very likely the local outbreaks, impacting mainly the elderly and vulnerable populations. All activities used to minimize the risk of infection spread are referred to as infection control measures. Therefore, this study aimed to; determine the proportion of SARS-COV2 infection among heath care workers (HCWs) caring for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, assess their knowledge...

Toba Caldera geochronological and modelling dataset

Adonara Mucek, Martin Danisik, Shanaka De Silva, Daniel Miggins, Axel Schmitt, Indyo Pratomo, Anthony Koppers & Jack Gillespie
Bayesian statistical analysis and inverse thermal history modeling of feldspar 40Ar/39Ar and zircon (U-Th)/He ages reveal that post-caldera dome eruptions at Toba Caldera, Sumatra occurred up to ca. 13.6 kyr later than indicated by 40Ar/39Ar feldspar ages. This discordance implies cold storage of feldspar antecrysts prior to eruption for a maximum duration of ca. 5 and 13 kyr at between 280°C and 500°C. These findings connote that the solidified carapace of remnant magma after the...

Data from: Identification, visualization and clonal analysis of intestinal stem cells in fish

Narges Aghaallaei, Franziska Gruhl, Colin Q. Schaefer, Tobias Wernet, Venera Weinhardt, Lázaro Centanin, Felix Loosli, Tilo Baumbach & Joachim Wittbrodt
Recently, a stochastic model of symmetrical stem cell division followed by neutral drift has been proposed for intestinal stem cells (ISCs). This division mode has been suggested to represent the predominant mode of stem cell progression in mammals. In contrast, stem cells in the retina of teleost fish show a preferential asymmetric division mode. To address whether the mode of stem cell division is following phylogenetic or ontogenetic routes we characterized and analysed the entire...

Data from: A multilocus molecular phylogeny for the avian genus Liocichla (Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae: Liocichla)

Herman L. Mays, Bailey D. McKay, Dieter Thomas Tietze, Cheng-Te Yao, Lindsey N. Miller, Kathleen N. Moreland & Fumin Lei
Background: Historically the babblers have been assigned to the family Timaliidae but several recent studies have attempted to rest the taxonomy of this diverse passerine assemblage on a more firm evolutionary footing. The result has been a major rearrangement of the group. A well-supported and comprehensive phylogeny for this widespread avian group is an important part of testing evolutionary and biogeographic hypotheses, especially in Asia where the babblers are a key component of many forest...

Data from: Molecular resources from transcriptomes in the Brassicaceae family

Lua Lopez, Eva M. Wolf, J. Chris Pires, Patrick P. Edger & Marcus A. Koch
The rapidly falling costs and the increasing availability of large DNA sequence data sets facilitate the fast and affordable mining of large molecular markers data sets for comprehensive evolutionary studies. The Brassicaceae (mustards) are an important species-rich family in the plant kingdom with taxa distributed worldwide and a complex evolutionary history. We performed Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) mining using de novo assembled transcriptomes from 19 species across the Brassicaceae in order to study SSR evolution...

Data from: Brassicales phylogeny inferred from 72 plastid genes: a reanalysis of the phylogenetic localization of two paleopolyploid events and origin of novel chemical defenses

Patrick P. Edger, Jocelyn C. Hall, Alex Harkess, Michelle Tang, Jill Coombs, Setareh Mohammadin, M. Eric Schranz, Zhiyong Xiong, James Leebens-Mack, Blake C. Meyers, Kenneth J. Systma, Marcus A. Koch, Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, J. Chris Pires & Kenneth J. Sytsma
PREMISE OF THE STUDY - Previous phylogenetic studies employing molecular markers have yielded various insights into the evolutionary history across Brassicales, but many relationships between families remain poorly supported or unresolved. A recent phylotranscriptomic approach utilizing 1155 nuclear markers obtained robust estimates for relationships among 14 of 17 families. Here we report a complete family‐level phylogeny estimated using the plastid genome. METHODS - We conducted phylogenetic analyses on a concatenated data set comprising 44,926 bp...

Data from: Rapid morphological changes, admixture and invasive success in populations of Ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula krameri) established in Europe

Ariane Le Gros, Sarah Samadi, Dario Zuccon, Raphaël Cornette, Michael P. Braun, Juan Carlos Senar & Philippe Clergeau
The Ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri), native of Asia and Africa, is a very successful invasive species in Europe: it has been present there for over 50 years. A recent study showed that European invasive populations occupy a colder climatic niche than in their native range but the establishment of this tropical species in temperate regions remains unexplained. Two main hypotheses may explain the success of Ring-necked parakeet in Europe: admixture between individuals from different origins...

Data from: Sex-specific life history affected by stocking in juvenile brown trout

Hugo Palejowski, Jonas Bylemans, Victor Ammann, Lucas Marques Da Cunha, David Nusbaumer, Isabelle Castro, Anshu Uppal, Kenyon B. Mobley, Susanne Knörr & Claus Wedekind
Salmonids are a socioeconomically and ecologically important group of fish that are often managed by stocking. Little is known about potential sex-specific effects of stocking, but recent studies found that the sexes differ in their stress tolerances already at late embryonic stage, i.e., before hatchery-born larvae are released into the wild and long before morphological gonad formation. It has also been speculated that sex-specific life histories can affect juvenile growth and mortality, and that a...

Fluorescent Nanozeolite Receptors for the Highly Selective and Sensitive Detection of Neurotransmitters in Water and Biofluids

Laura Marie Grimm, Stephan Sinn, Marjan Krstić, Elisa D'Este, Ivo Sonntag, Eko Adi Prasetyanto, Thomas Kuner, Wolfgang Wenzel, Luisa De Cola & Frank Biedermann

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Affiliations

  • Heidelberg University
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