71 Works

GCM-based monthly patterns of local meteorological change, per degree of mean land warming, for driving the IMOGEN impacts model

P. Zelazowski, C. Huntingford, L.M. Mercado & N. Schaller
This dataset consists of monthly spatial patterns of meteorological change for 22 Global Circulation Models (GCMs). The patterns are a set of regression coefficients, each representing the change per degree of mean global warming over land, for the corresponding meteorological variable. The meteorological variables analysed for each GCM include: surface temperature change per degree global warming (K/K); surface relative humidity change per degree global warming (%/K); wind change per degree global warming (m/s/K); longwave change...

Data from: Predicting bird phenology from space: satellite-derived vegetation green-up signal uncovers spatial variation in phenological synchrony between birds and their environment

Ella F. Cole, Peter R. Long, Przemyslaw Zelazowski, Marta Szulkin & Ben C. Sheldon
Population-level studies of how tit species (Parus spp.) track the changing phenology of their caterpillar food source have provided a model system allowing inference into how populations can adjust to changing climates, but are often limited because they implicitly assume all individuals experience similar environments. Ecologists are increasingly using satellite-derived data to quantify aspects of animals' environments, but so far studies examining phenology have generally done so at large spatial scales. Considering the scale at...

Data from: Wolves at the crossroad: fission-fusion range biogeography in the Western Carpathians and Central Europe

Pavel Hulva, Barbora Černá Bolfíková, Vendula Woznicová, Milena Jindřichová, Markéta Benešová, Robert W. Myslajek, Sabina Nowak, Maciej Szewczyk, Natalia Niedzwiecka, Michał Figura, Andrea Hájková, Atilla D. Sándor, Vladimír Zyka, Dušan Romportl, Miroslav Kutal, Slavomír Finďo & Vladimír Antal
Aim: Population fragmentation represents a leitmotif of conservation biology, but the impact of population reconnection is less well studied. The recent recolonization of large carnivores in Europe is a good model for studying this phenomenon. We aim to show novel data regarding distribution and population genetic structure of the grey wolf in Central Europe, a region considered a frequent crossroad and contact zone of different phylogeographic lineages, in a biogeographic context. Location: Western Carpathians, Central...

Data from: Great tits and the city: distribution of genomic diversity and gene-environment associations along an urbanization gradient

Charles Perrier, Ana Lozano Del Campo, Marta Szulkin, Virginie Demeyrier, Arnaud Gregoire & Anne Charmantier
Urbanization is a growing concern challenging the evolutionary potential of wild populations by reducing genetic diversity and imposing new selection regimes affecting many key fitness traits. However, genomic footprints of urbanization have received little attention so far. Using RAD sequencing, we investigated the genome-wide effects of urbanization on neutral and adaptive genomic diversity in 140 adult great tits Parus major collected in locations with contrasted urbanization levels (from a natural forest to highly urbanized areas...

Data from: An exceptionally preserved Jurassic skink suggests lizard diversification preceded fragmentation of Pangaea

Mateusz Tałanda
The present distribution of lizards is usually explained as a result of relatively recent global events, i.e. faunal turnovers or exchanges within and between particular continents mostly connected with glaciations and land-bridges. However, today’s disjunct distribution of the North American Xantusiidae and African Cordyliformes (close relatives of skinks) does not fit generally accepted biogeographic patterns. A new exquisitely preserved specimen of the Late Jurassic lizard Ardeosaurus brevipes from the Solnhofen area, Germany sheds some light...

Data from: Long term effects of superoxide and DNA repair on lizard telomeres

Mats Olsson, Christopher R. Friesen, Nicky Rollings, Joanna Sudyka, Willow Lindsay, Camilla M. Whittington & Mark Wilson
Telomeres are the non-coding protein-nucleotide ‘caps’ at chromosome ends that contribute to chromosomal stability by protecting the coding parts of the linear DNA from shortening at cell division, and from erosion by reactive molecules. Recently, there has been some controversy between molecular and cell biologists, on the one hand, and evolutionary ecologists on the other, regarding whether reactive molecules erode telomeres during oxidative stress. Many studies of biochemistry and medicine have verified these relationships in...

Global gradients in intraspecific variation in vegetative and floral traits are partially associated with climate and species richness

Jonas Kuppler, Cécile H. Albert, Gregory M. Ames, W. Scott Armbruster, Gerhard Boenisch, Florian C. Boucher, Diane R. Campbell, Liedson T. Carneiro, Eduardo Chacón-Madrigal, Brian J. Enquist, Carlos R. Fonseca, José M. Gómez, Antoine Guisan, Pedro Higuchi, Dirk N. Karger, Jens Kattge, Michael Kleyer, Nathan J. B. Kraft, Anne-Amélie C. Larue-Kontić, Amparo Lázaro, Martin Lechleitner, Deirdre Loughnan, Vanessa Minden, Ülo Niinemets, Gerhard E. Overbeck … & Robert R. Junker
Aim Intraspecific trait variation (ITV) within natural plant communities can be large, influencing local ecological processes and dynamics. Here, we shed light on how ITV in vegetative and floral traits responds to large-scale abiotic and biotic gradients (i.e. climate and species richness). Specifically, we tested if associations of ITV with temperature, precipitation and species richness were consistent with any of from four hypotheses relating to stress-tolerance and competition. Furthermore, we estimated the degree of correlation...

Growing in the city: urban evolutionary ecology of avian growth rates.

Michela Corsini, Eva Maria Schöll & Marta Szulkin
Rapid environmental change driven by urbanisation offers a unique insight into the adaptive potential of wildlife as it can induce distinct selective pressures on urban dwelling organisms. Despite mounting evidence for urban-driven phenotypic differentiation across taxa, knowledge of the impact of urbanisation on vertebrate developmental rates and subsequent survival is very limited. Importantly, the role of selection on urban-driven body mass divergence in juvenile organisms remains poorly understood. We studied nestling development in a gradient...

Data from: Potentially peat-forming biomass of fen sedges increases with increasing nutrient levels

Tjorven Hinzke, Guixiang Li, Franziska Tanneberger, Elke Seeber, Camiel Aggenbach, Jelena Lange, Łukasz Kozub, Klaus-Holger Knorr, Juergen Kreyling & Wiktor Kotowski
Peat formation is a key carbon sequestration process in the terrestrial biosphere. In temperate fens, peat is mainly formed by below-ground biomass of vascular plants. Nutrient availability in temperate fens is naturally variable, and nowadays increasing due to atmospheric deposition, runoff from agriculture, and mineralization of peat caused by drainage. To maintain or restore peat formation, it is important to understand how increased nutrient availability influences the main controls of peat formation, i.e., below-ground biomass...

Data from: Within-species trait variation can lead to size limitations in seed dispersal of small-fruited plants

Finn Rehling, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Leonie Braasch, Jörg Albrecht, Pedro Jordano, Jan Schlautmann, Nina Farwig & Dana Schabo
The inability of small-gaped animals to consume very large fruits may limit seed dispersal of the respective plants. This has often been shown for large-fruited plant species that remain poorly dispersed when large-gaped animal species are lost due to anthropogenic pressure. Little is known about whether gape-size limitations similarly influence seed dispersal of small-fruited plant species that can show a large variation in fruit size within species. In this study, fruit sizes of 15 plant...

Data from: Observing frugivores or collecting scats: A method comparison to construct quantitative seed dispersal networks

Jan Schlautmann, Finn Rehling, Jörg Albrecht, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Dana G. Schabo & Nina Farwig
Mutualistic interactions form the basis for many ecological processes and are often analyzed within the framework of ecological networks. These interactions can be sampled with a range of methods and first analyses of pollination networks sampled with different methods showed differences in common network metrics. However, it is yet unknown if metrics of seed dispersal networks are similarly affected by the sampling method and if different methods detect a complementary set of frugivores. This is...

Spis druków emblematycznych w Gabinecie Starych Druków Biblioteki Uniwersyteckiej w Warszawie

Wojciech Kordyzon & Martyna Osuch
Pliki zawierają dane bibliograficzne druków emblematycznych lub innych starych druków dotyczących emblematyki pochodzących z kolekcji Gabinetu Starych Druków Biblioteki Uniwersyteckiej w Warszawie. Przedstawiony spis nie jest wyczerpujący i będzie stopniowo uzupełniany.

Data from: Thermal differences between juveniles and adults increased over time in European forest trees

Maria Mercedes Caron, Florian Zellweger, Kris Verheyen, Lander Baeten, Radim Hédl, Bernhardt-Römermann Markus, Imre Berki, Jörg Brunet, Guillaume Decocq, Sandra Díaz, Thomas Dirnböck, Tomasz Durak, Thilo Heinken, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Martin Kopecký, Jonathan Lenoir, Martin Macek, Malicki Marek, František Máliš, Thomas Nagel, Michael Perring, Petr Petřík, Kamila Reczyńska, Remigiusz Pielech, Wolfgang Schmidt … & Pieter De Frenne
Woody species’ requirements and environmental sensitivity change from seedlings to adults, a process referred to as ontogenetic shift. Such shifts can be increased by climate change. To assess the changes in the difference of temperature experienced by seedlings and adults in the context of climate change, it is essential to have reliable climatic data over long periods that capture the thermal conditions experienced by the individuals throughout their life cycle. Here we used a unique...

Estimates for recombination coefficients from time-resolved luminescence - local and global approach explained on bulk gallium nitride: numerical data

Konrad Sakowski, Lukasz Borowik, Névine Rochat, Pawel Kempisty, Pawel Strak, Natalia Majewska, Sebastian Mahlik, Kamil Koroński, Tomasz Sochacki, Jacek Piechota, Marc Fouchier, Agata Kaminska & Stanislaw Krukowski
This is a dataset of numerical data for experimental results of time-resolved cathodoluminescence and time-resolved photoluminescence of a HVPE-grown GaN sample and numerical fits used to estimate ABC recombination constants of this sample.The examined GaN sample was prepared from a bulk crystal grown by Halide Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) method. In order to obtain a thick crystal, a few consecutive HVPE processes were performed. An ammonothermally-grown GaN seed of a very high structural quality, with...

Digital methods in archaeological research. Huarmey Valley case study

Julia Chyla
Dissertation and dataset present an archaeological study of the Huarmey Valley region, located on the northern coast of Peru. My work uses modern and innovative digital methods. My research focuses on better understanding the location of one of the most important sites in the valley, Castillo de Huarmey, by learning about the context in which it functioned. The Imperial Mausoleum located at the site, along with the burial chamber beneath it, is considered one of...

Data set: Institutionalisation and evolution of the Polish Eurolect and Polish Legislative Language

Łucja Biel
Data set for the paper "From national to supranational institutionalisation: A microdiachronic study of the post-accession evolution of the Polish Eurolect" (under review).The objective of this paper is to investigate the evolution of the Polish Eurolect, a supranational translator-mediated variety of legal Polish by: (1) analysing circumstances in which it emerged and took shape; and (2) tracking its development from the formative pre-accession to mature post-accession stage. The first part documents challenges faced at various...

Data for: Optical-domain spectral super-resolution via a quantum-memory-based time-frequency processor

Mateusz Mazelanik, Adam Leszczyński & Michał Parniak
Experimental data presented in the figures of the article: "Optical-domain spectral super-resolution via a quantum-memory-based time-frequency processor". The dataset contains results from the experimental investigation of two different approaches (Quantum Memory Temporal Imaging (QMTI) and Pulse-Division Time-Axis-Inversion (PuDATI) interferometer) to estimate frequency differences between two (narrow) spectral lines. Data is organized in a self-explanatory JSON format.Fig5.json - data from Figure 5 of the article. The main result of the article, showing a direct comparison of...

Contactless optical hygrometry in LACIS-T: supplementary data

Jakub L. Nowak, Robert Grosz, Wiebke Frey, Dennis Niedermeier, Jędrzej Mijas, Szymon P. Malinowski, Linda Ort, Silvio Schmalfuß, Frank Stratmann, Jens Voigtländer & Tadeusz Stacewicz
The dataset contains the results of the experiments perfomed with the Fast InfraRed Hygrometer (FIRH) at the Turbulent Leipzig Aerosol Cloud Interaction Simulator (LACIS-T) which are presented in the figures in the article "Contactless optical hygrometry in LACIS-T" submitted to Atmospheric Measurement Techniques.FIRH is an open-path optical sensor developed for high-resolution measurements of small-scale humidity fluctuations in turbulent atmospheric flows. The device employs open-path tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy at the wavelengths near 1364.6896 nm...

Data for: 'Food quantity and quality shapes reproductive strategies of Daphnia'

Anna Bednarska
Data for the ms "Food quantity and quality shapes reproductive strategies of Daphnia". The reproductive strategies (i.e., investment in numbers versus size of the offspring) of Daphnia exposed to i) a low quantity of high quality food, and ii) an unrestricted quantity of low quality cyanobacterial food were tested. The second goal was to test which food level (i.e., how strong dietary restriction) causes similar changes in Daphnia life history as does the diet composed...

NO2 dataset over Poland and main Polish cities based on OMI observations (2010-2020), TROPOMI observations (2018 - 2021) and CAMS service (2018 - 2021)

Emeka Ugboma & Iwona Stachlewska
The dataset comprises the nitrogen dioxide (NO2) tropospheric column density obtained from the satellite instruments: Ozone Monitoring instrument (OMI) and Tropospheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI), as well as Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Services (CAMS) atmospheric data store. The dataset covers two domains: the entire Poland and the main Polish cities.The data set comprises four files:1. OMI_PL_cities.zip – a compressed archive containing 18943 Netcdf-4 format files, each in the form of 2-dim maps of pixels, each file contains...

Nest-boxes alter the reproductive ecology of urban cavity-nesters in a species-dependent way

Joanna Sudyka, Irene Di Lecce, Lucyna Wojas, Patryk Rowiński & Marta Szulkin
Human-provided nesting shelters such as nest-boxes mitigate the shortage of natural breeding sites. Since artificial nests are not where animals evolved and optimised their reproductive performance, it remains inconclusive if these are adequate substitutes, ensuring equivalent fitness returns while breeding. In particular, most knowledge on the ecology of cavity-nesting birds comes from nest-box populations, but no study has directly compared fitness consequences of breeding inside nest-boxes in relation to natural cavities in cities. We directly...

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