Aim: Alpine habitats support unique biodiversity confined to high-elevation areas in the current interglacial. Plant diversity in these habitats responds to area, environment, connectivity and isolation, yet these factors have been rarely evaluated in concert. Here we investigate major determinants of regional species pools in alpine grasslands, and the responses of their constituent species groups. Location: European mountains below 50ºN. Time Period: Between 1928 and 2019. Major Taxa Studied: Vascular plants. Methods: We compiled species...
Data from: Bat species comparisons based on external morphology: a test of traditional versus geometric morphometric approachesDaniela A. Schmieder, Hugo A. Benítez, Ivailo M. Borissov & Carmelo Fruciano
External morphology is commonly used to identify bats as well as to investigate flight and foraging behavior, typically relying on simple length and area measures or ratios. However, geometric morphometrics is increasingly used in the biological sciences to analyse variation in shape and discriminate among species and populations. Here we compare the ability of traditional versus geometric morphometric methods in discriminating between closely related bat species – in this case European horseshoe bats (Rhinolophidae, Chiroptera)...
Full Moment Tensor Solutions for ML ≥ 3.5 Etna earthquakes from October 2018 to December-2020 (CMTC_2018_2020)Ornella Maria Gaetana Cocina, Angela Saraò, Andrea Cannata & Placido Maria Montalto
We computed the full seismic moment tensor of 14 earthquakes (3.5
Data from: Poor adherence to guidelines for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI): results of a worldwide surveyNaïma Hammami, Marie-Laurence Lambert, Cristina Valencia, Antonella Agodi, Alain Lepape, Eduardo Palencia Herrejon, Stijn Blot & Jean-Louis Vincent
Background: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are a cause of increased morbidity and mortality, and are largely preventable. We documented attitudes and practices in intensive care units (ICUs) in 2015 in order to assess compliance with CLABSI prevention guidelines. Methods: Between June and October 2015, an online questionnaire was made available to medical doctors and nurses working in ICUs worldwide. We investigated practices related to central line (CL) insertion, maintenance and measurement of CLABSI-related data...
Data from: A strong east–west Mediterranean divergence supports a new phylogeographic history of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua, Leguminosae) and multiple domestications from native populationsJuan Viruel, Nicolas Le Galliot, Samuel Pironon, Jean Pierre Suc, Gonzalo Nieto Feliner, Fatma Lakhal-Mirleau, Marianick Juin, Marjorie Selva, Magda Bou Dagher-Kharrat, Lahcen Ouahmane, Stefano La Malfa, Katia Diadema, Hervé Sanguin, Frédéric Médail & Alex Baumel
Aim: Phylogeography of fruit trees is challenging due to the recurrent exchanges between domesticated and wild populations. Here we tested the eastern refugium hypothesis (ERH) for the carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, which supports its natural and domestication origins in the Eastern Mediterranean and a feral origin in the West. Location: Mediterranean basin Taxon: Ceratonia siliqua L., Leguminosae Methods: Divergence time of the divergence between the carob tree and its sister species (C. oreothauma) was estimated...
The dietary demand of the modern horse relies on high-cereal feeding and limited forage compared with natural grazing conditions, predisposing the horse to several important diseases. Salivary and pancreatic alpha-amylases (coded by AMY1 and AMY2 genes, respectively) play a crucial role in carbohydrate digestion in nonruminants, but little is known about these 2 genes in the horse. Aim of this work has been to distinguish genomic sequences of horse AMY1 and AMY2 genes and to...
Data from: Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care units: an international online surveyMarie-Laurence Lambert, Mercedes Palomar, Antonella Agodi, Michael Hiesmayr, Alain Lepape, Anne Ingenbleek, Eduardo Palencia Herrejon, Stijn Blot & Uwe Frank
Background: On average 7% of patients admitted to intensive-care units (ICUs) suffer from a potentially preventable ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Our objective was to survey attitudes and practices of ICUs doctors in the field of VAP prevention. Methods: A questionnaire was made available online in 6 languages from April, 1st to September 1st, 2012 and disseminated through international and national ICU societies. We investigated reported practices as regards (1) established clinical guidelines for VAP prevention, and...
Data from: Temperature and storage time strongly affect the germination success of perennial Euphorbia species in Mediterranean regionsAntonia Cristaudo, Stefania Catara, Antonio Mingo, Alessia Restuccia & Andrea Onofri
This study aims to explore the effect of environmental factors (temperature,light, storage time) on germination response and dormancy patterns in eight Mediterranean native wildplants, belonging to the Euphorbia L. genus. In detail, we considered E. amygdaloides subsp. arbuscula, E. bivonae subsp. bivonae, E. ceratocarpa, E. characias, E. dendroides, E. melapetala, E. myrsinites, E. rigida. We collected seeds from natural plant populations and performed germination assays in climatic chambers at seven constant temperatures (from 5 to...
Since 1999, an unusual Phytophthora species has repeatedly been found associated with stem lesions, root and collar rot on young olive trees in Southern Italy. In all cases, this species was obtained from new commercial plantations or from nursery seedlings. Morphologically the Phytophthora isolates were characterized by the abundant production of caducous conidia and sporangia, resembling P. palmivora var. heterocystica. Additional isolates with similar features were obtained from nursery plants of Ziziphus spina-christi in Iran,...
University of Catania8
University of Vienna2
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble2
Institut Scientifique de Santé Publique2
Hospital Universitario Infanta Leonor2
Max Planck Institute for Ornithology1
University of Oviedo1
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)1
University of Milan1