6 Works

Apparent breeding success drives long-term population dynamics of a migratory swan

Rascha Nuijten, Stefan Vriend, Kevin Wood, Trinus Haitjema, Eileen Rees, Eelke Jongejans & Bart Nolet
The ability of a species to adapt to environmental change is ultimately reflected in its vital rates – i.e., survival and reproductive success of individuals. Together, vital rates determine trends in numbers, commonly monitored using counts of species abundance. Rapid changes in abundance can give rise to concern, leading to calls for research into the biological mechanisms underlying variations in demography. For the NW European population of Bewick’s swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii), there have been...

Vital rate estimates for the common eider Somateria mollissima, a data-rich exemplar of the seaduck tribe

Alex Nicol-Harper, Kevin Wood, Antony Diamond, Heather Major, Aevar Petersen, Grigori Tertitski, C. Patrick Doncaster, Thomas Ezard & Geoff Hilton
This database contains estimates of the following vital rates (as required to parameterise matrix population models), for the common eider (Somateria mollissima): 1st year survival (measured either from hatching, or from fledging, to 1 year old); 2nd year survival; adult annual survival; first breeding (both age-specific recruitment probability, and breeding propensity across potential recruitment ages); breeding propensity of established female breeders; clutch size; hatching success; and fledging success. These estimates are drawn from 134 studies,...

Data from: Heterozygosity-fitness correlations in a migratory bird: an analysis of inbreeding and single-locus effects

Xavier A. Harrison, Stuart Bearhop, Richard Inger, Kendrew Colhoun, Gudmundur A. Gudmundsson, David Hodgson, Graham McElwaine & Tom Tregenza
Studies in a multitude of taxa have described a correlation between heterozygosity and fitness, and usually conclude that this is evidence for inbreeding depression. Here we have used multi-locus heterozygosity estimates from 15 microsatellite markers to show evidence of heterozygosity-fitness correlations (HFCs) in a long-distance migratory bird, the light-bellied Brent goose. We found significant, positive heterozygosity-heterozygosity correlations between random subsets of the markers we employ, and no evidence that a model containing all loci as...

Concurrent shifts in wintering distribution and phenology in migratory swans

Rascha Nuijten, Kevin Wood, Eileen Rees & Bart Nolet
Range shifts and phenological change are two processes by which organisms respond to environmental warming. Understanding the mechanisms that drive these changes is key for optimal conservation and management. Here we study both processes in the migratory Bewick’s swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii) using different methods, analysing nearly 50 years of resighting data (1970-2017). In this period the wintering area of the Bewick’s swans shifted eastwards (“short-stopping”) at a rate of >12.5 km y-1, thereby shortening...

Data from: Inter-annual variability and long-term trends in breeding success in a declining population of migratory swans

Kevin A. Wood, Julia L. Newth, Geoff M. Hilton, Bart A. Nolet & Eileen C. Rees
Population declines among migratory Arctic-breeding birds are a growing concern for conservationists. To inform the conservation of these declining populations, we need to understand how demographic rates such as breeding success are influenced by combinations of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. In this study we examined inter-annual variation and long-term trends in two aspects of the breeding success of a migratory herbivore, the Bewick's swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii, which is currently undergoing a population decline: 1)...

Data from: Modelling harvest of Greenland barnacle geese and its implications in mitigating human-wildlife conflict

Aimée L. S. McIntosh, Stuart Bearhop, Geoff M. Hilton, Jessica M. Shaw & Fred A. Johnson
Arctic-breeding goose populations have increased in recent decades and their expansion into agricultural areas has caused increasing conflict with farmers due to the damage they cause. Lethal control and scaring are common management strategies of conflict mitigation. Management typically focuses on local/national scales, making addressing the impact of localised control on the wider population challenging, particularly when populations move over large areas and cross international borders. We construct an integrated population model (IPM) to assess...

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