40 Works

Surface indicators are correlated with soil multifunctionality in global drylands

David Eldridge, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, José Luis Quero, Victoria Ochoa, Beatriz Gonzalo, Pablo García-Palacios, Cristina Escolar, Miguel Garcia-Gomez, Laura Beinticinco, Matthew Bowker, Donaldo Bran, Ignacio Castro, Alex Cea, Mchich Derak, Carlos Ivan Espinosa, Adriana Fronertino, Juan Gaitán, Gabriel Gatica, Susana Gómez-González, Wahida Ghiloufi, Julio Gutierrez, Elizabeth Gusmán-M., Rosa Hernandez, Frederic Hughes, Walter Muiño … & Fernando Maestre
1. Multiple ecosystem functions need to be considered simultaneously to manage and protect the many ecosystem services that are essential to people and their environments. Despite this, cost effective, tangible, relatively simple, and globally-relevant methodologies to monitor in situ soil multifunctionality, i.e. the provision of multiple ecosystem functions by soils, have not been tested at the global scale. 2. We combined correlation analysis and structural equation modelling to explore whether we could find easily measured,...

Dual community assembly processes in dryland biocrusts communities

David Eldridge & Santiago Soliveres
1. Biocrusts are critical components of drylands where they regulate a wide range of ecosystem functions, however, their response to the worldwide phenomenon of shrub encroachment and to livestock grazing, the most extensive land use in drylands, are not well studied. Grazing by livestock and increases in shrub cover could influence biocrust communities directly via trampling or shading, or indirectly, by altering biotic interactions amongst biocrust taxa. The extent of these changes in biocrust cover,...

Data from: Resolving the heading-direction ambiguity in vertical-beam radar observations of migrating insects

Zhenhua Hao, V. Alistair Drake & John R. Taylor
1. Each year, massive numbers of insects fly across the continents at heights of hundreds of metres, carried by the wind, bringing both environmental benefits and serious economic and social costs. To investigate the insects’ flight behaviour and their response to winds, entomological radar has proved to be a particularly valuable tool; however, its observations of insect orientation are ambiguous with regard to the head/tail direction and this greatly hinders interpretation of the migrants’ flight...

Data from: Future climate change is predicted to affect the microbiome and condition of habitat-forming kelp

Zhiguang Qiu, Melinda A Coleman, Euan Provost, Alexandra H Campbell, Brendan P Kelaher, Steven J Dalton, Torsten Thomas, Peter D Steinberg & Ezequiel M Marzinelli
Climate change is driving global declines of marine habitat-forming species through physiological effects and through changes to ecological interactions, with projected trajectories for oceanwarming and acidification likely to exacerbate such impacts in coming decades. Interactions between habitat-formers and their microbiomes are fundamental for host functioning and resilience, but how such relationships will change in future conditions is largely unknown. We investigated independent and interactive effects of warming and acidification on a large brown seaweed, the...

Coherent electrical control of a single high-spin nucleus in silicon

Serwan Asaad, Vincent Mourik, Benjamin Joecker, Mark Johnson, Andrew Baczewski, Hannes Firgau, Mateusz Madzik, Vivien Schmitt, Jarryd Pla, Fay Hudson, Kohei Itoh, Jeffrey McCallum, Andrew Dzurak, Arne Laucht & Andrea Morello
Raw dataset and analysis scripts accompanying the publication 'Coherent electrical control of a single high-spin nucleus in silicon ' in Nature.

Porous media combustion-based thermophotovoltaic (PMC-TPV) reactor experiment

Robert Taylor, N.J. Ekins-Daukes, Shaun Chan & Appu Paduthol
Temperature, PV electric energy and spectrum measurements: The high temperatures of combustion systems make them suitable for coupling with thermophotovoltaic systems. In practice, it is quite challenging to reduce heat losses and the spectral mismatch between the emission of the combustion source and the spectral response of photovoltaic (PV) cells. In an effort to pull these disparate energy-focussed research fields together, this paper explores the use of a low-cost erbia (Er2O3) coating on a novel...

Data from: Restoration potential of threatened ecosystem engineers increases with aridity: broad scale effects on soil nutrients and function

Orsi Decker, David J. Eldridge & Heloise Gibb
Species extinctions alter ecosystem services, and the magnitude of this impact is likely to change across environmental gradients. In Australia, soil-disturbing mammals that are now considered ecologically extinct are thought to be important ecosystem engineers. Previous studies have demonstrated microsite-level impacts of reintroduced soil-disturbing mammals on soil functions, but effects are yet to be tested across larger scales. Further, it is unclear how impacts vary across environmental gradients and if the restoration potential of reintroductions...

Data from: Monitoring large and complex wildlife aggregations with drones

Mitchell B. Lyons, Kate J. Brandis, Nick J. Murray, John H. Wilshire, Justin A. McCann, Richard T. Kingsford & Corey T. Callaghan
Recent advances in drone technology have rapidly led to their use for monitoring and managing wildlife populations but a broad and generalised framework for their application to complex wildlife aggregations is still lacking. We present a generalised semi-automated approach where machine learning can map targets of interest in drone imagery, supported by predictive modelling for estimating wildlife aggregation populations. We demonstrated this application on four large spatially complex breeding waterbird colonies on floodplains, ranging from...

Data from: When to cut your losses: dispersal allocation in an asexual filamentous fungus in response to competition

Justin Y. Chan, Stephen P. Bonser, Jeff R. Powell & William K. Cornwell
Fungal communities often form on ephemeral substrates and dispersal is critical for the persistence of fungi among the islands that form these metacommunities. Within each substrate, competition for space and resources is vital for the local persistence of fungi. The capacity to detect and respond by dispersal away from unfavorable conditions may confer higher fitness in fungi. Informed dispersal theory posits that organisms are predicted to detect information about their surroundings which may trigger a...

Data from: Profile of and risk factors for post-stroke cognitive impairment in diverse ethno-regional groups

Jessica W Lo, John D Crawford, David W Desmond, Olivier Godefroy, Hanna Jokinen, Simin Mahinrad, Hee-Joon Bae, Sebastian Köhler, Elles Douven, Julie Staals, Christopher Chen, Xin Xu, Eddie J Chong, Rufus O Akinyemi, Rajesh N Kalaria, Adesola Ogunniyi, Mélanie Barbay, Martine Roussel, Byung-Chul Lee, Velandai K Srikanth, Christopher Moran, Nagaendran Kandiah, Russell J Chander, Behnam Sabayan, J. Wouter Jukema … & Perminder S Sachdev
OBJECTIVE: To address the variability in prevalence estimates and inconsistencies in potential risk factors for post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) using a standardised approach and individual participant data (IPD) from international cohorts in the STROKOG consortium. METHODS: We harmonised data from thirteen studies based in eight countries. Neuropsychological test scores 2 to 6 months after stroke or TIA and appropriate normative data were used to calculate standardised cognitive domain scores. Domain-specific impairment was based on percentile...

Data from: Study on surface settlement and structural deformation for large span subway station using a new pre-supporting system

Pengjiao Jia, Wen Zhao, Xi Du, Yang Chen, Chaozhe Zhang, Qian Bai & Zhiguo Wang
A new construction pre-supporting system, Steel Tube Slab system (STS), is proposed for large underground space excavation with shallow depth. The adjacent steel pipes in STS method are connected by a couple of flanges, bolt and concrete in order to improve the flexural capacity and lateral stiffness of the whole structure. STS method is firstly adopted to construct the ultra-shallow buried and large span subway station in China. Ground settlement and structural deformation are monitored...

A Super Resolution Dataset of Digital Rocks (DRSRD1): Sandstone and Carbonate

Ying Da Wang, Peyman Mostaghimi & Ryan Armstrong
Digital Rocks Super Resolution Dataset 1: Sandstone and Carbonate micro-CT Images used for 2D and 3D Super Resolution Machine Learning Training, Validation, and Testing. This dataset comprises of organised 2D slices and 3D volumes of Bentheimer Sandstone [sourced internally from UNSW] and Estaillades Carbonate [https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/58/origin_data/209/], imaged at a resolution of 3.8 and 3.1 microns respectively. The dataset is organised in a similar fashion to the DIV2K dataset : (https://data.vision.ee.ethz.ch/cvl/DIV2K/). To the knowledge of the authors,...

Data from: Isodon hsiwenii (Lamiaceae: Nepetoideae), a new species from Yunnan, China

Yaping Chen, Trevor C. Wilson, Yadong Zhou, Zehuan Wang, Ende Liu, Hua Peng & Chunlei Xiang
Isodon hsiwenii, a new species from Yunnan in Southwest China, is here described and illustrated. In order to clarify the phylogenetic placement of the new species within Isodon, Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses based on two nuclear ribosomal DNA regions and four plastid DNA regions for 71 Asian Isodon species were conducted. The results indicate that I. hsiwenii is a member of the largest and poorly resolved Clade III, as sister species of I. hirtellus....

Parental breeding age effects on descendants’ longevity interact over two generations in matrilines and patrilines

Zac Wylde
Individuals within populations vary enormously in mortality risk and longevity, but the causes of this variation remain poorly understood. A potentially important and phylogenetically widespread source of such variation is maternal age at breeding, which typically has negative effects on offspring longevity. Here, we show that paternal age can affect offspring longevity as strongly as maternal age does, and that breeding age effects can interact over two generations in both matrilines and patrilines. We manipulated...

The penultimate deglaciation: protocol for PMIP4 transient numerical simulations between 140 and 127 ka, version 1.0

Laurie Menviel, Emilie Capron, Lev Tarasov & Ayako Abe-Ouchi
Continental ice-sheets and meltwater forcing necessary to perform transient simulations of the penultimate deglaciation. TopoIcem-140-122k.nc gives the combined ice-sheet forcing (North America, Eurasia, Greenland, and Antarctica) over the period 140ka to 122ka, needed to perform the simulations nh_abe2013_01.nc gives the Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet evolution over the period 140ka to 120ka from Abe Ouchi et al., 2013. T2-fwfFlux.txt gives the meltwater input scenarios

ICM Database - Integrated Carbon Metrics Embodied Carbon Life Cycle Inventory Database

Tommy Wiedmann, Soo Huey Teh & Man Yu
The Integrated Carbon Metrics (ICM) Embodied Carbon Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Database (ICM Database) provides Australian-specific Carbon Footprint Intensities for around 700 construction and building materials, as well as built environment-related products and processes, based on a hybrid life cycle assessment methodology. The ICM Database is an output of the Integrated Carbon Metrics project (number RP2007) supported by the CRC for Low Carbon Living (CRCLCL).

The UNSW-NB15 dataset

Nour Moustafa
The raw network packets of the UNSW-NB 15 dataset was created by the IXIA PerfectStorm tool in the Cyber Range Lab of the Australian Centre for Cyber Security (ACCS) for generating a hybrid of real modern normal activities and synthetic contemporary attack behaviours. Tcpdump tool is utilised to capture 100 GB of the raw traffic (e.g., Pcap files). This data set has nine types of attacks, namely, Fuzzers, Analysis, Backdoors, DoS, Exploits, Generic, Reconnaissance, Shellcode...

ShapeMetrix 3D Reports for outcrops at the Heyuan Fault, South China

Lisa Tannock
Fracture analysis photogrammetry on rock face outcrops across the Heyuan fault zone, Guandong province, South China. Including the footwall granite, mylonite zone, cataclasite and quartz reef core.

Digital rock segmentation from micro-CT/SEM data by using convolutional neural network

Yufu Niu, Ryan Armstrong & Peyman Mostaghimi
Pore-scale digital images are usually obtained from micro computed tomography (micro-CT) data that has been segmented into void and grain space. Image segmentation is a critical process for digital rock analyses that can influence pore-scale characterisation studies and/or the numerical simulation of petrophysical properties. This project is to study on the sandstone micro-CT image segmentation by using convolutional neural network.

A Diverse Super Resolution Dataset of Digital Rocks (DeepRock-SR): Sandstone, Carbonate, and Coal

Ying Da Wang, Ryan Armstrong & Peyman Mostaghimi
A Diverse Super Resolution Dataset of Digital Rocks (DeepRockSR): Sandstone, Carbonate, and Coal. This dataset contains an organised and processed collection of greyscale digital rock images for the purpose of image super resolution training. In total, there are 12,000 2D images and 3,000 3D volumes contained in this dataset. Sandstone: Bentheimer Sandstone 1 https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/211 Bentheimer Sandstone 2 https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/135 Berea Sandstone https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/135 Leopard Sandstone https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/135 Gildehauser Sandstone https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/134 Wilcox Tight Sandstone https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/6 Carbonate: Estaillades Carbonate https://www.digitalrocksportal.org/projects/58...

Solar irradiance measurements, with one second resolution, and estimated power ramp rate of photovoltaic modules with integrated capacitor energy storage

Bowen Zheng, John Fletcher, Alison Lennon & Yu Jiang
Use of module-based capacitive energy storage devices coupled with a novel ramp rate control strategy is proposed to reduce power fluctuations of photovoltaic (PV) systems and control power ramp rate injection into the grid.

Affiliation history and age similarity predict alliance formation in adult male bottlenose dolphins

Livia Gerber, Richard Connor, Stephanie King, Simon Allen, Samuel Wittwer, Manuela Bizzozzero, Whitney Friedman, Stephanie Kalberer, William Sherwin, Sonja Wild, Erik Willems & Michael Kruetzen
Male alliances are an intriguing phenomenon in the context of reproduction since, in most taxa, males compete over an indivisible resource, female fertilization. Adult male bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) in Shark Bay, Western Australia, form long-term, multi-level alliances to sequester estrus females. These alliances are therefore critical to male reproductive success. Yet, the long-term processes leading to the formation of such complex social bonds are still poorly understood. To identify the criteria by which male...

Data from: A revision of the bioregionalisation of freshwater fish communities in the Australian Monsoonal Tropics

James J. Shelley, Tim Dempster, Matthew C. Le Feuvre, Peter J. Unmack, Shawn W. Laffan & Stephen E. Swearer
The Australian freshwater fish fauna is very unique, but poorly understood. In the Australian Monsoonal Tropics (AMT) biome of northern Australia, the number of described and candidate species has nearly doubled since the last attempt to analyse freshwater fish species composition patterns and determine a bioregionalisation scheme. Here, we utilise the most complete database of catchment‐scale freshwater fish distributions from the AMT to date to: (a) reanalyze spatial patterns of species richness, endemism and turnover...

Data from: Is MHC diversity a better marker for conservation than neutral genetic diversity? a case study of two contrasting dolphin populations

Oliver Manlik, Michael Krutzen, Anna M. Kopps, Janet Mann, Lars Bejder, Simon J. Allen, Celine Frere, Richard C. Connor & William B. Sherwin
Genetic diversity is essential for populations to adapt to changing environments. Measures of genetic diversity are often based on selectively neutral markers, such as microsatellites. Genetic diversity to guide conservation management, however, is better reflected by adaptive markers, including genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Our aim was to assess MHC and neutral genetic diversity in two contrasting bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) populations in Western Australia—one apparently viable population with high reproductive output (Shark...

UVic ESCM outputs for Meltwater Pulse 1A

Nicholas Yeung, Laurie Menviel & Katrin Meissner
Surface field and time series data of model outputs in netcdf and ascii format. Related manuscript: "Assessing the spatial origin of Meltwater Pulse 1A using oxygen-isotope fingerprinting"

Registration Year

  • 2019

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • UNSW Sydney
  • University of Zurich
  • University of Sydney
  • University of Bristol
  • Northwestern University
  • Southern Cross University
  • Frankfurt Zoological Society
  • Haut-Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification
  • NSW Office of Environment & Heritage
  • Seoul National University Bundang Hospital