57 Works

A high-resolution, 22-year, free-running, hydrodynamic simulation of the East Australia Current System using the Regional Ocean Modeling System

Moninya Roughan
The data is from a Regional Ocean Modeling System free-running, hydrodynamic simulation of the East Australian Current System. The model has a horizontal resolution of 2.5-6 km in the cross-shore direction and 5 km in the alongshore direction, and 30 vertical s-levels. The model domain covers the southeastern Australia oceanic region from 25.1-41.5S and 147.1-162.2E, and the grid is orientated 20 degrees clockwise to be predominantly orientated alongshore. The time period covered is 1 Jan...

Multi-model mean Southern Ocean sea-ice edge for austral summer and austral winter during the LGM

Ryan Green, Laurie Menviel & Katrin Meissner
The last glacial maximum (LGM) multi-model mean sea-ice edge is developed from 8 PMIP3 simulations and 2 LOVECLIM simulations. This is created for austral summer and austral winter

Climatic changes across Heinrich 4

Laurie Menviel
North Atlantic climatic data covering a pseudo H4 as simulated by LOVECLIM under 40 ka boundary conditions. Full methods and results described in Margari et al., 2020, NEE.

State and Parameter Uncertainty Estimation (SPUE)

Lucy Marshall, Justin Hughes, Ashish Sharma & Jai Vaze
This dataset includes streamflow and climate data as well as calibration scripts for performing SPUE.

ACORN: Arthroplasty Clinical Outcomes Registry National

Ian Harris, Timothy Churches & Justine Naylor
The ACORN dataset include data from people undergoing elective total hip or total knee replacement surgery from multiple institutions from 2013 to 2018 inclusive. It contains pre-operative patient-reported data, peri-operative hospital data and patient-reported outcomes collected 6 months post-operatively.

Climate change, sex reversal, and lability of sex determining systems

Lisa Schwanz, Arthur Georges, Clare Holleley & Stephen Sarre
Sex reversal at high temperatures during embryonic development (e.g. ZZ females) provides the opportunity for new genotypic crosses (e.g. ZZ male x ZZ female). This raises the alarming possibility that climatic warming could lead to the loss of an entire chromosome – one member of the sex chromosome pair (the Y or W) – and the transition of populations to environmental sex determination (ESD). Here we examine the evolutionary dynamics of sex-determining systems exposed to...

Data from: Spatial phylogenetics of the North American flora

Brent Mishler, Robert Guralnick, Pamela Soltis, Stephen Smith, Douglas Soltis, Narayani Barve, Julie Allen & Shawn Laffan
North America is a large continent with extensive climatic, geological, soil, and biological diversity. That biota is under threat from habitat destruction and climate change, making a quantitative assessment of biodiversity of critical importance. Rapid digitization of plant specimen records and accumulation of DNA sequence data enable a much-needed broad synthesis of species occurrences with phylogenetic data. Here we attempted the first such synthesis of a flora from such a large and diverse part of...

Data from: The sex with the reduced sex chromosome dies earlier: a comparison across the tree of life

Zoe A. Xirocostas, Susan E. Everingham & Angela T. Moles
Many taxa show substantial differences in lifespan between the sexes. However, these differences are not always in the same direction. In mammals, females tend to live longer than males, while in birds, males tend to live longer than females. One possible explanation for these differences in lifespan is the unguarded X hypothesis, which suggests that the reduced or absent chromosome in the heterogametic sex (e.g. the Y chromosome in mammals and the W chromosome in...

Data from: Evolution of defence and herbivory in introduced plants - testing enemy release using a known source population, herbivore trials and time since introduction

Claire Brandenburger, Martin Kim, Eve Slavich, Floret Meredith, Juha-Pekka Salminen, William Sherwin & Angela Moles
The enemy release hypothesis is often cited as a potential explanation for the success of introduced plants; yet empirical evidence for enemy release is mixed. We aimed to quantify changes in herbivory and defence in introduced plants while controlling for three factors that might have confounded past studies: using a wide native range for comparison with the introduced range, measuring defence traits without determining whether they affect herbivore preferences, and not considering the effect of...

Signatures of selection in a recent invasion reveals adaptive divergence in a highly vagile invasive species

Katarina Stuart, Adam Cardilini, Phillip Cassey, Mark Richardson, William Sherwin, Lee Rollins & Craig Sherman
A detailed understanding of population genetics in invasive populations helps us to identify drivers of successful alien introductions. Here, we investigate putative signals of selection in Australian populations of invasive common starlings, Sturnus vulgaris, and seek to understand how these have been influenced by introduction history. We used reduced representation sequencing to determine population structure, and identify Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) that are putatively under selection. We found that since their introduction into Australia, starling...

Seed traits determine species responses to fire under varying soil heating scenarios

Ryan Tangney
1) Many plant species in fire-prone environments maintain persistence through fire via soil seedbanks. However, seeds stored within the soil are at risk of mortality from elevated soil temperatures during fire. Seeds may be protected from fire-temperature impacts by burial, however those buried too deeply may germinate but fail to emerge. Thus, successful post-fire seed regeneration is contingent upon a trade-off between burial depth and survival through fire. 2) We examined the relationships between seedling...

Supplemental data: The association of dilated perivascular spaces with cognitive decline and incident dementia

Matthew Paradise, John Crawford, Ben Lam, Wei Wen, Nicole Kochan, Steve Makkar, Laughlin Dawes, Julian Trollor, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty & Perminder Sachdev
Objective: To determine if severe perivascular space (PVS) dilation is associated with longitudinal cognitive decline and incident dementia over four and eight years respectively, we analyzed data from a prospective cohort study. Methods: 414 community dwelling older adults aged 72-92 were assessed at baseline and biennially for up to eight years, with cognitive assessments, consensus dementia diagnoses and 3T MRI imaging. The numbers of PVS in two representative slices in the basal ganglia (BG) and...

LGM circulation

Laurie Menviel
Data used in "Enhanced mid-depth southward transport in the Northeast Atlantic at the Last Glacial Maximum"

Benthic δ13C during the last interglacial and the mid-Holocene.

Laurie Menviel, Katrin Meissner, Lise Missiaen, Carlye Peterson, Lorraine Lisiecki & Fortunat Joos
Compilation of δ13C measurements from benthic foraminifera species Cibicides Wuellerstorfi in marine sediment cores. Core locations, age models, and references are provided.

A high-resolution reanalysis of the East Australian Current System assimilating an unprecedented observational data set using 4D-Var data assimilation over a two-year period (2012-2013). Version 2017.

Colette Kerry, Moninya Roughan, Brian Powell & Peter Oke
For the EAC region, we combine a high-resolution state-of-the-art numerical ocean model with a variety of traditional and newly available observations using an advanced variational data assimilation scheme. The numerical model is configured using the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS 3.4) and takes boundary forcing from the BlueLink ReANalysis (BRAN3). For the data assimilation, we use an Incremental Strong- Constraint 4-Dimensional Variational (IS4D-Var) scheme, which uses the model dynamics to perturb the initial conditions, atmospheric...

Algal traits with abundances

Alistair Poore & Paul Gribben
Morphological traits for each thallus with associated epifaunal abundances.

Unpaired super-resolution on micro-CT sandstone by using cycle-consistent generative adversarial network

Yufu Niu, Ryan Armstrong & Peyman Mostaghimi
High-resolution X-ray micro-computed tomography (CT) data is required for accurate determination of rock petrophysical properties. High-resolution data, however, results in small field-of-view, thus the representativeness of simulation domain can be brought into question for geophysical applications. This project aims to develop new techniques for super resolution in digital rock.

Allometric modelling of plant biomass from drone-acquired photographs: drone images, ground control marker coordinates and biomass data from 36 sites, 2016-2020

A. Cunliffe, K. Anderson, F. Boschetti, H. Graham, R. Brazier, I. Myers-Smith, T. Astor, M. Boer, L. Calvo, P. Clark, M. Cramer, M. Encinas-Lara, S. Escarzaga, J. Fernández-Guisuraga, A. Fisher, K. Gdulová, B. Gillespie, A. Griebel, N. Hanan, M. Hanggito, S. Haselberger, C. Havrilla, W. Ji, J. Karl, M. Kirchhoff … & R. Wojcikiewicz
This dataset contains RGB photographs acquired from drone surveys. There are 741 harvest plots from 38 surveys at 36 sites around the world. Each site was approximately 1 ha in area. Included with the photographic images are the coordinates of ground control markers, biomass, taxonomic and location data for harvest plots and ancillary metadata. The observations can be used to obtain allometric size-biomass models. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award...

Bentheimer Sandstone for Analyzing Wetting Phenomena

Chenhao Sun, James McClure, Peyman Mostaghimi, Anna Herring, Steffen Berg & Ryan Armstrong
The micro-CT image data of Bentheimer sandstone used in characterizing its wettability. The primary drainage and imbibition experiments were performed by using air and brine. The images were acquired at irreducible air saturation Sw=94%. This dataset is used to characterize wetting in complex subsurface multiphase systems by using principles of topology and integral geometry.

UVic modelling outputs for LGM

Himadri Saini, Katrin Meissner, Laurie Menviel & Karin Kvale
The netcdf datasets in format consists of biological and physical properties of the LGM and PI climate state, for the corresponding manuscript "Simulated response of marine ecosystems to last glacial maximum boundary conditions."

A Randomized Trial of CO2 Laser for Postmenopausal Vaginal Symptoms

Fiona Li, Sarah Maheux-Lacroix, Rebecca Deans, Erin Nesbitt-Hawes, Aaron Budden, Sophia Song, Kimberly Nguyen, Claire Lim, Lalla Mccormack, Stephen Lyons & Eva Segelov
Data collected from participants (postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal symptoms). Data are stored in Excel files. Identifier:POWH HREC 15/330

Data from: Combined mechanistic modelling predicts changes in species distribution and increased co-occurrence of a tropical urchin herbivore and a habitat-forming temperate kelp

Louise Castro, Paulina Cetina-Heredia, Moninya Roughan, Symon Dworjanyn, Loic Thibaut, Matthew Chamberlain, Ming Feng & Adriana Vergés
This dataset aims to identify climate change impacts on spawning and settlement of a tropical herbivore, the sea-urchin, Tripneustes gratilla, along eastern Australia and into the Tasman Sea including Lord Howe Island. The dataset contains the trajectories of particles that represent T. gratilla larvae and their dispersal by ocean currents for each day of both a contemporary (2006-2015) and future ‘business as usual’ RCP 8.5 climate change scenario (2090-2100). T. gratilla larval dispersal under both...

Livestock and kangaroo grazing have little effect on biomass and fuel hazard in semi-arid woodlands

Samantha Travers, David Eldridge, Terry Koen, James Val & Ian Oliver
Using livestock grazing as a tool to manage biomass and reduce fuel hazard has gained widespread popularity, but examples from across the globe demonstrate that it often yields mixed, context-dependent results. Grazing has potential to deliver practical solutions in systems where grazing reduces not only biomass but also reduces fuel hazard by altering vegetation connectivity or composition. We assessed the extent to which recent rainfall, rabbit and kangaroo grazing and recent and historic livestock grazing...

Data from: Dunnock social status correlates with sperm speed, but fast sperm does not always equal high fitness

Carlos E. Lara, Helen R. Taylor, Benedikt Holtmann, Eduardo S. A. Santos, Sheri L. Johnson, Neil J. Gemmell & Shinichi Nakagawa
Sperm competition theory predicts that males should modulate sperm investment according to their social status. Sperm speed, one proxy of sperm quality, also influences the outcome of sperm competition because fast sperm cells may fertilize eggs before slow sperm cells. We evaluated whether the social status of males predicted their sperm speed in a wild population of dunnocks (Prunella modularis). In addition to the traditional analysis of the average speed of sperm cells per sample,...

Do epigenetic changes drive corticosterone responses to alarm cues in larvae of an invasive amphibian?

Roshmi Sarma, Richard Edwards, Ondi Crino, Harrison Eyck, Paul Waters, Michael Crossland, Richard Shine & Lee Rollins
The developmental environment can exert powerful effects on animal phenotype. Recently epigenetic modifications have emerged as one mechanism that can modulate developmentally plastic responses to environmental variability. For example, the DNA methylation profile at promoters of hormone receptor genes can affect their expression and patterns of hormone release. Across taxonomic groups, epigenetic alterations have been linked to changes in glucocorticoid (GC) physiology. GCs are metabolic hormones that influence growth, development, transitions between life-history stages, and...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    57

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    57

Affiliations

  • UNSW Sydney
    56
  • Virginia Tech
    3
  • University of the Sunshine Coast
    2
  • University of Otago
    2
  • University of Edinburgh
    2
  • Macquarie University
    2
  • National Energy Technology Laboratory
    2
  • Deakin University
    2
  • Department of Planning and Environment
    1
  • Southern Cross University
    1