In response to novel environments, invasive populations often evolve rapidly. Standing genetic variation is an important predictor of evolutionary response but epigenetic variation may also play a role. Here we use an iconic invader, the cane toad (Rhinella marina), to investigate how manipulating epigenetic status affects phenotypic traits. We collected wild toads from across Australia, bred them, and experimentally manipulated DNA methylation of the subsequent two generations (G1, G2) through exposure to the DNA methylation...
Sexual (in)equality? A meta-analysis of sex differences in thermal acclimation capacity across ectothermsPatrice Pottier, Samantha Burke, Szymon M. Drobniak, Malgorzata Lagisz & Shinichi Nakagawa
1. Climate change is putting the fate of ectothermic animals at stake because their body temperature closely tracks environmental temperatures. The ability to adjust thermal limits and preference through acclimation (i.e., acclimation capacity) may compensate for temperature changes. However, although necessary for forecasting the future of ectotherms in a changing climate, knowledge on the factors modulating these plastic responses is fragmentary. For instance, the influence of an animal’s sex in driving acclimation capacity has been...
Dietary and body mass reconstruction of the Miocene neotropical bat Notonycteris magdalenensis (Phyllostomidae) from La Venta, ColombiaCamilo López-Aguirre, Nicholas Czaplewski, Andrés Link, Masanaru Takai & Suzanne Hand
With 14 species recorded, the Miocene La Venta bat fauna is the most diverse bat palaeocommunity in South America. They include the oldest plant-visiting bat in the New World, and some of the earliest representatives of the extant families Phyllostomidae, Thyropteridae and Noctilionidae. La Venta’s Notonycteris magdalenensis is an extinct member of the subfamily Phyllostominae, a group of modern Neotropical animalivorous bats, and is commonly included in studies of the evolution of Neotropical bats, but...
Flapping wings have attracted significant interest for use in miniature unmanned flying vehicles. Although numerous studies have investigated the performance of flapping wings under quiescent conditions, effects of freestream disturbances on their performance remain under-explored. In this study, we experimentally investigated the effects of uniform vertical inflows on flapping wings using a Reynolds-scaled apparatus operating in water at the typical Reynolds number of large insects (Re ≈ 3600). The overall lift and drag produced by...
Supplementary data, code, and information for ‘Predictability of the recent slowdown and subsequent recovery of large-scale surface warming using statistical methods’ (Geophysical Research Letters, Mann et al. 2016)M.E. Mann, B.A. Steinman, S.K. Miller, L.H. Frankcombe, M.H. England & A.H. Cheung
The temporary slowdown in large-scale surface warming during the early 2000s has been attributed to both external and internal sources of climate variability. Using semiempirical estimates of the internal low-frequency variability component in Northern Hemisphere, Atlantic, and Pacific surface temperatures in concert with statistical hindcast experiments, we investigate whether the slowdown and its recent recovery were predictable. We conclude that the internal variability of the North Pacific, which played a critical role in the slowdown,...
Background: Numerous chronic conditions, such as coronary health diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and mental health conditions often occur in combinations that deteriorate the quality of life of the people and pose economic challenges to the country’s health system. Multimorbidity prevalence varies globally due to various biological and social risk factors which can be accentuated or mitigated for populations in migration. This study investigated the prevalence and predictors of multimorbidity amongst a group of migrant...
Spatial phylogenetics of butterflies in relation to environmental drivers and angiosperm diversity across North AmericaChandra Earl, Michael W. Belitz, Shawn W. Laffan, Vijay Barve, Narayani Barve, Douglas E. Soltis, Julie M. Allen, Pamela S. Soltis, Brent D. Mishler, Akito Y. Kawahara & Robert Guralnick
Broad-scale quantitative assessments of biodiversity and the factors shaping it remain particularly poorly explored in insects. Here, we undertook a spatial phylogenetic analysis of North American butterflies via assembly of a time-calibrated phylogeny of the region coupled with a unique, complete range assessment for ~75% of the known species. We utilized a suite of phylodiversity metrics and associated environmental data to test whether climate stability and temperature gradients have shaped North American butterfly phylogenetic diversity...
Using a trait-based approach to quantify large-scale patterns in algal biomass and habitat structure along a latitudinal gradientAlistair Poore & Paul Gribben
Morphological traits of Sargassum collected across 6 degree of latitude along the south-eastern coast of Australia
The data has been collected by the Australian and New Zealand neonatal Network (ANZNN) to improve the care of high-risk newborn infants and their families in Australia and New Zealand through collaborative audit and research. The data were collected from all level III neonatal intensive care units in both Australia and New Zealand, all level II special care units in New Zealand and the special care unit in Tasmania. The data include information on all...
Data have been collected by the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) to improve the care of high-risk newborn infants and their families in Australian and New Zealand through collaborative audit and research. This is the sixteenth year that the ANZNN has collected data, allowing comparative reporting over time. Registration criteria - babies who meet one or more of the following criteria are eligible for registration with the ANZNN: * born at less than...
1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolin-4-one Analogues were characterised using FTIR spectroscopy. The FTIR spectra were acquired using a Perkin Elmer FTIR instrument equipped with a Universal-ATR accessory where sample are pressed on a diamond crystal. Measurement parameters are contained within the data.
-organo-arsenic compounds were synthesized and purified by the Maher group from the University of Canberra-experimental Raman spectra (785 nm laser source) were acquired directly from solid materials-surface enhanced Raman spectra were acquired for organoarsenic samples with very low concentration, KlariteTM were used as SERS substrate Other related publications: Gloria D., Hibbert B., Moran G., Surface enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: SERS imaging of modified gold electrode for arsenic speciation. In Asia-Pacific Conference on Chemistry Education and 24th...
Analogues of Pyrroloquinolones were characterised using UV-Vis spectroscopy. The UVVis spectra were acquired using Perkin Elmer Lambda Spectrometer. The samples were dissolved in methanol. Measurement parameters are contained within the data.
The use and impact of bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer treatment in AustraliaLena Caruso
This project was established to conduct a long-term evaluation of the way in which bevacizumab (Avastin) is used to treat metastatic colorectal cancer in the real world clinical setting. Bevacizumab became available under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) in July 2009. This study has access to the PBS history of all patients prescribed bevacizumab since its PBS-subsidy and has approval for annual data updates until 2016. Originating source(s): Medicare Australia [Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme] [Patient/Medicare enrolment...
The e-male survey was conducted in 2008 by the National Centre in HIV Social Research and attracted over 5,000 men to the survey site. The e-male data provide information on how internet use builds social capital amongst gay and other homosexually active men and the implications of online social networks for HIV prevention. The survey also provided information on the advantages and disadvantages of internet-based recruitment and data collection among Australian MSM (men who have...
Surface Enhanced Raman Spectra of 1,4-Benzenedimethanethiol on electrochemically (oxidation reduction cycle - step) fabricated nanoporous gold filmsDanmar Gloria
The oxidation reduction step technique was utilise and was optimised to fabricate as a Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) substrate at 785 nm by a central composite experimental design.
EoCC is a study of non small cell lung, colorectal and breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy in 12 treatment facilities in NSW. Two cohorts of patients were recruited. The first cohort of 310 patients were recruited from January to November in 2009 and the second cohort of 189 patients from April to October in 2010. Treatment, resource utilisation and demographic data were collected using medical record reviews and interviews with patients. Patients also consented to person-level...
Microscopy Slide Images of a set of tissue staine for the use of UNSW Histology and Microscopy Unit.
Effect of laser power and wavelength on SERS spectra of 1,4 Benzenedimethanethiol modified Klarite substratesDanmar Gloria
Raman spectra shows the effect of laser power on KlariteTM (functionalised with 1,4 BDMT)Also shows the performance of klarite and npgf on different laser wavelength 633 nm, 785 nnm and 514 nnm
ATR-FTIR Characterisation of a range of commercially available nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes to be used as reference samples for the detection of surface changes. In partciular, these samples are useful for comparison to samples which have undergone oxidative damage. This collection included membranes from manufacturers: GE, DOW Filmtec, Hydranautics, Koch and Permionics. The analysis was completed on a Perkin Elmer Spotlight 400 FTIR Microscope with a Diamond ATR attachment.
Is early embryo development as observed by time-lapse microscopy dependent on whether fresh or frozen sperm was used for ICSI? A cohort studySimon Cooke, Christos Venetis & Michael Chapman
Compare timings of key events of embryo development from those originating from either fresh or cryopreserved ejaculate sperm using time-lapse technology.
Few genetically dominant mutations involved in human disease have been fully explained at the molecular level. In cases where the mutant gene encodes a transcription factor, the dominant-negative mode of action of the mutant protein is particularly poorly understood. Here, we studied the genome-wide mechanism underlying a dominant-negative form of the SOX18 transcription factor (SOX18RaOp) responsible for both the classical mouse mutant Ragged Opossum and the human genetic disorder Hypotrichosis-Lymphedema-Telangiectasia-Renal Syndrome. Combining three single-molecule imaging...
Widespread degradation across Australia’s inland wetland network has contributed to severe declines for many waterbird species. In contrast, breeding colonies of the Australian white ibis (Threskiornis molucca) have increased in urbanised areas along the coast, but the level of dispersal and gene flow between inland and coastal areas remain unknown. This study uses single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to ascertain the variables influencing genetic connectivity among several inland and urban colonies of white ibis across south-eastern...
Patterns of food sharing in collectively hunting species are likely to influence social dynamics and evolution. Despite this, little is known about competition within social groups at carcasses and other food sources, making the social drivers and implications of food sharing difficult to assess. We quantified carcass access and feeding behavior in free-ranging African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus, at natural kill sites, confirming and quantifying previous descriptions of a youngest-feed-first system. Using data on feeding...
Several analogues of Fimbrolide Bromoderivatives were characterised using NMR spectroscopy. The NMR spectra were acquired using Avance III - 300 MHz instrument Gyro, with a SampleXpress autosampler upgrade and commissioned in 2011
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College9
Sun Yat-sen University7
Capital Medical University7
West China Hospital of Sichuan University5
Southwest Medical University5
Huazhong University of Science and Technology4