7 Works

Livestock grazing impacts upon components of the breeding productivity of a common upland insectivorous passerine: results from a long-term experiment

Lisa E. Malm, James W. Pearce-Higgins, Nick A. Littlewood, Alison J. Karley, Ewa Karaszewska, Robert Jaques, Robin J. Pakeman, Steve M. Redpath & Darren M. Evans
The intensity of pastoral management in areas of High Nature Value farming is declining in some regions of Europe but increasing in others. This affects open habitats of conservation concern, such as the British uplands, where bird species that benefit from low-intensity grazing may be most sensitive to such polarisation. While experimental manipulations of livestock grazing intensities have improved our understanding of upland breeding bird responses in the short-term, none have examined the longer-term impacts...

Freshwater particulate organic radiocarbon for four major UK catchments, 2013-2014

J. Adams, E. Tipping, C.L. Bryant, R.C. Helliwell & J. Quinton
This dataset includes radiocarbon (14C) content and d13C for river water samples collected across the UK. Samples were concentrated to four major catchments - the Ribble, Conwy, Hampshire Avon and Scottish Dee. Samples were collected at high flow. The dataset also includes suspended particulate matter concentration and % organic carbon content.

European soil seed bank communities across a climate and land-cover gradient

Jan Plue, Hans Van Calster, Inger Auestad, Sofia Basto, Reneé M. Bekker, Hans Henrik Bruun, Richard Chevalier, Guillaume Decocq, Ulf Grandin, Martin Hermy, Hans Jacquemyn, Anna Jakobsson, Rein Kalamees, Rob H. Marrs, Bryndis Marteinsdóttir, Per Milberg, Robin J. Pakeman, Gareth Phoenix, Ken Thompson, Vigdis Vandvik, Markus Wagner, Sara A.O. Cousins, Ove Eriksson, Jamshid Ghorbani, Małgorzata Jankowska-Błaszczuk … & Alistair G. Auffret
This is the data set used for the publication Buffering effects of soil seed banks on plant community composition in response to land use and climate, published in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography. Aim. Climate and land use are key determinants of biodiversity, with past and ongoing changes posing serious threats to global ecosystems. Unlike most other organism groups, plant species can possess dormant life-history stages such as soil seed banks, which may help...

Functional and epiphytic biodiversity differences between nine tree species in the UK

R.J. Mitchell, R.L. Hewison, J. Beaton, R.K. Haghi, A.H.J. Robertson, A.M. Main, I.J. Owen & J. Douglass
The dataset contains information from 234 trees at six sites across the UK collected in 2018. The tree species studied were Acer pseudoplatanus sycamore, Castanea sativa sweet chestnut, Fagus sylvatica beech, Fraxinus excelsior common ash, Quercus cerris Turkey oak, Q. petraea sessile oak, Q. robur pedunculate oak, Q. rubra red oak and Tilia x europaea common lime. The presence of all lichens and bryophyte species on the trunk to a height of 1.75m were recorded...

Antibiotic resistance genes found in soils across the entire Scottish landscape (2007-10)

C.W. Knapp, D.W. Graham, T. Freitag, E. Pagaling, R. Hough, L. Avery, Y.-G. Zhu, J. Su & X.Y. Zhou
The dataset collates the relative concentration of nearly 300 antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes found in soil locations across Scotland. Soils were obtained from the National Soils Inventory of Scotland (NSIS2), from which the total community DNA were extracted and provided to assess AMR gene content. Sampling of the NSIS2 was conducted between 2007-2010 at 183 soil locations representing intersections of a 20km grid across all of Scotland. For each sample, nearly 300 AMR genes were...

Learning-induced switching costs in a parasitoid can maintain diversity of host aphid phenotypes although biocontrol is destabilised under abiotic stress

Katharine Preedy, Mark Chaplain, Daniel Leybourne, Glenn Marion & Alison Karley
1. Aphid populations frequently include phenotypes that are resistant to parasitism by hymenopterous parasitoid wasps, which is often attributed to the presence of ‘protective’ facultative endosymbionts residing in aphid tissues, particularly Hamiltonella defensa. In field conditions, under parasitoid pressure, the observed coexistence of aphids with and without protective symbionts cannot be explained by their difference in fitness alone. 2. Using the cereal aphid Rhopalosiphum padi as a model, we propose an alternative mechanism whereby parasitoids...

Data from: Herbivory and climate as drivers of woody plant growth: Do deer decrease the impacts of warming?

Katariina E. M. Vuorinen, Shaila J. Rao, Alison J. Hester & James D. M. Speed
Vegetation at ecotone transitions between open and forested areas is often heavily affected by two key processes: climate change and management of large herbivore densities. These both drive woody plant state-shifts, determining the location and the nature of the limit between open and tree or shrub-dominated landscapes. In order to adapt management to prevailing and future climate, we need to understand how browsing and climatic factors together affect the growth of plants at biome borders....

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • James Hutton Institute
  • Newcastle University
  • The James Hutton Institute
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • Research Institute for Nature and Forest
  • Jan Kochanowski University
  • University of Strathclyde
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • University of Groningen