10 Works

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Comparative evaluation of ten lateral flow immunoassays to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibodies

Gala Garrod, Sophie Owen, Kenneth Baillie, Lisa Baldwin, Lottie Brown, Rachel Byrne, Ana Cubas-Atienzar, Luis Cuevas, Alice Fraser, Thomas Fletcher, Lynsey Goodwin, Grant Kay, Konstantina Kontogianni, Jenifer Mason, Peter Openshaw, Stefanie Menzies, Shona Moore, Malcolm Semple, Joseph Taylor, Lance Turtle, Christopher Williams & Emily Adams
Background: Rapid mobilisation from industry and academia following the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), led to the development and availability of SARS-CoV-2 lateral flow immunoassays (LFAs). High-quality LFAs are urgently needed at the point of care to add to currently available diagnostic tools. In this study, we provide evaluation data for ten LFAs suitable for use at the point of care. Methods: COVID-19 positive patients (N=45), confirmed by...

Gene-drive suppression of mosquito populations in large cages as a bridge between lab and field

Andrew Hammond, Paola Pollegioni, Tania Persampieri, Ace North, Roxana Minuz, Alessandro Trusso, Alessandro Bucci, Kyros Kyrou, Ioanna Morianou, Alekos Simoni, Tony Nolan, Ruth Müller & Andrea Crisanti
CRISPR-based gene-drives targeting the gene doublesex in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae effectively suppressed the reproductive capability of mosquito populations reared in small laboratory cages. To bridge the gap between laboratory and the field, this gene-drive technology must be challenged with vector ecology. Here we report the suppressive activity of the gene-drive in age-structured An. gambiae populations in large indoor cages that permit complex feeding and reproductive behaviours. The gene-drive element spreads rapidly through the...

Inefficient integration during multiple facial processing in pre-morbid and early phases of psychosis

TianHong Zhang, YingYu Yang, LiHua Xu, XiaoChen Tang, YeGang Hu, Xin Xiong, YanYan Wei, HuiRu Cui, YingYing Tang, HaiChun Liu, Tao Chen, Zhi Liu, Li Hui, ChunBo Li, XiaoLi Guo & JiJun Wang
We used eye-tracking to evaluate multiple facial context processing and event-related potential (ERP) to evaluate multiple facial recognition in individuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. In total, 173 subjects (83 CHRs and 90 healthy controls [HCs]) were included and their emotion perception performances were accessed. A total of 40 CHRs and 40 well-matched HCs completed an eye-tracking task where they viewed pictures depicting a person in the foreground, presented as context-free, context-compatible, and...

Alleviation of refractory IgA nephropathy by intensive fecal microbiota transplantation: the first case reports

Jin Zhao, Ming Bai, Xiaoxia Yang, Yan Wang, Rong Li & Shiren Sun
Gut dysbiosis may be implicated in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) through immune and/or metabolite pathways. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) could reestablish the micro-ecological balance in IgAN, although this has never been attempted before. We explored whether FMT could be efficacious in treating IgAN in two patients with refractory IgAN. Two Chinese female patients with IgAN failed to achieve clinical remission after receiving several rounds of immunosuppressive therapy and suffered from unbearable adverse effects...

Data from: Computer-aided X-ray screening for tuberculosis and HIV testing among adults with cough in Malawi (the PROSPECT study): a randomized trial and cost-effectiveness analysis

Peter MacPherson
Suboptimal tuberculosis (TB) diagnostics and HIV contribute to the high global burden of TB. We investigated costs and yield from systematic HIV-TB screening, including computer-aided digital chest X-ray (DCXR-CAD). Suboptimal tuberculosis (TB) diagnostics and HIV contribute to the high global burden of TB. We investigated costs and yield from systematic HIV-TB screening, including computer-aided digital chest X-ray (DCXR-CAD). In this open, three-arm randomised trial, adults (≥18 years) with cough attending acute primary services in Malawi...

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Accuracy of the mologic COVID-19 rapid antigen test-a prospective multi-centre analytical and clinical evaluation

Ana Isabel Cubas Atienzar, Fiona Bell, Rachel L. Byrne, Kate Buist, David J Clark, Michael Cocozza, Andrea M Collins, Luis E. Cuevas, Annelyse Duvoix, Nicholas Easom, Thomas Edwards, Daniela M Ferreira, Tom Fletcher, Elisabetta Groppelli, Angela Hyder-Wright, Ewelina Kadamus, Daniela E. Kirwan, Konstantina Kontogianni, Sanjeev Krishna, Diana Kluczna, Julian Mark, Josephine Mensah-Kane, Elisha Miller, Elena Mitsi, Donna Norton … & Emily R Adams
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has highlighted the reliance on antigen detection rapid diagnostic tests (Ag-RDTs). Their evaluation at point of use is a priority. Here, we report a multi-centre evaluation of the analytical sensitivity, specificity, and clinical accuracy of the Mologic COVID-19 Ag-RDT by comparing to RT-qPCR results from individuals with and without COVID-19 symptoms. Participants attending secondary care facilities in Merseyside, ambulance services in Yorkshire, and drive-through testing facilities in Northumberland, UK....

Alleviation of refractory IgA nephropathy by intensive fecal microbiota transplantation: the first case reports

Jin Zhao, Ming Bai, Xiaoxia Yang, Yan Wang, Rong Li & Shiren Sun
Gut dysbiosis may be implicated in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) through immune and/or metabolite pathways. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) could reestablish the micro-ecological balance in IgAN, although this has never been attempted before. We explored whether FMT could be efficacious in treating IgAN in two patients with refractory IgAN. Two Chinese female patients with IgAN failed to achieve clinical remission after receiving several rounds of immunosuppressive therapy and suffered from unbearable adverse effects...

Inefficient integration during multiple facial processing in pre-morbid and early phases of psychosis

TianHong Zhang, YingYu Yang, LiHua Xu, XiaoChen Tang, YeGang Hu, Xin Xiong, YanYan Wei, HuiRu Cui, YingYing Tang, HaiChun Liu, Tao Chen, Zhi Liu, Li Hui, ChunBo Li, XiaoLi Guo & JiJun Wang
We used eye-tracking to evaluate multiple facial context processing and event-related potential (ERP) to evaluate multiple facial recognition in individuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. In total, 173 subjects (83 CHRs and 90 healthy controls [HCs]) were included and their emotion perception performances were accessed. A total of 40 CHRs and 40 well-matched HCs completed an eye-tracking task where they viewed pictures depicting a person in the foreground, presented as context-free, context-compatible, and...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    10

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    10

Affiliations

  • Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
    8
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    6
  • Tianjin University
    6
  • Xian Central Hospital
    4
  • Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University
    4
  • North West Agriculture and Forestry University
    4
  • Binzhou Medical University
    4
  • Zhejiang University
    4
  • Xiamen University
    4
  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
    4