44 Works

Large scale manufacturing route to metamaterial coatings using thermal spray techniques and their response to solar radiation

Nadimul Faisal, Nazmi Sellami, Federico Venturi, Tanvir Hussain, Tapas Mallick, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Alex Bishop, Hari Upadhyaya, Nirmal Kumar Katiyar & Saurav Goel
Metamaterials, an artificial periodic two- or three-dimensional configuration can change propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves (i.e., reflection, transmission, absorption). The current challenges in the field of metamaterial coatings are their manufacturing in large scale and large length scale. There is a clear need to enhance process technologies and scalability of these. Thermal spraying is a method used to deposit small to large scale coatings where the sprayed layer is typically formed by successive impact of...

Data and code for Caves, Dixit, Colebrook-Robjent, Hamusikili, Stevens, Thorogood, and Spottiswoode: Hosts elevate either within-clutch consistency or between-clutch distinctiveness of egg phenotypes in defence against brood parasites

Eleanor Caves, Tanmay Dixit, Martin Stevens, Rose Thorogood & Claire Spottiswoode
In host-parasite arms races, hosts can evolve signatures of identity to enhance detection of parasite mimics. In theory, signatures are most effective when within-individual variation is low (“consistency”), and between-individual variation is high (“distinctiveness”). However, empirical support for positive covariation in signature consistency and distinctiveness across species is mixed. Here we attempt to resolve this puzzle by partitioning distinctiveness according to how it is achieved: (1) greater variation within each trait, contributing to elevated “absolute...

Moving academic conferences online: understanding patterns of delegate engagement

Cassandra Raby & Joah Madden
Scientific conferences are a key component of academic communication and development. During the COVID-19 pandemic in-person conferences are rapidly moving online, yet these virtual events may not provide the same opportunities as in-person conferences. If virtual meetings are to continue to provide effective communication and networking between researchers and stakeholders, they must be adapted to increase delegate engagement and enthusiasm. Here we present a case study of a recent medium-sized online conference. We assessed the...

Factors influencing nature interactions vary between cities and types of nature interactions

Rui Ying Rachel Oh, Kelly Fielding, Thi Phuong Le Nghiem, Chia-Chen Chang, Danielle Shanahan, Kevin Gaston, Román Carrasco & Richard Fuller
1. There is mounting concern that people living more urbanised, modern lifestyles have fewer and lower quality interactions with nature, and therefore have limited access to the associated health and wellbeing benefits. Yet, variation in the different types of nature interactions and the factors that influence these interactions across populations are poorly understood. 2. We compared four types of nature interactions by administering surveys across two cities that differ markedly in urbanisation pattern and population...

Data from: Avian disease surveillance on the island of San Cristóbal, Galápagos.

Joshua Lynton-Jenkins & Camille Bonneaud
Endemic island species face unprecedented threats, with many populations in decline or at risk of extinction. One important threat is the introduction of novel and potentially devastating diseases, made more pressing due to accelerating global connectivity, urban development, and climatic changes. In the Galápagos archipelago two important wildlife diseases: avian pox (Avipoxvirus spp.) and avian malaria (Plasmodium spp. and related Haemosporidia) challenge endemic species. San Cristóbal island has seen a paucity of disease surveillance in...

Gross Primary Productivity simulations of Great Britain for emulation, 2001-2010 from JULES land surface model

E. Baker, A. Harper, D. Williamson & P. Challenor
This data is an ensemble of Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) simulations, ran for a select set of 1kmx1km grid cells in Great Britain, each with a different set of parameter values, from 2001 to 2010. The data includes simulated Gross Primary Productivity (GPP) for 5 different plant functional types on an 8-day average. (Broadleaf trees, Needleleaf trees, C3 grasses, Shrubs, and Cropland) as well as the weighted combined sum. These simulations were obtained...

Llanbedr (Mochras Farm) Core Scanning Dataset

Magret Damaschke, Simon Wylde, Mengjie Jiang, Teuntje Hollaar & Clemens V Ullmann
A core scanning dataset from part of the Llanbedr (Mochras Farm) drill core that was drilled onshore in the Cardigan Bay Basin, Wales, UK. This core scan dataset was obtained using the Itrax XRF Scanner MC at the Core Scanning Facility (CSF) at the British Geological Survey (BGS), UK. It contains X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental data expressed as elemental counts or peak areas and optical images of each representative core stick. The dataset was created...

Dataset from: Warming effects on grassland productivity depend on plant diversity

Junjiong Shao, Xuhui Zhou, Kees Van Groenigen, Guiyao Zhou, Huimin Zhou, Lingyan Zhou, Meng Lu, Jianyang Xia, Lin Jiang, Bruce Hungate, Yiqi Luo, Fangliang He & Madhav Thakur
Aim: Climate warming and biodiversity loss both alter plant productivity, yet we lack an understanding of how biodiversity regulates the responses of ecosystems to warming. In this study, we examine how plant diversity regulates the responses of grassland productivity to experimental warming using meta-analytic techniques. Location: Global Major taxa studied: Grassland ecosystems Methods: Our meta-analysis is based on warming responses of 40 different plant communities obtained from 20 independent studies on grasslands across five continents....

Provision of high meat content food and object play reduce predation of wild animals by domestic cats Felis catus

Martina Cecchetti, Sarah L. Crowley, Cecily E.D. Goodwin & Robbie A. McDonald
Predation by domestic cats Felis catus can be a threat to biodiversity conservation,​ but its mitigation is controversial.​​ Confinement and collar-mounted devices can impede cat hunting success and reduce numbers of animals killed,​ but some owners do not wish to inhibit what they see as natural behavior, perceive safety risks associated with collars, or are concerned about device loss and ineffectiveness.​ In a controlled and replicated trial, we tested novel, non-invasive interventions that aim to...

Shade alters grass growth and architecture by reducing root biomass

Cedrique Solofondranohatra, Maria Vorontsova, Rebecca Dewhirst, Claire Belcher, Stuart Cable, Vololoniaina Jeannoda & Caroline Lehmann
Variable tree cover characterizes tropical grassy biomes. Light availability in the ground layer becomes increasingly limited as tree cover increases while open canopy environments are associated with a flammable grassy ground layer. Grass species dominating the ground layer of these ecosystems have adopted strategies to persist and proliferate with frequent fire. However, there is limited understanding of how grass growth and flammability traits respond to changes in light availability. We experimentally grew 14 grass species...

BEE-STEWARD: a research and decision support software for effective land management to promote bumblebee populations

Grace Twiston-Davies, Matthias Becher & Juliet Osborne
The demand for agent-based models to explore the effects of environmental change on pollinator population dynamics is growing. However, models need a simple yet flexible interface to enable adoption by a wide range of stakeholders. We introduce BEE-STEWARD: a research and decision-support software tool, enabling researchers, policy-makers, land management advisors, and practitioners to predict and compare the effects of bee-friendly management interventions on bumblebee populations over several years. BEE-STEWARD integrates the BEESCOUT and Bumble-BEEHAVE agent-based...

Legacy of Amazonian Dark Earth soils on forest structure and species composition

EDMAR Oliveira, Ben Hur Marimon-Junior, Beatriz Marimon, José Iriarte, Paulo Morandi, Yoshi Maezumi, Denis Nogueira, Luiz Aragão, Izaias Silva & Ted Feldpausch
Aim: Amazonian forests predominantly grow on highly weathered and nutrient poor soils. Anthropogenically enriched Amazonian Dark Earths (ADE), traditionally known as Terra Preta de Índio), were formed by pre-Columbian populations. ADE soils are characterized by increased fertility and have continued to be exploited following European colonization. Here, we evaluated the legacy of land-use and soil enrichment on the composition and structure in ADE and NDE forests. Location: Eeastern and southern Amazonia Time period: Pre-Columbia -...

Half hourly fluxes of sensible heat, latent energy and carbon, observed by eight eddy covariance towers in the Northern Chihuahuan Desert, North America, 2018-2019

F. Boschetti, A.M. Cunliffe, R. Clement, K. Anderson, S. Sitch, R.E. Brazier & T.C. Hill
Half-hourly data from eight eddy covariance towers deployed in the Sevilleta Refuge (New Mexico, USA). The main sensors deployed were sonic anemometer, relative humidity sensor and carbon dioxide concentration sensor . They were deployed and maintained by Fabio Boschetti and Andrew Cunliffe (University of Exeter). The data were collected to test the new design of eddy covariance towers and investigate the spatial variability of fluxes. Data were collected from 2018-11-01 to 2019-11-01. The data contains...

Models, absorbance and fluouresence data for GFP-cyt artifical heterodimers

Rachel L Johnson, Hayley G Blaber, Tomas Evans, Jacob R Pope, Harley L Worthy & D Dafydd Jones
The top 5 models of the GFP docked to cyt b562 after RosettaDock analysis. The files are in PDB format as output by RosettaDock so do not have the GFP chromophore nor cyt b562 haem group present. The absorbance data in an Excel file. The fluoresence emission data in an Excel file.

Moving academic conferences online: aids and barriers to delegate participation

Cassandra Raby & Joah Madden
In-person academic conferences are important to disseminate research and provide networking opportunities. Whether academics attend in-person conferences is based on the cost, accessibility, and safety of the event. Therefore, in-person conferences are less accessible to academics and stakeholders that are unable to overcome some of these factors, which then act as a barrier to equal and inclusive participation. Additionally, the carbon footprint of conference travel is increasingly becoming a factor in deciding on whether to...

Microclimate sensor data from 3 locations

Ilya Maclean
Three datasets of microclimate temperature. Dataset 1, obtained between 7th April and 10th July 2020 over several short intervals in Cornwall, UK (50.1739°N, 5.1042°W), was used to quantify errors yielded by different logger types close to the ground in an open grassland. Dataset 2, obtained between 1st May and 10th July 2020 in Leuven, Belgium (50.8217°N, 4.7336°E), was used to quantify errors different logger and shield types over several months, in both open grassland and...

Olympic International Federation environmental sustainability progress and social media data

Dominique Santini
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to consolidate knowledge and benchmark the progress being made across the 32 International Federations (IFs) in the Summer Olympic Programme. Design/Methodology/Approach: A website content analysis, analytical hierarchy of information, and social media research was conducted to triangulate the barriers and drivers of environmental sustainability (ES) progress. This data was then analysed to empirically substantiate the findings of previous methods by exploring potential drivers of IF ES progress and...

The modularity of a social group does not affect the transmission speed of a novel, socially learned behaviour, or the formation of local variants

Philippa Laker, William Hoppitt, Michael Weiss & Joah Madden
Data set used within the Article "The modularity of a social group does not affect the transmission speed of a novel, socially learned behaviour, or the formation of local variants." The structure of a group is critical in determining how a socially learnt behaviour will spread. Predictions from theoretical models indicate that specific parameters of social structure differentially influence social transmission. Modularity describes how the structure of a group or network is divided into distinct...

The dynamics of social cohesion in response to simulated intergroup conflict in banded mongooses

Elizabeth Preston, Faye Thompson, Solomon Kyabulima, Darren Croft & Michael Cant
Intergroup conflict is widespread in nature and is proposed to have strong impacts on the evolution of social behaviour. The conflict-cohesion hypothesis predicts that exposure to intergroup conflict should lead to increased social cohesion to improve group success or resilience in future conflicts. There is evidence to support this prediction from studies of affiliative responses to outgroup threats in some animal societies. However, most of these studies have focused on behavioural changes over short time...

Dataset associated with 'Scaling of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction with magnetization in Pt/Co(Fe)B/Ir multilayers'

Khulaif Alshammari, Eloi Haltz, Mohammed Alyami, Mannan Ali, Paul Keatley, Christopher Marrows, Joseph Barker & Thomas Moore
Magnetic multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy and an interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction contain chiral domain walls and skyrmions that are promising for applications. Here we measure the temperature dependence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) in Pt/CoFeB/Ir and Pt/CoB/Ir multilayers by means of static domain imaging. First, the temperature dependences of saturation magnetization ($M_{\rm{S}}$), exchange stiffness ($A$) and intrinsic perpendicular anisotropy ($K_{\rm{u}}$) are determined. Then the demagnetized domain pattern in each multilayer is imaged by wide-field Kerr microscopy...

Supplementary Data - Statistical emulation of winter ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from emission changes in China

Luke Conibear, Carly Reddington, Ben Silver, YING CHEN, Christoph Knote, Steve Arnold & Dominick Spracklen
The trained emulators per grid cell in China that predict ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from emission changes in five anthropogenic sectors.

ASYFAIR Germany dataset: asylum adjudication in Germany (2018/19)

Nicole Hoellerer & Nick Gill
The Project: ASYFAIR is a multi-disciplinary research project, employing a combination of methodologies to produce rich data sets on legal asylum procedures. The purpose of the study is to examine legal aspects of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), which was reformed by the European Union in 2013 and that seeks to implement a set of standardise procedures of asylum determination. The ASYFAIR project offers the opportunity to assess progress towards harmonisation of asylum determination...

Low-cost tools mitigate climate change during reproduction in an endangered marine ectotherm

Leo Clarke, Rebecca Elliot, Elena Abella-Perez, Adolfo Marco, Samir Martins & Lucy Hawkes
The impacts of anthropogenic climate change will be most dramatic for species that live in narrow thermal niches, such as reptiles. Given the imminent threat to biodiversity, and that actions to reduce carbon emissions are not yet sufficient, it is important that a sound evidence base of potential mitigation options is available for conservation managers. Successful incubation and production of male sea turtle hatchlings is threatened by increased global temperatures (sex is determined by the...

Contributions of wild and provisioned foods to the diets of domestic cats that depredate wild animals

Martina Cecchetti, Sarah Crowley, Cecily Goodwin, Holly Cole, Jennifer McDonald, Stuart Bearhop & Robbie McDonald
Predation of wildlife by domestic cats Felis catus presents a threat to biodiversity conservation in some ecological contexts. The proportions of wild prey captured and eaten by domestic cats and thus the contributions of wild prey to cat diets are hard to quantify. This limits understanding of any impacts of cats may have on wild animal populations and confounds analyses of the effects of interventions aimed at reducing wildlife killing. We used stable isotope analyses...

Multi-year time shift study of bacteria and phage dynamics in the phyllosphere

Emily Dewald-Wang, Nicole Parr, Katie Tiley, Alina Lee & Britt Koskella
Coevolutionary dynamics shape diversity within and among populations but are difficult to study directly. Time shift experiments, where populations of species A from one point in time are experimentally challenged against populations of species B from past, contemporary, and/or future time points, and vice versa, are a particularly powerful tool to measure coevolution. This approach has been primarily applied to study host-parasite interactions and proven useful in directly measuring coevolutionary change and distinguishing among coevolutionary...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Exeter
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Leeds
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Queensland
  • Royal Botanic Gardens
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso
  • Zoological Society of London