40 Works

Prees-2C Core Scanning Dataset

A comprehensive core scanning dataset from the Prees-2C borehole. This borehole was drilled onshore in the Cheshire Basin, Shropshire, UK, in November and December 2020 as part of the JET project (Integrated understanding of Early Jurassic Earth system and timescale - https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=NE 2FN018508 2F1) and principally funded by the ICDP, NERC, and DFG. The approximately 620 m-long Early Jurassic core succession (>99% recovery) mainly comprises mudstone, limestone, and siltstone. The core scanning dataset contains optical...

Data from: Network analysis of sea turtle movements and connectivity: a tool for conservation prioritization

Connie Y. Kot, Susanne Åkesson, Joanna Alfaro-Shigueto, Diego Fernando Amorocho Llanos, Marina Antonopoulou, George H. Balazs, Warren R. Baverstock, Janice M. Blumenthal, Annette C. Broderick, Ignacio Bruno, Ali Fuat Canbolat, Paolo Casale, Daniel Cejudo, Michael S. Coyne, Corrie Curtice, Sarah DeLand, Andrew DiMatteo, Kara Dodge, Daniel C. Dunn, Nicole Esteban, Angela Formia, Mariana M. P. B. Fuentes, Ei Fujioka, Julie Garnier, Matthew H. Godfrey … & Patrick N. Halpin
Aim: Understanding the spatial ecology of animal movements is a critical element in conserving long-lived, highly mobile marine species. Analysing networks developed from movements of six sea turtle species reveals marine connectivity and can help prioritize conservation efforts. Location: Global. Methods: We collated telemetry data from 1,235 individuals and reviewed the literature to determine our dataset’s representativeness. We used the telemetry data to develop spatial networks at different scales to examine areas, connections, and their...

Cuckoos that care: conspecific brood parasitism in subsocial wasps

Jeremy Field, Charlie Savill & William Foster
Hosts and brood parasites are a classic example of evolutionary conflict. Parasites lay eggs in foreign nests but typically provide no further offspring care, imposing costs on hosts. In the subsocial wasp Ammophila pubescens, eggs were often replaced by unrelated foreign females, and hosts could respond by substituting new eggs of their own. Remarkably, foreign females usually provisioned the offspring in host nests, often while hosts were also provisioning. We used field data to investigate...

Data from: The sound of recovery: coral reef restoration success is detectable in the soundscape

Timothy Lamont, Ben Williams, Lucille Chapuis, Mochyudho Prasetya, Marie Seraphim, Harry Harding, Eleanor May, Noel Janetski, Jamaluddin Jompa, Dave Smith, Andrew Radford & Stephen Simpson
1. Pantropical degradation of coral reefs is prompting considerable investment in their active restoration. However, current measures of restoration success are based largely on coral cover, which does not fully reflect ecosystem function or reef health. 2. Soundscapes are an important aspect of reef health; loud and diverse soundscapes guide the recruitment of reef organisms, but this process is compromised when degradation denudes soundscapes. As such, acoustic recovery is a functionally important component of ecosystem...

Links between personality traits and problem-solving performance in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata)

Lisa P. Barrett, Jessica L. Marsh, Neeltje Boogert, Christopher N. Templeton & Sarah Benson-Amram
Consistent individual differences in behaviour across time or contexts (i.e., personality types) have been found in many species and have implications for fitness. Likewise, individual variation in cognitive abilities has been shown to impact fitness. Cognition and personality are complex, multidimensional traits. However, previous work has generally examined the connection between a single personality trait and a single cognitive ability, yielding equivocal results. Links between personality and cognitive ability suggest that behavioural traits coevolved and...

House sparrows use learned information selectively based on whether reward is hidden or visible

Yotam Ben-Oren, Noa Truskanov & Arnon Lotem
The dataset contains two files containing the number of visits made by each bird in each of the well types, out of the first 15 visits in each test (one file for Experiment 1 and another for Experiment 2). An additional file contains our handling time samples for each of the treatments used in experiment 1 (exposed, hidden and "wrapped").

Methodological confounds of measuring urinary oxidative stress in wild animals

Zoe Melvin, Zoe Melvin, Hussein Dhirani, Christopher Mitchell, Tim Davenport, Jonathan Blount & Alexander Georgiev
Biomarkers of oxidative stress (OS) are useful in addressing a wide range of research questions, but thus far, they have had limited application to wild mammal populations due to a reliance on blood or tissue sampling. A shift towards non-invasive measurement of OS would allow field ecologists and conservationists to apply this method more readily. However, the impact of methodological confounds on urinary OS measurement under field conditions has never been explicitly investigated. We combined...

Supplementary Data: Sensitivity of Air Pollution Exposure and Disease Burden to Emission Changes in China using Machine Learning Emulation

Luke Conibear, Carly Reddington, Ben Silver, YING CHEN, Christoph Knote, Steve Arnold & Dominick Spracklen
The trained emulators per grid cell in China that support the findings of this study. The emulators predict ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) concentrations from emission changes in five anthropogenic sectors. The README.txt file explains how to open and use these emulators.

Data from: Protecting great apes from disease: compliance with measures to reduce anthroponotic disease transmission

Ana Nuno, Chloe Chesney, Maia Wellbelove, Elena Bersacola, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Fabian Leendertz, Amanda Webber & Kimberley Hockings
Based on an international sample of past (N=420) and potential future visitors (N=569) to wild great ape tourism sites in Africa, we used an online questionnaire to characterise visitors’ practices, assess expectations (e.g., about proximity to great apes) and identify key factors related to potential compliance with disease mitigation measures. This was implemented adapting a framework from health literature (the Health Belief Model; HBM), particularly focused on reducing COVID-19 transmission at an early stage of...

Data from: Emergence of splits and collective turns in pigeon flocks under predation

Marina Papadopoulou, Hanno Hildenbrandt, Daniel W.E. Sankey, Steven J. Portugal & Charlotte K. Hemelrijk
Complex patterns of collective behaviour may emerge through self-organization, from local interactions among individuals in a group. To understand what behavioural rules underlie these patterns, computational models are often necessary. These rules have not yet been systematically studied for bird flocks under predation. Here, we study airborne flocks of homing pigeons attacked by a robotic-falcon, combining empirical data with a species-specific computational model of collective escape. By analysing GPS trajectories of flocking individuals, we identify...

Personality, sperm traits and a test for their combined dependence on male condition in guppies

Rowan Lymbery, Edward Galluccio, Jonathan Evans & Alastair Wilson
There is evidence that animal personality traits can have spill-over effects for sexual selection, with studies reporting that male behavioural types are associated with success during pre- and post-copulatory sexual selection. Given these links between personality and sexual traits, and the evidence that their expression can depend on an individual’s nutritional status (i.e. condition), a novel prediction is that changes in a male’s diet should alter both the average expression of personality and sexual traits,...

WorldClim, elevation and distribution data for all palms from: The ecology of palm genomes: Repeat-associated genome size expansion is constrained by aridity

Rowan Schley, Jaume Pellicer, Xue-Jun Ge, Craig Barrett, Sidonie Bellot, Maite Guignard, Petr Novak, Donald Fraser, William Baker, Steven Dodsworth, Jiri Macas, Andrew Leitch & Ilia Leitch
Genome size varies 2,400-fold across plants, influencing their evolution through changes in cell size and cell division rates which impact plants’ environmental stress tolerance. Repetitive element expansion explains much genome size diversity, and the processes structuring repeat ‘communities’ are analogous to those structuring ecological communities. However, which environmental stressors influence repeat community dynamics has not yet been examined from an ecological perspective. We measured genome size and leveraged climatic data for 91% of genera within...

Data from: Inter-generational costs of oxidative stress: reduced fitness in daughters of mothers that experienced high levels of oxidative damage during reproduction

Ana Angela Romero-Haro, Lorenzo Perez-Rodriguez & Barbara Tschirren
Parental condition transfer effects occur when the parents’ physiological state during reproduction affects offspring performance. Oxidative damage may mediate such effects, yet evidence that oxidative damage experienced by parents during reproduction negatively affects offspring fitness is scarce and limited to early life stages. We show in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) that maternal levels of oxidative damage, measured during reproduction, negatively predict the number of offspring produced by daughters. This maternal effect on the daughter’s reproductive...

Missing data in sea turtle population monitoring: a Bayesian statistical framework accounting for incomplete sampling

Lucy Omeyer, Trevelyan McKinley, Nathalie Bréheret, Gaëlle Bal, George Petchell Balchin, Abdon Bitsindou, Eva Chauvet, Tim Collins, Bryan Curran, Angela Formia, Alexandre Girard, Marc Girondot, Brendan Godley, Jean-Gabriel Mavoungou, Laurène Poli, Dominic Tilley, Hilde VanLeeuwe & Kristian Metcalfe
Monitoring how populations respond to sustained conservation measures is essential to detect changes in their population status and determine the effectiveness of any interventions. In the case of sea turtles, their populations are difficult to assess because of their complicated life histories. Ground-derived clutch counts are most often used as an index of population size for sea turtles; however, data are often incomplete with varying sampling intensity within and among sites and seasons. To address...

Environment and mate attractiveness in a wild insect

Tom Tregenza, Petri Niemelä, Rolando Rodríguez-Muñoz & Paul Hopwood
The role of female choice in sexual selection is well established, including the recognition that females choose their mates based on multiple cues. These cues may include intrinsic aspects of a male’s phenotype as well as aspects of the environment associated with the male. The role of the spatial location of a potential mate has been well studied in territorial vertebrates. However, despite their role as laboratory models for studies of sexual selection, the potential...

Hot-headed peckers: thermographic changes during aggression among juvenile pheasants (Phasianus colchicus)

Sophia Knoch, Mark Whiteside, Joah Madden, Paul Rose & Tim Fawcett
In group-living vertebrates, dominance status often covaries with physiological measurements (e.g. glucocorticoid levels), but it is unclear how dominance is linked to dynamic changes in physiological state over a shorter, behavioural timescale. In this observational study, we recorded spontaneous aggression among captive juvenile pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) alongside infrared thermographic measurements of their external temperature, a non-invasive technique previously used to examine stress responses in non-social contexts, where peripheral blood is redirected towards the body core....

CamoEvo: an open access toolbox for artificial camouflage evolution experiments

George Hancock & Jolyon Troscianko
Camouflage research has long shaped our understanding of evolution by natural selection, and elucidating the mechanisms by which camouflage operates remains a key question in visual ecology. However, the vast diversity of colour patterns found in animals and their backgrounds, combined with the scope for complex interactions with receiver vision presents a fundamental challenge for investigating optimal camouflage strategies. Genetic algorithms have provided a potential method for accounting for these interactions, but with limited accessibility....

The genetic and social contributions to sex differences in lifespan in Drosophila serrata

Vikram P. Narayan, Alastair J. Wilson & Stephen F. Chenoweth
Sex differences in lifespan remain an intriguing puzzle in evolutionary biology. While explanations range from sex differences in selection to sex differences in the expression of recessive lifespan-altering mutations (via X-linkage), little consensus has been reached. One unresolved issue is the extent to which genetic influences on lifespan dimorphism are modulated by the environment. For example, studies have shown that sex-differences in lifespan can either increase or decrease depending upon the social environment. Here we...

Abandoned pastures and restored savannahs have distinct patterns of plant-soil feedback and nutrient cycling compared with native Brazilian savannahs.

André D'Angioli, André Giles, Patrícia Costa, Gabriel Wolfsdorf, Luísa Pecoral, Larissa Verona, Fernanda Piccolo, Alexandre Sampaio, Isabel Schmidt, Lucy Rowland, Hans Lambers, Ellen Kandeler, Rafael Oliveira & Anna Abrahão
Around 40% of the original Brazilian savannah territory is occupied by pastures dominated by fast-growing exotic C4 grasses, which impact ecosystem nutrient cycling. The restoration of these areas depends on the re-establishment of soil processes. We assessed how restoration of abandoned pastures through direct seeding of native species and land-management practices (burning and ploughing) affect soil nutrient cycling dynamics compared to native savannahs. We compared the activity of soil enzymes related to carbon (C), nitrogen...

Leaf flammbility and volatiles of Ginkgo, Agathis, and Dicksonia

Rebecca Dewhirst, Sarah Baker, Jennifer McElwain, Matthew Haworth & Claire Belcher
The Triassic-Jurassic Boundary marks the third largest mass extinction event in the Phanerozoic, characterised by a rise in CO2-concentrations from ~600 ppm to ~2100 – 2400ppm, coupled with a ~3.0 – 4.0°C temperature rise. This is hypothesized to have induced major floral turnover, altering vegetation structure, composition and leaf morphology, which in turn are hypothesized to have driven changes in wildfire. However, the effects of elevated CO2 on fuel properties, such as chemical composition of...

Territory-level temperature influences breeding phenology and reproductive output in three forest passerine birds

Jack D. Shutt, Sophie C. Bell, Fraser Bell, Joan Castello, Myriam El Harouchi & Malcolm D. Burgess
Temperature plays an important role in determining the breeding phenology of birds in temperate climates, with higher spring temperatures associated with earlier breeding. However, the effect of localised territory-scale temperature variations is poorly understood, with relationships between temperature and breeding phenology mostly studied using coarse-grained climatic indices. Here, we interpolate spring temperatures recorded at 150 m2 grid intersections encompassing 417 ha of forest to examine the influence of territory-scale temperature, and its interaction with mean...

The evolution of immune function in decorated crickets

John Hunt, Corinne Letendre, Alejandro Rios-Villamil, Alexandria Williams, James Rapkin, Scott Sakaluk & Clarissa House
While dietary macronutrients are known to regulate insect immunity, few studies have examined their evolutionary effects. Here, we evaluate this relationship in the cricket Gryllodes sigillatus by maintaining replicate populations on four diets differing in protein (P) to carbohydrate (C) ratio (P- or C-biased) and nutritional content (low- or high-nutrition) for >37 generations. We split each population into two; one maintained on their evolution diet and the other switched to their ancestral diet. We also...

Supporting carers of people with a progressive neurological condition

Florien Boele, Emma Nicklin, Sarah Bronsdon, Ian Brooke Mawson, Peter Buckle, Sian Cartwright, Claire Hulme, Lisa McInerney, Yvonne Palmer, Robbie Foy, Juliet Jopson, Rory O'Connor, Amy Rebane & Judy Wright
Unpaid carers provide round the clock support to people living with a condition that affects the brain and gets worse over time (progressive neurological condition). Caregiving can be rewarding, but can also affect carer health and wellbeing. Carers consistently report many unmet support needs. We believe that carers, academics, service providers, and policymakers need to work together to improve support for carers and offer five pillars of action.

Male behaviour in a wild field cricket (Gryllus campestris) population in North Spain, 2019

T. Tregenza, P. Hopwood & R. Rodriguez-Munoz
The data provide information on a number of male cricket behaviours organized according to time and duration of the behaviour. Also included are the mean temperature at the ground level for the duration of each observation.

Data from: Reis et al. (2022). Climate and crown damage drive tree mortality in Southern Amazonian edge Forests. Journal of Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13849

Simone Matias Reis, Beatriz Schwantes Marimon, Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert, Ben Hur Marimon Junior, Paulo Sérgio Morandi, Fernando Elias, Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, David Galbraith, Ted R. Feldpausch, Imma Oliveras Menor, Yadvinder Malhi & Oliver L. Phillips

Registration Year

  • 2022
    40

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    40

Affiliations

  • University of Exeter
    40
  • University of Leeds
    3
  • University of Glasgow
    2
  • University of Groningen
    2
  • Wildlife Conservation Society
    2
  • Queen Mary University of London
    2
  • University of Birmingham
    2
  • University of Porto
    2
  • University of Western Australia
    2
  • State University of Campinas
    2