Data from: Plant species richness belowground: higher richness and new patterns revealed by next generation sequencingInga Hiiesalu, Maarja Öpik, Madis Metsis, Liisa Lilje, John Davison, Martti Vasar, Mari Moora, Martin Zobel, Scott D. Wilson & Meelis Pärtel
Variation in plant species richness has been described using only aboveground vegetation. The species richness of roots and rhizomes has never been compared with aboveground richness in natural plant communities. We made direct comparisons of grassland plant richness in identical volumes (0.1x0.1x0.1m) above and below the soil surface, using conventional species identification to measure aboveground richness and 454 sequencing of the chloroplast trnL(UAA) intron to measure belowground richness. Sequencing detected most species expected and only...
Data from: Extensive gene flow over Europe and possible speciation over Eurasia in the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete Laccaria amethystina complex.Lucie Vincenot, Kazuhide Nara, Christopher Sthultz, Jessy Labbé, Marie-Pierre Dubois, Leho Tedersoo, Francis Martin & Marc-André Selosse
Biogeographic patterns and large-scale genetic structure have been little studied in ectomycorrhizal fungi, despite the ecological and economic importance of ectomycorrhizal symbioses. We coupled population genetics and phylogenetic approaches to understand spatial structure in fungal populations on a continental scale. Using 9 microsatellite markers, we characterised gene flow among 16 populations of the widespread ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete Laccaria amethystina over Europe (over 2900km). We also widened our scope to two additional populations from Japan (104 km...
Data from: Candidate genes for colour and vision exhibit signals of selection across the pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) breeding rangePaula K. Lehtonen, Toni Laaksonen, Aleksandr V. Artemyev, Eugen Belskii, Paul R. Berg, Christiaan Both, Laura Buggiotti, Stanislav Bureš, Malcolm D. Burgess, Andrey V. Bushuev, Indrikis Krams, Juan Moreno, Marko Mägi, Andreas Nord, Jaime Potti, Pierre-Alain Ravussin, Glenn Peter Sætre, Paivi Sirkiä, Wolfgang Winkel & Craig R. Primmer
The role of natural selection in shaping adaptive trait differentiation in natural populations has long been recognized. Determining its molecular basis, however, remains a challenge. Here, we search for signals of selection in candidate genes for colour and its perception in a passerine bird. Pied flycatcher plumage varies geographically in both its structural and pigment-based properties. Both characteristics appear to be shaped by selection. A single-locus outlier test revealed two of fourteen loci to exhibit...
Data from: Mitochondrial phylogeny of the Chrysis ignita (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) species group based on simultaneous Bayesian alignment and phylogeny reconstructionVillu Soon & Urmas Saarma
The ignita species group within the genus Chrysis includes over 100 cuckoo wasp species, which all lead a parasitic lifestyle and exhibit very similar morphology. The lack of robust, diagnostic morphological characters has hindered phylogenetic reconstructions and contributed to frequent misidentification and inconsistent interpretations of species in this group. Therefore, molecular phylogenetic analysis is the most suitable approach for resolving the phylogeny and taxonomy of this group. We present a well-resolved phylogeny of the Chrysisignita...
The following eleven Empria species are reported from Japan: E. candidata (Fallén, 1808), E. japonica Heidemaa & Prous, 2011, E. liturata (Gmelin, 1790), E. loktini Ermolenko, 1971, E. plana (Jakowlew, 1891), E. quadrimaculata Takeuchi, 1952, E. rubicola Ermolenko, 1971, E. tridens (Konow, 1896), E. tridentis Lee & Ryu, 1996, E. honshuana Prous & Heidemaa, sp. n., and E. takeuchii Prous & Heidemaa sp. n. The lectotypes of Poecilosoma pallipes Matsumura, 1912, Empria itelmena Malaise, 1931,...
University of Tartu5
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive1
Moscow State University1
University of Groningen1
University of Oslo1
Spanish National Research Council1
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales1
Institute of Avian Research1