6,970 Works

Data from: Bacterial adaptation to sublethal antibiotic gradients can change the ecological properties of multitrophic microbial communities

Ville-Petri Friman, Laura Melissa Guzman, Daniel C. Reuman, Thomas Bell & V.-P. Friman
Antibiotics leak constantly into environments due to widespread use in agriculture and human therapy. Although sublethal concentrations are well known to select for antibiotic-resistant bacteria, little is known about how bacterial evolution cascades through food webs, having indirect effect on species not directly affected by antibiotics (e.g. via population dynamics or pleiotropic effects). Here, we used an experimental evolution approach to test how temporal patterns of antibiotic stress, as well as migration within metapopulations, affect...

Data from: Body mass estimates of an exceptionally complete Stegosaurus (Ornithischia: Thyreophora): comparing volumetric and linear bivariate mass estimation methods

Charlotte A. Brassey, Susannah Maidment, Paul Barrett & P. M. Barrett
Body mass is a key biological variable, but difficult to assess from fossils. Various techniques exist for estimating body mass from skeletal parameters, but few studies have compared outputs from different methods. Here, we apply several mass estimation methods to an exceptionally complete skeleton of the dinosaur Stegosaurus. Applying a volumetric convex-hulling technique to a digital model of Stegosaurus, we estimate a mass of 1560 kg (95% prediction interval 1082–2256 kg) for this individual. By...

Data from: Divergent evolution peaks under intermediate population bottlenecks during bacterial experimental evolution

Tom Vogwill, Robyn L. Phillips, Danna R. Gifford & R. Craig MacLean
There is growing evidence that parallel molecular evolution is common, but its causes remain poorly understood. Demographic parameters such as population bottlenecks are predicted to be major determinants of parallelism. Here, we test the hypothesis that bottleneck intensity shapes parallel evolution by elucidating the genomic basis of adaptation to antibiotic-supplemented media in hundreds of populations of the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf0-1. As expected, bottlenecking decreased the rate of phenotypic and molecular adaptation. Surprisingly, bottlenecking had...

Data from: Ecological limits on diversification of the Himalayan core Corvoidea

Jonathan David Kennedy, Jason T. Weir, Daniel Marc Hooper, D. Thomas Tietze, Jochen Martens & Trevor Douglas Price
Within regions, differences in the number of species among clades must be explained by clade age, net diversification rate, or immigration. We examine these alternatives by assessing historical causes of the low diversity of a bird parvorder in the Himalayas (the core Corvoidea, 57 species present) relative to its more species rich sister clade. The core Corvoidea contain ecologically diverse species spanning a large range of body sizes and elevations. Despite this diversity, on the...

Data from: Development of the corticospinal and callosal tracts from extremely premature birth up to 2 years of age

Rodrigo M. Braga, Elise Roze, Gareth Ball, Nazakat Merchant, Nora Tusor, Tomoki Arichi, David Edwards, Daniel Rueckert & Serena J. Counsell
White matter tracts mature asymmetrically during development, and this development can be studied using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. The aims of this study were i. to generate dynamic population-averaged white matter registration templates covering in detail the period from 25 weeks gestational age to term, and extending to 2 years of age based on DTI and fractional anisotropy, ii. to produce tract-specific probability maps of the corticospinal tracts, forceps major and forceps minor using probabilistic...

Data from: Detecting evolutionarily significant units above the species level using the Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent method

Aelys M. Humphreys, Catarina Rydin, Knud A. Jønsson, David Alsop, Leah M. Callender-Crowe & Timothy G. Barraclough
1. There is renewed interest in inferring evolutionary history by modelling diversification rates using phylogenies. Understanding the performance of the methods used under different scenarios is essential for assessing empirical results. Recently we introduced a new approach for analysing broadscale diversity patterns, using the Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent (GMYC) method to test for the existence of evolutionarily significant units above the species (higher ESUs). This approach focuses on identifying clades as well as estimating rates...

Data from: The effects of sub-curative praziquantel treatment on life-history traits and trade-offs in drug-resistant Schistosoma mansoni

Mafalda Viana, Christina L. Faust, Dan T. Haydon, Joanne P. Webster, Poppy H. L. Lamberton & Daniel T. Haydon
Natural selection acts on all organisms, including parasites, to maximise reproductive fitness. Drug resistance traits are often associated with life-history costs in the absence of treatment. Schistosomiasis control programmes rely on mass drug administration to reduce human morbidity and mortality. Although hotspots of reduced drug efficacy have been reported, resistance is not widespread. Using Bayesian State-Space Models (SSMs) fitted to data from an in vivo laboratory system, we tested the hypothesis that the spread of...

Traits data of naturalized and non-naturalized alien species of four Indonesian Botanic Gardens

Decky Junaedi, Jane Catford, Mark Burgman, Michael McCarthy, Gurutzeta Guillera-Arroita & Peter Vesk
The establishment of new botanic gardens in tropical regions highlights a need for weed risk assessment tools suitable for tropical ecosystems. The relevance of plant traits for invasion into tropical rainforests has not been well studied. Working in and around four botanic gardens in Indonesia where 590 alien species have been planted, we estimated the effect of four plant traits, plus time since species introduction, on: a) the naturalization probability and b) abundance (density) of...

Frist test

Donald Craig
Gaussian Calculation

TS2 -987.122037 (+18.3) 10.14469/hpc/1905 IRC 10.14469/hpc/1907

Henry Rzepa
Gaussian Calculation

Conf8, wB97XD/Def2-TZVPP + CHCl3, VCD NMR

Henry Rzepa
Gaussian Calculation

mj-harvey/test version 0.1.0

Matthew Harvey

TTITLE 2

Matthew Harvey
DESC 2

QQQ 2

Matthew Harvey
QQQ release 2

Mes2-T6-Pt-Porphyrin TD 631Gdp

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

TTP _ all trans _ TD 631Gdp geom opt

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

DOO-PPV 631Gdp gd3bj geom opt

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

DDO-PPP dodecamer cc-pvdz geom opt

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

PPY TD 631Gdp geom opt

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

HPPY M06-2X cc-pvdz geom opt

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

TS3, PT -701.102368 (24.8) 10.14469/hpc/1577

Henry Rzepa
Gaussian Calculation

butadiene carbene aromatic -192.700746

Henry Rzepa
Gaussian Calculation

HPPY 631Gdp geom opt

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

HPPY_methyl TD BMK cc-pvdz from B3LYP geometry

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

PhPPV octamer TD 631Gdp

Rolf Andernach
Gaussian Calculation

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