5 Works

Carbon and nitrogen flux, meteorological, management and soil data from a grazed, cut and fertilised temperate grassland in south east Scotland

S.K. Jones, C. Helfter, M. Anderson, M. Coyle, C. Campbell, D. Famulari, C. Di Marco, N. Van Dijk, Y.S. Tang, C.F.E. Topp, R. Kiese, R. Kindler, J. Siemens, M. Schrumpf, K. Kaiser, E. Nemitz, P.E. Levy, R.M. Rees, M.A. Sutton & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains measured daily values of precipitation, air and soil temperature, soil water content, measured net ecosystem exchange (NEE) fluxes using eddy covariance, calculated gross primary production (GPP), terrestrial ecosystem respiration (TER) and net biome production (NBP) fluxes using an online tool (http://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/~MDIwork/eddyproc/upload.php), measured fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide using static chambers and measured fluxes of nitrous oxide using eddy covariance, measured fluxes of nitrogen oxides (NOx) using automatic chambers, measured nitrogen and...

Data from: Reciprocity and the tragedies of maintaining and providing the commons

Simon Gächter, Felix Kölle & Simone Quercia
Social cooperation often requires collectively beneficial but individually costly restraint to maintain a public good, or it needs costly generosity to create one. Status quo effects predict that maintaining a public good is easier than providing a new one. Here, we show experimentally and with simulations that even under identical incentives, low levels of cooperation (the ‘tragedy of the commons’) are systematically more likely in maintenance than provision. Across three series of experiments, we find...

Data from: Two-thirds of global cropland area impacted by climate oscillations

Matias Heino, Michael J. Puma, Philip J. Ward, Dieter Gerten, Vera Heck, Stefan Siebert & Matti Kummu
The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) peaked strongly during the boreal winter 2015-2016, leading to food insecurity in many parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Besides ENSO, the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) are known to impact crop yields worldwide. Here, we assess for the first time in a unified framework the relationship between ENSO, IOD and NAO and simulated crop productivity at the sub-country scale. Our findings reveal...

Data from: Bone histological correlates for air sacs and their implications for understanding the origin of the dinosaurian respiratory system

Markus Lambertz, Filippo Bertozzo & P. Martin Sander
Air sacs are an important component of the avian respiratory system, and corresponding structures also were crucial for the evolution of sauropod dinosaur gigantism. Inferring the presence of air sacs in fossils so far is restricted to bones preserving internal pneumatic cavities and foramina as osteological correlates. We here present bone histological correlates for air-sacs as a new potential identification tool for these elements of the respiratory system. The analysis of several avian and non-avian...

Data from: Pulmonary anatomy and a case of unilateral aplasia in a common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina): developmental perspectives on cryptodiran lungs

Emma R. Schachner, Jayc C. Sedlmayr, Renée Schott, Tyler R. Lyson, R. Kent Sanders & Markus Lambertz
The common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) is a well studied and broadly distributed member of Testudines; however, very little is known concerning developmental anomalies and soft tissue pathologies of turtles and other reptiles. Here, we present an unusual case of unilateral pulmonary aplasia, asymmetrical carapacial kyphosis, and mild scoliosis in a live adult C. serpentina. The detailed three-dimensional (3D) anatomy of the respiratory system in both the pathological and normal adult C. serpentina, and a...

Registration Year

  • 2017

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Bonn
  • VU University Amsterdam
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • University of Cologne
  • Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  • University of Nottingham
  • Scottish Environment Protection Agency
  • Aalto University
  • Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
  • Technische Universität Berlin