Foliar fungal endophytes are one of the most diverse guilds of symbiotic fungi found in the photosynthetic tissues of every plant lineage, but it is unclear how plant environments and leaf resource availability shape their diversity. We explored correlations between leaf nutrient availability and endophyte diversity among Pinus muricata and Vaccinium ovatum plants growing across a soil nutrient gradient spanning a series of coastal terraces in Mendocino, California. Endophyte richness decreased in plants with higher...
Mechanical damage of hair can serve as an indicator of health status and its assessment relies on the measurement of morphological features via microscopic analysis, yet few studies have categorized the extent of damage sustained, and instead, have depended on qualitative profiling based on the presence or absence of specific features. We describe the development and application of a novel quantitative measure for scoring hair surface damage in scanning electron microscopic (SEM) images without predefined...
Understanding giant impacts requires accurate description of how extreme pressures and temperatures affect the physical properties of the constituent materials. Here, we report shock experiments on two polymorphs of MgSiO3: enstatite and bridgmanite (perovskite) crystals. We obtain pressure-density shock equation of state to 14 Mbar and more than 9 g/cm3 a 40 % increase in density from previous data on MgSiO3. Density-functional-theory molecular dynamics (DFT-MD) simulations provide predictions for the shock Hugoniot curves for bridgmanite...
Modeled dataset for the estimation of atmospheric transport errors using a Multi-Physics and Analysis Ensemble on the Midwest USL.I. Diaz-Isaac, T. Lauvaux & K.J. Davis
Atmospheric inversions are used to assess biosphere-atmosphere CO2 surface exchanges. However, large uncertainties exist among inverse flux estimates independent of the spatial scales. Atmospheric transport model errors are one of the main contributors to the uncertainty affecting CO2 inverse flux estimates but have not been quantified thoroughly. The model dataset archived here were used to evaluate atmospheric transport errors over the US upper Midwest with an ensemble of simulations created with the Weather Research and...
Minnesota peat viromes reveal terrestrial and aquatic niche partitioning for local and global viral populationsAnneliek Ter Horst, Christian Santos-Medellín, Jackson Sorensen, Laura Zinke, Rachel Wilson, Eric Johnston, Gareth Trubl, Jennifer Pett-Ridge, Steven Blazewicz, Paul Hanson, Jeffrey Chanton, Christopher Schadt, Joel Kostka & Joanne Emerson
Background: Peatlands are expected to experience sustained yet fluctuating higher temperatures due to climate change, leading to increased microbial activity and greenhouse gas emissions. Despite mounting evidence for viral contributions to these processes in thawing permafrost, little is known about viruses in other peatlands. More generally, soil viral biogeography and its potential drivers are poorly understood at both local and global scales. Here, 87 metagenomes and five viral size-fraction metagenomes (viromes) from a boreal peatland...
Internal waves strongly influence the physical and chemical environment of coastal ecosystems worldwide. We report novel observations from a distributed temperature sensing (DTS) system that tracked the transformation of internal waves from the shelf break to the surf zone over a narrow shelf-slope region in the South China Sea. The spatially-continuous view of temperature fields provides a perspective of physical processes commonly available only in laboratory settings or numerical models, including internal wave reflection off...
Molecular dynamics trajectories for ionic conductors in: Paradigms of frustration in superionic solid electrolytesBrandon Wood, Joel Varley, Kyoung Kweon, Patrick Shea, Alex Hall, Andrew Grieder, Michael Ward, Vincent Aguirre, Dylan Ringling, Eduardo Ventura, Chimara Stancill & Nicole Adelstein
Superionic solid electrolytes have widespread use in energy devices, but the fundamental motivations for fast ion conduction are often elusive. Here, we draw upon atomistic simulations of a wide range of halide, oxide, sulfide, and closo-borate superionic conductors to illustrate some of the key features that enhance local cation mobility in these solids. We classify three types of frustration that create competition between different local atomic preferences, thereby flattening the diffusive energy landscape and enhancing...
Data from: Single-cell transcriptomic analysis of tumor-derived fibroblasts and normal tissue-resident fibroblasts reveals fibroblast heterogeneity in breast cancerNicholas Hum, Aimy Sebastian, Kelly Martin, Sean Gilmore, Stephen Byers, Elizabeth Wheeler, Matthew Coleman & Gabriela Loots
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are a prominent stromal cell type in solid tumors and molecules secreted by CAFs play an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. CAFs coexist as heterogeneous populations with potentially different biological functions. Although CAFs are a major component of the breast cancer stroma, molecular and phenotypic heterogeneity of CAFs in breast cancer is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated CAF heterogeneity in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) using a syngeneic mouse...
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory8
University of California, Berkeley1
Oak Ridge National Laboratory1
Georgia Institute of Technology1
University of Bayreuth1
University of San Francisco1
University of California, Santa Barbara1
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution1