9 Works

Data from: P53 gene discriminates two ecologically divergent sister species of pine voles

Ana S. Quina, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Marcos Miñarro, Jacint Ventura, Rafael Jiménez, Octávio S. Paulo & Maria L. Mathias
Genes with relevant roles in the differentiation of closely-related species are likely to have diverged simultaneously with the species and more accurately reproduce the species tree. The Lusitanian (Microtus lusitanicus) and Mediterranean (M. duodecimcostatus) pine voles are two recently separated sister species with fossorial lifestyles whose different ecological, physiological and morphological phenotypes reflect the better adaptation of M. duodecimcostatus to the underground habitat. Here we asked whether the differentiation of M. lusitanicus and M. duodecimcostatus...

Data from: Management trade-offs on ecosystem services in apple orchards across Europe: direct and indirect effects of organic production

Ulrika Samnegard, Georgina Alins, Virginie Boreux, Jordi Bosch, Daniel García, Anne-Kathrin Happe, Alexandra Klein, Marcos Miñarro, Karsten Mody, Mario Porcel, Anselm Rodrigo, Laura Roquer-Beni, Marco Tasin, Peter A. Hambäck & Alexandra-Maria Klein
1. Apple is considered the most important fruit crop in temperate areas and profitable production depends on multiple ecosystem services, including the reduction of pest damage and the provision of sufficient pollination levels. Management approaches present an inherent trade-off as each affects species differently. 2. We quantified the direct and indirect effects of management (organic versus integrated pest management (IPM)) on species richness, ecosystem services and fruit production in 85 apple orchards in three European...

Increasing efficiency and reducing bias in the detection of seed-dispersal interactions based on mist-netted birds

Beatriz Rumeu, Juan Pedro González-Varo, Cristina De Castro, Antonio López-Orta, Juan Carlos Illera, Marcos Miñarro & Daniel García
Efficient and unbiased sampling of ecological interactions is essential to our understanding of the functions they mediate. Seed dispersal by frugivorous birds is a key mutualism for plant regeneration and community dynamics. Mist-netting is one of the most widely used methods to sample avian seed dispersal through the identification of seeds in droppings of captured birds kept inside cloth bags. However, birds may drop seeds on the ground before being extracted from the net, leading...

Data from: Ascertaining gene flow patterns in livestock populations of developing countries: a case study in Burkina Faso goat

Amadou Traoré, Isabel Álvarez, Iván Fernández, Lucía Pérez-Pardal, Adama Kaboré, Gisèlle M. S. Ouédraogo-Sanou, Yacouba Zaré, Hamidou H. Tambourá & Félix Goyache
BACKGROUND: Introgression of Sahel livestock genes southwards in West Africa may be favoured by human activity and the increase of the duration of the dry seasons since the 1970’s. The aim of this study is to assess the gene flow patterns in Burkina Faso goat and to ascertain the most likely factors influencing geographic patterns of genetic variation in the Burkina Faso goat population. RESULTS: A total of 520 goat were sampled in 23 different...

Divergence time estimation using ddRAD data and an isolation-with-migration model applied to water vole populations of Arvicola

Jose Castresana, Alfonso Balmori-De La Puente, Jacint Ventura, Marcos Miñarro, Aitor Somoano & Jody Hey
Molecular dating methods of population splits are crucial in evolutionary biology, but they present important difficulties due to the complexity of the genealogical relationships of genes and past migrations between populations. Using the double digest restriction-site associated DNA (ddRAD) technique and an isolation-with-migration (IM) model, we studied the evolutionary history of water vole populations of the genus Arvicola, a group of complex evolution with fossorial and semi-aquatic ecotypes. To do this, we first estimated mutation...

Data from: Molecular and morphological diversity of on-farm hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) landraces from southern Europe and their role in the origin and diffusion of cultivated germplasm

P. Boccacci, M. Aramini, N. Valentini, L. Bacchetta, M. Rovira, P. Drogoudi, A. P. Silva, A. Solar, F. Calizzano, V. Erdoğan, V. Cristofori, L. F. Ciarmiello, C. Contessa, J. J. Ferreira, F. P. Marra & R. Botta
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a traditional nut crop in southern Europe. Germplasm exploration conducted on-farm in five countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece) identified 77 landraces. The present work describes phenotypic variation in nut and husk traits and investigates genetic relationships using 10 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers among these landraces, 57 well-known references cultivars, and 19 wild accessions. Among the 77 landraces, 42 had unique fingerprints while 35 showed a SSR profile...

Enhancing ecosystem services in apple orchards: Nest boxes increase pest control by insectivorous birds

Daniel García, Marcos Miñarro & Rodrigo Martínez-Sastre
Ecological intensification in croplands aims to enhance biodiversity-based ecosystem services, helping to increase yield while reducing agricultural environmental impacts. Identifying ecological intensification tools of wide applicability and easily implemented by farmers is, therefore, an imperative. Here, we verify the efficiency of provisioning artificial nest boxes for insectivorous birds to reinforce pest biological control in apple orchards. The study was conducted in 24 cider-apple orchards in Asturias (NW Spain) over three years. We compared the effect...

Variable relationships between trait diversity and avian ecological functions in agroecosystems

Rocío Peña, Matthias Schleuning, Marcos Miñarro & Daniel García
1) The diversity of traits within animal assemblages has been shown to affect the magnitude of animal-provided ecological functions. However, little is known about how consistent trait diversity effects are across ecological functions and ecosystems. More importantly, the importance of trait diversity in driving ecosystem functioning, relative to other components of biodiversity, has rarely been assessed. It also remains unclear how environmental gradients filter trait diversity and, ultimately, modulate ecological functions. 2) Here we test...

Bocage landscape restricts the gene flow of pest vole populations

Aitor Somoano, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Jacint Ventura, Marcos Miñarro & Gerald Heckel
The population dynamics of most animal species inhabiting agroecosystems may be determined by landscape characteristics, with agricultural intensification and reduction of natural habitats influencing dispersal patterns. Increasing landscape complexity would thus benefit endangered species by providing different ecological niches, but it could also lead to undesired effects in species that can act as crop pests and disease reservoirs. We tested the hypothesis that a highly variegated landscape influences the dispersal, and hence patterns of genetic...

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