26 Works

The genetic ancestry of American Creole cattle inferred from uniparental and autosomal genetic markers

Oscar Cortes Gardyn, Catarina Ginja, Luis Telo De Gama, Amparo Martínez, Inmaculada Martín Burriel & Juan Vicente Delgado
Cattle imported from the Iberian Peninsula spread throughout America in the early years of discovery and colonization to originate Creole breeds, which adapted to a wide diversity of environments and later received infuences from other origins, including zebu cattle in more recent years. We analyzed uniparental genetic markers and autosomal microsatellites in DNA samples from 114 cattle breeds distributed worldwide, including 40 Creole breeds representing the whole American continent, and samples from the Iberian Peninsula,...

Interspecific allometry for sexual shape dimorphism: macroevolution of multivariate sexual phenotypes with application to Rensch's rule

Adams Dean, Antigoni Kaliontzopoulou, Elizabeth Glynne & Dean C. Adams
Allometric trends in the degree of sexual dimorphism with body size have long fascinated evolutionary biologists. Many male-biased clades display more prominent sexual dimorphism in larger taxa (Rensch’s rule), with most examples documenting this pattern for body size dimorphism. While sexual dimorphism in traits other than body size is equally functionally relevant, characterizing allometric patterns of sexual dimorphism in such traits is hampered by lack of an analytical framework that can accommodate multivariate phenotypes. In...

Perdigão: aerial lidar survey raster map

José Laginha Palma, Vasco Batista & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.SW.20)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.SW.80)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: SRTM raster map

José Laginha Palma, Vasco Batista & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.NE.40)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Phenotypic divergence in two sibling species of shorebird: Common Snipe and Wilson's Snipe (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae)

Tiago M Rodrigues, Edward Miller, Sergei V Drovetski, Robert M Zink, Jon Fjeldså & David Gonçalves
Natural selection and social selection are among the main shapers of biological diversity, but their relative importance in divergence remains understudied. Additionally, although neutral evolutionary processes may promote phenotypic divergence, their potential contribution in speciation is often overlooked in studies of comparative morphology. In this study, we investigated phenotypic differentiation in two allopatric shorebirds: the Palearctic Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago and the Nearctic Wilson’s Snipe G. delicata. Specimens of Common Snipe (n = 355 skins,...

Data from: Current climate, but also long-term climate changes and human impacts, determine the geographic distribution of European mammal diversity

Ana Margarida Coelho Dos Santos, Marcus Cianciaruso, A. Marcia Barbosa, Luis Mauricio Bini, José Alexandre Diniz-Filho, Frederico Augusto Faleiro, Sidney Gouveia, Rafael Loyola, Nagore Medina, Thiago Rangel, Geiziane Tessarolo & Joaquín Hortal
Aim. Historical climate variations, current climate and human impacts are known to influence current species richness, but their effects on phylogenetic and trait diversity have been seldom studied. We investigated the relationship of these three factors with the independent variations of species, phylogenetic and trait diversity of European mammals. Considering the position of the 0ºC isotherm in the Last Glacial Maximum as a tipping point, we tested the following hypotheses: northern European assemblages host less...

Data from: An annotated draft genome of the mountain hare (Lepus timidus)

João Pedro Marques, Fernando A. Seixas, Jeffrey M. Good, Liliana Farelo, Colin M. Callahan, W. Ian Montgomery, Neil Reid, Paulo C. Alves, Pierre Boursot & José Melo-Ferreira
Hares (genus Lepus) provide clear examples of repeated and often massive introgressive hybridization and striking local adaptations. Genomic studies on this group have so far relied on comparisons to the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) reference genome. Here, we report the first de novo draft reference genome for a hare species, the mountain hare (Lepus timidus), and evaluate the efficacy of whole-genome re-sequencing analyses using the new reference versus using the rabbit reference genome. The genome...

The legacy of recurrent introgression during the radiation of hares

Mafalda S. Ferreira, Matthew R. Jones, Colin M. Callahan, Liliana Farelo, Zelalem Tolesa, Franz Suchentrunk, Pierre Boursot, L. Scott Mills, Paulo C. Alves, Jeffrey M. Good & José Melo-Ferreira
Hybridization may often be an important source of adaptive variation, but the extent and long-term impacts of introgression have seldom been evaluated in the phylogenetic context of a radiation. Hares (Lepus) represent a widespread mammalian radiation of 32 extant species characterized by striking ecological adaptations and recurrent admixture. To understand the relevance of introgressive hybridization during the diversification of Lepus, we analyzed whole exome sequences (61.7 Mb) from 15 species of hares (1- 4 individuals...

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.NE.80)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.SW.40)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: aerial lidar survey raster map (with buildings)

José Laginha Palma, Vasco Batista & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.NE.20)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Examining the link between relaxed predation and bird colouration on islands

Louis Bliard, Matthieu Paquet, Aloïs Robert, Paul Dufour, Julien Renoult, Arnaud Gregoire, Pierre-Andre Crochet, Rita Covas & Claire Doutrelant
Insular ecosystems share analogous ecological conditions, leading to patterns of convergent evolution that are collectively termed the “island syndrome”. In birds, part of this syndrome is a tendency for a duller plumage, possibly as a result of relaxed sexual selection and the reduced need for species recognition. Despite this global pattern, some insular species display a more colourful plumage than their mainland relatives, but why this occurs has remained unexplained. Here, we examine the hypothesis...

Nucleotide diversity of functionally different groups of immune response genes in Old World camels based on newly annotated and reference-guided assemblies

Jean Elbers, Sara Lado, Mark Rogers, José Melo-Ferreira, Jukka Corander, Petr Horin, Pamela Burger & Adiya Yadamsuren
Background Immune-response (IR) genes have an important role in the defense against highly variable pathogens, and therefore, genetic diversity in these genomic regions is essential for species’ survival and adaptation. Although current genome assemblies from Old World camelids are very useful for investigating genome-wide diversity, demography and population structure, they have inconsistencies and gaps that limit analyses at local genomic scales. Improved and more accurate genome assemblies and annotations are needed to study complex genomic...

Towards a taxonomically unbiased EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030

Stefano Mammola, Nicoletta Riccardi, Vincent Prié, Ricardo Correia, Pedro Cardoso, Manuel Lopes-Lima & Ronaldo Sousa
Through the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and the LIFE projects financial investments, Europe has been the world’s experimental arena for biological conservation. With an estimated budget of €20 billion/year, the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 has set an ambitious goal of reaching 30% Protected Areas and ensure no deterioration in conservation trends and status of all protected species. We analyzed LIFE projects focused on animals from 1992 to 2018 and we found that investment towards vertebrates...

The demise of a wonder: evolutionary history and conservation assessments of the Wonder Gecko Teratoscincus keyserlingii (Gekkota, Sphaerodactylidae) in Arabia

Karin Tamar, Johannes Els, Panagiotis Kornilios, Pritpal Soorae, Pedro Tarroso, Evanthia Thanou, John Pereira, Junid Sha, Esmat Elfaki Mohammed Elhassan, Jeruel Cabadonga Aguhob, Saoud Faisal Badaam, Mohamed Mustafa Eltayeb, Ricardo Pusey, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Robert Macey & Salvador Carranza
Effective biodiversity conservation planning starts with the genetic characterization within and among focal populations, in order to understand the likely impact of threats for ensuring the long-term viability of the species. The Wonder Gecko, Teratoscincus keyserlingii, is one of nine members of the genus. The species is distributed in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with a small isolated population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where it is classified nationally as Critically Endangered. Within its Arabian...

Data from: Climatic refugia boosted allopatric diversification in Western Mediterranean vipers

Fernando Martínez-Freiría, Inês Freitas, Marco A. L. Zuffi, Philippe Golay, Sylvain Ursenbacher & Guillermo Velo-Antón
Abstract: Aim: to understand the role of climate in fostering diversification, this study reconstructs the historical biogeography of Western Mediterranean vipers Location: Western Mediterranean Basin Taxon: Vipera aspis and V. latastei-monticola complex Methods: phylogeographic analyses were performed over mitochondrial (three genes) and nuclear sequences (two genes), extensively covering species ranges. A total of 4,056 records were assigned to genetic units, using interpolations of genetic data, to test phylogenetic niche conservatism, under a 3D hypervolume approach,...

AFLP and geometric morphometrics for Littorina fabalis

Juan Galindo & Rui Faria
Low dispersal marine intertidal species facing strong divergent selective pressures associated with steep environmental gradients have a great potential to inform us about local adaptation and reproductive isolation. Among these, gastropods of the genus Littorina offer a unique system to study parallel phenotypic divergence resulting from adaptation to different habitats related with wave exposure. In this study, we focused on two Littorina fabalis ecotypes from Northern European shores and compared the patterns of habitat-related phenotypic...

Perdigão: ortophotos in 5cm and 20cm resolution

José Laginha Palma, Vasco Batista, Vitor Costa Gomes, João Correia Lopes, Jakob Mann & Ebba Dellwik

Perdigão: military charts raster map of Perdigão region

José Laginha Palma, Vasco Batista & Vitor Costa Gomes

Don’t judge a lizard by its colour: no evidence for differential socio-sexual behaviour and space use in the colour morphs of the European common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis)

Javier Abalos, Guillem Pérez I De Lanuza, Alicia Bartolomé, Océane Liehrmann, Hanna Laakkonen, Fabien Aubret, Tobias Uller, Pau Carazo & Enrique Font
Explaining the evolutionary origin and maintenance of colour polymorphisms is a major challenge in evolutionary biology. Such polymorphisms are commonly thought to reflect the existence of alternative behavioural or life-history strategies under negative frequency-dependent selection. The European common wall lizard Podarcis muralis exhibits a striking ventral colour polymorphism that has been intensely studied and is often assumed to reflect alternative reproductive strategies, similar to the iconic “rock-paper-scissors” system described in the North American lizard Uta...

Data from: Network structure and the optimisation of proximity-based association criteria

Ana Cristina Gomes, Neeltje Boogert & Gonçalo Cardoso
Animal social network analysis (SNA) often uses proximity data obtained from automated tracking of individuals. Identifying associations based on proximity requires deciding on quantitative criteria such as the maximum distance or the longest time interval between visits of different individuals to still consider them associated. These quantitative criteria are not easily chosen based on a priori biological arguments alone. Here we propose a procedure for optimising proximity-based association criteria in SNA, whereby different spatial and...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Porto
  • University of Montana
  • University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
  • National Museum of Natural History
  • University of Montpellier
  • Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
  • Queen's University Belfast
  • Environment Agency Abu Dhabi
  • Lund University