Related to the raw entity mentions, this dataset represents the effects of the data cleaning process and collates all of the entity mentions which were too ambiguous to successfully link to the NCBI's taxonomy identifier system.
Data from: Integrating phylogenomic and population genomic patterns in avian lice provides a more complete picture of parasite evolutionAndrew D. Sweet, Bret M. Boyd, Julie M. Allen, Scott M. Villa, Michel P. Valim, Jose L. Rivera-Parra, Robert E. Wilson & Kevin P. Johnson
Parasite diversity accounts for most of the biodiversity on earth, and is shaped by many processes (e.g. cospeciation, host-switching). To identify the effects of the processes that shape parasite diversity, it is ideal to incorporate both deep (phylogenetic) and shallow (population) perspectives. To this end, we developed a novel workflow to obtain phylogenetic and population genetic data from whole genome sequences of body lice parasitizing New World ground-doves. Phylogenies from these data showed consistent, highly...
Dogs were present in the Americas prior to the arrival of European colonists, but the origin and fate of these pre-contact dogs are largely unknown. We sequenced 71 mitochondrial and seven nuclear genomes from ancient North American and Siberian dogs spanning ~9,000 years. Our analysis indicates that American dogs were not domesticated from North American wolves. Instead, American dogs form a monophyletic lineage that likely originated in Siberia and dispersed into the Americas alongside people....
Reduction of CO2 emissions will require a transition from fossil fuels to alternative energy sources. Expansion of Brazilian sugarcane ethanol1, 2 provides one near-term scalable solution to reduce CO2 emissions from the global transport sector. In contrast to corn ethanol, the Brazilian sugarcane ethanol system may offset 86% of CO2 emissions compared to oil use, and emissions resulting from land-use change to sugarcane are paid back in just 2–8 years3, 4. But, it has been...
Data from: Root volume distribution of maturing perennial grasses revealed by correcting for minirhizotron surface effectsChristopher K. Black, Michael D. Masters, David S. LeBauer, Kristina J. Anderson-Teixeira & Evan H. DeLucia
Aims: Root architecture drives plant ecology and physiology, but current detection methods limit understanding of root placement within soil profiles. We developed a statistical model of root volume along depth gradients and used it to infer carbon storage potential of land-use changes from conventional agriculture to perennial bioenergy grasses. Methods: We estimated root volume of maize-soybean rotation and three perennial grass systems (Miscanthus × giganteus, Panicum virgatum, tallgrass prairie mix) by Bayesian modeling from minirhizotron...
Natural diversity in aging and other life history patterns is a hallmark of organismal variation. Related species, populations, and individuals within populations show genetically based variation in life span and other aspects of age-related performance. Population differences are especially informative because these differences can be large relative to within-population variation and because they occur in organisms with otherwise similar genomes. We used experimental evolution to produce populations divergent for life span and late-age fertility and...
Ecosystem recovery from anthropogenic disturbances, either without human intervention or assisted by ecological restoration, is increasingly occurring worldwide. As ecosystems progress through recovery, it is important to estimate any resulting deficit in biodiversity and functions. Here we use data from 3,035 sampling plots worldwide, to quantify the interim reduction of biodiversity and functions occurring during the recovery process (that is, the ‘recovery debt’). Compared with reference levels, recovering ecosystems run annual deficits of 46–51% for...
Data from: Global metabolic interaction network of the human gut microbiota for context-specific community-scale analysisJaeyun Sung, Seunghyeon Kim, Josephine Jill T. Cabatbat, Sungho Jang, Yong-Su Jin, Gyoo Yeol Jung, Nicholas Chia & Pan-Jun Kim
A system-level framework of complex microbe–microbe and host–microbe chemical cross-talk would help elucidate the role of our gut microbiota in health and disease. Here we report a literature-curated interspecies network of the human gut microbiota, called NJS16. This is an extensive data resource composed of ∼570 microbial species and 3 human cell types metabolically interacting through >4,400 small-molecule transport and macromolecule degradation events. Based on the contents of our network, we develop a mathematical approach...
Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) is a large angiosperm family that includes many medicinally important species. The ability to identify these species and their adulterants is important, yet difficult to do so because of their subtle fruit morphological differences and often lack of diagnostic features in preserved specimens. Moreover, dried roots are often the official medical organs, making visual identification to species almost impossible. DNA barcoding has been proposed as a powerful taxonomic tool for species identification. The...
Data from: The effects of age, sex, and habitat on body size and shape of the blackstripe topminnow, Fundulus notatusDaniel P. Welsh, Muchu Zhou, Steven M. Mussmann, Lauren G. Fields, Claire L. Thomas, Simon P. Pearish, Stephanie L. Kilburn, Jerrod L. Parker, Laura R. Stein, Jennifer A. Bartlett, Christopher R. Bertram, Thomas J. Bland, Kate L. Laskowski, Brett C. Mommer, Xuan Zhuang & Rebecca C. Fuller
Lake and stream habitats pose a variety of challenges to fishes due to differences in variables such as water velocity, habitat structure, prey community, and predator community. These differences can cause divergent selection on body size and/or shape. Here, we measured sex, age, length, and eight different morphological traits of the blackstripe topminnow, Fundulus notatus, from 19 lake and stream populations across four river drainages in central Illinois. Our goal was to determine whether size...
Data from: Co-occurring expression and methylation QTLs allow detection of common causal variants and shared biological mechanismsBrandon L. Pierce, Lin Tong, Maria Argos, Kathryn Demanelis, Farzana Jasmine, Muhammad Rakibuz-Zaman, Golam Sarwarq, , Hasan Shahriar, Tariqul Islam, Mahfuzar Rahman, , Muhammad G. Kibriya, Lin S. Chen & Habibul Ahsan
Inherited genetic variation affects local gene expression and DNA methylation in humans. Most expression quantitative trait loci (cis-eQTLs) occur at the same genomic location as methylation QTLs (cis-meQTLs), suggesting a common causal variant and shared mechanism. Using DNA and RNA from peripheral blood of Bangladeshi individuals, here we use co-localization methods to identify eQTL-meQTL pairs likely to share a causal variant. We use partial correlation and mediation analyses to identify >400 of these pairs showing...
Warming temperatures and increasing CO2 are likely to have large effects on the amount of carbon stored in soil, but predictions of these effects are poorly constrained. We elevated temperature (canopy: +2.8 °C; soil growing season: +1.8 °C; soil fallow: +2.3 °C) for 3 years within the 9th–11th years of an elevated CO2 (+200 ppm) experiment on a maize–soybean agroecosystem, measured respiration by roots and soil microbes, and then used a process-based ecosystem model (DayCent)...
Data from: Undocumented beetle diversity in the Southeastern United States: a case study of the minute clubbed beetles (Coleoptera: Monotomidae)Thomas C. McElrath & Joseph V. McHugh
Studies of the saproxylic and predatory beetle family Monotomidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea) in the southeastern USA increased the known diversity for the family in the state of Georgia by one genus and nine species. Online records of Monotomidae from Georgia increased from 0 to 885. This work highlights the lack of basic diversity information about small beetles that inhabit wood, leaf litter, and other decaying plant matter in this region.
Data from: Initial genetic diversity enhances population establishment and alters genetic structuring of a newly established Daphnia metapopulationChristopher J. Holmes, Jelena H. Pantel, Kimberly L. Schulz & Carla E. Cáceres
When newly created habitats are initially colonized by genotypes with rapid population growth rates, later arriving colonists may be prevented from establishing. Although these priority effects have been documented in multiple systems, their duration may be influenced by the diversity of the founding population. We conducted a large-scale field manipulation to investigate how initial clonal diversity influences temporal and landscape patterns of genetic structure in a developing metapopulation. Six genotypes of obligately asexual Daphnia pulex...
Dataset for Dense sampling of taxa and characters improves phylogenetic resolution among deltocephaline leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae)Yanghui Cao, Christopher H. Dietrich, James N. Zahniser & Dmitry A. Dmitriev
The following files were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the leafhopper subfamily Deltocephalinae, using IQ-TREE v1.6.12 and ASTRAL v 4.10.5. 1) taxon_sampling.csv: contains the sequencing ids (1st column) and the taxonomic information (2nd column) of each sample. Sequencing ids were used in the alignment files and partition files. 2)concatenated_nt.phy: concatenated nucleotide alignment used for the maximum likelihood analysis of Deltocephalinae by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file lists the sequences of 163,365 nucleotide positions from 429...
This dataset contains Raman spectra, each acquired from an individual, living, primary murine cell belonging to one of the six most immature hematopoietic cell populations found in the body: hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), mutipotent progenitor 1 (MPP1), multipotent progenitor 2 (MPP2), multipotent progenitor 3 (MPP3), common lymphoid progenitor, common myeloid progenitor (CLP). These spectra are useful for identifying spectral signatures that are characteristic of each hematopoietic stem or early progenitor cell population. *NOTE: __MACOSX folder...
Datasets that accompany Beilke and O'Keefe 2022 publication (Title: Bats reduce insect density and defoliation in temperate forests: an exclusion experiment; Journal: Ecology).
Spatial drivers of wetland bird occupancy within an urbanized matrix in the Upper Midwestern United StatesAnastasia Rahlin, Sarah Saunders & Stephanie Beilke
Dataset for "Spatial drivers of wetland bird occupancy within an urbanized matrix in the Upper Midwestern United States" manuscript contains occupancy data for ten wetland bird species used in single-species occupancy models at four spatial scales and four wetland habitat types. Data were collected from 2017-2019 in NE Illinois and NW Indiana. Dataset includes wetland bird occupancy data, habitat parameter values for each survey location, and R code used to run analyses.
This dataset includes data on soil properties, soil N pools, and soil N fluxes presented in the manuscript, "Refining the role of nitrogen mineralization in mycorrhizal nutrient syndromes". Please refer to that publication for details about methodologies used to generate these data and for the experimental design.
Data from: Distributional trends and species richness of Maryland, USA stoneflies (Insecta: Plecoptera), with an emphasis on the Appalachian regionPhillip Hogan & Scott Grubbs
Faunistic studies of regional biodiversity of aquatic insects are increasing in importance as declines are noted globally. Federal and state government conservation attempts for rare and threatened species are predicated upon the initial research of specialized taxonomists and trained field biologists. Reporting of aquatic insect occurrence data provides a baseline for conservation agencies to compare water quality monitoring studies. Updated fieldwork, literature reviews, and database queries for stoneflies from the mid-Atlantic USA state of Maryland...
Carcass detection and consumption by facultative scavengers in forest ecosystem highlights the value of their ecosystem servicesAkino Inagaki, Maximilian Allen & Shinsuke Koike
Data from an a field survey at Nikko National Park in central Japan. Data contain information about deer carcass, environment of sites, and vertebrate scavenging.
Data from: Dynamic occupancy models indicate Black-billed and Yellow-billed Cuckoos have high rates of turnover during the breeding seasonClaire A. Johnson & Thomas J. Benson
Data in this publication were used to examine the effects of environmental and temporal covariates on detection probability, and the effects of habitat and landscape level covariates on occupancy and within season turnover of Black-billed Cuckoos and Yellow-billed Cuckoos. Data were collected between 2019-2020 in northern Illinois, USA. Procedures were approved by the Illinois Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), protocol no. 19086.
Please cite as: Wuebbles, D., J. Angel, K. Petersen, and A.M. Lemke, (Eds.), 2021: An Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change in Illinois. The Nature Conservancy, Illinois, USA. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-1260194_V1 Climate change is a major environmental challenge that is likely to affect many aspects of life in Illinois, ranging from human and environmental health to the economy. Illinois is already experiencing impacts from the changing climate and, as climate change progresses and temperatures continue to...
Data from: Elevated genetic diversity of mitochondrial genes in asexual populations of bark lice (\"Psocoptera\": Echmepteryx hageni)Scott M. Shreve, Edward L. Mockford & Kevin P. Johnson
Asexual reproduction is commonly thought to be associated with low genetic diversity in animals. Echmepteryx hageni (Insecta: “Psocoptera”) is one of several psocopteran species that are primarily parthenogenetic, but also exists in small, isolated sexual populations. We used mitochondrial DNA sequences to investigate the population history and genealogical relationships between the sexual and asexual forms of this species. The asexual population of E. hageni exhibits extremely high mitochondrial haplotype diversity (H = 0.98), whereas the...
Data from: Do density-driven mating system differences explain reproductive incompatibilities between populations of a placental fish?Matthew Schrader, Joseph Travis & Rebecca C Fuller
Matrotrophy, the provisioning of embryos between fertilization and birth, creates the potential for conflict between mothers and embryos over the level of maternal investment. This conflict is predicted to drive the evolution of reproductive isolation between populations with different mating systems. In this study we examine whether density-driven mating system differences explain the patterns of asymmetric reproductive isolation observed in previous studies involving four populations of the matrotrophic least killifish, Heterandria formosa. Minimum sire number...
University of Illinois397
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign226
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign23
University of Minnesota12
University of Illinois System11
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign9
University of Florida7
University of Utah6
Iowa State University6
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor5