Beekeepers regularly employ management practices to mitigate losses during the winter, often considered the most difficult time during a colony life cycle. Management recommendations involving covering or wrapping hives in insulation during winter have a long history; over 100 years ago, most recommendations for overwintering in cold climates involved heavy insulation wraps or moving hives indoors. These recommendations began to change in the mid-20th century, but hive covers are still considered useful and are described...
Provides RNASim-VS2 datasets used in Gillian's Master's thesis.
Social network ecology is a powerful framework to assess patterns of interconnectedness and identify group-level interactions. We investigated social network structure in a pitviper (Crotalus atrox) to determine if group-level interactions result in network structures for denning, pairing, and parentage. We tested if network centrality was influenced by body length, sex, home range size/location, or generic relatedness. We revealed that networks were structurally modular but not nested. Sex was the only significant predictor of centrality...
The files are plain text and contain the original data used in phylogenetic analyses of of Typhlocybinae (Bin, Dietrich, Yu, Meng, Dai and Yang 2022: Ecology & Evolution, in press). The three files with extension .phy are text files with aligned DNA sequences in the standard PHYLIP format and correspond to Matrix 1 (amino acid alignment), Matrix 2 (nucleotide alignment of first two codon positions of protein-coding genes) and Matrix 3 (nucleotide alignment of protein-coding...
The interactions between avian brood parasites and their hosts have become widely recognised as model systems for studying coevolutionary processes. These systems have traditionally been viewed as relationships between one species of brood parasite and one species of host; however, with most brood parasites being known to parasitise multiple species of host and hosts often being subject to parasitism by multiple brood parasite species, opportunities to examine the ecology and evolution of multispecies interactions have...
Raw data and code for the paper: Do Nearctic hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) engage in long-distance migration? An assessment of evidence and mechanismsScott Clem, Keith Hobson & Alexandra Harmon-Threatt
This dataset is for the publication "Do Nearctic hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) engage in long-distance migration? An assessment of evidence and mechanisms." It consists of 11 Excel spreadsheets and 4 R scripts which correspond to the analyses which were conducted. Paper abstract: Long-distance insect migration is poorly understood despite its tremendous ecological and economic importance. As a group, Nearctic hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae: Syrphinae), which are crucial pollinators as adults and biological control agents as...
This dataset is derived from the raw dataset (https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4950847_V1) and collects entity mentions that were manually determined to be noisy, non-species entities.
Gene expression underlying parenting and being parented shows limited plasticity in response to different ambient temperaturesJeanette Moss, Christopher Cunningham, Elizabeth McKinney & Allen Moore
Flexible interactions between parents and offspring are essential for buffering families against variable, unpredictable, and challenging environmental conditions. In the subsocial carrion beetle, Nicrophorus orbicollis, mid-summer temperatures impose steep fitness costs on parents and offspring but do not elicit behavioral plasticity in parents. Here, we ask if plasticity of gene expression underpins this behavioral stability or facilitates independent compensation by larvae. To test this, we characterized gene expression of parents and offspring before and during...
Globally, there is increasing effort to transition away from the use of lead ammunition to mitigate its known risks to wildlife and human health. Whenever this transition is stated hunters frequently cite concerns about the effectiveness of non-lead ammunition, how it will result in greater crippling rates, and associated animal welfare costs. This area has been little studied, but recent studies have found no differences in crippling rates using lead and steel ammunition. Using segmented...
Long-range ordering, while typically understood as a decrease in entropy, can also be driven by increasing system entropy in certain special cases. We demonstrate that artificial spin ice arrays of single-domain nanomagnets can be designed to produce entropy-driven order. We probe thermally active tetris artificial spin ice, known to have a zero point Pauli entropy, both experimentally and through simulations. We find two-dimensional magnetic ordering in one subset of the nanomagnet moments, which we demonstrate...
Absorptive roots drive a larger microbial carbon pump efficacy than transport roots in alpine coniferous forestsQitong Wang, Ziliang Zhang, Xiaomin Zhu, Zhanfeng Liu, Na Li, Juan Xiao, Qing Liu & Huajun Yin
Root activity creates a unique microbial hotspot in the rhizosphere and profoundly regulates soil carbon (C) dynamics, but empirical assessments of the soil microbial carbon pump (MCP, the iterative accumulation of necromass after microbial anabolism) and associated ecological consequences on soil C storage based on insight of the rhizosphere are still neglected, especially for different root functional modules. We assessed the soil MCP efficacy (i.e., the contribution of microbial necromass to SOC) by investigating the...
Dry season intensity has equivocal effects on the nutritional condition of understory birds in a Neotropical forestElise Nishikawa, Henry Pollock & Jeffrey Brawn
Rainfall regime, the amount and timing of annual precipitation, can influence the breeding phenology, individual fitness, and population dynamics of tropical birds. In Neotropical regions with rainfall seasonality (i.e., wet and dry seasons), the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) can exacerbate seasonal drought and negatively impact avian survival and reproduction. However, the mechanisms underlying associations between seasonal drought conditions and avian demography are largely unexplored. One hypothesis is that nutritional condition...
Host density shapes infection risk through two opposing phenomena. First, when infective stages are subdivided among multiple hosts, greater host densities decrease infection risk through “safety in numbers”. Hosts, however, represent resources for parasites, and greater host availability also fuels parasite reproduction. Hence, host density increases infection risk through “density-dependent transmission”. Theory proposes that these phenomena are not disparate outcomes but occur over different timescales. That is, higher host densities may reduce short-term infection risk,...
Effect of Micro-patterned Mucin on Quinolone and Rhamnolipid Profiles of Mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa under Antibiotic StressDharmeshkumar Parmar, Jin Jia, Joshua Shrout, Jonathan Sweedler & Paul Bohn
#### Details of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dataset #### ----------------*Folder Structure*------------------------------------- This dataset contains peak intensity tables extracted from mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) data using tools, SCiLS and MSI reader. There are 2 folders in "MSI-Data-Paeruginosa-biofilms-UIUC-DP-JVS-July2022.zip", each folder contains 3 sub-folders as listed below. 1. PellicleBiofilms-and-Supernatant [Pellicle biofilms collected from air-liquid interface and spend supernatant medium after 96 h incubation period]: (1) Full-Scan-Data-96h; (2) MSMS-data-from-C7-Quinolones-96h; and (3) MSMS-data-from-C9-Quinolones-96h 2. StaticBiofilms [Static biofilms grown on mucin surface]:...
Spatial drivers of wetland bird occupancy within an urbanized matrix in the Upper Midwestern United StatesAnastasia Rahlin, Sarah Saunders & Stephanie Beilke
Dataset for "Spatial drivers of wetland bird occupancy within an urbanized matrix in the Upper Midwestern United States" manuscript contains occupancy data for ten wetland bird species used in single-species occupancy models at four spatial scales and four wetland habitat types. Data were collected from 2017-2019 in NE Illinois and NW Indiana. Dataset includes wetland bird occupancy data, habitat parameter values for each survey location, and R code used to run analyses.
Data from: Dynamic occupancy models indicate Black-billed and Yellow-billed Cuckoos have high rates of turnover during the breeding seasonClaire A. Johnson & Thomas J. Benson
Data in this publication were used to examine the effects of environmental and temporal covariates on detection probability, and the effects of habitat and landscape level covariates on occupancy and within season turnover of Black-billed Cuckoos and Yellow-billed Cuckoos. Data were collected between 2019-2020 in northern Illinois, USA. Procedures were approved by the Illinois Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), protocol no. 19086.
Dataset for Dense sampling of taxa and characters improves phylogenetic resolution among deltocephaline leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae)Yanghui Cao, Christopher H. Dietrich, James N. Zahniser & Dmitry A. Dmitriev
The following files were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the leafhopper subfamily Deltocephalinae, using IQ-TREE v1.6.12 and ASTRAL v 4.10.5. 1) taxon_sampling.csv: contains the sequencing ids (1st column) and the taxonomic information (2nd column) of each sample. Sequencing ids were used in the alignment files and partition files. 2)concatenated_nt.phy: concatenated nucleotide alignment used for the maximum likelihood analysis of Deltocephalinae by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file lists the sequences of 163,365 nucleotide positions from 429...
This dataset includes data on soil properties, soil N pools, and soil N fluxes presented in the manuscript, "Refining the role of nitrogen mineralization in mycorrhizal nutrient syndromes". Please refer to that publication for details about methodologies used to generate these data and for the experimental design.
The data files are for the paper entitled: Long-lifetime spin excitations near domain walls in 1T-TaS2 to be published in PNAS. The data was obtained on a 300 mK custom designed Unisoku scanning tunneling microscope using the Nanonis module. All the data files have been named based on the Figure numbers that they represent.
The data file contains a list of articles with PMIDs information, which were used in a project associated with the manuscript "Evaluation of publication type tagging as a strategy to screen randomized controlled trial articles in preparing systematic reviews".
Data for Quantifying transportation energy vulnerability and its spatial patterns in the United States.Shanshan Liu & Eleftheria Kontou
This data set contains all the map data used for "Quantifying transportation energy vulnerability and its spatial patterns in the United States". The multiple dimensions (i.e., exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity) of transportation energy vulnerability (TEV) at the census tract level in the United States, the changes in TEV with electric vehicles adoption, and the detailed data for Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York are in the dataset.
This dataset is a estimation of county-to-county commodity delivery through cold chain in 2017. For each county pair, the weight[kg] and value[$] of the cold chain flow between origin and destination for SCTG 5 and SCTG 7 commodities are estimated by our model. - SCTG 5 - Meat, poultry, fish, seafood, and their preparations - SCTG 7 - Other prepared foodstuffs, fats, and oils
This data repository includes the features and the trained backbone parameters used in the ICLR 2022 Paper "On the Importance of Firth Bias Reduction in Few-Shot Classification". The code accompanying this data is open-source and available at https://github.com/ehsansaleh/firth_bias_reduction The code and the data have three modules: 1. The "code_firth" module (10 files) relates to the basic ResNet backbones and logistic classifiers (e.g., Figures 2 and 3 in the main paper). 2. The "code_s2m2rf" module (2...
This dataset contains our bi-hourly temperature recordings from 40 rocket box style artificial roosts of 5 designs deployed in Indiana and Kentucky, USA from April through September 2019. This dataset also includes our endothermic and faculatively heterothermic daily energy expenditure datasets used in our bioenergetic analysis, which were calculated from the bi-hourly rocket box temperature data. Lastly, we include our overheating counts dataset which summarizes daily overheating events (i.e., temperatures > 40 Celsius) in each...
University of Illinois73
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign18
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign12
University of Minnesota3
Arkansas State University2
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign2
Victoria University of Wellington1
University of Jos1
University of Eastern Finland1