21 Works

Unburnt habitat patches are critical for survival and in situ population recovery in a small mammal after fire

Robyn E Shaw, Alex James, Katherine Tuft, Sarah Legge, Geoffrey J Cary, Rod Peakall & Sam C Banks
Fire drives animal population dynamics across many ecosystems. Yet, we still lack an understanding of how most species recover from fire and the effects of fire severity and patchiness on recovery processes. This information is crucial for fire-mediated biodiversity conservation, particularly as fire regimes change globally. We conducted an experiment to test whether post-fire recovery is driven by in situ survival or recolonisation, and to determine whether this varies with fires of increasing percentage area...

Landscape layer for resistance

Yusuke Fukuda & Sam Banks
This is raster file (base_cats_new3.asc) that was used to generate the environmental resistance surface with the ResistanceGA R package (Peterman, 2018) to evaluate models of environmental resistance to between-population movement of saltwater crocodiles Crocodylus porosus in the Northern Territory of Australia, represented by individual pairwise genetic distances among individuals. ResistanceGA models pairwise genetic distances in response to pairwise ‘ecological distances’ using linear mixed effects models with a maximum-likelihood population effects (MLPE) random effects structure (Clarke,...

Identification of microRNA hsa-miR-30c-5p as an inhibitory factor in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and investigation of its regulatory network via comprehensive analysis

Shangshang Hu, Jinyan Zhang, Xiaoyu Fang, Guoqing Guo, Jing Dai, Zhiyong Sheng, Dongdong Li, Jiasheng Chen, Li Zhang, Chuanmiao Liu & Yu Gao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with high morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of abnormal gene expressions were identified to be associated with the progression of HCC. Previous studies showed that the hsa-miR-30 c-5p (miR-30 c), one of the miR-30 family members, might play a role in suppressing tumor progression in a variety of tumors. The present study aims to examine miR-30 c effects in the development of HCC. The role of...

Identification of microRNA hsa-miR-30c-5p as an inhibitory factor in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and investigation of its regulatory network via comprehensive analysis

Shangshang Hu, Jinyan Zhang, Xiaoyu Fang, Guoqing Guo, Jing Dai, Zhiyong Sheng, Dongdong Li, Jiasheng Chen, Li Zhang, Chuanmiao Liu & Yu Gao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with high morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of abnormal gene expressions were identified to be associated with the progression of HCC. Previous studies showed that the hsa-miR-30 c-5p (miR-30 c), one of the miR-30 family members, might play a role in suppressing tumor progression in a variety of tumors. The present study aims to examine miR-30 c effects in the development of HCC. The role of...

Prioritising source populations for supplementing genetic diversity of reintroduced southern brown bandicoots Isoodon obesulus obesulus

Natasha M. Robinson & Sam C. Banks
Reintroduction programs can benefit from optimisation of source populations to maximise genetic diversity. Here, we report an approach to guide genetic supplementation of founder individuals to maximise genetic diversity in a reintroduction program for a nationally threatened Australian ground-dwelling marsupial, the southern brown bandicoot (eastern subspecies), Isoodon obesulus obesulus. Following local extinction ~ 100 years earlier, founding individuals were reintroduced to Booderee National Park in south-eastern Australia over three years from the nearest viable wild...

Conservation of Birds in Fragmented Landscapes Requires Protected Areas

Robert Timmers, Marijke Van Kuijk, Pita Verweij, Jaboury Ghazoul, Yann Hautier, William Laurance, Stefan Arriaga-Weiss, Robert Askins, Corrado Battisti, Åke Berg, Gretchen Daily, Cristián Estades, Beatrice Frank, Reiko Kurosawa, Rosamund Pojar, John Woinarski & Merel Soons
For successful conservation of biodiversity, it is vital to know whether protected areas in increasingly fragmented landscapes effectively conserve species. However, how large habitat fragments must be and what level of protection is required to sustain species, remains poorly known. We compiled a global dataset on almost 2000 bird species in 741 forest fragments varying in size and protection status, and show that protection is associated with higher bird occurrence, especially for threatened species. Protection...

Data from: Individual and interactive effects of chronic anthropogenic disturbance and rainfall on taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic composition and diversity of extrafloral nectary-bearing plants in Brazilian Caatinga

Xavier Arnan, Carlos Silva, Daniela Reis, Fernanda Oliveira, Talita Câmara, Elâine Ribeiro, Alan Andersen & Inara Leal
Chronic anthropogenic disturbance (CAD) and climate change represent two of the major threats to biodiversity globally, but their combined effects are not well understood. Here we investigate the individual and interactive effects of increasing CAD and decreasing rainfall on the composition and taxonomic (TD), functional (FD) and phylogenetic diversity (PD) of plants possessing extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) in semi-arid Brazilian Caatinga. EFNs attract ants that protect plants against insect herbivore attack and are extremely prevalent in...

Data from: Crocodile social environments dictated by male philopatry

Cameron Baker, Céline Frère, Craig Franklin, Hamish Campbell, Terri Irwin & Ross Dwyer
Examining the social behaviors of solitary species can be challenging due to the rarity in which interactions occur and the large and often inaccessible areas which these animals inhabit. As shared space-use is a prerequisite for the expression of social behaviors, we can gain insights into the social environments of solitary species by examining the degree of spatial overlap between individuals. Over a 10-year period, we examined how spatial overlap amongst 105 estuarine crocodiles Crocodylus...

Tiwi Island cat density camera-trap data 2017 and 2018

Hugh Davies
This data was collected as part of the National Environmental Science Program's Threatened Species Recovery Hub (Project 1.1.12 - Mitigating cat impacts on the brush-tailed rabbit-rat). This dataset includes all detections of feral cats recorded on large grids of camera-traps deployed at four locations on the Tiwi Islands. Each of these grids consisted of 70 camera-traps, deployed in 14 rows of five cameras, with each camera spaced ~500 m apart. Camera-traps remained continuously recording for...

Tiwi Island native mammal live-trapping 2019

Hugh Davies
This data was collected as part of the National Environmental Science Program's Threatened Species Recovery Hub (Project 1.1.12 - Mitigating cat impacts on the brush-tailed rabbit-rat). This dataset includes all live captures of native mammals recorded on the Tiwi Islands (Melville and Bathurst) in 2019. Live-trapping was conducted at four locations (Cape Fourcroy, Ranku, Pickertaramoor and Cache Point). At each of these sites, a grid of 300 live-traps (225 Sherman traps and 75 cage traps)...

Data from: Dynamics of bird assemblages in response to temporally and spatially variable resources in arid Australia

Christine Schlesinger & Bruce Pascoe
Bird assemblages in arid Australia are often characterised as being highly variable through time in response to boom and bust dynamics, although the importance of habitat in structuring assemblages at a local scale is also recognised. We use a novel approach to investigate the importance of rainfall variability in structuring bird assemblages in a resource-limited environment. Monthly bird surveys were conducted at ten plots for eight years at a botanical and zoological park in central...

Identification of microRNA hsa-miR-30c-5p as an inhibitory factor in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and investigation of its regulatory network via comprehensive analysis

Shangshang Hu, Jinyan Zhang, Xiaoyu Fang, Guoqing Guo, Jing Dai, Zhiyong Sheng, Dongdong Li, Jiasheng Chen, Li Zhang, Chuanmiao Liu & Yu Gao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with high morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of abnormal gene expressions were identified to be associated with the progression of HCC. Previous studies showed that the hsa-miR-30 c-5p (miR-30 c), one of the miR-30 family members, might play a role in suppressing tumor progression in a variety of tumors. The present study aims to examine miR-30 c effects in the development of HCC. The role of...

Population genomics and conservation management of a declining tropical rodent

Brenton Von Takach
Conservation management is improved by incorporating information about the spatial distribution of population genetic diversity into planning strategies. Northern Australia is the location of some of the world’s most severe ongoing declines of endemic mammal species, yet we have little genetic information from this regional mammal assemblage to inform a genetic perspective on conservation assessment and planning. We used next-generation sequencing data from remnant populations of the threatened brush-tailed rabbit-rat (Conilurus penicillatus) to compare patterns...

Scale-dependent signatures of local adaptation in a widespread foundation tree species

Brenton Von Takach
Understanding local adaptation is critical for conservation management under rapidly changing environmental conditions. Local adaptation inferred from genotype-environment associations may show different genomic patterns depending on the spatial scale of sampling, due to differences in the slope of environmental gradients and the level of gene flow. We compared signatures of local adaptation across the genome of mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans) at two spatial scales: a species-wide dataset and a topographically-complex sub-regional dataset. We genotyped 367...

Eastern bettong (Bettongia gaimardi) reintroduced to Mulligan's Flat Woodland Sanctuary and Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve: DArT SNPs + individual information

Brittany Brockett, Adrian Manning, Sam Banks, Linda Neaves, Iain Gordon & Jennifer Pierson
Incorporating genetic data into conservation programmes improves management outcomes, but the impact of different sample-grouping methods on genetic diversity analyses is poorly understood. To this end, the multi-source reintroduction of the eastern bettong (Bettongia gaimardi) was used as a long-term case study to investigate how sampling regimes may affect common genetic metrics, and hence management decisions. The dataset comprised 5307 SNPs sequenced across 263 individuals. Samples included 45 founders from five genetically distinct Tasmanian source...

Long non-coding RNA LINC00649 regulates YES-associated protein 1 (YAP1)/Hippo pathway to accelerate gastric cancer (GC) progression via sequestering miR-16-5p

Hongyan Wang, Xin Di, Yingjie Bi, Shidong Sun & Tao Wang
Although long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) LINC00649 is reported to be closely associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), prostate cancer and colorectal cancer, its role in regulating other types of cancer, such as gastric cancer (GC), has not been studied. This study analyzed the expression status of LINC00649 in GC tissues and cells by performing Real-Time qPCR analysis, and we found that LINC00649 tended to be enriched in cancerous tissues and cells but not in their...

Far Eastern Curlew and Whimbrel prefer flying low: wind support and good visibility appear only secondary factors in determining migratory flight altitude

Batbayar Galtbalt, Amanda Lilleyman, Jonathan T Coleman, Chuyu Cheng, Zhijun Ma, Danny I Rogers, Bradley K Woodworth, Richard A Fuller, Stephen T Garnett & Marcel Klaassen
Background: In-flight conditions are hypothesized to influence the timing and success of long-distance migration. Wind assistance and thermal uplift are thought to reduce the energetic costs of flight, humidity, air pressure and temperature may affect the migrants’ water balance, and clouds may impede navigation. Recent advances in animal-borne long-distance tracking enable evaluating the importance of these factors in determining animals’ flight altitude. Methods: Here we determine the effects of wind, humidity, temperature, cloud cover, and...

Arboreality drives heat tolerance while elevation drives cold tolerance in tropical rainforest ants

Lily Leahy, Brett Scheffers, Stephen Williams & Alan Andersen
Determining how species thermal limits correlate with climate is important for understanding biogeographic patterns and assessing vulnerability to climate change. Such analyses need to consider thermal gradients at multiple spatial scales. Here we relate thermal traits of rainforest ants to microclimate conditions from ground to canopy (microgeographic scale) along an elevation gradient (mesogeographic scale) and calculate warming tolerance in the Australian Wet Tropics Bioregion. We test the thermal adaptation and thermal niche asymmetry hypotheses to...

Long non-coding RNA LINC00649 regulates YES-associated protein 1 (YAP1)/Hippo pathway to accelerate gastric cancer (GC) progression via sequestering miR-16-5p

Hongyan Wang, Xin Di, Yingjie Bi, Shidong Sun & Tao Wang
Although long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) LINC00649 is reported to be closely associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), prostate cancer and colorectal cancer, its role in regulating other types of cancer, such as gastric cancer (GC), has not been studied. This study analyzed the expression status of LINC00649 in GC tissues and cells by performing Real-Time qPCR analysis, and we found that LINC00649 tended to be enriched in cancerous tissues and cells but not in their...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    21

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    21

Affiliations

  • Charles Darwin University
    21
  • Fudan University
    6
  • West China Hospital of Sichuan University
    5
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    5
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    5
  • Australian National University
    4
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    3
  • Zhejiang University
    3
  • Southwest Medical University
    3
  • The University of Texas at Austin
    3