7 Works

Data from: How do growth and sibling competition affect telomere dynamics in the first month of life of long-lived seabird?

Yuichi Mizutani, Yasuaki Niizuma & Ken Yoda
Telomeres are nucleotide sequences located at the ends of chromosomes that promote genome stability. Changes in telomere length (dynamics) are related to fitness or life expectancy, and telomere dynamics during the development phase are likely to be affected by growth and stress factors. Here, we examined telomere dynamics of black-tailed gull chicks (Larus crassirostris) in nests with and without siblings. We found that the initial telomere lengths of singletons at hatching were longer than those...

Data from: The effect of sitagliptin on carotid artery atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes: the PROLOGUE randomized controlled trial

Jun-Ichi Oyama, Koichi Node, Atsushi Tanaka, Toyoaki Murohara, Masafumi Kitakaze, Tomoko Ishizu, Yasunori Sato, Haruo Kamiya, Masaharu Ishihara, Koji Maemura, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Yukihito Higashi, Hirotsugu Yamada, Kentaro Yamashita, Yasuko K. Bando, Shinichiro Ueda & Teruo Inoue
Background: Experimental studies have suggested that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors provide cardiovascular protective effects. We performed a randomized study to evaluate the effects of sitagliptin added on to the conventional therapy compared with conventional therapy alone (diet, exercise, and/or drugs, except for incretin-related agents) on the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery, a surrogate marker for the evaluation of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods and Findings: We...

Data from: Revisiting the measurement of anomie

Ali Teymoori, Jolanda Jetten, Brock Bastian, Amarina Ariyanto, Frédérique Autin, Nadia Ayub, Constantina Badea, Tomasz Besta, Fabrizio Butera, Rui Costa-Lopes, Lijuan Cui, Carole Fantini, Gillian Finchilesc, Lowell Gaertner, Mario Gollwitzer, Ángel Gómez, Roberto González, Ying Yi Hong, Dorthe Høj Jensen, Minoru Karasawa, Thomas Kessler, Olivier Klein, Marcus Lima, Tuuli Anna Mähönen, Laura Megevand … & Gillian Finchilescu
Sociologists coined the term "anomie" to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as 'a state of society' and as a 'state of mind', we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the 'state of society'. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e.,...

Data from: Genome of the pitcher plant Cephalotus reveals genetic changes associated with carnivory

Kenji Fukushima, Xiaodong Fang, David Alvarez-Ponce, Huimin Cai, Lorenzo Carretero-Paulet, Cui Chen, Tien-Hao Chang, Kimberley M. Farr, Tomomichi Fujita, Yuji Hiwatashi, Yoshikazu Hoshi, Takamasa Imai, Masahiro Kasahara, Pablo Librado, Likai Mao, Hitoshi Mori, Tomoaki Nishiyama, Masafumi Nozawa, Gergő Pálfalvi, Stephen T. Pollard, Julio Rozas, Alejandro Sánchez-Gracia, David Sankoff, Tomoko F. Shibata, Shuji Shigenobu … & Mitsuyasu Hasebe
Carnivorous plants exploit animals as a nutritional source and have inspired long-standing questions about the origin and evolution of carnivory-related traits. To investigate the molecular bases of carnivory, we sequenced the genome of the heterophyllous pitcher plant Cephalotus follicularis, in which we succeeded in regulating the developmental switch between carnivorous and non-carnivorous leaves. Transcriptome comparison of the two leaf types and gene repertoire analysis identified genetic changes associated with prey attraction, capture, digestion and nutrient...

Data from: Preparation for flight: pre-fledging exercise time is correlated with growth and fledging age in burrow-nesting seabirds

Ken Yoda, Tasuya Shiozaki, Masaki Shirai, Sakiko Matsumoto, Maki Yamamoto & Tatsuya Shiozaki
Chicks of many burrow-nesting seabirds are known to repeatedly emerge from their nests (these trips being termed “excursions”) and exercise their wings prior to fledging, but this behavior is poorly documented in the literature, and thus the relationship between growth and exercise remains unclear. Here, we used infrared video cameras placed in front of streaked shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas) nests during the chick-emergence period to examine correlations between chick excursions and parameters known to be important...

Data from: Pollen dispersal patterns and population persistence in a small isolated population of Fagus crenata

Michiko Inanaga, Yasuhiro Koyama, Hideyuki Ida, Mitsuhiro Okada, Atsushi Nakanishi, Makoto Takahashi & Nobuhiro Tomaru
The potential of long-distance pollen dispersal and the effects of small population size and population isolation on persistence of Fagus crenata populations were investigated in a small, severely isolated population (the Gofuku-ji population) and two other populations located within 7 km of this population (including 87 adult trees in total). Parentage analysis using 13 microsatellite loci showed that 94 of 100 seedlings derived from seeds collected from the Gofuku-ji population had parent pairs within this...

Data from: Flight paths of seabirds soaring over the ocean surface enable measurement of fine-scale wind speed and direction

Yoshinari Yonehara, Yusuke Goto, Ken Yoda, Yutaka Watanuki, Lindsay C. Young, Henri Weimerskirch, Charles-André Bost & Katsufumi Sato
Monitoring ocean surface winds is essential for understanding ocean and atmosphere interactions and weather forecasts. However, wind measured by satellite scatterometers and buoys are spatially and temporally coarse, particularly in coastal areas. We deployed small global positioning system units on soaring seabirds to record their tracks. Seabirds were accelerated by tail winds or slowed down by head winds during flight, so their flight speed changed in relation to wind speed and direction. Taking advantage of...

Registration Year

  • 2016
    7

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7

Affiliations

  • Nagoya University
    7
  • Hokkaido University
    2
  • Hyogo College of Medicine
    1
  • National University of Malaysia
    1
  • Tokyo Medical University
    1
  • Federal University of Paraíba
    1
  • University of Queensland
    1
  • Nagaoka University of Technology
    1
  • University of Indonesia
    1
  • University of Gdańsk
    1