10 Works

Climate change exacerbates nutrient disparities from seafood

William Cheung, Eva Maire, Muhammed Oyinlola, James Robinson, Nicholas Graham, Aaron MacNeil & Christina Hicks
Seafood is an important source of bioavailable micronutrients supporting human health, yet it is unclear how climate change will influence its availability. Here, combining observational databases and predictive models, we assess nutrient availability from fisheries and mariculture in the past, and project their future under climate change. Since the 1990s, availability of iron, calcium, omega-3 and protein from seafood has declined, with increasing contributions of invertebrates and mariculture failing to compensate for these loses. Nutrient...

Understanding behavioural responses to human-induced rapid environmental change: A meta-analysis

Rachel Gunn, Sally Keith, Ian Hartley, Adam Algar, Petri Niemela & Sally Keith
Behavioural responses are often the first reaction of an organism to human induced rapid environmental change (HIREC), yet current empirical evidence provides no consensus about the main environmental features that animals respond to behaviourally or which behaviours are responsive to HIREC. To understand how changes in behaviour can be predicted by different forms of HIREC, we conducted a meta-analysis of the existing empirical literature focusing on behavioural responses to five axes of environmental change (climate...

Vadose zone nitrate contained within cave drip waters and speleothems

Peter Wynn, Scott Ambler, Imke Grefe, David Soto & Helen Grant
This data set contains a record of nitrate concentrations and isotopic composition present within the drip waters and speleothem carbonate deposits of Cueva-cubío del Llanío, northern Spain. Data were collected between 2018 to 2020, and specifically address the nitrate composition of the cave drip waters, pool waters, rocks, soil, vegetation and contemporary speleothem carbonate. Calculations are also undertaken to assess the partitioning of nitrate between cave drip water and speleothem carbonate deposits. Data pertaining to...

Drought-driven wildfire impacts on structure and dynamics in a wet Central Amazonian forest

Aline Pontes-Lopes, Camila V. J. Silva, Jos Barlow, Lorena M. Rincón, Wesley A. Campanharo, Cássio A. Nunes, Catherine T. De Almeida, Celso H. L. Silva Junior, Henrique L. G. Cassol, Ricardo Dalagnol, Scott C. Stark, Paulo M.L.A. Graça & Luiz E. O. C. Aragão
While climate and human-induced forest degradation is increasing in the Amazon, fire impacts on forest dynamics remain understudied in the wetter regions of the basin, which are susceptible to large wildfires only during extreme droughts. To address this gap, we installed burned and unburned plots immediately after a wildfire in the northern Purus-Madeira (central Amazon) during the 2015 El-Niño. We measured all individuals ≥10cm in diameter at breast height, and conducted recensuses to track the...

Who knows, who cares? Untangling ecological knowledge and nature connection among Amazonian colonist farmers

Katarzyna Mikolajczak, Alexander Lees, Jos Barlow, Frazer Sinclair, Oriana Trindade De Almeida, Agnis Souza & Luke Parry
Conservationists often assume that connection with and caring about nature’s wellbeing is strongly linked to ecological knowledge. Existing evidence on the link between ecological knowledge and psychological nature connection is mixed, geographically limited to countries in the Global North, and does not scrutinize potential differences in determinants of ecological knowledge and nature connection. We investigate the relationship between psychological nature connection and ecological knowledge of local bird species and assess their associations with potential drivers,...

Deepened snow cover mitigates soil carbon loss from intensive land use in a semi-arid temperate grassland

Ping Li, Emma Sayer, Zhou Jia, Yuntao Wu, Meifeng Deng, Xin Wang, Chao Liu, Bin Wang, Yang Wang, Yongfei Bai & Lingli Liu
Carbon (C) loss due to soil erosion is a major issue in semi-arid grasslands. The extent of soil erosion is determined by soil properties and vegetation structure, especially during the non-growing season. In many Inner Mongolian grasslands, intensive land use, such as overgrazing and mowing, has severely reduced plant cover and damaged soil structure, which has exacerbated soil C loss by erosion. At the same time, increasing winter snowfall due to climate change is stimulating...

Trans-generational viral transmission and immune priming are dose-dependent

Kenneth Wilson, David Grzywacz, Jenny Cory, Philip Donkersley & Robert Graham
It is becoming increasingly apparent that trans-generational immune priming (i.e. the transfer of the parental immunological experience to its progeny resulting in offspring protection from pathogens that persist across generations) is a common phenomenon not only in vertebrates, but also invertebrates. Likewise, it is known that covert pathogenic infections may become ‘triggered’ into an overt infection by various stimuli, including exposure to heterologous infections. Yet rarely have both phenomena been explored in parallel. Using as...

Functional biogeography of Neotropical moist forests: trait-climate relationships and assembly patterns of tree communities

Bruno Pinho, Marcelo Tabarelli, Cajo Ter Braak, S. J. Wright, Victor Arroyo-Rodriguez, Maíra Benchimol, Bettina Engelbrecht, Simon Pierce, Peter Hietz, Bráulio Santos, Carlos Peres, Sandra Müller, Ian Wright, Frans Bongers, Madelon Lohbeck, Ülo Niinemets, Martijn Slot, Steven Jansen, Davi Jamelli, Renato Augusto Ferreira De Lima, Nathan Swenson, Richard Condit, Jos Barlow, Ferry Slik, Manuel Hernández-Ruedas … & Felipe Melo
Aim: Here we examine the functional profile of regional tree species pools across the latitudinal distribution of Neotropical moist forests, and test trait-climate relationships among local communities. We expected opportunistic strategies (acquisitive traits, small seeds) to be overrepresented in species pools further from the equator due to long-term instability, but also in terms of abundance in local communities in currently wetter, warmer and more seasonal climates. Location: Neotropics. Time period: Recent. Major taxa studied: Trees....

Species co-occurrence shapes spatial variability in plant diversity–biomass relationships in natural rangelands under different grazing intensities

Anvar Sanaei, Emma J. Sayer, Hugo Saiz, Zuoqiang Yuan & Arshad Ali
Grazing can alter plant species interactions in natural rangelands, which in turn might influence the productivity of the ecosystem but we do not fully understand how spatial variability in plant diversity-biomass relationships are modulated by grazing intensity. Here, we hypothesized that plant species co-occurrence in rangelands is mainly driven by niche segregation due to grazing and heterogeneity in local resources, and that grazing therefore modulates diversity–biomass relationships. We tested our hypothesis across 35 rangeland sites...

Home-based exercise for people living with frailty and chronic kidney disease: a mixed-methods pilot randomised controlled trial

Andrew Nixon, Theodoros Bampouras, Helen Gooch, Hannah Young, Kenneth Finlayson, Neil Pendleton, Sandip Mitra, Mark Brady & Ajay Dhaygude
Background and Aims: Frailty is highly prevalent in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with adverse health outcomes. However, exercise training may improve physical function leading to associated improvements in outcomes. The EX-FRAIL CKD trial (ISRCTN87708989) aimed to inform the design of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) that investigates the efficacy of a progressive home-based exercise programme in pre-frail and frail older adults with CKD. Methods: Patients aged ≥65 years with CKD...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Lancaster University
  • Anglia Ruskin University
  • East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust
  • University of Greenwich
  • Field Museum of Natural History
  • Federal University of Paraíba
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Duke University
  • Estonian University of Life Sciences
  • University of Milan