53 Works

Survey on mine-water geothermal in Poland

K Iwinska, K Maczka & A Lis
The study in three coal mining regions: Lower Silesia, Upper Silesia and Lublin (each N=500) was conducted using Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI). The questionnaire includes the block of questions concerning mine water awareness, climate change and local/place attachment. The survey online took 15 to 20 minutes and was prepared after in-depth pilot research among participants with different education level from the mining regions. We used the uninformed approach to the survey, so there were...

Scots pine single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes for Axiom array validation

S. Cavers, W. Wachowiak & A. Perry
The dataset contains genotypes for samples used to validate a 50K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, DNA mutation) Axiom array for Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and closely related members of the Pinus mugo complex.

Data from: Do benefits of seed dispersal and caching by scatterhoarders outweigh the costs of predation? An example with oaks and yellow-necked mice

Michał Bogdziewicz
Numerous interactions between plants and animals vary in their outcome between antagonism and mutualism. Interactions between plants and scatterhoarding animals provide a prime example of this phenomenon. Scatterhoarders consume large quantities of seeds (potentially reducing plant establishment), yet also disperse seeds and bury them in shallow caches (potentially improving recruitment). Despite intense work on mechanisms that cause these interactions to shift along an antagonism-mutualism continuum, it remains difficult to quantify their final outcomes. We demonstrate...

Data from: Evolution of flexible biting in hyperdiverse parasitoid wasps

Thomas Van De Kamp, István Mikó, Arnold H. Staniczek, Benjamin Eggs, Daria Bajerlein, Tomáš Faragó, Lea Hagelstein, Elias Hamann, Rebecca Spiecker, Tilo Baumbach, Petr Janšta & Lars Krogmann
One key event in insect evolution was the development of mandibles with two joints, which allowed powerful biting, but restricted their movement to a single degree of freedom. These mandibles define the Dicondylia, which constitute over 99 percent of all extant insect species. It was common doctrine that the dicondylic articulation of chewing mandibles remained unaltered for more than 400 million years. We report highly modified mandibles overcoming the restrictions of a single degree of...

Implementing social network analysis to understand the socio-ecology of wildlife co-occurrence and joint interactions with humans in anthropogenic environments

Krishna Balasubramaniam, Stefano Kaburu, Pascal Marty, Brianne Beisner, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Malgorzata Arlet, Nadine Ruppert, Ahmad Ismail, Sahrul Anuar Mohd Sah, Lalith Mohan, Sandeep Rattan, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah & Brenda McCowan
1. Human population expansion into wildlife habitats has increased interest in the behavioral ecology of human-wildlife interactions. To date, however, the socio-ecological factors that determine whether, when or where wild animals take risks by interacting with humans and anthropogenic factors still remains unclear. 2. We adopt a comparative approach to address this gap, using social network analysis (SNA). SNA, increasingly implemented to determine human impact on wildlife ecology, can be a powerful tool to understand...

Fruit-feeding butterfly populations respond to variation in adult food availability: evidence from longitudinal body mass and abundance data

Freerk Molleman, Jorge Granados-Tello, Colin Chapman & Toomas Tammaru
The degree to which variation in adult food availability affects the population dynamics of a species depends on its position on the capital-income breeding continuum. The long-lived butterflies that feed on fruits as adults constitute an example of Lepidoptera with a high degree of income breeding. For three species of fruit-feeding butterflies in Uganda, we assessed the contribution of the income to breeding in the wild, and the consequences of variation in fruit availability for...

The role of bracket fungi in creating alpha diversity of invertebrates in the Białowieża National Park, Poland

Anna K. Gdula, Dariusz J. Gwiazdowicz, Szymon Konwerski, Izabella Olejniczak, Tomasz Rutkowski, Piotr Skubała & Bogna Zawieja
Bracket fungi are seen mainly as the cause of economic losses in forestry and their role as creators of biodiversity is relatively poorly understood. The effect of this group of fungi on the modification of biodiversity of invertebrates (spiders – Aranae, Opiliones – Opiliones, pseudoscorpions – Pseudoscorpionida, two groups of mites – Mesostigmata, and Oribatida, springtails – Collembola, and insects – Insecta) was investigated by analyzing 100 fruiting bodies of 10 species of bracket fungi...

Data from: Song type and song type matching are important for joint territorial defense in a duetting songbird

Tomasz S. Osiejuk, Amie Wheeldon, Paweł Szymański & Adrian Surmacki
Birds have a diverse acoustic communication system, with species specific repertoires facilitating more complex behaviors in terms of both within- and between-pair communications. Certain song types are produced for specific functions, such as aggressive encounters. In addition, song matching behaviors, whereby neighboring individuals match song types, can be used in aggressive interactions as a sophisticated acoustic behavior. In this study, we examined the functions of song types, in a duet context, of male yellow-breasted boubous...

Data from: Relative costs and benefits of alternative reproductive phenotypes at different temperatures - genotype-by-environment interactions in a sexually selected trait

Agata Plesnar-Bielak, Anna Maria Skwierzyńska, Kasper Hlebowicz & Jacek Radwan
Background: The maintenance of considerable genetic variation in sexually selected traits (SSTs) is puzzling given directional selection expected to act on these traits. A possible explanation is the existence of a genotype-by-environment (GxE) interaction for fitness, by which elaborate SSTs are favored in some environments but selected against in others. In the current study, we look for such interactions for fitness-related traits in the bulb mite, a male-dimorphic species with discontinuous expression of a heritable...

Data from: Ancient DNA complements microfossil record in deep-sea subsurface sediments

Franck Lejzerowicz, Philippe Esling, Wojciech Majewski, Witold Szczuciński, Johan Decelle, Cyril Obadia, Pedro Martinez Arbizu & Jan Pawlowski
Deep-sea subsurface sediments are the most important archives of marine biodiversity. Until now, these archives were studied mainly using the microfossil record, disregarding large amounts of DNA accumulated on the deep-sea floor. Accessing ancient DNA (aDNA) molecules preserved down-core would offer unique insights into the history of marine biodiversity, including both fossilized and non-fossilized taxa. Here, we recover aDNA of eukaryotic origin across four cores collected at abyssal depths in the South Atlantic, in up...

Evolutionary targets of gene expression divergence in a complex of closely related pine species

Julia Zaborowska, Annika Perry, Stephen Cavers & Witold Wachowiak
The environment is a powerful selective pressure for sessile organisms, such as plants, and adaptation to the environment is particularly important for long-lived species, like trees. Despite the importance of adaptive trait variation to the survival and success of trees, the molecular basis of adaptation is still poorly understood. Gene expression patterns in three closely related, but phenotypically and ecologically divergent, pine species were analyzed to detect differentiation that may be associated with their adaptation...

Data from: Pseudo-enantiomeric chiral components and formation of the helical micro- and nanostructures in charge-transfer complexes

Jerzy J. Langer & Grzegorz Hreczycho
Helical organic micro- and nanostructures are formed by a charge-transfer complex, cinchonidine-TCNQ. These unusual forms result from the chirality, the steric structure and specific interactions of cinchonidine molecules . The material is semi-conducting (10-4 S/cm), with the typical absorption spectra in IR and UV-VIS, but also a characteristic CD spectrum. Surprisingly, conductive micro- and nano helices are not formed in the case of pseudo- enantiomeric cinchonine, i.e. the complex of cinchonine and TCNQ.

High resolution ancient sedimentary DNA shows that alpine plant diversity is associated with human land use and climate change

Sandra Garcés-Pastor, Eric Coissac, Sébastien Lavergne, Christoph Schwörer, Jean-Paul Theurillat, Peter D. Heintzman, Owen Wangensteen, Willy Tinner, Fabian Rey, Martina Lia Heer, Astrid Rutzer, Kevin Walsh, Youri Lammers, Antony G. Brown, Tomasz Goslar, Dilli P. Rijal, Dirk N. Karger, Loïc Pellissier, Group PhyloAlps Consortium, Oliver Heiri & Inger Greve Alsos
The European Alps are highly rich in species, but their future may be threatened by ongoing changes in human land use and climate. Here, we reconstructed vegetation, temperature, human impact and livestock over the past ~12,000 years from Lake Sulsseewli, based on sedimentary ancient plant and mammal DNA, pollen, spores, chironomids, and microcharcoal. We assembled a highly-complete local DNA reference library (PhyloAlps, 3,923 plant taxa), and used this to obtain an exceptionally rich sedaDNA record...

Data from: The evolution of dual meat and milk cattle husbandry in Linearbandkeramik societies

Rosalind E. Gillis, Lenka Kovačiková, Stéphanie Brehard, Emilie Guthmann, Ivana Vostrovská, Hana Nohálová, Rose-Marie Arbogast, László Domboróczki, Joachim Pechtl, Alexandra Anders, Arkadiusz Marciniak, Anne Tresset & Jean-Denis Vigne
Cattle dominate archaeozoological assemblages from the north-central Europe between the sixth and fifth millennium BC and are frequently considered as exclusively used for their meat. Dairy products may have played a greater role than previously believed. Selective pressure on the lactase persistence mutation has been modelled to have begun between 6000 and 4000 years ago in central Europe. The discovery of milk lipids in late sixth millennium ceramic sieves in Poland may reflect an isolated...

Data from: Extreme MHC class I diversity in the sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus); selection patterns and allelic divergence suggest that different genes have different functions

Aleksandra Biedrzycka, Emily O’Connor, Alvaro Sebastian, Magdalena Migalska, Jacek Radwan, Tadeusz Zając, Wojciech Bielański, Wojciech Solarz, Adam Ćmiel & Helena Westerdahl
Background: Recent work suggests that gene duplications may play an important role in the evolution of immunity genes. Passerine birds, and in particular Sylvioidea warblers, have highly duplicated major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes, which are key in immunity, compared to other vertebrates. However, reasons for this high MHC gene copy number are yet unclear. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) allows MHC genotyping even in individuals with extremely duplicated genes. This HTS data can reveal evidence of selection,...

Data from: Genetic diversity loss and homogenization in urban trees: the case of Tilia × europaea in Belgium and the Netherlands

An Vanden Broeck, Karen Cox, Iwona Melosik, Bert Maes & Koen Smets
Urban trees form a vital component of sustainable cities but the use of a restricted range of species and genotypes may pose a risk to global biodiversity. Despite several studies investigating tree species diversity, intraspecific genetic diversity of urban trees remains largely unexplored. Here, we characterized the genetic diversity of Tilia × europaea, one of the most widely planted urban tree species in Northwest Europe. We compared the genotypic diversity of historical plantings of Tilia...

Data from: Interspecific competition promotes habitat and morphological divergence in a secondary contact zone between two hybridizing songbirds

Camille Sottas, Jiri Reif, Lechoslaw Kuczynski, Radka Reifova & Lechosław Kuczyński
Interspecific competition is assumed to play an important role in the ecological differentiation of species and speciation. However, empirical evidence for competition’s role in speciation remains surprisingly scarce. Here we studied the role of interspecific competition in the ecological differentiation and speciation of two closely related songbird species, the Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) and the Thrush Nightingale (L. luscinia). Both species are insectivorous and ecologically very similar. They hybridize in a secondary contact zone, which...

Light affects parental provisioning behaviour in a cavity-nesting Passerine

Paweł Podkowa, Katarzyna Malinowska & Adrian Surmacki
Nocturnal bird species possess special adaptations to maximise visual efficiency under low light levels. However, some typically diurnal species also experience low-light environments. For example, cavity-nesting Passerines raise broods in dark cavities and search for food in light-abundant surroundings. It is not clear whether they possess special adaptations for low light vision or breed in cavities at the expense of impaired parental care. In this study, we tested whether light conditions affect the provisioning efficiency...

Genotype data and analysis code for HDY-20-A0076RR

Karl Phillips & Magdalena Herdegen-Radwan
Selection pressure from parasites is thought to be a major force shaping the extreme polymorphism of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes, but the modes and consequences of selection remain unclear. Here, we analyse MHC class II and microsatellite diversity in 16 guppy (Poecilia reticulata) populations from two islands (Trinidad and Tobago) that have been separated for at least 10 ky. Within-population MHC diversity was high, but allele sharing was limited within islands and even...

Data from: Shoaling guppies evade predation but have deadlier parasites

Jason Walsman, Mary Janecka, David Clark, Rachael Kramp, Faith Rovenolt, Regina Patrick, Ryan Mohammed, Mateusz Konczal, Clayton Cressler & Jessica Stephenson
We collected data on coinfection rates, infection prevalence, and infection intensity for Gyrodactylus spp. on wild Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). We also collected data on the shoaling preference of wild-caught guppy hosts. Further, we collected data on transmission rates, infection intensity, and infected host mortality rates of lines of these parasites on guppies in the laboratory. We fouind that wild guppy populations with stronger shoaling preferences had higher infection prevalence and coinfection rates. Further, we...

Data from: Sexually-selected male weapon is associated with lower inbreeding load but higher gender load in the bulb mite

Aleksandra Łukasiewicz, Jacek Radwan & Małgorzata Niśkiewicz
Elaborate sexually selected ornaments and armaments are costly but increase the reproductive success of their bearers (usually males). It has been postulated that high-quality males can invest disproportionately more in such traits, making those traits honest signals of genetic quality. However, genes associated with such traits may have sexually antagonistic effects on fitness. Here, using a bulb mite Rhizoglyphus robini, a species in which a distinct dimorphism exists between males in the expression of a...

Data from: Climate synchronises shrub growth across a high-arctic archipelago: contrasting implications of summer and winter warming

Mathilde Le Moullec, Lisa Sandal, Vidar Grøtan, Agata Buchwal & Brage Hansen
Climate change is most pronounced at high latitudes, where plant and animal populations are often strongly influenced by environmental fluctuations related to climate and weather. Environmental conditions can co-fluctuate over large distances and thereby synchronise primary production in space. However, large-scale studies of such spatiotemporal patterns remain rare in the Arctic, where short time-series and poor spatial replication have characterised the data available on both biotic and abiotic parameters. Here, we use dendrochronological tools to...

A fingerprint of climate change across pine forests of Sweden

Jacek Oleksyn, Tomasz Wyka, Roma Żytkowiak, Marcin Zadworny, Joanna Mucha, Monika Dering, Krzysztof Ufnalski, Bengt Nihlgard & Peter Reich
Needle traits of coniferous forests reflect environmental conditions and influence tree physiology and growth. Given the sensitivity of needle traits and tree growth to climate, temperature warming of ≈1°C in the past century may have influenced structure and function of high latitude forests across the globe. Here we show that throughout a ≈1,000 km transect in cold, high latitude Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests in Sweden, which has warmed by ≈1°C in a century,...

Reduced biodiversity in modernised villages: a conflict between sustainable development goals

Zuzanna M. Rosin, Matthew Hiron, Michał Żmihorski, Paweł Szymański, Marcin Tobolka & Tomas Pärt
1. Despite large conservation efforts to halt the loss of farmland biodiversity in Europe, negative population trends are still observed, especially for common species. Old villages and human settlements are biodiversity hotspots and important breeding habitats for farmland birds, but recent requirements for energy saving measures and improved living comfort have changed their architecture and habitats. Consequently, modernisation of villages may negatively affect bird diversity due to the loss of nesting and foraging sites. 2....

Scots pine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) for Axiom array

S. Cavers, W. Wachowiak & A. Perry
This dataset contains ~50,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, DNA mutations) for Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and closely related members of the Pinus mugo complex, which were selected for inclusion on a 50K SNP Axiom array

Registration Year

  • 2022
  • 2021
  • 2020
  • 2019
  • 2018
  • 2017
  • 2016
  • 2013

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Jagiellonian University
  • University of Tartu
  • University of Eastern Finland
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • The Arctic University of Norway
  • Lund University
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Charles University