11 Works

Long-term shifts in the functional diversity of abandoned wet meadows – Impacts of historical disturbance and successional pathways

Patryk Czortek, Lidia Borkowska & Marlena Lembicz
Investigating the direction of changes in functional diversity involving successional pathways and historical disturbances may be a promising tool for predictions of the effectiveness of the semi-natural meadows conservation, with great emphasis on formulation of more cost-effective restoration strategies. The goal of this research was to assess the differences in long-term shifts in the functional diversity of plant species in semi-natural wet meadows unmanaged for the last 40 years, under the influence of different successional...

Data from: Masting increases seedling recruitment near and far: predator satiation and improved dispersal in a fleshy-fruited tree

Barbara Seget, Michał Bogdziewicz, Jan Holeksa, Mateusz Ledwoń, Łukasz Piechnik, Fiona Milne-Rostkowska, Katarzyna Kondrat & Magdalena Żywiec
The animal dispersal hypothesis predicts that mast seeding can increase dispersal rate of seeds by dispersers and enhance reproductive success of plants. However, in contrast to pollination efficiency and predator satiation hypothesis, the animal dispersal hypothesis has received mixed support. Using 12-year data on fruit production and seedling recruitment of a fleshy-fruited tree rowan (Sorbus aucuparia, Rosaceae), we tested if an increase in the fruit production at the population level results in higher proportion of...

Planowanie administracyjne rozwoju przestrzennego miast w guberniach Królestwa Polskiego 1867-1915. Wybór źródeł archiwalnych

Makary Górzyński, Justyna Danik, Izabela Karbownik & Alicja Szulc
Tematem finansowanych przez Narodowe Centrum Nauki (Miniatura 5) badań podstawowych z zakresu nauk o sztuce (historia architektury i urbanistyki) prowadzonych w Ośrodku Badań Regionalnych Akademii Kaliskiej im. Prezydenta Stanisława Wojciechowskiego była historia planowania przestrzennego i regulacji miast Królestwa Polskiego przełomu XIX i XX wieku. Przeprowadzono kwerendę źródłoznawczą w archiwach polskich, w zakresie administracyjnego projektowania urbanistycznego miast gubernialnych i niektórych ośrodków powiatowych. Efektem kwerendy jest prezentowany materiał źródłowy, weryfikujący i ukierunkowujący wstępne założenia, dotyczące wieloletniego projektu...

A test of the role of associative learning in originating sexual preferences in the guppy

Magdalena Herdegen-Radwan
How do female sexual preferences for male ornamental traits arise? The developmental origins of female preferences are still an understudied area, with most explanations pointing to genetic mechanisms. One intriguing, little-explored, alternative focuses on the role of associative learning in driving this process. According to this hypothesis, a preference learned in an ecological context can be transferred into a sexual context, resulting in changes in mating preferences as a by-product. I tested this hypothesis by...

Data from: Effective specialist or jack of all trades? Experimental evolution of a crop pest in fluctuating and stable environments

Lechosław Kuczyński, Anna Skoracka, Alicja Laska, Jacek Radwan, Mateusz Konczal, Kamila Karpicka-Ignatowska, Anna Przychodzka, Jarosław Raubic, Mariusz Lewandowski & Ewa Puchalska
Understanding pest evolution in agricultural systems is crucial for developing effective and innovative pest control strategies. Types of cultivation, such as crop monocultures versus polycultures or crop rotation, may act as a selective pressure on pests’ capability to exploit the host’s resources. In this study, we examined the herbivorous mite Aceria tosichella (commonly known as wheat curl mite), a widespread wheat pest, to understand how fluctuating versus stable environments influence its niche breadth and ability...

Genomic evidence that a sexually selected trait captures genome-wide variation and facilitates the purging of genetic load

Jonathan Parrett, Sebastian Chmielewski, Eylem Aydogdu, Aleksandra Łukasiewicz, Stephane Rombauts, Agnieszka Szubert-Kruszyńska, Wiesław Babik, Mateusz Konczal & Jacek Radwan
The evolution of costly traits like deer antlers and peacock trains, which drove the formation of Darwinian sexual selection theory, has been hypothesised to both reflect and affect patterns of genetic variance across the genome, but direct tests are missing. Here, we used an evolve and re-sequence approach to reveal patterns of genome-wide diversity associated with the expression of a sexually-selected weapon that is dimorphic among males of the bulb mite, Rhizoglyphus robini. Populations selected...

Circum-Arctic distribution of chemical anti-herbivore compounds arctic shrubs

Elin Lindén, Mariska Te Beest, Ilka Abreu, Thomas Moritz, Maja Sundqvist, Isabel C Barrio, Julia Boike, John Bryant, Kari Anne Bråthen, Agata Buchwal, Guillermo Bueno, Alain Cuerrier, Dagmar Egelkraut, Bruce Forbes, Martin Hallinger, Monique Heijmans, Luise Hermanutz, David S Hik, Annika Hofgaard, Milena Holmgren, Diane C Huebner, Toke Hoye, Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir, Elina Kaarlejärvi, Emilie Kissler … & Johan Olofsson
Spatial variation in plant chemical defence towards herbivores can help us understand variation in herbivore top-down control of shrubs in the Arctic and possibly also shrub responses to global warming. Less defended, non-resinous shrubs could be more influenced by herbivores than more defended, resinous shrubs. However, sparse field measurements limit our current understanding of how much of the circum-Arctic variation in defence compounds is explained by taxa or defence functional groups (resinous/non-resinous). We measured circum-Arctic...

High resolution ancient sedimentary DNA shows that alpine plant diversity is associated with human land use and climate change

Sandra Garcés-Pastor, Eric Coissac, Sébastien Lavergne, Christoph Schwörer, Jean-Paul Theurillat, Peter D. Heintzman, Owen Wangensteen, Willy Tinner, Fabian Rey, Martina Lia Heer, Astrid Rutzer, Kevin Walsh, Youri Lammers, Antony G. Brown, Tomasz Goslar, Dilli P. Rijal, Dirk N. Karger, Loïc Pellissier, Group PhyloAlps Consortium, Oliver Heiri & Inger Greve Alsos
The European Alps are highly rich in species, but their future may be threatened by ongoing changes in human land use and climate. Here, we reconstructed vegetation, temperature, human impact and livestock over the past ~12,000 years from Lake Sulsseewli, based on sedimentary ancient plant and mammal DNA, pollen, spores, chironomids, and microcharcoal. We assembled a highly-complete local DNA reference library (PhyloAlps, 3,923 plant taxa), and used this to obtain an exceptionally rich sedaDNA record...

Fruit-feeding butterfly populations respond to variation in adult food availability: evidence from longitudinal body mass and abundance data

Freerk Molleman, Jorge Granados-Tello, Colin Chapman & Toomas Tammaru
The degree to which variation in adult food availability affects the population dynamics of a species depends on its position on the capital-income breeding continuum. The long-lived butterflies that feed on fruits as adults constitute an example of Lepidoptera with a high degree of income breeding. For three species of fruit-feeding butterflies in Uganda, we assessed the contribution of the income to breeding in the wild, and the consequences of variation in fruit availability for...

Evolutionary targets of gene expression divergence in a complex of closely related pine species

Julia Zaborowska, Annika Perry, Stephen Cavers & Witold Wachowiak
The environment is a powerful selective pressure for sessile organisms, such as plants, and adaptation to the environment is particularly important for long-lived species, like trees. Despite the importance of adaptive trait variation to the survival and success of trees, the molecular basis of adaptation is still poorly understood. Gene expression patterns in three closely related, but phenotypically and ecologically divergent, pine species were analyzed to detect differentiation that may be associated with their adaptation...

Data from: Shoaling guppies evade predation but have deadlier parasites

Jason Walsman, Mary Janecka, David Clark, Rachael Kramp, Faith Rovenolt, Regina Patrick, Ryan Mohammed, Mateusz Konczal, Clayton Cressler & Jessica Stephenson
We collected data on coinfection rates, infection prevalence, and infection intensity for Gyrodactylus spp. on wild Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). We also collected data on the shoaling preference of wild-caught guppy hosts. Further, we collected data on transmission rates, infection intensity, and infected host mortality rates of lines of these parasites on guppies in the laboratory. We fouind that wild guppy populations with stronger shoaling preferences had higher infection prevalence and coinfection rates. Further, we...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
  • The Arctic University of Norway
  • University of Tartu
  • Ghent University
  • University of Eastern Finland
  • University of Notre Dame
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • University of Greifswald
  • George Washington University
  • University of Montreal