5 Works

Multiscale legacy responses of soil gas concentrations to soil moisture and temperature fluctuations

Anthony Parolari
The sensitivity of soil carbon dynamics to climate change is a major uncertainty in carbon cycle models. Of particular interest is the response of soil biogeochemical cycles to variability in hydroclimatic states and the related quantification of soil memory. Toward this goal, the power spectra of soil hydrologic and biogeochemical states were analyzed using measurements of soil temperature, moisture, oxygen, and carbon dioxide at two sites. Power spectra indicated multiscale power law scaling across sub-hourly...

Biotic and abiotic drivers of plant-pollinator community assembly across wildfire gradients

Joseph LaManna, Laura Burkle, R. Belote & Jonathan Myers
1. Understanding how abiotic disturbance and biotic interactions determine pollinator and flowering-plant diversity is critically important given global climate change and widespread pollinator declines. To predict responses of pollinators and flowering-plant communities to changes in wildfire disturbance, a mechanistic understanding of how these two trophic levels respond to wildfire severity is needed. 2. We compared site-to-site variation in community composition (β-diversity), species richness, and abundances of pollinators and flowering plants among landscapes with no recent...

A graphical null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships

Kathryn Barry, Gabriella Pinter, Joseph Strini, Karrisa Yang, Istvan Lauko, Stefan Schnizter, Adam Clark, Jane Cowles, Akira Mori, Laura Williams, Peter Reich & Alexandra Wright
1. Global biodiversity is declining at rates faster than at any other point in human history. Experimental manipulations at small spatial scales have demonstrated that communities with fewer species consistently produce less biomass than higher diversity communities. Understanding how the global extinction crisis is likely to impact global ecosystem functioning requires applying these local experimental results at substantially larger spatial and temporal scales. 2. Here we propose a null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships...

Local diversity, beta diversity and climate influence the regional stability of bird biomass across North America

Christopher Catano, Trevor Fristoe, Joseph LaManna & Jonathan Myers
Biodiversity often stabilizes aggregate ecosystem properties (e.g., biomass) at small spatial scales. However, the importance of species diversity within communities and variation in species composition among communities (β-diversity) for stability at larger scales remains unclear. Using a continental-scale analysis of 1,657 North American breeding-bird communities spanning 20-years and 35 ecoregions, we show local species diversity and β-diversity influence two components of regional stability: local stability (stability of bird biomass within sites) and spatial asynchrony (asynchronous...

Data from: Conserved ZZ/ZW sex chromosomes in Caribbean croaking geckos (Aristelliger : Sphaerodactylidae)

Shannon Keating, Aaron Griffing, Stuart Nielsen, Daniel Scantlebury & Tony Gamble
Current understanding of sex chromosome evolution is largely dependent on species with highly degenerated, heteromorphic sex chromosomes, but by studying species with recently evolved or morphologically indistinct sex chromosomes we can greatly increase our understanding of sex chromosome origins, degeneration, and turnover. Here, we examine sex chromosome evolution and stability in the gecko genus Aristelliger. We used RADseq to identify sex-specific markers and show that four Aristelliger species, spanning the phylogenetic breadth of the genus,...

Registration Year

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  • Marquette University
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  • Washington University in St. Louis
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  • University of Minnesota
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  • University of Graz
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  • Montana State University
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  • University of Florida
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  • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
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  • Leipzig University
    1
  • Yokohama National University
    1
  • University of Konstanz
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