Competition for limiting resources is among the most fundamental ecological interactions and has long been considered a key driver of species coexistence and biodiversity. Species' minimum resource requirements, their R*s, are key traits that link individual physiological demands to the outcome of competition. However, a major question remains unanswered - to what extent are species’ competitive traits able to evolve in response to resource limitation? To address this knowledge gap, we performed an evolution experiment...
The ability to predict and/or identify MHC binding peptides is an essential component of T cell epitope discovery; something that ultimately should benefit the development of vaccines and immunotherapies. In particular, MHC class I (MHC-I) prediction tools have matured to a point where accurate selection of optimal peptide epitopes is possible for virtually all MHC-I allotypes; in comparison, current MHC class II (MHC-II) predictors are less mature. Since MHC-II restricted CD4+ T cells control and...
Life history characteristics such as asymptotic length L∞, growth rate K, the length at which 50% of the individuals have reached maturity Lmat, and natural mortality M are therefore often used to indicate the sensitivity of different species to fishing. When species-specific information is missing, an estimate of the maximum length Lmax of a species can be used to infer asymptotic length, growth rate, natural mortality, and proportion mature at length. Here, we provide a...
We use L1-norm model regularization of |Br| component at the surface on magnetic monopoles bases and along-track magnetic field differences alone (without vector observations) to derive high quality global magnetic field models at the surface of the Moon. The practical advantages to this strategy are: monopoles are more stable at closer spacing in comparison to dipoles, improving spatial resolution; L1-norm model regularization leads to sparse models which may be appropriate for the Moon which has...
1. Different migratory species have evolved distinct migratory characteristics that improve fitness in their particular ecological niches. However, when such species hybridize, migratory traits from parental species can combine maladaptively and cause hybrids to fall between parental fitness peaks, with potential consequences for hybrid viability and species integrity. 2. Here, we take advantage of a natural cross-breeding incident to study migratory behaviour in naturally occurring hybrids as well as in their parental species and explore...
1. Diatoms account for 40 % of the ocean primary production and play a key role in the oceans’ ability to sequester carbon. The evolutionary success of diatoms and their role in ocean biogeochemistry are related to the siliceous shell that provide partial protection against grazing. 2. The structure and function of phytoplankton communities are governed by environmental constraints and organismal trade-offs. Defence mechanisms may help explain the high diversity of phytoplankton (incl. diatoms) in...
Supporting fisheries management with genomic tools: a case study of kingklip (Genypterus capensis) off southern AfricaMelissa Jane Schulze, Sophie Von Der Heyden & Romina Henriques
Kingklip, Genypterus capensis, is a valuable fish resource in southern African waters, with a wide geographic distribution spanning South Africa and Namibia. Previous studies have provided evidence for multiple stocks in South Africa, but the extent of stock structuring across the Southern African region remains unclear. In this study, we genotyped over 40 000 SNPs to characterise the spatial distribution of genomic variation for G. capensis throughout its core distribution. Results suggest that fish sampled...
Oceanography and gravity data of Northeastern Greenland reveal ocean temperature and bathymetry in front of Zachariae Isstrøm (ZI) and Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden (79N), which hold a 1.1-m sea-level rise ice volume equivalent but underwent different evolutions. Sub-surface, warm, salty water of Atlantic origin has easier access to ZI than to 79N because of bathymetric barriers. We reconstruct ice removal by the ocean at the grounding line and floatation retreat from thinning to explain the observed grounding line...
Aim Previous analyses of marine fish species richness based on presence-absence data have shown changes with latitude and average species size, but little is known about the underlying processes. To elucidate these processes we use metabolic, neutral, and descriptive statistical models to analyse how richness responds to maximum species length, fish abundance, temperature, primary production, depth, latitude, and longitude, while accounting for differences in species catchability, sampling effort, and mesh size. Data Results from 53,382...
Technical University of Denmark10
Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology2
International Marine and Dredging Consultants1
Spanish Institute of Oceanography1
Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut1
University of Rhode Island1
Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography1
University of Iceland1